The Full Wiki

More info on List of academic disciplines

List of academic disciplines: Map

  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



An academic discipline, or field of study, is a branch of knowledge which is taught and researched at the college or university level. Disciplines are defined (in part), and recognized by the academic journals in which research is published, and the learned societies and academic departments or faculties to which their practitioners belong.

Fields of study usually have several sub-disciplines or branches, and the distinguishing lines between these are often both arbitrary and ambiguous.

Overview

The University of Parismarker in 1231 consisted of four faculties: Theology, Medicine, Canon Law and Arts. Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid- to late-19th century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

In the early 20th century, new disciplines such as education, sociology, and psychology were added. In the 1970s and 1980s, there was an explosion of new disciplines focusing on specific themes, such as media studies, women's studies, and black studies. Many disciplines designed as preparation for careers and professions, such as nursing, hospitality management, and corrections, also emerged in the universities. Finally, interdisciplinary scientific fields such as biochemistry and geophysics gained prominence as their contribution to knowledge became widely recognized.

New fields of study are often created through extending the ideas, theories, and methods of more traditional disciplines. For example, Freud created a sub-field of psychology with his new perspective of psychoanalysis.

There is no consensus on how some academic disciplines should be classified, e.g., whether anthropology and linguistics are social sciences disciplines or humanities disciplines. More generally, the proper criteria for organizing knowledge into disciplines are also open to debate.

An asterisk (*) denotes a field whose academic status is debated.

Humanities

History



See also Branches of history


Languages and linguistics











See also List of languages, Branches of linguistics, Anthropological linguistics


Literature









Performing arts













Philosophy





See also Branches of philosophy


Religion









See also List of religions


Visual arts







Social sciences

Anthropology







See also Branches of anthropology


Archaeology







See also Branches of archaeology


Area studies







See also Branches of area studies


Cultural studies and ethnic studies







Economics







Gender and sexuality studies







Geography

* Cultural geography
:* Feminist geography
* Economic geography
:* Development geography
* Historical geography
:* Time geography
* Political geography & geopolitics
:* Military geography
:* Strategic geography


* Population geography
* Social geography
:* Behavioral geography
:* Children's geographies
:* Health geography
:* Tourism geography
* Urban geography
* Biogeography
* Climatology
:*Palaeoclimatology


* Coastal geography
* Geomorphology
* Geodesy
* Hydrology/Hydrography
:* Glaciology
:* Limnology
:* Oceanography
* Landscape ecology
* Palaeogeography


See also Branches of geography


Political science







See also Branches of political science


Psychology







See also Branches of psychology, Types of psychotherapy


Sociology







See also Branches of sociology


Natural sciences

Space sciences







See also Branches of astronomy


Earth sciences







See also Branches of earth sciences


Life sciences







See also Branches of life sciences


Chemistry



See also Branches of chemistry


Physics







See also Branches of physics


Formal sciences

Computer sciences







See also Branches of computer science and ACM Computing Classification System


Logic







Mathematics







See also Branches of mathematics and AMS Mathematics Subject Classification


Statistics







Systems science







Professions and Applied sciences

Agriculture







Architecture and design







Business







Divinity







Education







Engineering







See also Branches of engineering


Environmental studies and Forestry







Family and consumer science







Health sciences







See also Branches of medicine


Human physical performance and recreation*







Journalism, mass media and communication







Law







Library and museum studies







Military sciences







Public affairs







Social work







Transportation







Notes

  1. History of Education, Encyclopædia Britannica (1977, 15th edition), Macropaedia Volume 6, p. 337


See also



External links






Embed code:






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message