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The flag of the international olympic movement.
The International Olympic Committeemarker (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes to refer to each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games. Each code usually identifies a National Olympic Committee, but there are several codes that have been used for other instances in past Games, such as teams composed of athletes from multiple nations, or groups of athletes not formally representing any nation.

Several of the IOC codes are different from the standard ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes. Other sporting organizations, such as FIFAmarker or the Commonwealth Games Federation, use similar country codes to refer to their respective teams.

History

The 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics were the first Games to feature Initials of Nations to refer to each NOC in the published official reports. However, the codes used at the next few Games were often based on the host nation's language (e.g., GIA for Japanmarker at the 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics, from Giappone in Italian) or based on the French name for the nation (e.g., COR for Koreamarker, from Corée). By the 1972 Winter Olympics, most codes were standardized on the current usage, but several have changed in recent years. Additionally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, breakup of Yugoslavia, dissolution of Czechoslovakia, German reunification, and several instances of geographical renaming have all resulted in code changes.

In addition to this list of over 200 NOCs, the participation of committees at the Paralympic Games requires standardised IOC codes. Recent examples of these include Macaumarker and the Faroe Islandsmarker, coded MAC and FRO respectively.

Current NOCs

There are 205 current NOCs (National Olympic Committees) within the Olympic Movement. The following tables show the currently used code for each NOC and any different codes used in past Games, per the official reports from those Games. Some of the past code usage is further explained in the following sections. Codes used specifically for a Summer Games only or a Winter Games only, within the same year, are indicated by "S" and "W" respectively.
Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z

A

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
AFG [6829]
AHO [6830] ATO (1960), NAN (1964)
ALB [6831]
ALG [6832] AGR (1964), AGL (1968 S)
AND [6833]
ANG [6834]
ANT [6835]
ARG [6836]
ARM [6837]
ARU [6838]
ASA [6839]
AUS [6840]
AUT [6841]
AZE [6842]


B

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
BAH [6843]
BAN [6844]
BAR [6845] BAD (1964)
BDI [6846]
BEL [6847]
BEN [6848] DAY (1964), DAH (1968–1976)
BER [6849]
BHU [6850]
BIH [6851] BSH (1992 S)
BIZ [6852] HBR (1968–1972)
BLR [6853]
BOL [6854]
BOT [6855]
BRA [6856]
BRN [6857]
BRU [6858]
BUL [6859]
BUR [6860] VOL (1972–1984)


C

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
CAF [6861] AFC (1968)
CAM [6862] CAB (1964), KHM (1972–1976)
CAN [6863]
CAY [6864]
CGO [6865]
CHA [6866] CHD (1964)
CHI [6867] CIL (1956 W, 1960 S)
CHN [6868]
CIV [6869] IVC (1964), CML (1968)
CMR [6870]
COD [6871] COK (1968), ZAI (1972–1996)
COK [6872]
COL [6873]
COM [6874]
CPV [6875]
CRC [6876] COS (1964), CTC (1984 W)
CRO [6877]
CUB [6878]
CYP [6879]
CZE [6880]


D

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
DEN [6881] DAN (1960 S, 1968 W), DIN (1968 S)
DJI [6882]
DMA [6883]
DOM [6884]


E

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
ECU [6885]
EGY [6886] RAU (1960, 1968), UAR (1964)
ERI [6887]
ESA [6888] SAL (1964–1976)
ESP [6889] SPA (1956–1964, 1968 W)
EST [6890]
ETH [6891] ETI (1960, 1968)


F

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
FIJ [6892] FIG (1960)
FIN [6893]
FRA [6894]
FSM [6895]


G

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
GAB [6896]
GAM [6897]
GBR [6898] GRB (1956 W–1960), GBI (1964)
GBS [6899]
GEO [6900]
GEQ [6901]
GER [6902] ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), FRG (1980–1988)
GHA [6903]
GRE [6904]
GRN [6905]
GUA [6906] GUT (1964)
GUI [6907]
GUM [6908]
GUY [6909] GUA (1960), GUI (1964)


H

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
HAI [6910]
HKG [6911] HOK (1960–1968)
HON [6912]
HUN [6913] UNG (1956 W, 1960 S)


I

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
INA [6914] INS (1960)
IND [6915]
IRI [6916] IRN (1956–1988), IRA (1968 W)
IRL [6917]
IRQ [6918] IRK (1960, 1968)
ISL [6919] ICE (1960 W, 1964 S)
ISR [6920]
ISV [6921]
ITA [6922]
IVB [6923]


J

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
JAM [6924]
JOR [6925]
JPN [6926] GIA (1956 W, 1960 S), JAP (1960 W)


K

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
KAZ [6927]
KEN [6928]
KGZ [6929]
KIR [6930]
KOR [6931] COR (1956 W, 1960 S, 1968 S, 1972 S)
KSA [6932] ARS (1968–1976), SAU (1980–1984)
KUW [6933]


L

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
LAO [6934]
LAT [6935]
LBA [6936] LYA (1964), LBY (1968 W)
LBR [6937]
LCA [6938]
LES [6939]
LIB [6940] LEB (1960 W, 1964 S)
LIE [6941] LIC (1956 W, 1964 S, 1968 W)
LTU [6942] LIT (1992 W)
LUX [6943]


M

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
MAD [6944] MAG (1964)
MAR [6945] MRC (1964)
MAS [6946] MAL (1964–1988)
MAW [6947]
MDA [6948] MLD (1994)
MDV [6949]
MEX [6950]
MGL [6951] MON (1968 W)
MHL [6952]
MKD [6953]
MLI [6954]
MLT [6955] MAT (1960–1964)
MNE [6956]
MON [6957]
MOZ [6958]
MRI [6959]
MTN [6960]
MYA [6961] BIR (1960, 1968–1988), BUR (1964)


N

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
NAM [6962]
NCA [6963] NCG (1964), NIC (1968)
NED [6964] OLA (1956 W), NET (1960 W), PBA (1960 S), NLD (1964 S), HOL (1968–1988)
NEP [6965]
NGR [6966] NGA (1964)
NIG [6967] NGR (1964)
NOR [6968]
NRU [6969]
NZL [6970] NZE (1960, 1968 W)


O

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
OMA [6971]


P

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
PAK [6972]
PAN [6973]
PAR [6974]
PER [6975]
PHI [6976] FIL (1960, 1968)
PLE [6977]
PLW [6978]
PNG [6979] NGY (1976–1980), NGU (1984–1988)
POL [6980]
POR [6981]
PRK [6982] NKO (1964 S, 1968 W), CDN (1968)
PUR [6983] PRI (1960), PRO (1968)


Q

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
QAT [6984]


R

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
ROU [6985] ROM (1956–1960, 1972–2006), RUM (1964–1968)
RSA [6986] SAF (1960–1972)
RUS [6987]
RWA [6988]


S

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
SAM [6989]
SEN [6990] SGL (1964)
SEY [6991]
SIN [6992]
SKN [6993]
SLE [6994] SLA (1968)
SLO [6995]
SMR [6996] SMA (1960–1964)
SOL [6997]
SOM [6998]
SRB [6999]
SRI [7000] CEY (1960–1972)
STP [7001]
SUD [7002]
SUI [7003] SVI (1956 W, 1960 S), SWI (1960 W, 1964 S)
SUR [7004]
SVK [7005]
SWE [7006] SVE (1956 W, 1960 S), SUE (1968 S)
SWZ [7007]
SYR [7008] RAU (1960), SIR (1968)


T

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
TAN [7009]
TGA [7010] TON (1984)
THA [7011] TAI (1960, 1968)
TJK [7012]
TKM [7013]
TLS [7014]
TOG [7015]
TPE [7016] RCF (1960), TWN (1964–1968), ROC (1972–1976)
TRI [7017] TRT (1964–1968)
TUN [7018]
TUR [7019]
TUV [7020]


U

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
UAE [7021]
UGA [7022]
UKR [7023]
URU [7024] URG (1968)
USA [7025] SUA (1960 S), EUA (1968 S)
UZB [7026]


V

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
VAN [7027]
VEN [7028]
VIE [7029] VET (1964), VNM (1968–1976)
VIN [7030]


Y

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
YEM [7031]


Z

Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used
ZAM [7032] NRH (1964)
ZIM [7033] RHO (1960–1972)


Historic NOCs and teams

Codes still in use

Twelve historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database to refer to past medal winners from these teams.
Code Nation/Team Other codes used
ANZ
BOH
BWI ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964)
EUA United Team of Germany GER (1956–1964)
EUN Unified Team
FRG ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), GER (1972–1976)
GDR ADE (1968)
SCG YUGmarker (1996 S-2002 W)
TCH CSL (1956 W), CZE (1960 W), CSV (1960 S), CZS (1964 S), CHE (1968 S)
URS SOV (1968 W)
YUG JUG (1956–1960, 1968 W), YUS (1964 S)
ZZX Mixed teams


Obsolete codes

Code Nation (NOC) Years Notes
BIR 1948–1988 Now
CEY 1948–1972 Now
DAH 1964–1976 Now
HBR 1968–1972 Now
KHM Khmer Republic 1972–1976 Now
MAL 1956–1960 Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysiamarker in 1963.

Now
1956
NRH 1964 Now
RAU 1960 Now

and
RHO 1960–1972 Now
ROC 1932–1976 Now
UAR 1964 Now
VOL 1972–1984 Now
YAR 1984–1988 Competed independently prior to Yemenite unification in 1990.

Now
YMD 1988
ZAI 1972–1996 Now
1948–1964 Now
1952 Now
1952 Competed independently prior to rejoining West Germanymarker in 1957.


Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:
  • HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlandsmarker for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
  • IRN was changed to IRI for Iranmarker for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.


Special codes

  • ANZ is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the team from Australasia, composed of athletes from both Australia and New Zealandmarker for the 1908 and 1912 Games. By 1920, both nations competed separately.
  • EUA is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the Unified Team of Germany, composed of athletes representing the NOCs of both East Germanymarker and West Germanymarker for the 1956–1964 Games. At the time, the team was simply known as Germany in the official reports for those six Games.
  • EUN was used in 1992 (both Summer and Winter Games) for the Unified Team, composed of athletes from most of the ex-republics of the Soviet Union. Only the Baltic states were able to compete as independent teams in 1992; the other twelve new nations competed independently for the first time in 1994 and/or 1996.
  • IOP was used for Independent Olympic Participants in 1992, a designation used for athletes from Yugoslaviamarker who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions.
  • IOA was used for Individual Olympic Athletes in 2000, a designation used for athletes from Timor-Lestemarker prior to the formation of its NOC.
  • ZZX is used to identify medals won by mixed teams of athletes from multiple nations (such as the combination of Francemarker and Great Britainmarker, for example), a situation that happened several times in the Games of 1896, 1900, and 1904.


See also



References

  1. Faroe Islands Macau, China
  2. Official name given to the Republic of China for Olympic competition





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