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List of United States Senators from Maryland: Map

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This is a List of United States Senators from Maryland. Marylandmarker ratified the Constitution on April 28, 1788, becoming the seventh state to do so. To provide for continuity of government, the framers divided Senators into staggered classes that serve six-year terms, and Maryland's Senators are in the first and third classes. Before the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1913, which allowed for direct election of Senators, Maryland's Senators were chosen by the Maryland General Assembly. Until the assembly appointed George L. Wellington of Cumberlandmarker in 1897, Senators in class 3 were chosen from the Eastern Shore while Senators in class 1 were chosen from the remainder of the state.

Class I Senators

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 Charles Carroll March 4, 1789 November 30, 1792 Pro-Administration Annapolismarker Maryland Senate 1 1
2 2
2 Richard Potts January 10, 1793 October 24, 1796 Pro-Administration Frederickmarker U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland
3
4
3 John Eager Howard November 30, 1796 March 3, 1803 Federalist Baltimoremarker Governor of Maryland
5 3
6
7
4 Samuel Smith March 4, 1803 March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican Baltimoremarker U.S. Representative 8 4
9
10
11 5
12
13
Vacant March 4 1815 February 4, 1816 14 6
5 Robert Goodloe Harper February 5, 1816 December 6, 1816 Federalist Baltimoremarker Maryland Senate
6 Alexander Contee Hanson December 20, 1816 April 23, 1819 Federalist Elkridgemarker U.S. Representative
15
16
7 William Pinkney December 21 1819 February 25 1822 Democratic-Republican Baltimoremarker Minister to Russia
17 7
8 Samuel Smith December 17, 1822 March 3, 1833 Democratic-Republican/
Jacksonian
Baltimoremarker U.S. Representative
18
19
20 8
21
22
9 Joseph Kent March 4, 1833 November 24, 1837 National Republican Bladensburgmarker Governor of Maryland 23 9
24
25
10 William Duhurst Merrick January 4, 1838 March 3, 1845 Whig Allens Freshmarker Maryland House of Delegates
26 10
27
28
11 Reverdy Johnson March 4 1845 March 7 1849 Whig Baltimoremarker Lawyer 29 11
30
31
12 David Stewart December 6 1849 January 12 1850 Whig Baltimoremarker Lawyer
13 Thomas Pratt January 12 1850 March 3 1857 Whig Annapolismarker Governor of Maryland
32 12
33
34
14 Anthony Kennedy March 4 1857 March 3 1863 American Baltimoremarker Maryland House of Delegates 35 13
36
37
15 Reverdy Johnson March 4 1863 July 10 1868 Unionist/
Democrat
Baltimoremarker U.S. Attorney General 38 14
39
40
16 William Pinkney Whyte July 13 1868 March 3 1869 Democrat Baltimoremarker Lawyer
17 William Thomas Hamilton March 4 1869 March 3 1875 Democrat Hagerstownmarker U.S. Representative 41 15
42
43
18 William Pinkney Whyte March 4 1875 March 3 1881 Democrat Baltimoremarker Governor of Maryland 44 16
45
46
19 Arthur Pue Gorman March 4 1881 March 3 1899 Democrat Laurelmarker Maryland Senate 47 17
48
49
50 18
51
52
53 19
54
55
20 Louis E. McComas March 4 1899 March 3 1905 Republican Williamsportmarker Supreme Court of the District of Columbia 56 20
57
58
21 Isidor Rayner March 4 1905 November 25 1912 Democrat Baltimoremarker Attorney General of Maryland 59 21
60
61
62 22
22 William P. Jackson November 29 1912 January 28 1914 Republican Salisburymarker Businessman
63
23 Blair Lee January 28 1914 March 3 1917 Democrat Silver Springmarker Maryland Senate
64
24 Joseph Irwin France March 4 1917 March 3 1923 Republican Port Depositmarker Surgeon 65 23
66
67
25 William Cabell Bruce March 4 1923 March 3 1929 Democrat Baltimoremarker President of the Maryland Senate 68 24
69
70
26 Phillips Lee Goldsborough March 4 1929 January 3 1935 Republican Baltimoremarker Governor of Maryland 71 25
72
73
27 George L. P. Radcliffe January 3 1935 January 3 1947 Democrat Baltimoremarker Banker 74 26
75
76
77 27
78
79
28 Herbert O'Conor January 3 1947 January 3 1953 Democrat Baltimoremarker Governor of Maryland 80 28
81
82
29 James Glenn Beall January 3 1953 January 3 1965 Republican Frostburgmarker U.S. Representative 83 29
84
85
86 30
87
88
30 Joseph Tydings January 3 1965 January 3 1971 Democrat Havre de Gracemarker U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland 89 31
90
91
31 John Glenn Beall January 3 1971 January 3 1977 Republican Frostburgmarker U.S. Representative 92 32
93
94
32 Paul Sarbanes January 3 1977 January 3 2007 Democrat Baltimoremarker U.S. Representative 95 33
96
97
98 34
99
100
101 35
102
103
104 36
105
106
107 37
108
109
33 Benjamin L. Cardin January 3 2007 Incumbent Democrat Baltimoremarker U.S. Representative 110 38
111


Class III Senators

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 John Henry March 4 1789 December 10 1797 Pro-Administration Westonmarker Delegate to the Continental Congress 1 1
2
3
4 2
5
2 James Lloyd December 11 1797 December 1 1800 Federalist Talbot Countymarker Soldier
6
3 William Hindman December 12 1800 November 13 1801 Federalist Talbot Countymarker U.S. Representative
7 3
4 Robert Wright November 19 1801 November 12 1806 Democratic-Republican Queen Anne’s Countymarker Maryland Senate
8
9
5 Philip Reed November 25 1806 March 3 1813 Democratic-Republican Chestertownmarker Soldier
10 4
11
12
6 Robert Henry Goldsborough May 21 1813 March 3 1819 Federalist Eastonmarker Planter 13 5
14
15
7 Edward Lloyd March 4 1819 January 14 1826 Democratic-Republican/
Jacksonian
Eastonmarker Governor of Maryland 16 6
17
18
19 7
8 Ezekiel F. Chambers January 24 1826 December 20 1834 National Republican Chestertownmarker Maryland Senate
20
21
22 8
23
9 Robert Henry Goldsborough January 13 1835 October 5 1836 National Republican Eastonmarker U.S. Senator
24
10 John S. Spence December 31 1836 October 24 1840 Whig Berlinmarker U.S. Representative
25 9
26
11 John Leeds Kerr January 5 1841 March 3 1843 Whig Eastonmarker U.S. Representative
27
12 James A. Pearce March 4 1843 December 20 1862 Whig Chestertownmarker U.S. Representative 28 10
29
30
31 11
32
33
34 12
Democrat 35
36
37 13
13 Thomas Holliday Hicks December 29 1862 February 14 1865 Unionist Cambridgemarker Governor of Maryland
38
14 John A. J. Creswell March 9 1865 March 3 1867 Unionist Elktonmarker U.S. Representative 39
Vacant March 4 1867 March 7 1868 40 14
15 George Vickers March 7 1868 March 3 1873 Democrat Chestertownmarker Maryland Senate
41
42
16 George R. Dennis March 4 1873 March 3 1879 Democrat Kingstonmarker Maryland Senate 43 15
44
45
17 James Black Groome March 4 1879 March 3 1885 Democrat Elktonmarker Governor of Maryland 46 16
47
48
18 Ephraim King Wilson II March 4 1885 February 24 1891 Democrat Snow Hillmarker U.S. Representative 49 17
50
51
Vacant February 24 1891 November 19 1891 52 18
19 Charles Hopper Gibson November 19 1891 March 3 1897 Democrat Eastonmarker U.S. Representative
53
54
20 George L. Wellington March 4 1897 March 3 1903 Republican Cumberlandmarker U.S. Representative 55 19
56
57
21 Arthur Pue Gorman March 4 1903 June 4 1906 Democrat Laurelmarker U.S. Senator 58 20
59
22 William Pinkney Whyte June 8 1906 March 17 1908 Democrat Baltimoremarker Attorney General of Maryland
60
23 John Walter Smith March 25 1908 March 3 1921 Democrat Snow Hillmarker Governor of Maryland
61 21
62
63
64 22
65
66
24 Ovington Weller March 4 1921 March 3 1927 Republican Baltimoremarker Banker 67 23
68
69
25 Millard E. Tydings March 4 1927 January 3 1951 Democrat Havre de Gracemarker U.S. Representative 70 24
71
72
73 25
74
75
76 26
77
78
79 27
80
81
26 John Marshall Butler January 3 1951 January 2 1963 Republican Baltimoremarker Lawyer 82 28
83
84
85 29
86
87
27 Daniel B. Brewster January 3 1963 January 3 1969 Democrat Towsonmarker U.S. Representative 88 30
89
90
28 Charles Mathias, Jr. January 3 1969 January 3 1987 Republican Frederickmarker U.S. Representative 91 31
92
93
94 32
95
96
97 33
98
99
29 Barbara Mikulski January 3 1987 Incumbent Democrat Baltimoremarker U.S. Representative 100 34
101
102
103 35
104
105
106 36
107
108
109 37
110
111


Notes



See also




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