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This is the list of Grand Viziers of the Ottoman Empire.


Ottoman Grand Viziers



Grand viziers
Grand Vizier Entered office Left office Background notes
Alaeddin Pasha 1320 1331 Ottoman Turk
Nizamüddin Ahmed Pasha 1331 1348 Ottoman Turk
Hacı Pasha 1348 1349 Ottoman Turk
Sinanüddin Fakih Yusuf Pasha 1349 1364 Ottoman Turk
Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha 1364 22 January 1387 Ottoman Turk, from Cendere (or Çandar) village near Ankaramarker, see Çandarlı family. The first vizier to hold the title "grand vizier" and also the first with a military background.
Çandarlı Ali Pasha (Çandarlı Ali Pasha) 1387 1406 Ottoman Turk (Çandarlı family)
İmamzade Halil Pasha 1406 1413 Ottoman Turk, from Osmancık
Beyazıd Pasha 1413 1421 Ottoman Turk, from Amasyamarker
Çandarlı İbrahim Pasha 1421 1429 Ottoman Turk (Çandarlı family)
Koca Mehmed Nizamüddin Pasha 1429 1439 Ottoman Turk, from Osmancık or Amasyamarker
Çandarlı Halil Pasha 1439 1 June 1453 Ottoman Turk (Çandarlı family). First grand vizier who was executed.
Mahmud Pasha (Mahmud Pasha Angelović) (1st time) 1456 1468 Ottoman Serb.
Rum Mehmed Pasha 1468 1469 Ottoman Greek
İshak Pasha (1st time) 1469 1472 Precise origin unknown, of Slavic background.
Mahmud Pasha (Mahmud Pasha Angelović) (2nd time) 1472 1474 Ottoman Serb.
Gedik Ahmed Pasha 1474 1477 Ottoman. A convert probably from Serbia or Albania.
Karamanlı Mehmed Pasha 1477 1481 Ottoman Turk, from Karamanmarker
İshak Pasha (2nd time) 1481 1482 Precise origin unknown, of Slavic background.
Davud Pasha 1482 1497 Ottoman Albanian
Hersekli Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (1st time) 1497 1498 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak, son of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Herzog of Bosnia
Çandarlı İbrahim Pasha 1498 1499 Ottoman Turk (Çandarlı family)
Mesih Pasha 1499 1501 Ottoman Greek, according to Joseph von Hammer
Hadim Ali Pasha (1st time) 1501 1503 Ottoman Serb, from Bosnia (Hadim = Manservant)
Hersekli Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (2nd time) 1503 1506 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak, son of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Herzog of Bosnia
Hadim Ali Pasha (2nd time) 1506 1511 Ottoman Serb, from Bosnia
Hersekli Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (3rd time) 1511 1511 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak, son of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Herzog of Bosnia
Koca Mustafa Pasha 1511 1512 Ottoman Greek
Hersekli Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (4th time) 1512 28 November 1514 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak, son of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Herzog of Bosnia
Dukakinoğlu Ahmed Pasha 18 December 1514 8 September 1515 Ottoman Albanian
Hersekli Ahmed Pasha (Ahmed Hercegović) (5th time) 8 September 1515 26 April 1516 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak, son of Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, Herzog of Bosnia
Hadim Sinan Pasha 26 April 1516 22 January 1517 Ottoman Bosniak, from the noble Boronivic family (Hadim = Manservant)
Yunus Pasha 22 January 1517 13 September 1517 Ottoman of unknown origin, certainly non-Turkish, since a Devshirme.
Piri Mehmed Pasha 25 January 1518 27 June 1523 Ottoman Turk, from Aksaraymarker
Pargalı İbrahim Pasha, also called Frenk İbrahim Pasha 27 June 1523 14 March 1536 Ottoman Greek, from Pargamarker (The nickname Frenk refers to his European manners and tastes)
Ayas Mehmed Pasha 14 March 1536 13 July 1539 Ottoman Albanian
Çelebi Lütfi Pasha 13 July 1539 April 1541 Most probably Ottoman Albanian, from Avlonya (Vlorëmarker) (Çelebi = a refined gentleman with good manners)
Hadim Süleyman Pasha April 1541 28 November 1544 Ottoman of unknown origin (Hadim = Manservant)
Damat Rüstem Pasha (1st time) 28 November 1544 6 October 1553 Ottoman Croat or Bosniak; from Bosniamarker(Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Kara Ahmed Pasha 6 October 1553 29 September 1555 Ottoman Albanian
Damat Rüstem Pasha (2nd time) 29 September 1555 10 July 1561 Ottoman Croat from Bosniamarker or Bosniak; from Bosniamarker(Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Semiz Ali Pasha 10 July 1561 28 June 1565 Ottoman Serb
Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (Mehmed Pasha Sokolović) 28 June 1565 12 October 1579 Ottoman. Born into a Orthodox Bosniak family in or near Sokolovići in Bosnia
Semiz Ahmed Pasha 12 October 1579 28 April 1580 Ottoman Albanian
Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha 28 April 1580 7 August 1580 Ottoman Albanian (Lala = a tutor to a Sultan)
Koca Sinan Pasha (1st time) 7 August 1580 6 December 1582 Ottoman Albanian
Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (1st time) 24 December 1582 25 July 1584 Ottoman of Croatian or Hungarian extraction, from Kanijemarker
Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha 28 July 1584 29 October 1585 Ottoman from a family of Circassian Mameluks
Hadim Mesih Pasha 1 November 1585 14 April 1586 Ottoman of unknown origin (Hadim = Manservant)
Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (2nd time) 14 April 1586 2 April 1589 Ottoman of Croatian or Hungarian extraction, from Kanijemarker
Koca Sinan Pasha (2nd time) 14 April 1589 1 August 1591 Ottoman Albanian
Serdar Ferhad Pasha (1st time) 1 August 1591 4 April 1592 Ottoman Albanian
Kanijeli Siyavuş Pasha (3rd time) 4 April 1592 28 January 1593 Ottoman of Croatian or Hungarian extraction, from Kanijemarker
Koca Sinan Pasha (3rd time) 28 January 1593 16 February 1595 Ottoman Albanian
Serdar Ferhad Pasha (2nd time) 16 February 1595 7 July 1595 Ottoman Albanian
Koca Sinan Pasha (4th time) 7 July 1595 19 November 1595 Ottoman Albanian
Tekeli Lala Mehmed Pasha 19 November 1595 28 November 1595 Ottoman Turk, from Manisa (Lala = Tutor to a Sultan)
Koca Sinan Pasha (5th time) 1 December 1595 3 April 1596 Ottoman Albanian
Damat İbrahim Pasha (1st time) 4 April 1596 27 October 1596 Ottoman Serb (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha 27 October 1596 5 December 1596 Ottoman of Italian extraction. From the noble Genoesemarker family of Cicala.
Damat İbrahim Pasha (2nd time) 5 December 1596 3 November 1597 Ottoman Serb (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Hadim Hasan Pasha 3 November 1597 9 April 1598 Of unknown origin
Cerrah Mehmed Pasha 9 April 1598 6 January 1599 Ottoman Turk (Cerrah = Surgeon)
Damat İbrahim Pasha (3rd time) 6 January 1599 10 July 1601 Ottoman Serb (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Yemişçi Hasan Pasha 22 July 1601 4 October 1603 Ottoman Albanian (Yemişçi = Fruit-vendor; in reference to his previous profession)
Malkoç Yavuz Ali Pasha 16 October 1603 26 July 1604 Ottoman Serb. "The Malkoç dynasty, properly known as Malković, were of Serb origin".
Sokolluzade Lala Mehmed Pasha 5 August 1604 21 June 1606 Ottoman (Lala = Tutor to a Sultan). Sokollu Mehmet Pasha's nephew.
Dervish Mehmet Pasha 21 June 1606 9 December 1606 Bosniak Ottoman
Kuyucu Murad Pasha 11 December 1606 5 August 1611 Croatian Ottoman (Kuyucu = The well-digger; name given since he had the habit of burying his enemies in wells)
Gümülcineli Damat Nasuh Pasha 5 August 1611 17 October 1614 possibly Albanian Ottoman, from Gümülcine. (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty). One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
Öküz Kara Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 17 October 1614 17 November 1616 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbulmarker (Öküz = Oxen; literally Mehmed Pasha the Oxen; name given since he was heavily built)
Damat Halil Pasha (1st time) 17 November 1616 18 January 1619 Armenian Ottoman, from Zeytun (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Öküz Kara Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 18 January 1619 23 December 1619 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Güzelce Ali Pasha 23 December 1619 9 March 1621 Turkish Ottoman (Güzelce = Handsome)
Ohrili Hüseyin Pasha 9 March 1621 17 September 1621 Albanian Ottoman, from Ohrimarker
Dilaver Pasha 17 September 1621 20 May 1622 Ottoman Croatian
Kara Davud Pasha 20 May 1622 13 June 1622 Bosniak Ottoman
Mere Hüseyin Pasha (1st time) 13 June 1622 8 August 1622 Albanian Ottoman ("Mere!" = "Take it!" in Albanian; purportedly the only grand vizier who did not speak Turkish, named after the oft-repeated order he gave on the subject of opponents' heads)
Lefkeli Mehmed Pasha 8 August 1622 21 September 1622 Turkish Ottoman, from former Lefke, today Orhanelimarker
Gürcü Mehmed Pasha (Hadım -'Eunuch'- Mehmed Pasha) 21 September 1622 5 February 1623 Georgian Ottoman (Gürcü = Georgian)
Mere Hüseyin Pasha (2nd time) 5 February 1623 30 August 1623 Albanian Ottoman
Kemankeş Kara Ali Pasha 30 August 1623 3 April 1624 Turkish Ottoman (Kemankeş = Archer)
Çerkes Mehmed Ali Pasha 3 April 1624 28 January 1625 Circassian Ottoman (Çerkes = Circassian)
Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha (1st time) 8 February 1625 1 December 1626 Turkish or Pomak (according to Gözler Ottoman, although the term Pomak itself was probably not in use at the time. From Filibemarker. One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
Damat Halil Pasha (2nd time) 1 December 1626 6 April 1628 Armenian Ottoman, from Zeytun (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Gazi Ekrem Hüsrev Pasha 6 April 1628 25 October 1631 Bosniak Ottoman
Filibeli Hafız Ahmed Pasha (2nd time) 25 October 1631 10 February 1632 Turkish or Pomak from Filibemarker.
Topal Recep Pasha 10 February 1632 18 May 1632 Bosniak Ottoman (Topal = Lame)
Tabanıyassi Mehmed Pasha 18 May 1632 2 February 1637 possibly Albanian Ottoman (from Drama)(Tabanıyassı = Flat-footed)
Bayram Pasha 2 February 1637 26 August 1638 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Tayyar Mehmed Pasha 27 August 1638 23 December 1638 Turkish Ottoman
Kemankeş Kara Mustafa Pasha 23 December 1638 31 January 1644 Albanian Ottoman (Kemankeş = Archer)
Sultanzade Semiz Mehmed Pasha aka Civan Kapucubaşı Sultanzade Mehmed Pasha 31 January 1644 17 December 1645 Turkish Ottoman (Sultanzade = Son of a female member of the Ottoman dynasty)
Nevesinli Salih Pasha 17 December 1645 16 September 1647 Bosniak Ottoman, from Nevesinjemarker.
Kara Musa Pasha 16 September 1647 21 September 1647 Turkish Ottoman. Not included in some lists. The imperial seal was sent to him by way of sea to Cretemarker where he was in campaign, but he fell in front of the castle of Kandiye (Iraklionmarker) five days after his naming to the rank and before receiving the seal.
Hezarpare Ahmed Pasha 21 September 1647 7 August 1648 Greek Ottoman, from Istanbul. Promoted from in-attorney title to the rank of full grand vizier upon Kara Musa Pasha's death. (Hezarpare = Thousand pieces; literally Ahmed Pasha the Thousand Pieces; name given by chroniclers since he was lynched by the mob)
Sofu Mehmed Pasha, also called Mevlevi Mehmed Pasha 7 August 1648 21 May 1649 Turkish Ottoman (Sofu = Devout and see Mevlevi)
Kara Dev Murad Pasha 21 May 1649 5 August 1651 Albanian Ottoman (Dev = Giant)
Melek Ahmed Pasha 5 August 1651 21 August 1651 Abaza Ottoman (Melek = Angel)
Abaza Siyavuş Pasha (1st time) 21 August 1651 27 September 1651 Abkhazian
Gürcü Mehmed Pasha 27 September 1651 20 June 1652 Georgian Ottoman (Gürcü - Georgian)
Tarhuncu Ahmet Pasha 20 June 1652 21 March 1653 Albanian Ottoman (Tarhoncu, more seldom transcribed as Tarhoncu = ‘Tarragon vendor’; in reference to his former profession)
Koca Dervish Mehmed Pasha 21 March 1653 28 October 1654 Circassian Ottoman
İpşiri Mustafa Pasha 28 October 1654 11 May 1655 Abaza Ottoman (İpşiri = Bearer of good news) One of the seven husbands of Ahmed I's daughter Ayşe Sultan.
Kara Dev Murad Pasha (2nd time) 11 May 1655 19 August 1655 Albanian Ottoman
Ermeni Suleyman Pasha 19 August 1655 28 February 1656 Reportedly Ottoman Turk despite his nickname Ermeni, which means Armenian. From Malatyamarker.
Gazi Hüseyin Pasha, also called Deli Hüseyin Pasha 28 February 1656 5 March 1656 Turkish Ottoman, from Yenişehir. Not included in some lists. The imperial seal was sent to him by way of sea to Cretemarker where he was in campaign, but the ships were called back because of Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha's lobbying, who had been appointed in-attorney in between but wanted the full title for him. (Deli = Mad; due to his daring and courage in the battlefield)
Zurnazen Mustafa Pasha (held office for 4 hours) 5 March 1656 5 March 1656 Albanian Ottoman (Zurnazen = Clarinettist). Not included in some lists. Promoted from in-attorney title to the rank of full grand vizier due to the influence he exerted on the sultan for Gazi Hüseyin Pasha's dismissal from the office. His appointment caused an uprising in Istanbul and he was exiled after having held the seal for four hours.
Abaza Siyavuş Pasha (2nd time) 5 March 1656 25 April 1656 Abaza Ottoman
Boynuyaralı Mehmed Pasha 26 April 1656 15 September 1656 Turkish Ottoman, from Samsunmarker (Boynu yaralı = Wounded neck)
Köprülü Mehmed Pasha 15 September 1656 31 October 1661 Albanian Ottoman, from the region of Rudnikmarker, associated with his wife's hometown of Köprümarker in north-central Anatoliamarker, called Vezirköprümarker today in honor of the family. (see; Köprülü family)
Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha 31 October 1661 19 October 1676 Ottoman (Albanian father, Turkish mother; see Köprülü family)
Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha 19 October 1676 25 December 1683 Turkish Ottoman, from Merzifonmarker (adopted son in Köprülü family)
Kara İbrahim Pasha 15 December 1683 18 November 1685 Bosniak Ottoman
Sarı Süleyman Pasha 18 November 1685 18 September 1687 Bosniak Ottoman (Sarı = Blond)
Abaza Siyavuş Pasha (3rd time) 18 September 1687 23 February 1688 Abkhazian.
Ayaşlı İsmail Pasha 23 February 1688 2 May 1688 Turkish Ottoman (from Ayaşmarker)
Bekri Mustafa Pasha 30 May 1688 7 November 1689 Turkish Ottoman, from Tekirdağmarker.
Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha 10 November 1689 19 August 1691 Turkish Ottoman (Köprülü family)
Arabacı Ali Pasha 24 August 1691 21 March 1692 Albanian Ottoman (Arabacı = Coachman; in reference to his background)
Merfizonlu Hacı Ali Pasha 23 March 1692 17 March 1693 Turkish Ottoman, from Merzifonmarker.
Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha 17 March 1693 March 1694 Turkish Ottoman, from Bozok (Yozgatmarker today).
Sürmeli Ali Pasha 13 March 1694 22 April 1695 Greek Ottoman (from Dimetoka) (Sürmeli = One who has eyes tinged with kohl)
Elmas Mehmed Pasha 3 May 1695 11 September 1697 Turkish Ottoman (Elmas = Diamond)
Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha 17 September 1697 4 September 1702 Turkish Ottoman (Köprülü family).
Daltaban Mustafa Pasha 4 September 1702 24 January 1703 Serbian Ottoman, according to Joseph von Hammer, from Manastırmarker (Daltaban = Barefoot)
Rami Mehmed Pasha 25 January 1703 22 August 1703 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Kavanoz Ahmed Pasha 22 August 1703 16 November 1703 Russian Ottoman (Kavanoz = A jar; named as such because purportedly very short and fat)
Damat Hasan Pasha 18 November 1703 28 September 1704 Turkish Ottoman, from Mora (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Kalaylıkoz Hacı Ahmed Pasha October 1704 25 December 1704 ? Ottoman (Kalaylıkoz = Varnished; a reference on his fondness for make-up, ornaments and dresses)
Baltacı Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 25 December 1704 3 May 1706 Turkish Ottoman, from Osmancık.
Çorlulu Damat Ali Pasha 3 May 1706 15 June 1710 Turkish Ottoman, from Çorlumarker (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Köprülü Numan Pasha 16 June 1710 17 August 1710 Turkish Ottoman (Köprülü family).
Baltacı Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 18 August 1710 20 November 1711 Turkish Ottoman, from Osmancık.
Ağa Yusuf Pasha 20 November 1711 11 November 1712 Georgian Ottoman
Silahdar Süleyman Pasha 12 November 1712 6 April 1713 Abaza Ottoman
Hoca İbrahim Pasha 6 April 1713 7 April 1713 Turkish Ottoman, from Serez (Serresmarker)
Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha 27 April 1713 5 August 1716 Turkish Ottoman, from İznikmarker (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Hacı Halil Pasha 21 August 1716 October 1717 Albanian Ottoman
Nişancı Mehmed Pasha October 1717 9 May 1718 Turkish Ottoman, from Kayserimarker
Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha 9 May 1718 16 October 1730 Turkish Ottoman, from Nevşehirmarker. (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Silahdar Damat Mehmed Pasha 16 October 1730 23 January 1731 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Kabakulak İbrahim Pasha 23 January 1731 11 September 1731 Turkish Ottoman, from Şebinkarahisarmarker (Kabakulak = Someone with mumps)
Topal Osman Pasha 21 September 1731 12 March 1732 Turkish Ottoman (Topal = Lame)
Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (1st time) 12 March 1732 14 July 1735 Ottoman (Venetianmarker father, Turkish mother)
Gürcü İsmail Pasha 14 July 1735 25 December 1735 Georgian Ottoman (Gürcü = Georgian)
Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha 10 January 1736 5 August 1737 Turkish Ottoman, from Dimetoka
Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha 22 August 1737 19 December 1737 Turkish Ottoman, from Aleppomarker
Yeğen Mehmed Pasha 3 December 1737 23 March 1739 Turkish Ottoman (Yeğen = Nephew, of the Sultan in his case)
Hacı İvaz Mehmed Pasha 17 March 1739 23 June 1740 Albanian Ottoman
Nişancı Hacı Ahmed Pasha 22 July 1740 7 April 1742 Turkish Ottoman, from Alanyamarker
Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (2nd time) 21 April 1742 4 October 1742 Ottoman (Venetianmarker father, Turkish mother)
Seyyid Hasan Pasha 4 October 1742 10 August 1746 Turkish Ottoman, from Karahisar (Şebinkarahisarmarker today)
Tiryaki Hacı Mehmed Pasha 11 August 1746 24 August 1747 Turkish Ottoman (Tiryaki= Someone who has an addiction, to tobacco, opium, alcohol etc.). Reputed to have taken measures which made the prices of these substances plummet during his office.
Seyyid Abdullah Pasha 24 August 1747 2 January 1750 Turkish Ottoman, from Kerkük
Divitdar Mehmed Pasha 9 January 1750 1 July 1752 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (1st time) 1 July 1752 16 February 1755 Turkish Ottoman, from Çorlumarker (Köse = A bowl, someone with no beard)
Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (3rd time) 16 February 1755 19 May 1755 Ottoman (Venitian father, Turkish mother)
Naili Abdullah Pasha 19 May 1755 24 August 1755 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Nişancı Ali Pasha 24 August 1755 23 October 1755 Albanian Ottoman
Yirmisekizzade Mehmed Said Pasha 25 October 1755 1 April 1756 Turkish Ottoman, from Edirnemarker (Yirmisekiz = Twenty-eight; named as such because his father, Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi, had served in the 28th battalion ("orta") in the corps of Janissaries)
Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (2nd time) 30 April 1756 3 December 1756 Turkish Ottoman, from Çorlumarker (Köse = A bowl, someone with no beard)
Koca Mehmed Ragıp Pasha 12 January 1757 8 April 1763 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha 11 April 1763 29 September 1763 Turkish Ottoman, from Develi
Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha (3rd time) 29 September 1763 30 March 1765 Turkish Ottoman, from Çorlumarker
Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 30 March 1765 7 August 1768 Turkish Ottoman, son of Muhsinzade Abdullah Pasha
Silahdar Hamza Mahir Pasha 7 August 1768 20 October 1768 Turkish Ottoman, from Develi
Yağlıkçızade Mehmed Emin Pasha October 1768 12 August 1769 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Moldovancı Ali Pasha 12 August 1769 12 December 1769 Turkish Ottoman, from Dadaymarker
İvazzade Halil Pasha 13 December 1769 25 December 1770 Turkish Ottoman (son of İvaz Mehmed Pasha)
Silahdar Mehmed Pasha 25 December 1770 11 December 1771 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) December 1771 6 August 1773 Turkish Ottoman
İzzet Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 11 August 1773 7 July 1775 Turkish Ottoman, from Safranbolumarker.
Moralı Dervish Mehmed Pasha 7 July 1775 5 January 1777 Turkish Ottoman (from Mora = The Peloponnesemarker)
Darendeli Cebecizade Mehmed Pasha 5 January 1777 1 September 1778 Turkish Ottoman, from Darende.
Kalafat Mehmed Pasha 1 September 1778 22 August 1779 Bulgarian Ottoman, from Sofiamarker (Kalafat = Caulker).
Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha or Karavezir Seyyid Mehmed Pasha August 1779 20 February 1781 Turkish Ottoman, from Arabsun near Kırşehirmarker
İzzet Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 20 February 1781 25 August 1782 Turkish Ottoman, from Safranbolumarker.
Yeğen Hacı Mehmed Pasha 25 August 1782 31 December 1782 Turkish Ottoman (Yeğen = Nephew, to the Ottoman sultan in his case).
Halil Hamid Pasha 31 December 1782 30 April 1785 Turkish Ottoman, from Ispartamarker. Great-grandfather of Kemal Derviş, current administrator of the UNDP.
Şahin Ali Pasha 30 April 1785 25 January 1786 most probably Georgian Ottoman
Koca Yusuf Pasha (1st time) 25 January 1786 28 May 1789 Georgian Ottoman
Cenaze Hasan Pasha or Meyyit Hasan Pasha 28 May 1789 2 January 1790 Circassian Ottoman ("Cenaze" or "Meyyit" = A funeral, a corpse; literally "Hasan Pasha the Funeral" or "Hasan Pasha the Corpse"; named as such because he was in his deathbed, seriously ill, all along his office)
Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha 2 January 1790 30 March 1790 Turkish Ottoman, possibly with origins related to any which one of the Caucasian/Iranian ethnicities, bought as a slave in childhood in eastern Turkey, raised by Turkish family in Tekirdağmarker. His name Cezayirli means from Algiers since he had been a corsair there.
Çelebizade Şerif Hasan Pasha 16 April 1790 12 February 1791 Turkish people Ottoman, from Rusçukmarker.
Koca Yusuf Pasha (2nd time) 12 February 1791 1792 Georgian Ottoman
Damat Melek Mehmed Pasha 1792 21 October 1794 Bosniak Ottoman (Damat = Bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
İzzet Mehmed Pasha (3rd time) 21 October 1794 23 October 1798 Turkish Ottoman, from Safranbolumarker.
Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha (1st time) 23 October 1798 24 June 1805 Turkish Ottoman (Kör = Blind)
Bostancıbaşı Hafız İsmail Pasha 24 September 1805 13 October 1806 Turkish Ottoman
Keçiboynuzu İbrahim Hilmi Pasha 13 October 1806 3 June 1807 Turkish Ottoman (Keçiboynuzu = Carob fruit, named as such because purportedly an extremely puny person)
Çelebi Mustafa Pasha 3 June 1807 29 July 1808 Turkish Ottoman (Çelebi = A refined gentleman with good manners)
Alemdar Mustafa Pasha, also called (Bayrakdar Mustafa Pasha) 29 July 1808 15 November 1808 Turkish Ottoman, from Rusçukmarker. (Alemdar or Bayraktar = standard bearer, same rank with two different names among the Janissaries)
Çavuşbaşı Memiş Pasha 16 November 1808 December 1808 Albanian Ottoman (Çavuşbaşı = Head sergent)
Çarhacı Ali Pasha December 1808 March 1809 Turkish Ottoman (Çarhacı = Skirmisher)
Kör Yusuf Ziyaüddin Pasha (2nd time) March 1809 February 1811 Turkish Ottoman
Laz Ahmed Pasha February 1811 July 1812 Laz Ottoman
Hurşid Ahmed Pasha July 1812 30 March 1815 Turkish Ottoman, the only grand vizier who committed suicide (while in office)
Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (1st time) 30 March 1815 6 January 1818 Turkish Ottoman
Burdurlu Dervish Mehmed Pasha 6 January 1818 5 January 1820 Turkish Ottoman, from Burdur
Seyyid Ali Pasha 5 January 1820 21 April 1821 Turkish Ottoman
Benderli Ali Pasha 21 April 1821 30 April 1821 Turkish Ottoman, from Bendermarker (Moldavia today). The last grand vizier who was executed upon an order clearly given by the sultan (because of the Greek War of Independence).
Hacı Salih Pasha 30 April 1821 11 November 1822 Turkish Ottoman
Deli Abdullah Pasha 11 November 1822 4 March 1823 Turkish Ottoman (Deli = Mad, literally Abdullah Pasha the Mad)
Turnacızade Silahdar Ali Pasha 4 March 1823 December 1823 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Said Galip Pasha December 1823 15 September 1824 Turkish Ottoman
Benderli Mehmed Selim Sırrı Pasha 15 September 1824 26 October 1828 Turkish Ottoman, from Bendermarker (Moldavia today)
Darendeli Topal İzzet Mehmed Pasha (1st time) 26 October 1828 January 1829 Turkish Ottoman, from Darende.
Reşid Mehmed Pasha January 1829 17 February 1833 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (2nd time) 17 February 1833 8 July 1839 Turkish Ottoman
Koca Mehmed Hüsrev Pasha 8 July 1839 29 May 1841 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (3rd time) 29 May 1841 7 October 1841 Turkish Ottoman
Darendeli Topal İzzet Mehmed Pasha (2nd time) 7 October 1841 3 September 1842 Turkish Ottoman, from Darende
Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (4th time) 3 September 1842 31 July 1846 Turkish Ottoman
Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (1st time) 31 July 1846 28 April 1848 Turkish Ottoman
İbrahim Sarim Pasha 28 April 1848 13 August 1848 Turkish Ottoman
Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (2nd time) 13 August 1848 27 January 1852 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha (5th time) 27 January 1852 7 March 1852 Turkish Ottoman
Koca Mustafa Reşit Pasha (3rd time) 7 March 1852 7 August 1852 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (1st time) 7 August 1852 4 October 1852 Turkish Ottoman
Damat Mehmed Ali Pasha 4 October 1852 14 May 1853 Hamsheni Ottoman (Damat=Bridegroom to the Ottoman Dynasty).
Giritli Mustafa Naili Pasha (1st time) 14 May 1853 30 May 1854 Albanian Ottoman, from Egyptmarker, called Giritli=Cretan because he had served as governor in that island for a long time.
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha (1st time) 30 May 1854 24 November 1854 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprusmarker
Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (4th time) 24 November 1854 4 May 1855 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (2nd time) 4 May 1855 1 December 1856 Turkish Ottoman
Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (5th time) 1 December 1856 2 August 1857 Turkish Ottoman
Giritli Mustafa Naili Pasha (2nd time) 2 August 1857 23 October 1857 Albanian Ottoman
Koca Mustafa Reşid Pasha (6th time) 23 October 1857 7 January 1858 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (3rd time) 11 January 1858 8 October 1859 Turkish Ottoman
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha (2nd time) 8 October 1859 24 December 1859 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprus
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (1st time) 24 December 1859 27 May 1860 Turkish Ottoman (Mütercim = A translator, an interpreter)
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha (3rd time) 27 May 1860 6 August 1861 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprus
Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (4th time) 6 August 1861 22 November 1861 Turkish Ottoman
Keçecizade Mehmet Fuat Pasha (1st time) 22 November 1861 6 January 1863 Turkish Ottoman, from Konyamarker (Keçecizade family).
Yusuf Kamil Pasha 6 January 1863 3 June 1863 Turkish Ottoman
Keçecizade Mehmet Fuat Pasha (2nd time) 3 June 1863 5 June 1866 Turkish Ottoman
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (2nd time) 5 June 1866 11 February 1867 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Emin Aali Pasha (5th time) 11 February 1867 7 September 1871 Turkish Ottoman
Mahmud Nedim Pasha (1st time) September 1871 31 July 1872 Turkish Ottoman, , was often called Nedimoff due to his Russophile policies
Mithat Pasha (1st time) 31 July 1872 19 October 1872 Turkish Ottoman, family from Rusçukmarker, born in Istanbul.
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (3rd time) Octubre 1872 February 1873 Turkish Ottoman
Sakızlı Ahmed Esat Pasha (1st time) 15 February 1873 May 1873 Turkish Ottoman, from Sakızmarker/Chiosmarker
Şirvanlı Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha May 1873 14 February 1874 Turkish or Kurdish Ottoman, from Şirvanmarker.
Hüseyin Avni Pasha 14 February 1874 25 April 1875 Turkish Ottoman
Sakızlı Ahmed Esat Pasha (2nd time) April 1875 August 1875 Turkish Ottoman, from Sakızmarker (Chiosmarker)
Mahmud Nedim Pasha (2nd time) 21 August 1875 13 April 1876 Turkish Ottoman
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (4th time) April 1876 19 December 1876 Turkish Ottoman
Mithat Pasha (2nd time) 19 December 1876 5 February 1877 Turkish Ottoman. The last grand vizier who was executed -while in exile in Taifmarker-. Whether or not there was a direct order from the Sultan Abdulhamid II remains subject of discussion to this day.)
İbrahim Edhem Pasha 5 February 1877 11 January 1878 Turkified Greek Ottoman, from Chiosmarker/Sakızmarker; sold as a slave in childhood to -later- Grand Vizier Koca Mehmed Hüsrev Pasha during the 1822 events in that island)
Ahmed Hamdi Pasha 11 January 1878 4 February 1878 Turkish Ottoman
Ahmed Vefik Pasha 4 February 1878 18 April 1878 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul.
Mehmed Sadık Pasha 18 April 1878 May 1878 Turkish Ottoman
Mütercim Mehmed Rüşdi Pasha (5th time) May 1878 June 1878 Turkish Ottoman
Mehmed Esad Saffet Pasha May 1878 October 1878 Turkish Ottoman
Tunuslu Hayreddin Pasha October 1878 28 July 1879 Tunisianmarker Ottoman
Ahmed Arifi Pasha 28 July 1879 September 1879 Turkish Ottoman
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (1st time) 18 October 1879 9 June 1880 Turkish Ottoman (Küçük = Small; literally Mehmed Pasha the Small, at 1m47, the shortest grand vizier)
Cenani Mehmed Kadri Pasha 9 June 1880 12 September 1880 Turkish Ottoman, from Antepmarker
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (2nd time) 12 September 1880 2 May 1882 Turkish Ottoman
Abdurrahman Nureddin Pasha 2 May 1882 12 July 1882 Turkish Ottoman, from Kütahyamarker (Germiyan family)
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (3rd time) 12 July 1882 30 November 1882 Turkish Ottoman
Ahmed Vefik Pasha (2nd time) 1 December 1882 3 December 1882 Turkish Ottoman
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (4th time) 3 December 1882 24 September 1885 Turkish Ottoman
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil Pasha (1st time) September 1885 September 1891 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprusmarker.
Ahmed Cevat Şakir Pasha September 1891 June 1895 Turkish Ottoman, from Kabaağaç in Afyonkarahisarmarker (Şakirpaşazade family)
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (5th time) 9 June 1895 3 October 1895 Turkish Ottoman
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil Pasha (2nd time) October 1895 November 1895 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprus.
Halil Rifat Pasha November 1895 9 November 1901 Turkish Ottoman, from Serezmarker
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (6th time) 13 November 1901 15 January 1903 Turkish Ottoman
Avlonyalı Mehmed Ferid Pasha 15 January 1903 July 1908 Albanian Ottoman, from Avlonya (Vloremarker)
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (6th time) 22 July 1908 6 August 1908 Turkish Ottoman
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil Pasha (3rd time) August 1908 February 1909 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprus
Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (1st time) 31 March 1909 May 1909 Turkish Ottoman
Hüseyin Hilmi Pasha May 1909 January 1910 Turkish Ottoman, from Midillimarker
İbrahim Hakkı Pasha 12 January 1910 29 September 1911 Turkish Ottoman
Küçük Mehmed Said Pasha (7th time) 4 October 1911 17 July 1912 Turkish Ottoman
Ahmed Muhtar Pasha 22 July 1912 29 October 1912 Turkish Ottoman, from Bursamarker
Kıbrıslı Mehmed Kamil Pasha (4th time) October 1912 23 January 1913 Turkish Ottoman, from Cyprus
Mahmud Şevket Pasha 23 January 1913 11 June 1913 Turkish Ottoman, from Baghdadmarker
Said Halim Pasha 12 June 1913 3 February 1917 Egyptianmarker Ottoman of Albanian origins (from the family of the Khedives of Egypt)
Mehmed Talat Pasha 4 February 1917 8 October 1918 Turkish Ottoman, from Edirnemarker
Ahmed İzzet Pasha 14 October 1918 8 November 1918 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (2nd time) 11 November 1918 10 March 1919 Turkish Ottoman
Damat Ferid Pasha (1st time) 10 March 1919 4 October 1919 Montenegrin/Serbian Ottoman with family origins in the village of Potoci, near Pljevljamarker (Damat, bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Ali Rıza Pasha 6 October 1919 2 March 1920 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Hulusi Salih Pasha 8 March 1920 2 April 1920 Turkish Ottoman, from Istanbul
Damat Ferid Pasha (2nd time) 5 April 1920 18 October 1920 Montenegrin/Serbian Ottoman with family origins in the village of Potoci, near Pljevljamarker (Damat, bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty)
Ahmed Tevfik Pasha (3rd time) 21 October 1920 17 November 1922 Turkish Ottoman, last grand vizier


Footnotes

  1. Finkel, C., Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire, 2005, Basic Books


See also



External links and references




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