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List of ancient cities in Illyria: Map

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This is a list of ancient cities in Illyria, towns, villages, and fortresses by Illyrians, Veneti & Liburni, Romans, Celts, Dacians or Greeks located in or near Illyrian lands. A number of cities in Illyria and later Illyricum were built on the sites or close to the sites of pre-existing Illyrian settlements, though that was not always the case. Some settlements may have a double entry i.e. Greek Polamarker and Roman Pietas Juliamarker, and some toponyms are reconstructed.

Illyrian Settlements

Dalmatian

Venetic & Liburnian Settlements

Greek Cities

Greek cities & Emporia in the Adriatic

Celtic Settlements

Roman Cities

Illyricum

Dacian



References

  1. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075.,page 279,"We cannot be certain that the Arbanon of Anna Comnena is the same as Albanopolis of the Albani, a place located on the map of Ptolemy"
  2. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 174"... 174 Greek lllvrians Bassania, a town under Roman control. Anicius was based at Apollonia where, in addition to Roman forces, there were 2000 infantry ..."
  3. The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 3, Part 1: The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond, and E. Sollberger,1982,page 629,"... Partho, ancestress of the Parthini who held the middle and upper valley of the Shkumbi. ..."
  4. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 223,"... Among the southern Illyrians the deposits which provided Damastion (Strabo 7.7, 8), somewhere in the Ohrid region, with a silver coinage may be the same ones that attracted Corinthian ..."
  5. In An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman,ISBN 0198140991,2004,,"As a long-distance trading community, Aigina was not an active coloniser, but colonised Kydonia (no. 968) in 519, Adria (no. 75) c.C61, and Damastion in Illyria after 431 (Strabo 8.6.16)."
  6. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 133,"... fortress has remained in use until modern times. Similarly few traces are now to be seen of Illyrian defences at Meteon (Medun), Olcinium (Ulcinj) and Rhizon ..."
  7. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, p. 120, ISBN 0631198075.,Page 177,"... who appears to have ruled after 168 Bc at Queen Teuta's old stronghold Rhizon (Risan). His silver issues are rare, but bronze coins, without the royal title, occur on Hvar, both ..."
  8. Rome and the Mediterranean: books XXXI-XLV of The history of Rome from its ... - page 581 by Livy, Henry Bettenson - 1976,ISBN 0140443185,"Next he arrived at Scodra, the centre of resistance to the Romans not merely because ... it was by far the best-fortified town of the tribe of the Labeates"
  9. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 172,"... his ally. In midwinter 170/169 BC Perseus launched a successful raid on the Illyrian Penestae and captured their chief town Uscana ( ..."
  10. The classical gazetteer: a dictionary of ancient geography, sacred and profane by William Hazlitt,1851,"Epicaria a town of the Cavii in Illyria.."
  11. The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 8: Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 BC by A. E. Astin,ISBN 0521234484,1990,page 92
  12. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, Page 188, "... after whom the Roman province Dalmatia was named, their own name being derived from their principal settlement Delminium near Duvno. Beyond the Dinara, Delmatae occupied the plains of Livno, Glamoc, and Duvno, ..."
  13. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, page 197, "... Illyricum 197 Promona, where the war-leader Verzo had stationed most of his army of 12,000 men. After some fighting the citadel was taken, ..."
  14. Excavations at Salona, Yugoslavia, 1969-1972: conducted for the Department of Classics, Douglass College, Rutg, by Christoph W. Clairmont,1975,ISBN 0815550405,page 4,"If we are correct in our interpretation of the earliest finds from Salona, the emporion, even if very small, was a settlement in a strategic position"
  15. Dalmatia by J. J. Wilkes,1969,page 227,"In this area were three small communities of the Delmatae Pituntium(Podstrana) Nareste(Jenesice) and Oneum(Omis)"
  16. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography by William Smith,1856,page 748."Andetrium"
  17. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 190
  18. The Illyrians (The Peoples of Europe) by John Wilkes,1996,page 190
  19. Dalmatia by J. J. Wilkes,1969,page 194,"By the early years of Augustus the inhabitants of Alvona the Alutrenses"
  20. Dalmatia by J. J. Wilkes,1969,page 195,"At Flavona the native population was well established and stood up better to the effects of italian settlement in the first century"
  21. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 183,"... We may begin with the Venetic peoples, Veneti, Carni, Histri and Liburni, whose language set them apart from the rest of the Illyrians. ..."
  22. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, Marian Holland McAllister) AENONA (Nin) Croatia, Yugoslavia."About 14 km N of Zadar, an important center of the Liburni from the Early Iron Age, as confirmed by the rich finds in several necropoleis of the 9th to the 1st c. B.C."
  23. The Illyrians by J. J. Wilkes,1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 71,"... Place-names from the Illyrian territories add little to our knowledge of the Illyrian language. The recurrent element -ona, for example, Aenona (Nin), Blandona (south Liburnia), Emona (Ljubljana), Narona (Vid), Scardona (Skradin near Sibenik), Salona (Solin near Split), ..."
  24. Pliny's Natural History, Book 3,(C. Plinii Secundi Naturalis Historiæ, Liber III),CHAP. 23. (19.) - ISTRIA, ITS PEOPLE AND LOCALITY."Ateste belonging to the Veneti"
  25. Pliny's Natural History, Book 3,(C. Plinii Secundi Naturalis Historiæ, Liber III),CHAP. 23. (19.) - ISTRIA, ITS PEOPLE AND LOCALITY."In this district there have disappeared--upon the coast--Iramene, Pellaon, and Palsatium, Atina and Cælina belonging to the Veneti"
  26. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 101
  27. The Geography by Ptolemy, Edward Luther Stevenson, Joseph Fischer, New York Public Library - 1991"
  28. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 95,"After Istri is the people of the Liburni.In the territory of that people are the following coastal cities...Tarsatica..."
  29. Dalmatia by J. J. Wilkes,1969,page 216,"Little is know about Sidrona the city of the Sidrini"
  30. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, Marian Holland McAllister)," VARVARIA (Bribir) Croatia, Yugoslavia.A hill fort settlement of the Liburni in N Dalmatia 12 km NW of Scardona (Skradin). "
  31. Death and Burial in the Roman World by J. M. C. Toynbee,1996, page 74: "... at the Liburnian city of Argyruntum in Dalmatia there runs for more than half a kilometre ..."
  32. Aulon
  33. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 96,"... whose land is the city Epidamnus. A river flows by the city, by name the Palamnus. Then from Epidamnus to Apollonia, a Greek city, the journey on foot takes two days. Apollonia lies fifty stades from the sea and the river ..."
  34. In An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman, ISBN 0198140991, 2004, page 342
  35. Public Organization in Ancient Greece: A Documentary Study - by Nicholas F. Jones - 1987,ISBN 0-87169-176-0
  36. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0-631-19807-5,Page 99:"... 99 victory would be theirs if they received Cadmus as king. After this had come about as foretold, Cadmus and Harmonia ruled over them and founded the towns of Bouthoe (Budva) and Lychnidus (Ohrid). ..."
  37. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 97,"... the Bylliones beyond the river Aous in the hinterland of Apollonia . Their hill-settlement developed later into the town of Byllis, at Gradisht on the right bank of the Aous. ..."
  38. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,,Page 273,"... Scodra and Dyrrhachium were seats of the metropolitans, and there were bishops at Lissus, Doclea, Lychnidus (Ohrid), Scampis, Apollonia, Amantia, Byllis and Aulona. The population of this area were Latin-speaking provincials , ..."
  39. An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation,ISBN 0198140991,2005,page 1333,"refounded as a Hellenic Byllis not yet a polls in 400"
  40. Dalmatia: research in the Roman province 1970-2001 : papers in honour of J.J by David Davison, Vincent L. Gaffney, J. J. Wilkes, Emilio Marin,ISBN 1841717908,2006,page 21,"completely Hellenised town"
  41. OxfordJournal,"There had been an emporion or trading post on the site from the 2nd century BC"
  42. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 96,"From Bouthoe to Epidamnus, a Greek city, the ..."
  43. An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,Index
  44. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 100
  45. Croatia, 2nd: The Bradt Travel Guide Croatiaby Piers Letcher , 2005,ISBN 1841621137,page 225: "... History Trogir started out in the 3rd century ut; as Tragurion, an offshoot of the Greek colony of Issa (on Vis), ..."
  46. Aulus Hirtius,(De Bello Alexandrino c.14)
  47. Austria: Her People & Their Homelands by James Baker,""... dates back to the sixth century B.c., when the Greeks founded here Epidaurus"
  48. Diodorus Siculus, "Library", 15.1
  49. Lonely Planet Eastern Europe by Paul Greenway ,page 852,"Founded by the Greeks, Ulcinj"
  50. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,Page 114,"... in the early history of the colony settled in 385 BC on the island Pharos (Hvar) from the Aegean island Paros, famed for its marble. In traditional fashion they accepted the guidance of an oracle, ..."
  51. Pliny's Natural History, Book 3,(C. Plinii Secundi Naturalis Historiæ, Liber III),CHAP. 23. (19.) - ISTRIA, ITS PEOPLE AND LOCALITY."The towns of Istria with the rights of Roman citizens are Ægida4 , Parentium, and the colony of Pola5 , now Pietas Julia, formerly founded by the Colchians"
  52. Excavations at Salona, Yugoslavia, 1969-1972: conducted for the Department of Classics, Douglass College, Rutg, by Christoph W. Clairmont,1975,ISBN 0815550405,page 4,"If we are correct in our interpretation of the earliest finds from Salona, the emporion, even if very small, was a settlement in a strategic position"
  53. An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 326
  54. Nis,Britanica
  55. John T. Koch (2006). Celtic Culture. p. 1662. ISBN 1851094407.
  56. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, Marian Holland McAllister)," AEQUUM (Čitluk) Croatia, Yugoslavia.The Roman Colonia Claudia Aequum was situated 6 km N of Sinj. It was founded by the emperor Claudius sometime after A.D. 45 and settled with the veterans of Legio VII when they left the neighboring camp at Tilurium for Moesia. "
  57. Lexicon of the Greek and Roman cities and place names in antiquity, ca. 1500 ... by Keith Branigan - 1992 ,page 88,"... but evidence available indicates that Kotor is the most likely site for the Roman town Acruvium"
  58. Bagendon: a Belgic oppidum: a record of the excavations of 1954-56 - page 1 by Elsie M. Clifford - 1961 -"CHAPTER I THE BAGENDON SITE THE IDENTIFICATION OF CORINIUM ... and was therefore called by the Roman Corinium"
  59. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, William L. MacDonald, Marian Holland McAllister)," BURNUM (Ivoševci by Kistanje) Croatia, Yugoslavia.The military camp of Legio XI Claudia Pia Fidelis situated over the gorge of the Krka (Titius) river just opposite the Dalmatian hill fort on the E river bank"
  60. Roman life and manners under the early Empire - page 302 - by Ludwig Friedlaender - 1965 ,"Claudius settled veterans at Cumae, Cologne, Sicum in Dalmatia, Camulodunum in Britain, ..."
  61. The central Balkan tribes in pre-Roman times: Triballi, Autariatae ... - page 198 by Fanula Papazoglu - 1978 - "... the Peutinger Table marks 40 miles from Naissus, on the Naissus- founded by Auielian"
  62. Hauptstädte in Südosteuropa: Geschichte, Funktion, nationale Symbolkraft by Harald Heppner,page 134
  63. The Roman army, 31 BC-AD 337: a sourcebook - page 215 by J. B. Campbell,ISBN 0415071739,1994,"The civilian colony of Narona had been founded at the end of Caesar's dictatorship"
  64. The Cambridge ancient history, Volume 10 by Alan K. Bowman, Edward Champlin, Andrew Lintott,page 845,"The colony of Salona on the Dalmatian coast used almost identical formulae in dedicating an altar of Jupiter Optimus Maximus"
  65. The Roman army as a community: including papers of a conference held at ...by Adrian Keith Goldsworthy, Ian Haynes, Colin E. P. Adams,ISBN 1887829342,1997,page 39,"the colony at Scupi which lost its original title Domitiana after Domitians death"
  66. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 216,"... hand, the Deraemestae (30) were formed from several smaller groups in the vicinity of the new Roman colony established at Epidaurum (Cavtat near Dubrovnik). ..."
  67. The archaeology of Roman towns: studies in honour of John S. Wacher -,ISBN 1842171038, page 235 ,by J. S. Wacher, Peter R. Wilson - 2003 -,"The reward was the status of Roman colony and an infusion of new settlers, granted either by Caesar himself ... at Fulfinium and in the south on the"
  68. Yugoslavia: the Adriatic Coast - page 74 by Stuart Rossiter - 1969 -"... by boat or on foot) with the massive overgrown ruins of a 5C early Christian basilica and remains of an extensive Roman settlement (? Fulfinium)"
  69. Dalmatia: research in the Roman province 1970-2001 : papers in honour of J.J,page 108, by David Davison, Vincent L. Gaffney, J. J. Wilkes, Emilio Marin,ISBN 1841717908,2006,"For instance, the town walls of Arba were constructed under Augustus"
  70. The archaeology of Roman towns: studies in honour of John S. Wacher ,page 237,by J. S. Wacher, Peter R. Wilson -,ISBN 1842171038, 2003,"Roman island towns in Liburnia were Arba"
  71. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 213,"On the Dalmatian coast several existing Roman settlements appear to have been strengthened and organised as colonies including...Senia..."
  72. Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 213
  73. The Roman army as a community: including papers of a conference held at ...by Adrian Keith Goldsworthy, Ian Haynes, Colin E. P. Adams,ISBN 1887829342,1997,page 100
  74. Five Roman emperors: Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan, A.D. 69-117 - by Bernard William Henderson - 1969, page 278,"At Thermidava he was warmly greeted by folk quite obviously Dacians"
  75. The Geography by Ptolemy, Edward Luther Stevenson,1991,page 36
  76. Ethnic continuity in the Carpatho-Danubian area by Elemér Illyés,1988,ISBN 0880331461,page 223


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