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The Memorial Cup
The Memorial Cup is a junior ice hockey club championship trophy awarded annually to the Canadian Hockey League (CHL) champion. Each year the champions from three CHL member leagues; the Western Hockey League (WHL), Ontario Hockey League (OHL), and Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL), along with a host team, compete in the MasterCard Memorial Cup Tournament. The WHL's Spokane Chiefs are the defending champions, having won the 2008 Memorial Cup in Kitchener, Ontariomarker. The 2009 tournament is scheduled to be held in Rimouski, Quebecmarker in May.

Known originally as the OHA Memorial Cup, it was donated in 1919 by the Ontario Hockey Association in honour of the soldiers who died fighting for Canada in World War I. From its donation in 1919 until 1971, the Memorial Cup was awarded via a series of playdowns to the junior hockey champion of Canada. The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association moved to the current tournament format in 1972 when it divided Junior A hockey into two tiers, naming the Memorial Cup as the championship of the Major-Junior rank. Sixty teams across the CHL's three member leagues are eligible to compete for the Memorial Cup, representing nine provinces and five American states.

Champions and challengers

1919 to 1971

The 1926 Calgary Canadians were Alberta's first Memorial Cup champion.
The Memorial Cup was presented to the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) in 1919 by the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA) in remembrance of the soldiers who died for Canada in the first World War. It was to be awarded to the junior hockey champions of Canada in an east versus west format. The eastern Canadian champion, who from 1932 won the George Richardson Memorial Trophy, met the western Canadian champion, winners of the Abbott Cup. The first championship featured the University of Toronto Schoolsmarker against the Regina Patricias (now the Pats) in a two-game, total-goals series. The University of Toronto won the title easily, defeating Regina by scores of 14–3 and 15–5 to win the series with a total score of 29–8.

The head-to-head competition for the Memorial Cup changed formats several times over the years. The CAHA moved to a best-of-three format in 1925 as the first team to win two games was declared the champion. In 1938, the series was increased to best-of-five, and to best-of-seven in 1943. There were two exceptions to these formats; the 1949 final between the Montreal Royals and the Brandon Wheat Kings required an eighth game after the third game ended in a tie. The 1971 final between the Quebec Remparts and the Edmonton Oil Kings was nearly canceled outright in the wake of controversy surrounding the inclusion of the previously outlawed Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL) as the western league was allowed to use more over-age players and received a larger travel allowance from the CAHA. The differences were resolved, and an abbreviated best-of-three series was held in Quebec City, Quebecmarker.

While the Memorial Cup was not intended to be a challenge trophy, a team has twice challenged the defending champion for the cup. After the Toronto Canoe Club defeated the Selkirk Fishermen in 1920, they were met with a challenge by the Fort William Beavers for the trophy. Toronto agreed, and easily defeated Fort William 11–1 in a single game playoff. The second challenge occurred a half-century later, in 1970. The WCHL's Flin Flon Bombers challenged the Montreal Junior Canadiens. Considered an outlaw league by the CAHA, WCHL teams were not permitted to participate in the Memorial Cup playoffs. The Junior Canadiens declined the challenge.

Year Champion Runner-Up Result Host Location(s)
1919 University of Toronto Schoolsmarker Regina Patricias 29–8 (TG) Toronto, ON
1920 Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers Selkirk Fishermen 15–5 (TG) Toronto, ON
1921 Winnipeg Junior Falcons Stratford Midgets 11–9 (TG) Toronto, ON
1922 Fort William War Veterans Regina Patricias 8–7 (TG) Winnipeg, MB
1923 University of Manitoba Bisons Kitchener Colts 14–6 (TG) Toronto, ON
1924 Owen Sound Greys Calgary Canadians 7–5 (TG) Winnipeg, MB
1925 Regina Pats Toronto Aura Lee 2–0 Toronto, ON
1926 Calgary Canadians Queen's Universitymarker 2–1 Winnipeg, MB
1927 Owen Sound Greys Port Arthur West End Jrs. 2–0 Toronto, ON
1928 Regina Monarchs Ottawa Gunners 2–1 Toronto, ON
1929 Toronto Marlboros Elmwood Millionaires 2–0 Toronto, ON
1930 Regina Pats West Toronto Nationals 2–0 Winnipeg, MB
1931 Elmwood Millionaires Ottawa Primroses 2–1 Toronto & Ottawa, ON
1932 Sudbury Cub Wolves Winnipeg Monarchs 2–1 Winnipeg, MB
1933 Newmarket Redmen Regina Pats 2–0 Toronto, ON
1934 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Edmonton Athletics 2–0 Winnipeg, MB
1935 Winnipeg Monarchs Sudbury Cub Wolves 2–1 Winnipeg, MB
1936 West Toronto Nationals Saskatoon Wesleys 2–0 Toronto, ON
1937 Winnipeg Monarchs Copper Cliff Redmen 2–1 Toronto, ON
1938 St. Boniface Seals Oshawa Generals 3–2 Toronto, ON
1939 Oshawa Generals Edmonton Athletic Club 3–1 Toronto, ON
1940 Oshawa Generals Kenora Thistles 3–1 Winnipeg, MB
1941 Winnipeg Rangers Montreal Royals 3–2 Toronto, ON & Montreal, QC
1942 Portage la Prairie Terriers Oshawa Generals 3–1 Winnipeg, MB
1943 Winnipeg Rangers Oshawa Generals 4–2 Toronto, ON
1944 Oshawa Generals Trail Smoke Eaters 4–0 Toronto, ON
1945 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Moose Jaw Canucks 4–1 Toronto, ON
1946 Winnipeg Monarchs Toronto St. Michael's Majors 4–3 Toronto, ON
1947 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Moose Jaw Canucks 4–0 Winnipeg, MB, Moose Jaw & Regina, SK
1948 Port Arthur West End Bruins Barrie Flyers 4–0 Toronto, ON
1949 Montreal Royals Brandon Wheat Kings 4–3–1 Winnipeg & Brandon, MB
1950 Montreal Junior Canadiens Regina Pats 4–1 Montreal, QC & Toronto, ON
1951 Barrie Flyers Winnipeg Monarchs 4–0 Winnipeg & Brandon, MB
1952 Guelph Biltmore Mad Hatters Regina Pats 4–0 Toronto, ON
1953 Barrie Flyers St. Boniface Canadiens 4–1 Winnipeg & Brandon, MB
1954 St. Catharines Teepees Edmonton Oil Kings 4–0–1 Toronto, ON
1955 Toronto Marlboros Regina Pats 4–1 Regina, SK
1956 Toronto Marlboros Regina Pats 4–0–1 Toronto, ON
1957 Flin Flon Bombers Ottawa Junior Canadiens 4–3 Flin Flon, MB & Regina, SK
1958 Ottawa-Hull Junior Canadiens Regina Pats 4–2 Ottawa, ON & Hull, QC
1959 Winnipeg Braves Peterborough TPT Petes 4–1 Winnipeg & Brandon, MB
1960 St. Catharines Teepees Edmonton Oil Kings 4–2 St. Catharines & Toronto, ON
1961 Toronto St. Michael's Majors Edmonton Oil Kings 4–2 Edmonton, AB
1962 Hamilton Red Wings Edmonton Oil Kings 4–1 Hamilton, Guelph & Kitchener, ON
1963 Edmonton Oil Kings Niagara Falls Flyers 4–2 Edmonton, AB
1964 Toronto Marlboros Edmonton Oil Kings 4–0 Toronto, ON
1965 Niagara Falls Flyers Edmonton Oil Kings 4–1 Edmonton, AB
1966 Edmonton Oil Kings Oshawa Generals 4–2 Toronto, ON
1967 Toronto Marlboros Port Arthur Marrs 4–1 Thunder Bay, ON
1968 Niagara Falls Flyers Estevan Bruins 4–1 Niagara Falls, ON & Montreal, QC
1969 Montreal Junior Canadiens Regina Pats 4–0 Montreal, QC & Regina, SK
1970 Montreal Junior Canadiens Weyburn Red Wings 4–0 Montreal, QC
1971 Quebec Remparts Edmonton Oil Kings 2–0 Quebec City, QC


1972 to 1982

In 1970, the CAHA divided the Junior A ranks into two levels, creating a Major-Junior tier that consisted of three leagues: the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL), the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA, now the OHL) and the Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL, now WHL). It was decided that the Memorial Cup would be the championship trophy of the Major-Junior leagues, while the Manitoba Centennial Trophy was created as the Junior A championship. The CAHA decided that beginning in 1972, the Memorial Cup would be determined via a double round-robin tournament (4 games each) between the champion of the three leagues, featuring a single game championship involving the top two finishers in the tournament. The creation of the WHL's Portland Winter Hawks in 1976 opened the competition up to non-Canadian teams for the first time, and in 1982, the Winter Hawks became the first American team in Memorial Cup history to compete for the trophy.

Year Champion Runner-up Score Additional participants Host location(s)
1972 Cornwall Royals Peterborough Petes 2–1 Edmonton Oil Kings Ottawamarker, ON
1973 Toronto Marlboros Quebec Remparts 9–1 Medicine Hat Tigers Montrealmarker, QC
1974 Regina Pats Quebec Remparts 7–4 St. Catharines Black Hawks Calgarymarker, AB
1975 Toronto Marlboros New Westminster Bruins 7–3 Sherbrooke Castors Kitchenermarker, ON
1976 Hamilton Fincups New Westminster Bruins 5–2 Quebec Remparts Montrealmarker, QC
1977 New Westminster Bruins Ottawa 67's 6–5 Sherbrooke Castors Vancouvermarker, BC
1978 New Westminster Bruins Peterborough Petes 7–4 Trois-Rivières Draveurs Sudburymarker & Sault Ste.marker Mariemarker, ON
1979 Peterborough Petes Brandon Wheat Kings 2–1 (OT) Trois-Rivières Draveurs Sherbrookemarker, Trois-Rivièresmarker & Verdunmarker, QC
1980 Cornwall Royals Peterborough Petes 3–2 (OT) Regina Pats Brandonmarker, MB & Reginamarker, SK
1981 Cornwall Royals Kitchener Rangers 5–2 Victoria Cougars Windsormarker, ON
1982 Kitchener Rangers Sherbrooke Castors 7–4 Portland Winter Hawks Hull, QC


1983 to present

The Vancouver Giants celebrate after winning the 2007 championship on home ice.
The Memorial Cup tournament was expanded to four teams in 1983 as a pre-determined host team was added in place of holding the tournament in a neutral host city. The first such host team was the Portland Winter Hawks, who set numerous firsts in the 1983 tournament. It represented the first time Memorial Cup games were held outside Canada, and by virtue of winning the tournament, the Winter Hawks became the first American team to win the Cup. The Winter Hawks, defeated by the Spokane Chiefs in the WHL playoffs, also became the first team in Memorial Cup history to win the championship despite failing to win its own league title.

The four team format remains in use today, with the host team cycling evenly between all three leagues. In 1987, however, only three teams competed for the Memorial Cup. To determine the host team for that tournament, the OHL held a "super series" between its two regular season division winners prior to the start of the playoffs. The tournament was won by the Oshawa Generals, who also went on to win the OHL championship. As a result, the OHL chose to send only Oshawa to the Memorial Cup. In all other cases, if the host team also won their league title, that league's losing finalist also qualified for the Memorial Cup.

The host team for each tournament is listed in italics
Year Champion Runner-up Score Additional participants
1983 Portland Winter Hawks Oshawa Generals 8–3 Lethbridge Broncos , Verdun Juniors
1984 Ottawa 67's Kitchener Rangers 7–2 Laval Voisins , Kamloops Jr. Oilers
1985 Prince Albert Raiders Shawinigan Cataractes 6–1 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds , Verdun Junior Canadiens
1986 Guelph Platers Hull Olympiques 6–2 Kamloops Blazers , Portland Winter Hawks
1987 Medicine Hat Tigers Oshawa Generals 6–2 Longueuil Chevaliers
1988 Medicine Hat Tigers Windsor Spitfires 7–6 Drummondville Voltigeurs , Hull Olympiques
1989 Swift Current Broncos Saskatoon Blades 4–3 (OT) Laval Titan , Peterborough Petes
1990 Oshawa Generals Kitchener Rangers 4–3 (OT) Laval Titan , Kamloops Blazers
1991 Spokane Chiefs Drummondville Voltigeurs 5–1 Chicoutimi Saguenéens , Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds
1992 Kamloops Blazers Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds 5–4 Seattle Thunderbirds , Verdun Collège Français
1993 Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds Peterborough Petes 4–2 Laval Titan , Swift Current Broncos
1994 Kamloops Blazers Laval Titan 5–3 Chicoutimi Saguenéens , North Bay Centennials
1995 Kamloops Blazers Detroit Jr. Red Wings 8–2 Brandon Wheat Kings , Hull Olympiques
1996 Granby Prédateurs Peterborough Petes 4–0 Brandon Wheat Kings , Guelph Storm
1997 Hull Olympiques Lethbridge Hurricanes 5–1 Chicoutimi Saguenéens , Oshawa Generals
1998 Portland Winter Hawks Guelph Storm 4–3 (OT) Spokane Chiefs , Val-d'Or Foreurs
1999 Ottawa 67's Calgary Hitmen 7–6 (OT) Acadie-Bathurst Titan , Belleville Bulls
2000 Rimouski Océanic Barrie Colts 6–2 Halifax Mooseheads , Kootenay Ice
2001 Red Deer Rebels Val-d'Or Foreurs 6–5 (OT) Ottawa 67's , Regina Pats
2002 Kootenay Ice Victoriaville Tigres 6–3 Erie Otters , Guelph Storm
2003 Kitchener Rangers Hull Olympiques 6–3 Kelowna Rockets , Quebec Remparts
2004 Kelowna Rockets Gatineau Olympiques 2–1 Guelph Storm , Medicine Hat Tigers
2005 London Knights Rimouski Océanic 4–0 Kelowna Rockets , Ottawa 67's
2006 Quebec Remparts Moncton Wildcats 6–2 Peterborough Petes , Vancouver Giants
2007 Vancouver Giants Medicine Hat Tigers 3–1 Lewiston Maineiacs , Plymouth Whalers
2008 Spokane Chiefs Kitchener Rangers 4–1 Belleville Bulls , Gatineau Olympiques
2009 Windsor Spitfires Kelowna Rockets 4–1 Drummondville Voltigeurs , Rimouski Océanic
2010 Brandon Wheat Kings


Notes

 In 1987 the OHL organized a Super Series for the right to host the Memorial Cup tournament between the Leyden Division champions Oshawa Generals, and the Emms Division champions North Bay Centennials. The super series was played before the OHL playoffs commenced. Oshawa defeated North Bay 4 games to 3 for the right to host the Memorial Cup. Oshawa also won the OHL championship series defeating North Bay 4 games to 3. Since Oshawa won both the Super Series and the OHL Championship, only three teams participated in the Memorial Cup.


 The Chicoutimi Saguenéens hosted the 1988 tournament at the Colisée de Chicoutimimarker, however were not guaranteed a berth. The Saugeneens were eliminated in the playoffs. The QMJHL championship runners-up Drummondville Voltigeurs were awarded this berth.


 The Hamilton Dukes hosted the 1990 tournament at Copps Coliseummarker. However, due to the team's poor standing in the 1989–90 season, the team stepped aside for the OHL championship runners-up, the Kitchener Rangers.


 The Beauport Harfangs hosted the 1991 tournament, however were not guaranteed a berth. The Harfangs were eliminated in the playoffs. The QMJHL championship runners-up Drummondville Voltigeurs were awarded this berth. The Harfangs were based in Beauport, Quebecmarker, a suburb of Quebec City; however, the tournament was played in the Colisée de Québecmarker.


 The Sault Ste. Marie Greyhounds won the right to host the 1993 Memorial Cup by defeating the Peterborough Petes 4 games to 0 in a Super Series, much like how Oshawa hosted in 1987. However, the Petes won the OHL championship thus granting them a spot in the tournament.


References

General




Specific
  1. The Memorial Cup, p. 13
  2. The Memorial Cup, p. 26
  3. The Memorial Cup, p. 57
  4. The Memorial Cup, p. 70
  5. The Memorial Cup, p. 84
  6. The Memorial Cup, p. 158
  7. The Memorial Cup, p. 16
  8. The Memorial Cup, pp. 154–155
  9. The Memorial Cup, p. 160
  10. The Memorial Cup, p. 204
  11. The Memorial Cup, p. 208
  12. The Memorial Cup, p. 227
  13. The Memorial Cup, p. 232
  14. The Memorial Cup, p. 242
  15. The Memorial Cup, p. 247
  16. The Memorial Cup, p. 255



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