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The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) is the head of government (or prime minister) of Irelandmarker. Prior to the enactment of the Constitution of Ireland in 1937, the head of government was referred to as the President of the Executive Council. This office was first held by W. T. Cosgrave from 1922–32, and then by Éamon de Valera from 1932–37. By convention Taoisigh are numbered to include Cosgrave, for example Brian Cowen is considered the 12th Taoiseach not the 11th.

The first list is of all heads of Irish governments since 1922 by birth date, date first elected to Dáil Éireann, political party, Dáil constituency and date that they ceased to be a member of the Dáil. The second list is by periods in office. The third list gives the total number of days served in office by each and the fourth is a list of individual terms served in order of length. The fifth list of that of Taoisigh still living and the sixth list is by longevity. The seventh list is by age on entering and leaving office

List by electoral history

  No. Name Born First Elected Party Constituency Left Dáil
1. Cumann na nGaedhael Carlow–Kilkenny
2. Fianna Fáil Clare
3. Fine Gael Dublin South East
4. Fianna Fáil Dublin South Central
5. Fianna Fáil Cork Borough
6. Fine Gael Dublin Countymarker
7. Fianna Fáil Dublin North East
8. Fine Gael Dublin South East
9. Fianna Fáil Longford–Roscommon
10. Fine Gael Meath
11. Fianna Fáil Dublin Central
12. Fianna Fáil Laois–Offaly


List by periods in office

No. Name Entered Office Left Office Elected Period Party
1. 5 terms Cumann na nGaedhael
2. 7 terms 1st time Fianna Fáil
3. 1 term 1st time Fine Gael
1 term 2nd time Fianna Fáil
1 term 2nd time Fine Gael
1 term 3rd time Fianna Fáil
4. 3 terms Fianna Fáil
5. 2 terms 1st time Fianna Fáil
6. 1 term Fine Gael
1 term 2nd time Fianna Fáil
7. 1 term 1st time Fianna Fáil
8. 1 term 1st time Fine Gael
1 term 2nd time Fianna Fáil
1 term 2nd time Fine Gael
2 terms 3rd time Fianna Fáil
9. 1 term Fianna Fáil
10. 1 term Fine Gael
11. 3 terms Fianna Fáil
12. Incumbent 1 term Fianna Fáil


List by cumulative days served

No. Name First Entered Office Finally Left Office Periods Cumulative Days
as of
2. Éamon de Valera 9 March 1932 23 June 1959 3 7,735 (21 years, 2 months)
11. Bertie Ahern 26 June 1997 7 May 2008 1 3,968 (10 years, 10 months)
1. W. T. Cosgrave 6 December 1922 9 March 1932 1 3,381 (9 years, 3 months)
5. Jack Lynch 10 November 1966 11 December 1979 2 3,205 (8 years, 9 months)
4. Seán Lemass 23 June 1959 10 November 1966 1 2,697 (7 years, 5 months)
7. Charles Haughey 11 December 1979 11 February 1992 3 2,646 (7 years, 3 months)
3. John A. Costello 18 February 1948 20 March 1957 2 2,233 (6 years, 1 month)
8. Garret FitzGerald 30 June 1981 10 March 1987 2 1,799 (4 years, 11 months)
6. Liam Cosgrave 14 March 1973 5 July 1977 1 1,574 (4 years, 4 months)
9. Albert Reynolds 11 February 1992 15 December 1994 1 1,038 (2 years, 10 months)
10. John Bruton 15 December 1994 26 June 1997 1 924 (2 years, 6 months)
12. Brian Cowen 7 May 2008 Incumbent 1 ( )


List by length of individual periods

No. Name Entered Office Left Office Period No. Period length Period length in days
2. Éamon de Valera 9 March 1932 18 February 1948 1 15 years, 11 months, 16 days 5,824
11. Bertie Ahern 26 June 1997 7 May 2008 1 10 years, 10 months, 11 days 3,968
1. W. T. Cosgrave 6 December 1932 9 March 1932 1 9 years, 3 months, 4 days 3,381
4. Seán Lemass 23 June 1959 11 November 1966 1 7 years, 4 months, 17 days 2,697
5. Jack Lynch 11 November 1966 14 March 1973 1 6 years, 4 months, 4 days 2,316
7. Charles Haughey 10 March 1987 11 February 1992 3 4 years, 11 months, 1 day 1,799
6. Liam Cosgrave 14 March 1973 5 July 1977 1 4 years, 3 months, 22 days 1,574
8. Garret FitzGerald 14 December 1982 10 March 1987 2 4 years, 2 months, 27 days 1,547
3. John A. Costello 18 February 1948 13 June 1951 1 3 years, 3 months, 24 days 1,211
Éamon de Valera 13 June 1951 2 June 1954 2 2 years, 11 months, 19 days 1,085
9. Albert Reynolds 11 February 1992 15 December 1994 1 2 years, 10 months, 4 days 1,038
John A. Costello 2 June 1954 20 March 1957 2 2 years, 9 months, 18 days 1,022
10. John Bruton 15 December 1994 26 June 1997 1 2 years, 6 months, 11 days 924
Jack Lynch 5 July 1977 11 December 1979 2 2 years, 5 months, 6 days 889
Éamon de Valera 20 March 1957 23 June 1959 3 2 years, 3 months, 3 days 825
Charles Haughey 11 December 1979 30 June 1981 1 1 year, 6 months, 19 days 567
12. Brian Cowen 7 May 2008 Incumbent 1
Charles Haughey 9 March 1982 14 December 1982 2 9 months, 5 days 280
Garret FitzGerald 30 June 1981 9 March 1982 1 8 months, 9 days 252


Living Taoisigh

There are currently six living Taoisigh – Brian Cowen the incumbent, and five living retired Taoisigh:

The following table shows the changes to this number in the past.

From Living Deceased Notes
7 May 2008 6 6 Brian Cowen accedes
13 June 2006 5 6 Haughey dies
20 October 1999 6 5 Lynch dies
26 June 1997 7 4 Bertie Ahern accedes. The highest ever total of living Taoisigh.
15 December 1994 6 4 John Bruton accedes
11 February 1992 5 4 Albert Reynolds accedes
30 June 1981 4 4 Garret FitzGerald accedes
11 December 1979 3 4 Charles Haughey accedes
6 January 1976 2 4 Costello dies
29 August 1975 3 3 De Valera dies
14 March 1973 4 2 Liam Cosgrave accedes
16 November 1971 3 2 Lemass dies
10 November 1966 4 1 Jack Lynch accedes
11 May 1965 3 1 W. T. Cosgrave dies
23 June 1959 4 0 Seán Lemass accedes
18 February 1948 3 0 John A. Costello accedes
9 March 1932 2 0 Éamon de Valera accedes
6 December 1922 1 0 W. T. Cosgrave accedes


By longevity

No. Name Born Died Age as of

2. Éamon de Valera 14 October 1882 29 August 1975
6. Liam Cosgrave 13 April 1920
1. W. T. Cosgrave 6 June 1880 16 November 1965
3. John A. Costello 20 June 1891 5 January 1976
8. Garret FitzGerald 9 February 1926
5. Jack Lynch 15 August 1917 20 October 1999
7. Charles Haughey 16 September 1925 13 June 2006
9. Albert Reynolds 3 November 1932
4. Seán Lemass 12 July 1899 11 May 1971
10. John Bruton 18 May 1947
11. Bertie Ahern 12 September 1951
12. Brian Cowen 10 January 1960


By age on entering/leaving office

No. Name Born Entered office Age Left office Age
1. W. T. Cosgrave 6 June 1880 6 December 1922 9 March 1932
11. Bertie Ahern 12 September 1951 26 June 1997 7 May 2008
10. John Bruton 18 May 1947 15 December 1994 26 June 1997
12. Brian Cowen 10 January 1960 7 May 2008 Incumbent
5. Jack Lynch 15 August 1917 10 November 1966 11 December 1979
2. Éamon de Valera 14 October 1882 9 March 1932 23 June 1959
6. Liam Cosgrave 13 April 1920 14 March 1973 5 July 1977
7. Charles Haughey 16 September 1925 11 December 1979 11 February 1992
8. Garret FitzGerald 9 February 1926 30 June 1981 10 March 1987
3. John A. Costello 20 June 1891 18 February 1948 20 March 1957
9. Albert Reynolds 3 November 1932 11 February 1992 15 December 1994
4. Seán Lemass 12 July 1899 23 June 1959 10 November 1966


See also



External links



References

  1. First elected to the British House of Commons in 1917 but did not take his seat.
  2. First elected as member of Sinn Féin.
  3. First elected as a Cumann na nGaedhael Teachta Dála.
  4. De Valera became Taoiseach on 29 December 1937 under the Constitution of Ireland.
  5. De Valera served as Taoiseach for 5,613 days (15 years, 4 months).



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