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List of Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate: Map

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This is a complete list of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

1789–1890

Before 1890, the Senate elected a president pro tempore only for the period when the vice president would be absent.
Congress President pro tempore Party State Years
1st Congress
1789–1791
John Langdon New Hampshiremarker April 6 – April 21, 1789
August 7 – August 9, 1789
2nd Congress
1791–1793
Richard Henry Lee Virginiamarker April 18 – October 8, 1792
John Langdon New Hampshire November 5 – December 4, 1792
March 1 – March 3, 1793
3rd Congress
1793–1795
March 4 – December 2, 1793
Ralph Izard South Carolinamarker May 31 – November 9, 1794
Henry Tazewell February 20 – June 7, 1795
4th Congress
1795–1797
Democratic-

Republican
Virginia December 7 – December 8, 1795
Samuel Livermore Federalist New Hampshire May 6 – December 4, 1796
William Bingham Federalist Pennsylvaniamarker February 16 – March 3, 1797
5th Congress
1797–1799
William Bradford Federalist Rhode Islandmarker July 6 – October 1797
Jacob Read Federalist South Carolina November 22 – December 12, 1797
Theodore Sedgwick Federalist Massachusetts June 27 – December 5, 1798
John Laurance Federalist New York December 6 – December 27, 1798
James Ross Federalist Pennsylvania March 1 – December 1, 1799
6th Congress
1799–1801
Samuel Livermore Federalist New Hampshire December 2 – December 29, 1799
Uriah Tracy Federalist Connecticut May 14 – November 16, 1800
John E. Howard Federalist Maryland November 21 – November 27, 1800
James Hillhouse Federalist Connecticut February 28 – March 3, 1801
7th Congress
1801–1803
Abraham Baldwin Democratic-

Republican
Georgia December 7, 1801 – January 14, 1802
April 17 – December 13, 1802
Stephen R. Bradley Democratic-

Republican
Vermont December 14, 1802 – January 18, 1803
February 25, 1803
March 2 – October 16, 1803
8th Congress
1803–1805
John Brown Democratic-

Republican
Kentucky October 17 – December 6, 1803
January 23 – February 26, 1804
Jesse Franklin Democratic-

Republican
Kentucky March 10 – November 4, 1804
Joseph Anderson Democratic-

Republican
Tennessee January 15 – February 3, 1805
February 28 – March 2, 1805
March 2 – December 1, 1805
9thCongress
1805–1807
Samuel Smith Democratic-

Republican
Maryland December 2 – December 15, 1805
March 18 – November 30, 1806
March 2 – October 25, 1807
10th Congress
1807–1809
April 16 – November 6, 1808
Stephen R. Bradley Democratic-

Republican
Vermont December 28, 1808 – January 8, 1809
John Milledge Democratic-

Republican
Georgia January 30 – March 3, 1809
11th Congress
1809–1811
March 4 – May 21, 1809
Andrew Gregg Democratic-

Republican
Pennsylvania June 26 – December 18, 1809
John Gaillard Democratic-

Republican
South Carolina February 28 – March 2, 1810
April 17 – December 11, 1810
John Pope Democratic-

Republican
Kentucky February 23 – November 3, 1811
12th Congress
1811–1813
William H. Crawford Democratic-

Republican
Georgia March 24, 1812 – March 3, 1813
13th Congress
1813–1815
March 4 – March 23, 1813
Joseph B. Varnum Democratic-

Republican
Massachusetts December 6, 1813 – February 3, 1814
John Gaillard Democratic-

Republican
South Carolina November 25, 1814 – December 3, 1815
14th Congress
1815–1817
December 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817
15th Congress
1817–1819
March 4, 1817
March 6, 1817 – February 18, 1818
March 31, 1818 – January 5, 1819
James Barbour Democratic-

Republican
Virginia February 15 – December 5, 1819
16th Congress
1819–1821
December 6 – December 26, 1819
John Gaillard Democratic-

Republican
South Carolina January 25, 1820 – December 2, 1821
17th Congress
1821–1823
December 3 – December 27, 1821
February 1 – December 2, 1822
February 19 – November 30, 1823
18th Congress
1823–1825
December 1, 1823 – January 20, 1824
May 21, 1824 – March 3, 1825
19th Congress
1825–1827
March 9 – December 4, 1825
Nathaniel Macon Democratic-

Republican
North Carolina May 20 – December 3, 1826
January 2 – February 13, 1827
March 2 – December 2, 1827
20th Congress
1827–1829
Samuel Smith Jacksonian Maryland May 15 – December 18, 1828
21st Congress
1829–1831
Democratic Maryland March 13 – December 10, 1829
May 20 – December 31, 1830
March 1 – December 4, 1831
22nd Congress
1831–1833
December 5 – December 11, 1831
Littleton Tazewell Democratic Virginia July 9 – July 16, 1832
Hugh Lawson White Democratic Tennessee December 3, 1832 – December 1, 1833
23rd Congress
1833–1835
December 2 – December 15, 1833
George Poindexter Whig Mississippi June 28 – November 30, 1834
John Tyler Whig Virginia March 3 – December 6, 1835
24th Congress
1835–1837
William R. King Democratic Alabama July 1 – December 4, 1836
January 28 – March 3, 1837
25th Congress
1837–1839
March 7 – September 3, 1837
October 13 – December 3, 1837
July 2 – December 18, 1838
February 25 – December 1, 1839
26th Congress
1839–1841
December 2 – December 26, 1839
July 3 – December 15, 1840
March 3, 1841
27thCongress
1841–1843
March 4, 1841
Samuel Southard Whig New Jersey March 11 – May 31, 1842
Willie P. Mangum Whig North Carolina May 31, 1842 – December 3, 1843
28th Congress
1843–1845
December 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
29th Congress
1845–1847
March 4, 1845
Ambrose H. Sevier Democratic Arkansas December 27, 1845
David R. Atchison Democratic Missouri August 8 – December 6, 1846
January 11 – January 13, 1847
March 3 – December 5, 1847
30th Congress
1847–1849
February 2 – February 8, 1848
June 1 – June 14, 1848
June 26 – June 29, 1848
July 29 – December 4, 1848
December 26, 1848 – January 1, 1849
March 2 – March 4, 1849
31st Congress
1849–1851
March 5, 1849
March 16 – December 2, 1849
William R. King Democratic Alabama May 6 – May 19, 1850
July 11, 1850 – March 3, 1851
32nd Congress
1851–1853
March 4, 1851 – December 20, 1852
David R. Atchison Democratic Missouri December 20, 1852 – March 3, 1853
33rd Congress
1853–1855
March 4, 1853 – December 4, 1854
Lewis Cass Democratic Michigan December 4, 1854
Jesse D. Bright Democratic Indiana December 5, 1854 – December 2, 1855
34th Congress
1855–1857
December 3, 1855 – June 9, 1856
Charles E. Stuart Democratic Michigan June 9 – June 10, 1856
Jesse D. Bright Democratic Indiana June 11, 1856 – January 6, 1857
James M. Mason Democratic Virginia January 6 – March 3, 1857
35th Congress
1857–1859
March 4, 1857
Thomas J. Rusk Democratic Texas March 14 – July 29, 1857
Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic Alabama December 7 – December 20, 1857
March 29 – May 2, 1858
June 14 – December 5, 1858
January 19, 1859
January 25 – February 9, 1859
36th Congress
1859–1861
March 9 – December 4, 1859
December 19, 1859 – January 15, 1860
February 20 – February 26, 1860
Jesse D. Bright Democratic Indiana June 12 – June 13, 1860
Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic Alabama June 26 – December 2, 1860
Solomon Foot Republican Vermont February 16 – February 17, 1861
37th Congress
1861–1863
March 23 – July 3, 1861
July 18 – December 1, 1861
January 15, 1862
March 31 – May 21, 1862
June 19 – December 12, 1862
February 18 – March 3, 1863
38th Congress
1863–1865
March 4 – December 6, 1863
December 18 – December 20, 1863
February 23, 1864
March 11 – March 13, 1864
April 11 – April 13, 1864
Daniel Clark Republican New Hampshire April 26, 1864 – January 4, 1865
February 9 – February 19, 1865
39th Congress
1865–1867
Lafayette S. Foster Republican Connecticutmarker March 7, 1865 – March 2, 1867
Benjamin F. Wade Republican Ohio March 2 – March 3, 1867
40th Congress
1867–1869
March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869
41st Congress
1869–1871
Henry B. Anthony Republican Rhode Islandmarker March 23 – March 28, 1869
April 9 – December 5, 1869
May 28 – June 2, 1870
July 1 – July 5, 1870
July 14 – December 4, 1870
42nd Congress
1871–1873
March 10 – March 12, 1871
April 17 – May 9, 1871
May 23 – December 3, 1871
December 21, 1871 – January 7, 1872
February 23 – February 25, 1872
June 8 – December 1, 1872
December 4 – December 8, 1872
December 13 – December 15, 1872
December 20, 1872 – January 5, 1873
January 24, 1873
43rd Congress
1873–1875
Matthew H. Carpenter Republican Wisconsin March 12 – March 13, 1873
March 26 – November 30, 1873
December 11, 1873 – December 6, 1874
December 23, 1874 – January 4, 1875
Henry B. Anthony Republican Rhode Islandmarker January 25 – January 31, 1875
February 15 – February 17, 1875
44th Congress
1875–1877
Thomas W. Ferry Republican Michigan March 9 – March 10, 1875
March 19, 1875 – March 4, 1877
45th Congress
1877–1879
March 5, 1877
February 26 – March 3, 1878
April 17 – December 1, 1878
March 3 – March 17, 1879
46th Congress
1879–1881
Allen G. Thurman Democratic Ohio April 15 – November 30, 1879
April 7 – April 14, 1880
May 6 – December 5, 1880
47th Congress
1881–1883
Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. Democratic Delaware October 10 – October 13, 1881
David Davis Independent Illinois October 13, 1881 – March 3, 1883
George F. Edmunds Republican Vermont March 3 – December 2, 1883
48th Congress
1883–1885
December 3, 1883 – March 3, 1885
49th Congress
1885–1887
John Sherman Republican Ohio December 7, 1885 – February 26, 1887
John James Ingalls Republican Kansas February 26 – December 4, 1887
50th Congress
1887–1889
December 5, 1887 – March 3, 1889
51st Congress
1889–1891
March 17, 1889
April 2 – December 1, 1889
December 5 – December 10, 1889
February 28 – March 18, 1890


1890 to 1911

Since 1890, the president pro tempore has held office continuously until the election of another president pro tempore.

1911 to 1913: Rotating presidents

After Frye's death, the Senate had difficulty electing a successor. For the remainder of the 62nd Congress (1911–1913), the position alternated among the following Senators:

1913 to present

Since the 63rd Congress, presidents pro tempore have been chosen as they had been from 1890–1911:
Congress President pro tempore Party State Years
63rd
64th
James Paul Clarke Democratic Arkansasmarker March 13, 1913 – October 1, 1916
64th
65th
Willard Saulsbury, Jr. Democratic Delawaremarker December 14, 1916 – March 3, 1919
66th
67th
68th

Albert B. Cummins Republican Iowamarker May 19, 1919 – March 6, 1925
69th
70th
71st
72nd


George H. Moses Republican New Hampshiremarker March 6, 1925 – March 3, 1933
73rd
74th
75th
76th


Key Pittman Democratic Nevadamarker March 9, 1933 – November 10, 1940
76th William H. King Democratic Utahmarker November 19, 1940 – January 3, 1941
77th Pat Harrison Democratic Mississippimarker January 6 – June 22, 1941
77th
78th
Carter Glass Democratic Virginiamarker July 10, 1941 – January 6, 1945
79th Kenneth McKellar Democratic Tennesseemarker January 6, 1945 – January 4, 1947
80th Arthur H. Vandenberg Republican Michiganmarker January 4, 1947 – January 3, 1949
81st
82nd
Kenneth McKellar Democratic Tennesseemarker January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1953
83rd Styles Bridges Republican New Hampshiremarker January 3, 1953 – January 5, 1955
84th Walter F. George Democratic Georgiamarker January 5, 1955 – January 3, 1957
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th




Carl Hayden Democratic Arizonamarker January 3, 1957 – January 3, 1969
91st Richard Russell, Jr. Democratic Georgiamarker January 3, 1969 – January 21, 1971
92nd Allen J. Ellender Democratic Louisianamarker January 22, 1971 – July 27, 1972
92nd
93rd
94th
95th


James Eastland Democratic Mississippimarker July 28, 1972 – December 27, 1978
96th Warren Magnuson Democratic Washingtonmarker January 15, 1979 – December 3, 1980
Milton Young Republican North Dakotamarker December 4, 1980
Warren Magnuson Democratic Washingtonmarker December 5, 1980 – January 3, 1981
97th
98th
99th

Strom Thurmond Republican South Carolinamarker January 5, 1981 – January 6, 1987
100th John C. Stennis Democratic Mississippimarker January 6, 1987 – January 3, 1989
101st
102nd
103rd

Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker January 3, 1989 – January 4, 1995
104th
105th
106th

Strom Thurmond Republican South Carolinamarker January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
107th Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker January 3 – January 20, 2001
Strom Thurmond Republican South Carolinamarker January 20 – June 6, 2001
Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
108th
109th
Ted Stevens Republican Alaskamarker January 3, 2003 – January 4, 2007
110th
111th
Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker January 4, 2007 – Present


Presidents pro tempore per state

Number State
7 Virginiamarker
6 Georgiamarker
New Hampshiremarker
4 Connecticutmarker
Michiganmarker
Mississippimarker
Tennesseemarker
3 Kentuckymarker
Massachusettsmarker
North Carolinamarker
Ohiomarker
Pennsylvaniamarker
South Carolinamarker
Vermontmarker
2 Alabamamarker
Arkansasmarker
Delawaremarker
Kansasmarker
Marylandmarker
Rhode Islandmarker
1 Alaskamarker
Arizonamarker
Illinoismarker
Indianamarker
Iowamarker
Louisianamarker
Mainemarker
Missourimarker
Nebraskamarker
Nevadamarker
New Jerseymarker
New Yorkmarker
North Dakotamarker
Texasmarker
Utahmarker
Washingtonmarker
West Virginiamarker
Wisconsinmarker


Presidents pro tempore emeritus

Congress President pro tempore emeritus Party State Years
J. Strom Thurmond Republican South Carolinamarker June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003

Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginiamarker January 4, 2003 – January 3, 2007

Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaskamarker January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2009


Note

Carter Glass (1941–1945) was the last president pro tempore not to be the senior member of the majority party, aside from the single day accorded Milton Young (1980), who was the retiring senior member of the party that had been elected to a majority in the incoming congress.

References




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