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The Victoria Cross (VC) was awarded to 153 members of the British Indian Army and civilians under its command, from 1857 until independence in 1947. The Victoria Cross is a military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. It takes precedence over all other Orders, decorations and medals. It may be awarded to a person of any rank in any service and to civilians under military command. The VC is traditionally presented to the recipient by the British monarch during an investiture at Buckingham Palacemarker, though in a large number of cases this was not possible and it was presented in the field by a prominent civil or military official. The VC was introduced in Great Britain on 29 January 1856 by Queen Victoria to reward acts of valour during the Crimean War.

Indian troops were not originally eligible for the VC, because since 1837 they had been eligible for the Indian Order of Merit—the oldest British gallantry award for general issue. When the VC was created, Indian troops were still controlled by the Honourable East India Company, and did not come under Crown control until 1860. European officers and men serving with the Honourable East India Company were not eligible for the Indian Order of Merit; the VC was extended to cover them in October 1857. It was only at the end of the 19th century that calls for Indian troops to be awarded the VC intensified. Indian troops became eligible for the award in 1911. The first awards to Indian troops appeared in the London Gazette on 7 December 1914 to Darwan Sing Negi and Khudadad Khan. Negi was presented with the VC by King George V two days earlier, on 5 December 1914, during a visit to troops in France. He is one of a small number of soldiers presented with his award before it appeared in the London Gazette.

There have been a total of 148 VC recipients who were serving with an Indian Army or Honourable East India Company (HEIC) unit. 63 VCs were awarded to British officers and men of the HEIC during the Anglo-Persian War (1856–1857) and the Indian rebellion of 1857. 33 VCs were awarded for action in various campaigns between the rebellion in 1857 and the First World War. 18 VCs were awarded for action in the First World War, and 30 in the Second World War. In addition to these, 5 civilians under military command were awarded the VC.

Recipients

Name Unit Date of action Conflict Place of action
Bengal Ecclesiastical Department 1879 Second Afghan War Killa Kazi, Afghanistanmarker
Corps of Guides 1897 Tirah Campaign Nawa Kilimarker, Indiamarker
0044th Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Amethimarker, Indiamarker
01313th Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknowmarker, Indiamarker
Indian Armoured Corps 1944* Second World War Pin Hmi Road Bridge, Burmamarker
Indian Medical Service 1919* Waziristan Campaign Waziristan, Indiamarker
Bengal Police Battalion 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Suhejnee, Bengalmarker
Royal Bombay Sappers and Miners 1941 Second World War Metemmamarker, Abyssiniamarker
0022nd Bombay Light Cavalry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Neemuchmarker, Indiamarker
Indian Staff Corps 1891 Hunza-Naga Campaign Nilt Fortmarker, Indiamarker
0011st European Bengal Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Narnoul, Indiamarker
04646th Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Seerporah, Indiamarker
05959th Scinde Rifles 1914* First World War Givenchy, Francemarker
Commissariat Department 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0011st European Bengal Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknowmarker, Indiamarker
0022nd European Bengal Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
05656th Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Fort Ruhya, Indiamarker
Poona Mounted Infantry 1903 Fourth Somaliland Expedition Jidballimarker, Somalilandmarker
Bengal Staff Corps 1875 Perak War Perakmarker, Malaya
02828th Native Infantry 1880 Second Afghan War Kandaharmarker, Afghanistanmarker
Indian Naval BrigadeIndian Naval Brigade 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Peroo, Bengalmarker
01919th Madras Native Infantry 1859 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Chichumbah, Indiamarker
King's African Rifles 1902 Third Somaliland Expedition Erigo, Somalilandmarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Jhelummarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Staff Corps 1878 Second Afghan War Peiwar Kotal, Afghanistanmarker
02222nd Punjab Infantry 1897 Tirah Campaign Malakandmarker, Indiamarker
Bombay Staff Corps 1879 Second Afghan War Kam Dakka, Afghanistanmarker
Bombay Medical Service 1889 Third Burmese War Lwekaw, Burmamarker
01313th Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Chinhutmarker, Indiamarker
01212th Frontier Force Regiment 1942 Second World War Kuantanmarker, Malaya
05555th Coke's Rifles 1915 First World War Wieltjemarker, Belgiummarker
01111th Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Chota Behar, Indiamarker
03434th Prince Albert Victor's Own Poona Horse 1914* First World War Festubertmarker, Francemarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Bolandshahrmarker, Indiamarker
01010th Baluch Regiment 1945* Second World War Meiktilamarker, Burmamarker
0011st Madras European Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Bengal Engineers 1865 Bhutan War Dewan-Girimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Bolandshahrmarker, Indiamarker
India Medical Establishment 1860 Third China War Taku Fortsmarker, Chinamarker
Bengal Veterans Establishment 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0044th Bengal European Regiment 1863 Umbeyla Campaign North-West Frontiermarker, Indiamarker
0055th Mahratta Light Infantry 1944* Second World War Upper Tiber Valley, Italymarker
0055th Gurkha Rifles 1943 Second World War Chin Hillsmarker, Burmamarker
Loodiana Regiment 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Benaresmarker, Indiamarker
Bombay Engineers 1859 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Kathiawar, Indiamarker
0011st Bengal European Light Cavalry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Alumbagh, Indiamarker
0055th Bengal European Cavalry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Khurkowdah, Indiamarker
Indian Staff Corps 1891 Manipur Expedition Thobal, Burmamarker
0088th Gurkha Rifles 1904 British expedition to Tibet Gyantse Jongmarker, Tibet
0022nd Gurkha Rifles 1945 Second World War Snowdon East, Tamandu, Burmamarker
0088th Gurkha Rifles 1945 Second World War Taungdaw, Burmamarker
0055th Gurkha Rifles 1944* Second World War Monte San Bartolo, Italymarker
01313th Frontier Force Rifles 1945 Second World War Fusignanomarker, Italymarker
0099th Jat Infantry 1944* Second World War Imphalmarker, Indiamarker
Corps of Guides 1879 Second Afghan War Futtehabad, Afghanistanmarker
Bengal Staff Corps 1879 Second Afghan War Kabulmarker, Afghanistanmarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Engineers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
05151st Sikhs 1915* First World War Tochi Valley, Indiamarker
Bengal Engineers 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Sultanporemarker, Indiamarker
0055th Mahratta Light Infantry 1945 Second World War Senio Rivermarker, Italymarker
02626th Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Baroun, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
01515th Punjab Regiment 1945* Second World War Meiktilamarker, Burmamarker
Bengal Civil Service 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Bombay ArtilleryBombay Artillery 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Chundaireemarker, Indiamarker
03939th Garhwal Rifles 1920 Waziristan Campaign Kot Kai, Indiamarker
02424th Bombay Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Kolaporemarker, Indiamarker
129129th Duke of Connaught's Own Baluchis 1914 First World War Hollebekemarker, Belgiummarker
08989th Punjabis 1916 First World War Beit Ayeesa, Mesopotamia
LalaLala 04141st Dogras 1916 First World War El Orah, Mesopotamia
0077th Gurkha Rifles 1944 Second World War Ningthoukhongmarker, Burmamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
07272nd Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Calpeemarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Staff Corps 1872 Looshai Expedition Lalgnoora, Indiamarker
Corps of Guides 1897* Tirah Campaign Nawa Kilimarker, Indiamarker
0011st Madras European Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Mungulwar, Indiamarker
0033rd Bombay Light Cavalry 1857 Anglo-Persian War Khoosh-ab, Persiamarker
Bengal Civil Service 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Arrahmarker, Indiamarker
Indian Naval BrigadeIndian Naval Brigade 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Arrahmarker, Indiamarker
Indian Staff Corps 1900 Second Boer War Korn Spruitmarker, South Africa
Bengal Civil Service 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Arrahmarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
0011st Bengal Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0011st Bengal Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Indian Staff Corps 1900 Third Ashanti Expedition Obassamarker, Ashanti
01212th Frontier Force Regiment 1935* Second Mohmand Campaign Mohmand, Indiamarker
Bengal Ordnance Depot 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Futtehpore, Indiamarker
0033rd Bombay Light Cavalry 1857 Anglo-Persian War Khoosh-ab, Persiamarker
03939th Garhwal Rifles 1914 First World War Festubertmarker, Francemarker
03939th Garhwal Rifles 1915* First World War Neuve Chapellemarker, Francemarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
01111th Bengal Native Infantry 1857* Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0044th Punjab Infantry 1863 Umbeyla Campaign North-West Frontiermarker, Indiamarker
Madras Engineers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Mundisore, Indiamarker
0022nd Punjab Cavalry 1857

1858Probyn was awarded his VC for numerous gallant acts throughout the period of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Indian Rebellion of 1857 Indiamarker
0066th Gurkha Rifles 1944 Second World War Mogaungmarker, Burmamarker
0055th Gurkha Rifles 1944 Second World War Bishenpurmarker, Burmamarker
01010th Baluch Regiment 1944 Second World War Arakan, Burmamarker
0066th Rajputana Rifles 1943* Second World War Djebel Garcimarker, Tunisiamarker
0088th Punjab Regiment 1944 Second World War Gari River, Italymarker
0066th Rajputana Rifles 1941* Second World War Keren, Eritreamarker
0034th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles 1918 First World War El Kefr, Egyptmarker
Bengal Veterans Establishment 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Staff Corps 1879 Basuto War Konoma, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Khodagunge, Indiamarker
Bengal Army 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Kuthirga, Indiamarker
0011st Bombay Grenadiers 1903 Third Somaliland Expedition Daratolehmarker, Somalilandmarker
03737th Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Benaresmarker, Indiamarker
0011st Madras European Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
101101st Regiment of Foot 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Engineers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0066th Bengal Cavalry 1874 First Ashanti Expedition Abogu, Ashanti
Bengal Staff Corps 1877 Balochistan Campaign Quettamarker, Indiamarker
01616th Punjab Regiment 1945* Second World War Kyeyebyin, Burmamarker
01414th Murray's Jat Lancers 1918* First World War River Jordanmarker, Palestine
0099th Bhopal Infantry 1916 First World War Wadi, Mesopotamia
01515th Punjab Regiment 1945 Second World War Kamye, Burmamarker
02828th Light Cavalry 1917 First World War Épehymarker, Francemarker
02828th Punjab Regiment 1921 Waziristan Campaign Haidari Kach, Indiamarker
01111th Sikh Regiment 1944 Second World War Maungdaw-Buthidaung Road, Burmamarker
0088th Punjab Regiment 1943 Second World War Donbaikmarker, Burmamarker
01313th Frontier Force Rifles 1945* Second World War Kanlan Ywathit, Burmamarker
0011st Punjab Regiment 1944* Second World War Kennedy Peak, Burmamarker
Royal Indian Artillery 1944 Second World War Kaladan Valley, Burmamarker
Indian Medical Service 1916 First World War Orah Ruins, Mesopotamia
06060th Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Sappers and Miners 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0011st Madras European Fusiliers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Indian Staff Corps 1891 Hunza-Naga Campaign Nilt Fortmarker, Indiamarker
01515th Ludhiana Sikhs 1915 First World War Richebourg L'Aouvemarker, Francemarker
Bengal Engineers 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0034th Prince of Wales's Own Gurkha Rifles 1915 First World War Fauquissartmarker, Francemarker
0022nd Gurkha Rifles 1943 Second World War Rass-es-Zouai, Tunisiamarker
0055th Gurkha Rifles 1944* Second World War Bishenpurmarker, Burmamarker
0099th Gurkha Rifles 1944* Second World War San Marinomarker, Italymarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
Bengal Horse ArtilleryBengal Horse Artillery 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Delhimarker, Indiamarker
0022nd Bengal Native Infantry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Indoremarker, Indiamarker
Bengal Engineers 1865 Bhutan War Dewan-Girimarker, Indiamarker
06666th Bengal Native Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Choorpoorahmarker, Indiamarker
0055th Punjab Cavalry 1879 Second Afghan War Kabulmarker, Afghanistanmarker
0044th Gurkha Rifles 1903 Third Somaliland Expedition Daratolehmarker, Somalilandmarker
02525th Bombay Light Infantry 1858 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Gwaliormarker, Indiamarker
0011st Punjab Cavalry 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Lucknow, Indiamarker
0099th Gurkha Rifles 1917 First World War Shumran, Mesopotamia
0077th Hariana Lancers 1915* First World War Shaiba, Mesopotamia
0033rd Bombay European Regiment 1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857 Jhansimarker, Indiamarker
Indian Medical Service 1895 Chitral Expeditionmarker Chitral Fortmarker, Indiamarker
02020th Bombay Native Infantry 1856 Anglo-Persian War Bushiremarker, Persiamarker


References

Specific
  1. Ashcroft, M, preface; XI–XIII
  2. Parker 2005, p. 62.
  3. Crook, MJ, Chapter 11. pp 117–125
  4. http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armyunits/gurkha/4thgurkhas.htm
General



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