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List of domesticated animals: Map


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This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans . The list includes species or larger formal and informal zoological categories that include at least some domesticated individuals.

To be considered domesticated, a population of animals must have their behavior, life cycle, or physiology systemically altered as a result of being under human control for many generations. Animals included in this list that do not fully meet this criterion are designated "captive-bred" or "semi-domesticated".

Species Date Location of Origin Purpose
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) 15000 BC East Asia meat, hunting, transportation, companionship
Sheep (Ovis aries) between 9-11000 BC Southwest Asia Wool, meat, milk
Goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) 10000 BC Iranmarker milk, meat
Pig (Sus scrofa domestica) 9000 BC Near East, Chinamarker meat, companionship
Cow (Bos primigenius taurus) 8000 BC India, Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa meat, milk, soil fertilization, muscle
Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus) 8000 BC India milk, soil fertilization, muscle
Cat (Felis catus) 7500 BC Near East Hunting, companionship
Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) 6000 BC India and Southeast Asia meat, feathers, eggs
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) 5000 BC Perumarker meat, companionship
Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) 5000 BC Egyptmarker muscle
Domesticated duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) 4000 BC Chinamarker meat/fat
Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) 4000 BC Indiamarker, Chinamarker muscle, meat
Honey bee 4000 BC Multiple places honey
Horse (Equus ferus caballus) 4000 BC Eurasian Steppes transportation, muscle, milk
Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) 4000 BC Arabia transportation, muscle, milk
Llama (Lama glama) 3500 BC Perumarker transportation, muscle
Silkworm (Bombyx mori) 3000 BC Chinamarker silk
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC Russiamarker Meat, milk, muscle, antlers
Rock pigeon (Columba livia) 3000 BC Mediterranean Basin
Goose (Anser anser domesticus) 3000 BC Egyptmarker meat/fat, feathers
Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) 2500 BC Central Asia milk, transportation
Yak (Bos grunniens) 2500 BC Tibet milk, muscle,meat
Asian Elephant 2000 BC Indus Valley civilization muscle, transportation
Banteng (Bos javanicus) Unknown Southeast Asia, Java Islandmarker meat, milk, muscle
Gayal (Bos gaurus frontalis) Unknown Southeast Asia meat, muscle
Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) 1500 BC Perumarker milk, transportation
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) 1500 BC- Europe hunting, companionship
Muscovy Duck (Cairina momelanotus) Unknown South America meat/fat
Guineafowl Unknown Africa
Common carp Unknown East Asia meat
Domesticated turkey 500 BC Mexicomarker, United Statesmarker meat, feathers
Goldfish Unknown Chinamarker companionship
European Rabbit 1600 Europe meat, companionship
Fallow Deer 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, antlers
Indian Peafowl 500 BC Indiamarker
Barbary Dove 500 BC North Africa
Japanese Quail (see Quail) 1100–1900 Japanmarker meat
Canary 1600 Canary Islandsmarker, Europe companionship
Mandarin Duck Unknown Chinamarker meat,fat
Mute Swan 1000–1500 Europe
Fancy rat 1800s UKmarker
Fox 1800s Europe hunting, companionship, fur
Mink 1800s Europe fur
Budgerigar 1850s Europe
Cockatiel 1870s Europe
Zebra Finch 1900s Australia
Hamster 1930s United Statesmarker companionship
Silver Fox 1950s Soviet Unionmarker
Muskox 1960s United Statesmarker muscle, meat, milk
Corn Snake 1960s United Statesmarker
Ball Python 1960s
Hissing Cockroach 1960s
Red Deer 1970s New Zealandmarker
Hedgehog 1980s United Statesmarker


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