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List of Irish by-elections: Map


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This is a list of all by-elections to Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament (Oireachtas) since 1923. By-elections in Irelandmarker occur to fill vacant seats which can be caused by the death, resignation or expulsion of a sitting Teachta Dála (Member of Parliament).

There have been two by-elections during the lifetime of the 30th Dáil. There were no by-elections during the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 9th, 11th, 22nd, 25th and 26th Dála. The longest period without a by-election was almost 10 years between 1984 and 1994. The largest number of by-elections on one day was eight on 11 March 1925.

There have been 125 by-elections since 1923. 89 of these were caused by the death of a sitting Teachta Dála (TD). 22 TDs elected at a by-election were never subsequently re-elected at a general election.


  • Note: The entries for by-elections in which seats changed hands are shown in italics


  1. The First Dáil and Second Dáil were revolutionary parliaments of the self-proclaimed Irish Republic, and as such by-elections were both unnecessary and impractical.


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