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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી, , , ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a major political and spiritual leader of Indiamarker and the Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha — the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence — which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā — "Great Soul") and as Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ bāpu — "Father"). In India, he is recognized as the Father of the Nation and October 2, his birthday, is commemorated each year as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday.

Gandhi has been portrayed by actors in a number of feature films including: Gandhi (Ben Kingsley, 1982), The Making of the Mahatma (Rajit Kapur, 1996), Lage Raho Munna Bhai (Dilip Prabhavalkar, 2006), and Gandhi, My Father (Darshan Jariwala, 2007).

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  • An award winning Telecom Italia commercial by Y&R, Italy directed by Spike Lee depicts Gandhi broadcasting a speech to the WW2 countries, reaching audiences by using modern methods of communication technology.


Currency

In 1996, the Government of India introduced the Mahatma Gandhi series of currency notes in rupees 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 denomination. Today, all the currency notes in circulation in India contain a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1969, the United Kingdom issued a series of stamps commemorating the centenary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Film



  • 2005: Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara, tells the story of a retired Hindi professor, who, as he falls victim to dementia, begins to believe that he was accused of being the man who assassinated Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 2004: Swades, "epitomizes Gandhi's values" according to his great-grandson, Tushar Gandhi. The protagonist is called Mohan(Bhargava) which is Gandhi's birth name(Mohandas). The film is about a young NRI returning to India to help the country and its people, a tale similar to that of Gandhi's life.






  • 2000: Gandhi is portrayed by Naseeruddin Shah in Hey Ram. A film made by Kamal Haasan, it portrays a would-be assassin of Gandhi and the dilemma faced by the would-be assassins in the turmoil of post-partition India.
















Statues and memorials

In New Delhimarker, Gandhi Smritimarker, or Birla House, the home of Ghanshyam Das Birla, where Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948, was acquired by the Government of India in 1971 and opened to the public in 1973 as the Gandhi Smriti or "Gandhi Remembrance". It preserves the room where Mahatma Gandhi lived the last four months of his life and the grounds where he was shot while holding his nightly public walk. A Martyr's Column now marks the place where Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated.

The city of Pietermaritzburgmarker, South Africa—where Gandhi was ejected from a first-class train in 1893—now hosts a commemorative statue. In the United Kingdom, there are several prominent statues of Gandhi, most notably in Tavistock Squaremarker, London near University College Londonmarker where he studied law. 30 January is commemorated in the United Kingdom as the "National Gandhi Remembrance Day." In the United States, there are statues of Gandhi outside the Union Squaremarker Park in New York City, and the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Sitemarker in Atlantamarker, and on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C.marker, near the Indian Embassy, There is a Gandhi statue in San Francisco Embarcadero Neighborhood. There are wax statues of Gandhi at the Madame Tussaud'smarker wax museums in London, New York, and other cities around the world.

File:Gandhi site.jpg|The Martyr's Column at the Gandhi Smriti in New Delhi, marks the spot where he was assassinatedFile:Gandhi Memorial.jpg|Rajghatmarker in New Delhi, marks the spot of Gandhi's cremation in 1948File:PMBGandhistatue.jpg|Pietermaritzburgmarker, South AfricaFile:DSCN1998TavistockSqGandhi.jpg|Tavistock Squaremarker, LondonFile:Gandhi moscow.jpg|Moscowmarker, RussiaFile:Gandhi-snow-net.jpg|Union Squaremarker, New York, USAFile:San francisco Gandhi.jpg|Embarcadero Neighbourhood in San Franciscomarker, USAFile:200705gandhiWaikiki.jpg|Waikikimarker, Hawaii, USA

Theater



Further reading



Notes

  1. Youtube clip
  2. Adforum: Epica Awards 2004



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