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List of United States Senators from Illinois: Map

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Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 people in Class II and Class III. The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith (December 1926 for an appointed term and March 1927 for an elected one) due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years. Three of the four African Americans to hold US Senate seats since Reconstruction have held Illinoismarker's Class III seat. The other, Edward Brooke, was elected from Massachusetts.

Class II

Senator Party Took office Left office Reason Other offices/Notes
Jesse B. Thomas Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 March 4, 1829 Retired
John McLean Democratic March 4, 1829 October 14, 1830 Died Speaker of the Illinois House (1820–1822; 1826–1830)
Previously served in Illinois's Class III seat
David J. Baker Democratic November 12, 1830 December 11, 1830 Retired
John McCracken Robinson Democratic December 11, 1830 March 4, 1841 Retired
Samuel McRoberts Democratic March 4, 1841 March 27, 1843 Died
James Semple Democratic December 4, 1843 March 4, 1847 Retired Speaker of the Illinois House (1834–1838)
Stephen A. Douglas Democratic March 4, 1847 June 3, 1861 Died Democratic presidential nominee (1860)
Orville Hickman Browning Republican June 26, 1861 January 12, 1863 Retired Secretary of the Interior (1866–1869)
William Alexander Richardson Democratic January 30, 1863 March 4, 1865 Retired Governor of the Nebraska Territorymarker
Richard Yates Republican March 4, 1865 March 4, 1871 Retired Governor of Illinois (1861–1865)
John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1871 March 4, 1877 Lost re-election A House impeachment manager for the Senate trial of Andrew Johnson
Later served in Illinois's Class III seat
David Davis Independent March 4, 1877 March 4, 1883 Retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice (1862–1877)
President pro tempore (1881–1883)
Shelby Moore Cullom Republican March 4, 1883 March 4, 1913 Governor of Illinois (1877–1883)
J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 26, 1913 March 4, 1919 Lost re-election Speaker of the Illinois House (1861–1863; 1873–1875)
Senate Majority Whip (1913–1919; 1933–1939)
Joseph M. McCormick Republican March 4, 1919 February 25, 1925 Died
Charles S. Deneen Republican February 26, 1925 March 4, 1931 Lost renomination Governor of Illinois (1905–1913)
J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 4, 1931 April 9, 1939 Died Senate Majority Whip (1913–1919; 1933–1939)
James M. Slattery Democratic April 14, 1939 November 21, 1940 Lost special election
Charles W. Brooks Republican November 22, 1940 January 3, 1949 Lost re-election
Paul Douglas Democratic January 3, 1949 January 3, 1967 Lost re-election
Charles H. Percy Republican January 3, 1967 January 3, 1985 Lost re-election
Paul Simon Democratic January 3, 1985 January 3, 1997 Retired Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
Dick Durbin Democratic January 3, 1997 Present Incumbent Senate Democratic Whip (2003–)
Senate Majority Whip (2007–)


Class III

Senator Party Took office Left office Reason Other offices/Notes
Ninian Edwards Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 March 4, 1824 Resigned Chief Justice of Kentucky (1808)
Governor of the Illinois Territory (1809–1818)
Governor of Illinois (1826–1830)

John McLean Democratic November 24, 1824 March 4, 1825 Retired Speaker of the Illinois House (1820–1822; 1826–1830)
Elias Kane Democratic March 4, 1825 December 12, 1835 Died
William Lee D. Ewing Democratic December 30, 1835 March 4, 1837 Retired Speaker of the Illinois House (1830–1832)
Governor of Illinois (1834)
Richard M. Young Democratic March 4, 1837 March 4, 1843 Retired
Sidney Breese Democratic March 4, 1843 March 4, 1849 Lost renomination Speaker of the Illinois House (1851–1853)
Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Courtmarker (1867–1870; 1873–1874)
James Shields Democratic October 27, 1849 March 4, 1855 Lost re-election Later a senator from Minnesota and Missouri
Lyman Trumbull Republican March 4, 1855 March 4, 1873
Richard James Oglesby Republican March 4, 1873 March 4, 1879 Retired Governor of Illinois (1865–1869; 1873)
John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1879 December 26, 1886 Died A House impeachment manager for the Senate trial of Andrew Johnson
Also served in Illinois's Class I seat
Charles B. Farwell Republican January 19, 1887 March 4, 1891 Retired
John M. Palmer Democratic March 4, 1891 March 4, 1897 Retired
William E. Mason Republican March 4, 1897 March 4, 1903
Albert J. Hopkins Republican March 4, 1903 March 4, 1909 Lost re-election
William Lorimer Republican June 18, 1909 July 13, 1912 Election voided The Senate held the election void based on corruption
Lawrence Yates Sherman Republican March 26, 1913 March 4, 1921 Speaker of the Illinois House (1899–1903)
Lieutenant Governor of Illinois (1905–1909)
William B. McKinley Republican March 4, 1921 December 7, 1926 Died Speaker of the Illinois House (1913–1915)
Frank L. Smith Republican December 7, 1926 December 3, 1928 Never seated; resigned
Otis F. Glenn Republican December 3, 1928 March 4, 1933 Lost re-election
William H. Dieterich Democratic March 4, 1933 January 3, 1939 Retired
Scott W. Lucas Democratic January 3, 1939 January 3, 1951 Lost re-election Senate Minority Whip (1947–1949)
Senate Majority Leader (1949–1951)
Everett Dirksen Republican January 3, 1951 September 7, 1969 Died Senate Minority Leader (1959–1969)
Ralph Tyler Smith Republican September 17, 1969 November 3, 1970 Lost special election Speaker of the Illinois House (1967–1969)
Adlai Stevenson III Democratic November 17, 1970 January 3, 1981 Retired
Alan J. Dixon Democratic January 3, 1981 January 3, 1993 Lost renomination
Carol Moseley Braun Democratic January 3, 1993 January 3, 1999 Lost re-election First Black woman in the Senate and first Black Senator from Illinois
Peter Fitzgerald Republican January 3, 1999 January 3, 2005 Retired
Barack Obama Democratic January 3, 2005 November 16, 2008 Resigned President of the United States (2009–)
Roland Burris Democratic December 31, 2008 Present Incumbent Illinois Attorney General (1991–1995)
Illinois Comptroller (1979–1991)


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