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Scottish football champions
Founded
1890
Number of Teams
12
Current Champions
Rangers
Country
Most successful club
Rangers

(52 times champions, including 1 shared)
The Scottish football champions are the winners of the highest league in Scottish football, namely the Scottish Football League from 1890 until 1998 and the Scottish Premier League thereafter.

The Scottish Football League was established in 1890, initially as an amateur league until professionalism in Scottish football was legalised in 1893. At the end of the first season Dumbarton and Rangers finished level on points at the top of the table. The rules in force at the time required that the teams contest a play-off match for the championship, which finished in a 2–2 draw, and the first ever championship was thus shared between two clubs, the only occasion on which this has happened. In 1893 a Second Division was formed, with the existing single division renamed the First Division. Although there were several short spells when a third division was created, the two-division structure remained largely in place until 1975, when a major re-organisation of the league led to a new three-tier set-up and the creation of a new Premier Division at the highest level. The league continued during the First World War but was suspended during the Second World War. In 1998, the teams then in the Premier Division broke away to form the Scottish Premier League, which supplanted the Premier Division as the highest level of football in Scotland.

Throughout its existence the championship of Scottish football has been dominated by two Glasgowmarker clubs, Rangers and Celtic, the so-called "Old Firm", who have claimed 52 and 42 league titles respectively as of 2009. No other club has won the title on more than four occasions, with the most recent club outside the Old Firm to win the title being Aberdeen in the 1984–85 season. Each of the Old Firm clubs has at one time managed a run of nine consecutive championships, Celtic from 1966 to 1974 and Rangers from 1989 to 1997. The Old Firm's longest period of unbroken dominance came between 1904 and 1931 when the two clubs between them won 27 consecutive titles. Each of the two clubs has also claimed Scotland's version of The Double on many occasions, by winning the league and the Scottish Cup in the same season. Rangers have won the most Doubles with eighteen as of 2009, more than any other club in the world apart from Northern Irelandmarker's Linfield. Each club has also won a Double and added the Scottish League Cup to make it a Treble. In the 1966–67 season Celtic took all three domestic trophies and also won the European Cup to complete the only Quadruple to date.

Champions

Key:

Champions also won the Scottish Cup
Champions also won the Scottish League Cup
Champions also won both cups


Scottish League (1890–1893)

Year Winner Runner-up Third Top scorer
Player Goals
1890–91 Dumbarton and

Rangers
Celtic (Dumbarton) 20
1891–92 Dumbarton Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Dumbarton) 23
1892–93 Celtic Rangers St. Mirren (Celtic)

(Celtic)
11


Scottish League First Division (1893–1975)

Year Winner Runner-up Third Top scorer
Player Goals
1893–94 Celtic Heart of Midlothian St Bernard's (Celtic) 16
1894–95 Heart of Midlothian Celtic Rangers (Clyde) 12
1895–96 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Celtic) 19
1896–97 Heart of Midlothian Hibernian Rangers (Heart of Midlothian) 12
1897–98 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Rangers) 18
1898–99 Rangers Heart of Midlothian Celtic (Rangers) 25
1899–1900 Rangers Celtic Hibernian (Rangers)

(Heart of Midlothian)
15
1900–01 Rangers Celtic Hibernian (Rangers) 20
1901–02 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Third Lanark) 10
1902–03 Hibernian Dundee Rangers (Hibernian) 14
1903–04 Third Lanark Heart of Midlothian Rangers (Rangers) 28
1904–05 Celtic Rangers Third Lanark (Rangers)

(Celtic)
19
1905–06 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Airdrieonians (Celtic) 20
1906–07 Celtic Dundee Rangers (Celtic) 29
1907–08 Celtic Falkirk Rangers (Falkirk) 32
1908–09 Celtic Dundee Clyde (Dundee) 29
1909–10 Celtic Falkirk Rangers (Celtic)

(Falkirk)
24
1910–11 Rangers Aberdeen Falkirk (Rangers) 38
1911–12 Rangers Celtic Clyde (Rangers) 33
1912–13 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Airdrieonians) 30
1913–14 Celtic Rangers Heart of Midlothian (Airdrieonians) 27
1914–15 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Rangers (Heart of Midlothian)

(Ayr United)
29
1915–16 Celtic Rangers Morton (Celtic) 34
1916–17 Celtic Morton Rangers (Airdrieonians) 39
1917–18 Rangers Celtic Kilmarnock (Motherwell) 35
1918–19 Celtic Rangers Morton (Rangers) 29
1919–20 Rangers Celtic Motherwell (Motherwell) 33
1920–21 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Motherwell) 43
1921–22 Celtic Rangers Raith Rovers (St. Mirren) 45
1922–23 Rangers Airdrieonians Celtic (Heart of Midlothian) 30
1923–24 Rangers Airdrieonians Celtic (Dundee) 38
1924–25 Rangers Airdrieonians Hibernian (Cowdenbeath) 33
1925–26 Celtic Airdrieonians Heart of Midlothian (Cowdenbeath) 40
1926–27 Rangers Motherwell Celtic (Celtic) 49
1927–28 Rangers Celtic Motherwell (Celtic) 47
1928–29 Rangers Celtic Motherwell (Falkirk) 43
1929–30 Rangers Motherwell Aberdeen (Aberdeen) 38
1930–31 Rangers Celtic Motherwell (Heart of Midlothian) 44
1931–32 Motherwell Rangers Celtic (Motherwell) 52
1932–33 Rangers Motherwell Heart of Midlothian (Motherwell) 45
1933–34 Rangers Motherwell Celtic (Rangers) 41
1934–35 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Rangers) 36
1935–36 Celtic Rangers Aberdeen (Celtic) 50
1936–37 Rangers Aberdeen Celtic (Hamilton Academical) 34
1937–38 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Rangers (Heart of Midlothian) 40
1938–39 Rangers Celtic Aberdeen (Rangers) 35
1939–1946 The league was suspended due to the Second World War.
1946–47 Rangers Hibernian Aberdeen (Third Lanark) 22
1947–48 Hibernian Rangers Partick Thistle (Falkirk) 20
1948–49 Rangers Dundee Hibernian (Dundee) 30
1949–50 Rangers Hibernian Heart of Midlothian (Heart of Midlothian) 30
1950–51 Hibernian Rangers Dundee (Hibernian) 22
1951–52 Hibernian Rangers East Fife (Hibernian) 27
1952–53 Rangers Hibernian East Fife (Hibernian)

(East Fife)
30
1953–54 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Partick Thistle (Heart of Midlothian) 27
1954–55 Aberdeen Celtic Rangers (Heart of Midlothian) 21
1955–56 Rangers Aberdeen Heart of Midlothian (Heart of Midlothian) 28
1956–57 Rangers Heart of Midlothian Kilmarnock (Airdrieonians) 33
1957–58 Heart of Midlothian Rangers Celtic (Heart of Midlothian)

(Heart of Midlothian)
28
1958–59 Rangers Heart of Midlothian Motherwell (Hibernian) 25
1959–60 Heart of Midlothian Kilmarnock Rangers (Hibernian) 42
1960–61 Rangers Kilmarnock Third Lanark (Third Lanark) 42
1961–62 Dundee Rangers Celtic (Dundee) 24
1962–63 Rangers Kilmarnock Partick Thistle (Rangers) 27
1963–64 Rangers Kilmarnock Celtic (Dundee) 32
1964–65 Kilmarnock Heart of Midlothian Dunfermline Athletic (Rangers) 30
1965–66 Celtic Rangers Kilmarnock (Celtic)

(Dunfermline)
31
1966–67 Celtic Rangers Clyde (Celtic) 21
1967–68 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Celtic) 32
1968–69 Celtic Rangers Dunfermline Athletic (Dundee United) 26
1969–70 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Rangers) 24
1970–71 Celtic Aberdeen St. Johnstone (Celtic) 22
1971–72 Celtic Aberdeen Rangers (Aberdeen) 33
1972–73 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Hibernian) 27
1973–74 Celtic Hibernian Rangers (Celtic) 26
1974–75 Rangers Hibernian Celtic (Dundee United)

(Motherwell)
20


Scottish League Premier Division (1975–1998)

Year Winner Runner-up Third Top scorer
Player Goals
1975–76 Rangers Celtic Hibernian (Celtic) 24
1976–77 Celtic Rangers Aberdeen (Motherwell) 21
1977–78 Rangers Aberdeen Dundee United (Rangers) 25
1978–79 Celtic Rangers Dundee United (Morton) 22
1979–80 Aberdeen Celtic St. Mirren (St. Mirren) 25
1980–81 Celtic Aberdeen Rangers (Celtic) 23
1981–82 Celtic Aberdeen Rangers (Celtic) 21
1982–83 Dundee United Celtic Aberdeen (Celtic) 29
1983–84 Aberdeen Celtic Dundee United (Celtic) 23
1984–85 Aberdeen Celtic Dundee United (Aberdeen) 22
1985–86 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Dundee United (Rangers) 24
1986–87 Rangers Celtic Dundee United (Celtic) 35
1987–88 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Rangers (Dundee) 33
1988–89 Rangers Aberdeen Celtic (Celtic)

(Aberdeen)
16
1989–90 Rangers Aberdeen Heart of Midlothian (Heart of Midlothian) 17
1990–91 Rangers Aberdeen Celtic (Celtic) 18
1991–92 Rangers Heart of Midlothian Celtic (Rangers) 34
1992–93 Rangers Aberdeen Celtic (Rangers) 34
1993–94 Rangers Aberdeen Motherwell (Rangers) 22
1994–95 Rangers Motherwell Hibernian (Motherwell) 16
1995–96 Rangers Celtic Aberdeen (Celtic) 26
1996–97 Rangers Celtic Dundee United (Celtic) 25
1997–98 Celtic Rangers Heart of Midlothian (Rangers) 32


Scottish Premier League (1998–present)

Year Winner Runner-up Third Top scorer
Player Goals
1998–99 Rangers Celtic St. Johnstone (Celtic) 29
1999–2000 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Celtic) 25
2000–01 Celtic Rangers Hibernian (Celtic) 35
2001–02 Celtic Rangers Livingston (Celtic) 29
2002–03 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Celtic) 28
2003–04 Celtic Rangers Heart of Midlothian (Celtic) 30
2004–05 Rangers Celtic Hibernian (Celtic) 25
2005–06 Celtic Heart of Midlothian Rangers (Kilmarnock, Rangers) 32
2006–07 Celtic Rangers Aberdeen (Rangers) 20
2007–08 Celtic Rangers Motherwell (Celtic) 25
2008–09 Rangers Celtic Heart of Midlothian (Rangers) 27


Total titles won

Eleven clubs have been champions. Third Lanark are the only one no longer active since the demise of the original club in 1967.

Club Winners Runners-up
Rangers
52
29
Celtic
42
29
Heart of Midlothian
4
14
Aberdeen
4
13
Hibernian
4
6
Dumbarton
2
0
Motherwell
1
5
Dundee
1
4
Kilmarnock
1
4
Dundee United
1
0
Third Lanark
1
0
Airdrieonians
0
4
Falkirk
0
2
Morton
0
1


Total titles won by town or city

Eleven clubs have been champions, from a total of seven towns and cities, although only 18 of the 111 championship titles have been won by teams from outside Glasgowmarker.

Town or city Number of titles Clubs
Glasgowmarker
95
Rangers (52), Celtic (42), Third Lanark (1)
Edinburghmarker
8
Heart of Midlothian (4), Hibernian (4)
Aberdeenmarker
4
Aberdeen (4)
Dumbartonmarker
2
Dumbarton (2)
Dundeemarker
2
Dundee (1), Dundee United (1)
Kilmarnockmarker
1
Kilmarnock (1)
Motherwellmarker
1
Motherwell (1)


References

  1. Rangers and Dumbarton were declared joint champions after the teams finished level on points and a play-off for the title finished in a 2–2 draw.
  2. Celtic defeated Rangers 2–1 in a play-off for the title after the teams finished level on points.
  3. Now known as Greenock Morton
  4. The totals for Rangers and Dumbarton each include one shared championship.



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