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List of United States disasters by death toll: Map

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List of United States disasters by death toll is a list of notable disasters which occurred in the United Statesmarker or involved U.S. citizens, in a definable incident.

Due to inflation, the monetary damage estimates are not comparable. Unless otherwise noted, the year given is the year in which the currency's valuation was calculated.

This list is not comprehensive in general, and epidemics are not included.

Fatality figure may include wounded
Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Articl Location Comments
1900 Cyclone 6,000-12,000 Galveston Hurricane of 1900marker Texasmarker Fatalities estimated
1906 Earthquake and Fire (urban conflagration) 3,000-6,000 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Californiamarker Conflagration followed quake; fatalities estimated
2001 Terrorism 2,992 September 11, 2001 attacks New York Citymarker, Washington, D.C.marker, Pennsylvaniamarker, U.S. airspace
1928 Cyclone 2,500-4,078 $800,000,000

(2005)
1928 Okeechobee Hurricane Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, the Bahamasmarker, and Floridamarker Fatalities estimated
1960 Tsunami 2,290-6,000 $3,500,000,000

(2005)
Great Chilean Earthquakemarker Hawaiimarker, Alaskamarker Worldwide statistics; 61 killed in Hilo, Hawaiimarker, $500,000 in U.S. property damage
1889 Accident - Dam burst 2,209 Johnstown Floodmarker Pennsylvaniamarker Much rain, deforestation; dam broke
1893 Cyclone 2,000 1893 Cheniere Caminada Hurricane Louisianamarker Fatalities estimated
2005 Cyclone 1,836 $84,000,000,000

(2006)
Hurricane Katrina Floridamarker, Louisianamarker, Mississippimarker, Alabamamarker
1865 Accident - Shipwreck 1,700 Sultana Mississippi River near Memphis, Tennesseemarker Steamboat sank due to boiler explosion; fatalities estimated
1980 Heat wave 1,700 1980 United States heat wave Central and southern states Official death toll, may have been higher
1912 Accident - Shipwreck 1,490-1,522 RMS Titanicmarker Atlantic Oceanmarker Bound for New York Citymarker
1871 Fire (rural) 1,200-2,500 Peshtigo Fire Peshtigo, Wisconsinmarker Fatalities estimated; most deaths in single fire in U.S. history
1904 Accident - Shipwreck 1,021 General Slocum East Rivermarker near New York Citymarker Steamship sank due to fire on board
1893 Cyclone 1,000-2,000 1893 Sea Islands Hurricane Georgiamarker, South Carolinamarker Fatalities estimated
1915 Accident - Shipwreck 845 S.S. Eastland Chicago, Illinoismarker
1995 Heat wave 739 Chicago Heat Wave of 1995 Chicago, Illinoismarker
1925 Tornado 695-727 $1,650,000,000

(2005)
Tri-State Tornado Missourimarker, Illinoismarker and Indianamarker (Kentuckymarker, Tennesseemarker) Lower number for single 3-state tornado; higher for 5-state outbreak
1903 Fire (building) 602 Iroquois Theater Firemarker Chicago, Illinoismarker
1919 Cyclone 600 1919 Florida Keys Hurricane Floridamarker, Texasmarker
1928 Accident - Dam failure 600 St. Francis Dammarker Santa Clarita, Californiamarker (Greater Los Angeles area)
1938 Cyclone 600 Great New England Hurricane
1977 Accident - Aircraft 583 Tenerife disastermarker Canary Islandsmarker, Spainmarker Pan Am jet from New York involved
1947 Accident - Explosion 581 Texas City Disastermarker Texas City, Texasmarker Ammonium nitrate onboard ship
1942 Fire (building) 492 Cocoanut Grove firemarker Nightclub
1918 Fire (rural) 453 $7,300,000 1918 Cloquet Fire Minnesotamarker
1913 Flood 428 1913 Statewide Flood Ohio
1935 Cyclone 423 Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 Floridamarker
1860 Accident - Shipwreck 400 Lady Elgin marker Chicago, Illinoismarker
1888 Blizzard 400 Great Blizzard of 1888 Northeast Fatalities estimated
1894 Fire (rural) 400 Great Hinckley Fire Hinckley, Minnesotamarker and vicinity
1937 Flood 385 $500,000,000 Ohio River flood of 1937 Ohiomarker, Kentuckymarker, Indianamarker, Illinoismarker
1907 Accident - Coal mine 362 Monongah Mining disaster Monongah, West Virginiamarker
1950 Blizzard 353 $66,700,000

(1950)
Great Appalachian Storm of November 1950 Eastern states
1944 Accident - Explosion 320 Port Chicago disastermarker Port Chicago, Californiamarker (San Francisco Bay Areamarker) WWII ammunition ignited
1974 Tornado 315 Super Outbreak Ontariomarker, Illinoismarker, Indianamarker, Michiganmarker, Ohiomarker, Kentuckymarker, Tennesseemarker, Alabamamarker, Mississippimarker, Georgiamarker, North Carolinamarker, Virginiamarker, West Virginiamarker and New Yorkmarker 148 tornadoes
1865 Accident - Explosion 300 Mobile magazine explosion Mobile, Alabamamarker Civil War ammunition
1937 Accident - Explosion 296-319 $13,000,000

(2003)
New London School explosionmarker New London, Texasmarker Gas leak
1881 Fire (rural) 282 $2,347,000 Thumb Fire Michiganmarker
1898 Explosion 274 The Maine Havana, Cubamarker
1979 Accident - Aircraft 273 American Airlines Flight 191marker Chicago, Illinoismarker
1965 Tornado 271 Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak Iowamarker, Ohiomarker, Michiganmarker, Indianamarker 78 tornadoes
1999 Heat wave 271 Midwest and Northeast
1988 Terrorism 270 Pan Am Flight 103 Lockerbie, Scotlandmarker
2001 Accident - Aircraft 265 American Airlines Flight 587marker Queens, New Yorkmarker
1913 Accident - Coal mine 263 Dawson, New Mexicomarker
1909 Accident - Coal mine 259 Cherry Mine Disaster Cherry, Illinoismarker
1937 Accident - Coal mine 257 Grundy, Virginiamarker
1969 Cyclone 256 Hurricane Camille Mississippimarker, Alabamamarker and Virginiamarker
1896 Tornado 255-400 $2,900,000,000

(1997)
St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado Missourimarker
1913 Blizzard 250 Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Fatalities estimated
1913 Storm 250 $5,000,000

(1913)
Great Lakes Storm of 1913 Great Lakesmarker area Financial impact for lost vessels and cargo only
1927 Flood 246 $400,000,000 Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 Arkansasmarker, Illinoismarker, Kentuckymarker, Louisianamarker, Mississippimarker, and Tennesseemarker
1972 Flood 238 $160,000,000

(1972)

$664,000,000

(2002)
Rapid City Flood Rapid City, South Dakotamarker Average rainfall over area of 60 miĀ² measured at 10- , over 6 hours in middle of night June 9-10, 1972.
1996 Accident - Aircraft 230 TWA Flight 800marker Atlantic Oceanmarker near Long Islandmarker, New Yorkmarker
1871 Fire (urban conflagration) 200-300 Great Chicago fire Chicago, Illinoismarker Fatalities estimated; 125 bodies recovered
1900 Accident - Coal mine 200 Scofield mine disaster Scofield, Utahmarker
1898 Accident - Shipwreck 192 The Portland Gloucester, Massachusettsmarker
1995 Terrorism 168 Oklahoma City bombingmarker Oklahoma City, Oklahomamarker
1977 Fire (building) 165 Beverly Hills Supper Club firemarker Southgate, Kentuckymarker near Cincinnati, OHmarker
1946 Tsunami and Earthquake 165 Aleutian Island earthquakemarker Alaskamarker and Hawaiimarker
1911 Fire (building) 148 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire New York Citymarker
1976 Flood 145 Big Thompson Canyon Flood of 1976 Coloradomarker
1985 Accident - Aircraft 135 Delta Air Lines Flight 191marker Dallas-Fort Worth International Airportmarker, Texasmarker
1960 Accident - Aircraft 134 1960 New York air disastermarker New York Citymarker
1944 Accident - Explosion 130 $7,000,000-

$15,000,000
Cleveland East Ohio Gas Explosion Cleveland, Ohiomarker
1972 Accident - Dam burst 125 Buffalo Creek Floodmarker Logan County, West Virginiamarker
2004 Cyclone 124 $19,000,000,000

(2005)
Hurricane Ivan Texasmarker, Floridamarker, East Coast
2005 Cyclone 120 $10,000,000,000

(2005)
Hurricane Rita Louisianamarker
1938 Flood 115 Los Angeles Flood of 1938 Los Angeles, Californiamarker
1964 Tsunami and Earthquake 115 $1,800,000,000

(2006)
Good Friday Earthquake Alaskamarker, Hawaiimarker, Oregonmarker, Californiamarker, British Columbiamarker
1981 Accident - collapse 114 Hyatt Regency walkway collapsemarker Kansas City, Missourimarker
1947 Accident - Coal mine 111 Centralia mine disastermarker Centralia, Illinoismarker
1989 Accident - Aircraft 111 United Airlines Flight 232marker Sioux City, Iowamarker
1996 Accident - Aircraft 110 ValuJet Flight 592marker Florida Evergladesmarker
1918 Accident - Railroad 101 Great train wreck of 1918marker Nashville, Tennesseemarker
2003 Fire (building) 100 The Station nightclub firemarker West Warwickmarker, Rhode Islandmarker 4th-deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history, killing 100 people and injuring more than 200.
1910 Avalanche 96 Wellington avalanche Wellington, Washington
1918 Accident - Railroad 93 Malbone Street Wreck Brooklyn, New Yorkmarker
1876 Accident - Railroad 92 Ashtabula River Railroad Disastermarker Ashtabula, Ohiomarker
1990 Fire (building) 87 Happy Land Firemarker New York Citymarker
1910 Fire (rural) 86 Great Fire of 1910 Washingtonmarker, Idahomarker, Montanamarker
1918 Accident - Railroad 86 Hammond Circus Train Wreck Hammond, Indianamarker
1887 Accident - Railroad 81-85 Great Chatsworth Train Wreck Chatsworth, Illinoismarker
1963 Accident - Aircraft 81 Pan Am Flight 214marker Elkton, Marylandmarker Lightning strike
1993 Blizzard 79-300 $6,600,000,00 1993 North American storm complex East Coast of North and Central America
1982 Accident - Aircraft 78 Air Florida Flight 90marker Washington, D.C.marker
1993 The Waco Siege (Terrorist)
|86 deaths
Branch Dividian Complex, Waco, TX
1936 Flood 69 $3,000,000,000

(2006)
Pittsburgh Flood 1936 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniamarker area
1989 Earthquake 69 $6,000,000,000

(1989)
Loma Prieta Earthquakemarker San Francisco Bay Areamarker, Californiamarker
1971 Earthquake 65 $500,000,000 Sylmar earthquakemarker Greater Los Angeles, Californiamarker area
1856 Accident - Railroad 59-67 The Great Train Wreck of 1856marker Montgomery County, Pennsylvaniamarker
2008 Tornado 59 2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreak Tennesseemarker, Arkansasmarker, Kentuckymarker, Alabamamarker, and Illinoismarker
1980 Volcano 57 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helensmarker Washington Statemarker
1994 Earthquake 57 $23,000,000,000 Northridge Earthquake Greater Los Angeles area
1896 Accident - Railroad 50 1896 Atlantic City rail crash New Jerseymarker
1993 Flood 50 $15,000,000,000 Great Flood of 1993 Midwest
2009 Accident - Aircraft 50 Colgan Air Flight 3407marker Clarence Center, New Yorkmarker
2004 Cyclone 49 $9,000,000,000 Hurricane Frances Floridamarker
2006 Accident - Aircraft 49 Comair Flight 5191marker Lexington, Kentuckymarker
1999 Tornado 48 $1,500,000,000

(2005)
1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak Oklahomamarker, Kansasmarker, Texasmarker, Tennesseemarker 66 tornadoes
1993 Accident - Railroad 47 Big Bayou Canot train disastermarker Alabamamarker
1927 Terrorism 45 Bath School Disastermarker Michiganmarker
1977 Accident - Dam failure 39 Kelly Barnes Dammarker
1937 Accident - Aircraft 36 Hindenburg disastermarker Manchester, New Jerseymarker Hydrogen-filled zeppelin
1969 Accident - Aircraft 35 Hawthorne Nevada Airlines Flight 708 Lone Pine, Californiamarker
1967 Accident - Aircraft 34 Mohawk Airlines Flight 40 Blossburg, Pennsylvaniamarker
2007 Terrorism 33 Virginia Tech massacremarker Blacksburg, VAmarker
1973 Fire 32 Upstairs Lounge New Orleans, LAmarker
1998 Blizzard 30 North American ice storm of 1998 Canadamarker and Northeast
1990 Tornado 29 $160,000,000 1990 Plainfield tornado Plainfield, Illinoismarker Crest Hill, Illinoismarker
1951 Flood 28 $7,000,000,000

(2005)
Great Flood of 1951 Kansasmarker and Missourimarker
1988 Accident - Automobile 27 Carrollton bus disaster Carrollton, Kentuckymarker
1970 Tornado 26 $1,411,900,000

(2008)
Lubbock Tornado Lubbock, Texasmarker F5 tornado killed 26 and wounded approximately 500
2008 Train collision 26 2008 Chatsworth train collisionmarker Chatsworth, California
1991 Fire (building) 25 Deadliest train crash in Amtrak history Hamlet chicken processing plant firemarker Hamlet, North Carolinamarker Workers trapped behind locked doors
1991 Fire (rural) 25 $1,500,000,000 1991 Oakland firestormmarker Oakland, Californiamarker and vicinity
2005 Tornado 25 $92,000,000 Evansville Tornado of November 2005 Missourimarker, Indianamarker, Kentuckymarker, Ohiomarker 7 tornadoes
1977 Blizzard 23 $56,250,000

(1977)
Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 New Yorkmarker and Ontariomarker (esp. Buffalo, New Yorkmarker)
1989 Accident - Explosion 23 $1,415,000,000

(1990)
Phillips Disaster Pasadena, Texasmarker 314 people injured
1992 Cyclone 23 $25,000,000,000 Hurricane Andrew Floridamarker and Louisianamarker
1919 Accident - Explosion 21 $6,600,000,000

(2005)
Boston molasses disastermarker Boston, Massachusettsmarker Damages are out-of-court settlements only; repairs took 133 man-months
1872 Fire (urban conflagration) 20 $73,500,000

(1872)
Great Boston Fire of 1872 Boston, Massachusettsmarker
1944 Accident - Aircraft 19 Long Creek Air Disaster South Portland, Mainemarker
1966 Terrorism 15 University of Texas Massacre Austin, TXmarker
1999 Terrorism 15 Columbine High School massacremarker Jefferson County, COmarker
2009 Terrorism 13 / 30 injured Fort Hood shootingmarker Fort Hood, TXmarker
2007 Fire 12 dead (expected to rise) California wildfires of October 2007 Californiamarker Large fires burnt out of control across southern California, fueled by unusually strong Santa Ana Winds; worst around San Diego; caused evacuation of over one million people. Most fires accidental; some suspected arson.
1976 Accident - Dam failure 11 $400,000,000 Teton Dammarker Idahomarker
2004 Cyclone 10 $15,000,000,000 Hurricane Charley Floridamarker
2007 Accident - Bridge Collapse 13 dead, 111+ injured $5,000,000 I-35W Mississippi River bridgemarker Collapse Minneapolismarker, Minnesotamarker Collapsed on August 1 at 6:05 PM during rush hour while resurfacing in progress.
1996 Flood 8 $500,000,000 Willamette Valley Flood of 1996 Washingtonmarker, Oregonmarker, Idahomarker, Californiamarker
1901 Fire (urban conflagration) 7 Great Fire of 1901 Jacksonville, Floridamarker
1986 Explosion Space Shuttle 7 Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster Kennedy Space Center, Floridamarker The first in-flight deaths in the U.S. Space Program
2003 Explosion Space Shuttle 7 Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster Texasmarker
May 8, 1995 Flood 6 $1,360,000,000 May 8th 1995 Louisiana Flood New Orleans, Louisianamarker area
2007 Accident - Explosion 4 T2 Laboratories Jacksonville, Floridamarker 14 injuries
2007 Accident - Coal mine 3 dead, 6 missing, 6 injured Crandall Canyon Minemarker Collapse Huntington, Utahmarker Original collapse on August 6 at 2:48 AM MDT, 6 miners missing. On August 16 at 6:30 PM MDT, 9 rescue workers caught in second collapse while trying to get to trapped miners. Three rescue workers pronounced dead; other 6 injured.
1999 Accident - Explosion 2 Phillips explosion of 1999 Pasadena, Texasmarker 4 injuries
1754-1763 War French and Indian War
1776 Fire (urban conflagration) Great Fire of New York Manhattanmarker, New York Citymarker
1816 Volcano Year Without a Summer Volcanic dust caused crop failures and starvation
1835 Fire (urban conflagration) $20,000,000

(1835)
Great Fire of New York
1888 Cold wave 1888 Northwest Cold Wave Northwest
1914 Fire (urban conflagration) $290,000,000

(2005)
Great Salem Fire of 1914
1931-1939 Drought Dust Bowl Great Plainsmarker Compounded by unsustainable agricultural techniques
1989 Cyclone $7,000,000,000

(1989)
Hurricane Hugo Damage figure for U.S. only
2000 Accident - Explosion 1 Phillips explosion of 2000 Pasadena, Texasmarker 71 injuries
1997 Flood 0 $2,000,000,000 1997 Red River Flood North Dakotamarker, Minnesotamarker, Southern Manitobamarker


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References




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