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List of battles and other violent events by death toll: Map

  
  

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This page lists mortalities from battles and other individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Battles and sieges

Many of the entries in this section are currently for total casualties rather than deaths. Until this notice is removed, check the individual links to confirm what the figure represents.

Bombing campaigns



Individual air raids





Wartime ship disasters

Prior to World War I

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1300–1900 SS Sultana USmarker Transport Steamboat Union POW formerly held

by the Confederate Army
Mississippi River

near Memphismarker
April 27, 1865
900 HMS Victory GBmarker 1st-rate Crew The Casquets Oct 3, 1744
838 HMS St Georgemarker UK 1st-rate Crew North Seamarker Dec 24, 1811
800+ HMS Royal George GB 1st-rate Crew Spitheadmarker Aug 29, 1782
800 HMS Association GBmarker 2nd-rate Crew Isles of Scillymarker Oct 22, 1707
699 HMS Ramilles GB 3rd-rate Crew Bolt Headmarker Feb 15, 1760
673 HMS Queen Charlotte GB 1st-rate Crew Livornomarker Mar 17, 1800
566 General Lyon US Transport Discharged Union soldiers, Confederate POWs Cape Hatterasmarker Mar 31, 1865
600 HMS Hero UK 3rd-rate Crew Wadden Sea Dec 28, 1811
555 HMS Defence UK 3rd-rate Crew North Sea Dec 24, 1811
450 HMS Birkenheadmarker UK Troopship Soldiers, crew Western Cape Feb 26, 1852
380 Mary Rosemarker Engmarker Carrack Soldiers, crew The Solentmarker Jul 19, 1545
372 Arnistonmarker Engmarker East Indiaman Soldiers, crew & their family Cape Agulhasmarker May 30, 1815


World War I

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1,255 HMS Queen Mary UK Battlecruiser Crew North Seamarker May 31, 1916
1,198 RMS Lusitaniamarker UK Ocean Liner Civilians Celtic Seamarker May 7, 1915
1,015 HMS Invinciblemarker UK Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,013 HMS Indefatigable UK Battlecruiser Crew North sea May 31, 1916
903 HMS Defence UK Armoured cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
900 HMS Good Hope UK Armoured Cruiser Crew Pacific Ocean Nov 1, 1914
857 HMS Black Prince UK Armoured Cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
843 HMS Vanguard UK Battleship Crew Jul 19, 1917
839 SMS Pommern Germarker Battleship Crew North Sea Jun 1, 1916
782 SMS Blüchermarker Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Dogger Bankmarker Jan 24, 1915
764 SMS Scharnhorst Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Falkland Islandsmarker Dec 8, 1914
750 HMS Monmouth UK Armoured Cruiser Crew Nov 1, 1914
738 HMS Bulwarkmarker UK Battleship Crew Sheernessmarker Nov 26, 1914
648 Suffren Frmarker Battleship Crew off Lisbonmarker Nov 26, 1916
646 SS Mendimarker UK Troopship Troops English Channelmarker Feb 21, 1917
600 Bouvetmarker Fr Battleship Crew Dardanelles Mar 18, 1915
501 RMS Leinster UK Mail Ship Military personnel Irish Seamarker Oct 10, 1918
577 SMS Gneisenau Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Falkland Islands Dec 8, 1918

570 HMS Goliathmarker UK Battleship Crew Dardanelles May 13, 1915
460 HMS Hawke UK Cruiser Crew North Sea Oct 15, 1914


World War II

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
9,400 Wilhelm Gustloffmarker Ger Transport Refugees Baltic Sea Jan 30, 1945
6,000 Goyamarker Ger Transport Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Apr 16, 1945
5,620 Junyō Marumarker Jap Transport Allied POW's Indian Ocean Sep 18, 1944
5,400~ Toyama Maru Jap Transport Troops Sea of Japan Jun 29, 1944
5,000 Armeniamarker Sov Hospital Wounded, refugees Black Sea Nov 7, 1941
4,650 Cap Arcona Ger Transport Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
4,000 - 6,500
{1,738 known dead;
2,477 survived}

HMT Lancastria Brit Transport Troops, refugees Bay of Biscay Jun 17, 1940
3,850 Orion Ger Aux. Cruiser Refugees Baltic Sea May 4, 1945
3,000 SS General von Steuben Ger Transport Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Feb 10, 1945
3,000 Yoshida Maru Jap Transport Troops Off Luzonmarker Apr 26, 1944
2,750 Thielbek Ger Freighter Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
2,700 Moeromarker Ger Hospital Soldiers and civilians from Estonia Baltic Sea Sep 22, 1944
2,571 MS Rigelmarker Ger Transport Troops, Soviet POW's Nov 27, 1944
2,498 Yamatomarker Jap Battleship Crew Sea of Japan Apr 7, 1945
2,097 Bismarckmarker Ger Battleship Crew Atlantic Ocean May 27, 1941
2,003 Awa Maru Jap Hospital Civilians Taiwan Straits Apr 1, 1945
2,000 Ural Maru Jap Transport N/A Sep 27, 1944
2,000 Iosif Stalin Sov Transport Troops, crew Baltic Sea Dec 3, 1941
1,932 Scharnhorst Ger Battlecruiser Crew Arctic Ocean Dec 26, 1943
1,875 Arisan Maru Jap Freighter US POW's China Sea Oct 24, 1944
1,650 Taihō Jap Air. Carrier Crew Philippine Sea Mar 7, 1944
1,600 Roma Ita Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sep 8, 1943
1,529 Tsushima Marumarker Jap Transport Schoolchildren, civilians Sea of Japan Aug 22, 1944
1,435 Shinano Jap Air. Carrier Crew Nov 29, 1944
1,414 HMS Hood UK Battlecruiser Crew Denmark Strait May 24, 1941
1,400 Yamashiro Jap Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,400 Fusō Jap Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,297 SS Khedive Ismail UK Transport Troops Indian Ocean Feb 12, 1944
1,263 Shōkaku Jap Air. Carrier Crew Philippine Sea Jun 19, 1944
1,250 Kongōmarker Jap Battleship Crew Formosa Strait Nov 21, 1944
1,239 Unryū Jap Air. Carrier Crew Dec 19, 1944
1,209 SS Conte Rosso Ita Troopship Troops, crew Mediterranean May 24, 1941
1,207 HMS Glorious UK Air. Carrier Crew Norwegian Seamarker Jun 8, 1940
1,177 USS Arizonamarker US Battleship Crew Pearl Harbormarker Dec 7, 1941
1,124 Montevideo Maru Jap Transport Australian POW's, civilians Philippine Sea? Jul 1, 1942
1,023 Musashimarker Jap Battleship Crew Leyte Gulf Oct 24, 1944
1,000 Tirpitzmarker Ger Battleship Crew Tromsomarker Nov 12, 1944
946 Exercise Tiger UK (Military exercise) US troops South Devon Apr 28, 1944
920 Blüchermarker Ger Hvy Cruiser Troops, crew Oslofjordmarker Apr 9, 1940
883 USS Indianapolis US Hvy Cruiser Crew Philippine Sea Jul 30, 1945
862 HMS Barhammarker UK Battleship Crew Mediterranean Nov 25, 1941
843 Zuikakumarker Jap Air. Carrier Crew Leyte Gulf, Oct 25 1944
833 HMS Royal Oakmarker UK Battleship Crew Scapa Flowmarker Oct 14, 1939
814 Kaga Jap Air. Carrier Crew Midwaymarker Jun 4, 1942
768 Struma Bul Passenger Crew Black Sea Feb 24, 1942
733 USS Franklin US Air. Carrier Crew Off Japanese Coast March 19, 1945
718 Sōryūmarker Jap Air. Carrier Crew Midway Jun 4, 1942
693 USS Houston US Hvy Cruiser Crew Java Sea Feb 28-March 1, 1942
655 SS Ceramic UK Passenger Civilians Atlantic Ocean Dec 6, 1942
645 HMAS Sydney Aus Lt Cruiser Crew Indian Ocean Nov 19, 1941
631 Shōhō Jap Air. Carrier Crew Coral Sea May 7, 1942
549 Ukishima Maru Jap Transport Korean forced labourers Maizuru, Japan Aug 24, 1945
518 HMS Courageousmarker UK Air. Carrier Crew Irish coast Sep 17, 1939
513 HMS Repulse UK Battlecruiser Crew South China Seamarker Dec 10, 1941
353 HMAS Perth Aus Lt Cruiser Crew Sunda Strait Mar 1, 1942
338 HMS Curacoamarker UK Lt Cruiser Crew Atlantic? Oct 2, 1942
327 HMS Prince of Wales UK Battleship Crew South China Sea Dec 10, 1941
271 Ilmarinen Fin Coastal def. ship Crew Baltic Sea Sep 13, 1941
159 {KIA & POW} USS Asheville US Gunboat crew Java Seamarker March 3, 1942)
137 SS Caribou Can Ferry Passengers, crew Cabot Straitmarker Oct 14, 1942)


Post World War II

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
2,750 Kiangya Chimarker Steamship Refugees Shanghai Dec 3, 1948
323 ARA General Belgrano Argmarker Cruiser Crew South Atlantic May 2, 1982
34 USS Liberty US Tech research Crew Sinai Peninsula Jun 8, 1967


Terrorist attacks

Estimate Name Country City Date
2,974 September 11, 2001 attacks United Statesmarker New York City, NYmarker,

Arlington, VAmarker,

Shanksville, PAmarker
2001
796 2007 Qahtaniya bombings Iraqmarker Qahtaniyamarker 2007
438 Cinema Rex fire Iranmarker Abadanmarker 1978
365 Beslan School Siege Russia Beslanmarker 2004
329 Air India Flight 182marker Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland 1985
307 1983 Beirut barracks bombingmarker Lebanonmarker Beirutmarker 1983
270 Pan Am Flight 103 United Kingdommarker Lockerbiemarker, Scotlandmarker 1988
257 1993 Mumbai bombings Indiamarker Mumbaimarker 1993
257 1998 United States embassy bombings Kenyamarker,

Tanzania
Nairobimarker,

Dar es Salaammarker
1998
215 Sadr City bombings Iraqmarker Sadr Citymarker 2006
209 Mumbai train bombings Indiamarker Mumbaimarker 2006
202 2002 Bali bombingsmarker Indonesiamarker Balimarker 2002
198 April 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
191 March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings Spainmarker Madridmarker 2004
178 Ashoura Massacre Iraqmarker Kerbalamarker and Baghdadmarker 2004
171 UTA Flight UT-772marker Nigermarker 1989
170 Moscow Theatre Siegemarker Russiamarker Moscowmarker 2002
168 Oklahoma City bombingmarker United Statesmarker Oklahoma Citymarker 1995
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Iraqmarker Tal Afarmarker 2007
150 St Nedelya Church assault Bulgariamarker Sofiamarker 1925
136 2007 Karachi bombing Pakistanmarker Karachimarker 2007
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Iraqmarker Al Hillah 2005
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Iraqmarker Al Hillah 2007
117 2004 Irbil bombings Iraqmarker Irbil 2004
116 Superferry 14 bombing Philippinesmarker 2004
112 September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombing Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2004
112 Avianca Flight 203 Colombiamarker 1989
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Pakistan Orakzai 2008
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
98 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Iraqmarker Musayyibmarker 2005
91 King David Hotel bombingmarker Israelmarker Jerusalemmarker 1946
90 Central Bank Bombingmarker Sri Lankamarker Colombomarker 1996
90 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks Egyptmarker Sharm el-Sheikh 2005
89 Russian airplane bombings Russia 2004
88 TWA Flight 841 Ionian Seamarker 1974
88 January 22, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
86 AMIA Bombing Argentinamarker Buenos Airesmarker 1994
85 Buratha Mosque bombing Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2006
85 Stazione Centrale bombingmarker Italymarker Bolognamarker 1980
83 Imam Ali Mosque bombing Iraqmarker Najafmarker 2003
81 2008 Assam bombings Indiamarker Assammarker 2008
80 Jaipur bombingsmarker Indiamarker Jaipurmarker 2008
76 February 12, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
75 2007 Baghlan sugar factory bombing Afghanistan Baghlan 2008
74 2005 Khanaqin bombings Iraqmarker Khanaqin 2005
74 April 21, 2004 Basra bombings Iraqmarker Basra 2004
74 2004 Kufa shelling Iraqmarker Kufa 2004
70 2007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombing Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
68 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings India 2007
63 February 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraqmarker Baghdadmarker 2007
63 DAS Building bombing Colombiamarker Bogotámarker 1989
63 April 1983 US Embassy bombingmarker Lebanonmarker Beirutmarker 1983
62 July 1, 2006 Sadr City bombing Iraqmarker Sadr Citymarker 2006
61 October 29, 2005 New Delhi bombings Indiamarker New Delhimarker 2005
60 2005 Amman bombings Jordanmarker Ammanmarker 2005
60 2008 Wah bombing Pakistan 2008
58 2008 Indian embassy bombing in Kabul Afghanistan Kabulmarker 2008
57 2003 Istanbul Bombings Turkeymarker Istanbulmarker 2003
56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings Pakistanmarker Ahmedabadmarker 2008
54 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombingmarker Pakistanmarker Islamabadmarker 2008
52 7 July 2005 London bombings United Kingdommarker London, England 2005
52 2003 Mumbai bombings Indiamarker Mumbaimarker 2003
47 2008 Parachinar bombingmarker Pakistan 2008
46 2003 Casablanca bombings Moroccomarker Casablancamarker 2003
43 2008 Issers bombing Algeriamarker 2008
42 2004 Moscow metro bombing Russia Moscowmarker 2004
38 Wall Street bombing United Statesmarker New York Citymarker 1920
38 2001 attack on Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly Indiamarker Srinagarmarker 2001
37 2006 Malegaon blasts India 2006
34 2004 Sinai bombings Egyptmarker Tabamarker,
Nuweibamarker
2004
33 Pan Am Flight 110 Italymarker 1973
33 1998 Coimbatore bombings Indiamarker Coimbatoremarker 1998
33 Dublin and Monaghan Bombings Irelandmarker Dublinmarker,

Monaghanmarker
1974
30 Passover massacremarker Israelmarker Netanyamarker 2002


Human sacrifice and mass suicide

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Low

Estimate
High

Estimate
Type Event Group Location Date
80,000 80,000 Mass suicide Battle of Okinawa Japanese civilians Japan 1945
8,000 8,000 Mass suicide Battle of Saipan Japanese civilians Mariana Islandsmarker 1944
3,000 80,000 Mass human sacrifice Human sacrifice in Aztec culture Aztecs Huitzilopochtli, Tenochtitlan
|| 1487
960 960 Mass suicide Siege of Masadamarker Jewish zealots Judeamarker 73
913 913 Mass suicide, murder Jonestown massacremarker Peoples Temple Guyanamarker 1978
300 1000 Mass suicide Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God Uganda 2000, March
53 53 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple Switzerland, Canada 1994
39 39 Mass suicide Heaven's Gate Californiamarker 1997
16 16 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple France 1995, December 23


Riot or political demonstration

Victims Event Country City Date
86,000 1959 Tibetan uprising Tibet (Chinamarker) Lhasamarker 1959
30,000 Nika riots Constantinoplemarker 532
30,000 La semaine sanglante Francemarker Paris 1871
30,000 228 Incident Taiwanmarker 1947
14,000 Jeju Uprisingmarker South Koreamarker Jeju islandmarker 1948
13,000 August Uprising Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic 1924
12,000 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising El Salvadormarker 1932
11,000 Romanian Peasants' Revolt Romaniamarker 1907
10,000 Kronstadt Rebellion Russiamarker Kronstadtmarker 1921
7,500 March 1st Movement South Korea Seoulmarker 1919
3,800 Pitchfork Uprising Russiamarker 1920
3,000 8888 Uprising Burmamarker / Myanmarmarker 1988
2,000 Santa María School massacre Chilemarker Iquiquemarker 1907
1,000 Bloody Sunday Russia St. Petersburgmarker 1905
400 Iranian pilgrim riot Saudi Arabiamarker Meccamarker 1987
300–3,000 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989marker Chinamarker Beijing 1989
285 Gordon Riots Englandmarker, Kingdom of Great Britainmarker 1780
249 Riots in Palestine of 1929 Mandate of Palestine 1929
200–300 Tlatelolco massacre Mexicomarker 1968
184 May 13 Incident Malaysiamarker Kuala Lumpurmarker 1969
139 Cartoon Riots 2006
100 Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot" Francemarker Parismarker 1795
100 New York Draft Riots United Statesmarker New York Citymarker 1863
95 Riots in Palestine of May Israelmarker Tel Avivmarker 1921
94 Jerusalem Riots of 1947 Jerusalem 1947
84 Riot and crushing during mass arrests Thailandmarker Narathiwat provincemarker 2004
69 Sharpeville Massacre South Africa Sharpeville 1960
53 1992 Los Angeles riots United Statesmarker Los Angelesmarker 1992
50 Champ de Marsmarker massacre Francemarker Parismarker 1791
46 Boipatong massacre South Africa Boipatong 1992
43 Attica Prison riotsmarker United Statesmarker New Yorkmarker 1971
43 12th Street Riotmarker United Statesmarker Detroitmarker 1967
40–50 Newton rebellion Englandmarker Newton, Northamptonshiremarker 1607
39+ Tulsa race riot United Statesmarker Tulsa, Oklahomamarker 1921
36 1964 Race Riots Singaporemarker 1964
34 Watts Riot United Statesmarker Los Angelesmarker 1965
30–300 Tlatelolco massacre Mexicomarker Mexico Citymarker 1968
25 Palingoproer Netherlandsmarker Amsterdammarker 1886
25 Corpus Christi Massacre Mexicomarker Mexico Citymarker 1971
23–600 Soweto uprising South Africa Sowetomarker 1976
22 Eureka Stockade Australia Ballaratmarker 1854
20 Ludlow Massacre United Statesmarker Ludlow, Coloradomarker 1914
18 Maria Hertogh riots Singaporemarker 1950
14 Bloody Sunday Northern Irelandmarker Derrymarker 1972
13 Socialist riot Switzerlandmarker Genevamarker 1932
13 Chinese Middle School riots Singaporemarker 1956
13 Mendiola Street massacre Philippinesmarker 1987
9 Riots in Palestine of 1920 Jerusalemmarker 1920
11 Peterloo massacremarker Englandmarker Manchestermarker 1819
5 Greensboro massacre United Statesmarker Greensboro, North Carolinamarker 1979
5 Ådalen shootings Swedenmarker Ådalen 1931
4 Kent State shootingsmarker United Statesmarker Kent, Ohiomarker 1970
4 Hock Lee bus riots Singaporemarker 1955


Footnotes

  1. Tokyo firebombing victims plan to sue government
  2. Luke Harding, Germany's forgotten victims, Guardian
  3. Sultana: A Tragic Postscript to the Civil War
  4. Foundation for the Investigation of Communist Crime
  5. Maritime Disasters of WWII 1944, 1945
  6. Ship was sunk in violation of a safe passage agreement, apparently in error by US submarine Queenfish.
  7. Montevideo Maru
  8. No survivors. Sydney was the largest vessel of any country to be lost with no survivors during the war


See also

Other lists organized by death toll Other lists with similar topics
*Rail accidents pre-1950
*Rail accidents 1950–1999
*Rail accidents 2000–present
Topics dealing with similar themes

External links




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