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This is a list of events for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word "massacre".

The word massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as, "The indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers." It also states that the term is used "In the names of certain massacres of history."Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, n.

The first recorded use in English of the word massacre in the name of an event is "Marlowe (c1600) (title) The massacre at Paris", (a reference to the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre).

Massacre can also be used as a verb, as " To kill (people or, less commonly, animals) in numbers, esp. brutally and indiscriminately." The first usage of which was "1588 J. PENRY Viewe Publ. Wants Wales 65 Men which make no conscience for gaine sake, to breake the law of the æternall, and massaker soules..are dangerous subjects.",Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, v. and this usage is not recorded in this list.

Massacre is also used figuratively and idiomatically for events that do not involve any deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre, which was a mass firing of political appointees during the Watergate scandal. Such events are not listed in the table below.

List of events

Note: the location column will sort by the following sub regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Oceania
Date Location Name Deaths Description
Massacre of Thessaloniki 0,007,000 7,000 Emperor Theodosius I of Rome ordered the executions after the citizens of Thessaloniki murdered a top-level military commander during a violent protest against the arrest of a popular charioteer.
St. Brice's Day massacre 0,000,001 unknown King Ethelred II of England ordered all Danes living in England killed. The Danes were accused of aiding Viking raiders. The King of Denmark invaded England and deposed King Ethelred.
Granada massacre 0,004,0004,000 A Muslim mob crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and killed most of the Jewish population of the city, apparently angered by the prominence and wealth attained by Naghrela and his people.
Massacre of the Latins 0,060,000 ~60,000–80,000 Wholesale massacre of all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople by a mob.
Crow Creek massacre 0,000,500 ~500 Native Americans indigenous to South Dakota killed Central Plains villagers.Staff. The Crow Creek Massacre
Stockholm Massacre
(Stockholm Bloodbath)
0,000,085 ~80–90 Days after his coronation in Stockholm, King Christian II of Denmark – trying to maintain the personal union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and thus keep up his claims to the Swedish throne – liquidated nobles and bishops who earlier had opposed him, or who might stir up fresh opposition.
Cyprus massacre 0,030,000 ~30,000–50,000 Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus killed mostly Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.
St. Bartholomew's Day massacre 0,003,000 ~3,000 A wave of Catholic mob violence against the Huguenots.Staff. Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Columbia Encyclopedia, Questia Online Library Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
Spanish Killings 0,000,03131 Spanishmarker whalers went on a whaling expedition to Icelandmarker and were killed after conflict with the people of Iceland.
Jamestown Massacre 0,000,347 347 The Powhatans killed 347 settlers, almost one-third of the English population of the Virginia colony.
Bolton Massacremarker 0,000,200 200–1,600 Royalist forces killed many of the town's defenders and citizens.
Siege of Drogheda 0,003,500 ~3,500 Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army massacred almost all of the town's defenders and many citizens.
Massacre of Glencoemarker 0,000,038 38 Glencoe, engraved by W. Miller after J.M.W. Turner, Edinburgh University library Government soldiers, mainly from Clan Campbell, killed members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe.
Massacre of St George's Fieldsmarker 0,000,007 7 British garrison troops fired at a mob that was protesting the imprisonment of John Wilkes, whose crime was criticizing King George III.
Boston Massacre 0,000,005 5 British troops fired at a mob of colonists. This helped spark the American Revolution even though an all-colonist jury found the soldiers innocent.
Bloody Falls Massacremarker 0,000,020 20 Chipewyan warriors attacked an Inuit camp, killing men, women and children.
Baylor Massacremarker 0,000,015 15 British infantry troops attacked sleeping Continental Light Dragoons using bayonets.
Waxhaw Massacremarker 0,000,113 113 Loyalist troops under the command of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton slashed and bayoneted fallen American troops during the late stages of the Battle of Waxhawsmarker. Conflicting contemporary accounts claim violation of an American white flag by one or the other of the sides involved.
Gnadenhutten massacremarker
(Moravian massacre)
0,000,096 96 Pennsylvania militia men attacked a Moravian mission and killed 96 peaceful Christian American Indians there in retaliation for unrelated deaths of several white Pennsylvanians.
September Massacres 0,001,440 ~1440 Popular courts in the French Revolution sentenced prisoners to death, including around 240 priests.
Boyd massacre 0,000,066 66 Whangaroa Maori killed and ate 66 crew and passengers on ship The Boyd.
Peterloo Massacremarker 0,000,011 11 Armed cavalry charged a peaceful pro-democracy meeting of 60,000 people.
Tripolitsa Massacre 0,035,000 30,000 Turks (actually Moslems of Morea) >5,000 Jews Up to 30,000 Turks were killed in Tripolitsa and the whole Jewish population was wiped out.
Waterloo Creek massacre 0,000,100 100 to 300 Aboriginal Australians killed by a force of colonial mounted police.
Myall Creek massacre 0,000,028 28 A white posse killed Aboriginal Australians. The perpetrators were convicted and sentenced to death.
Haun's Mill massacremarker 0,000,019 19 About 240 Livingston Countymarker Missouri Regulators militiamen and volunteers killed 18 Mormons and one ally.
Gippsland massacres. 0,000,450 ~450 A series of massacres spanning several years: 1840 – Nuntin, 1840 – Boney Point, 1841 – Butchers Creek – 30–35, 1841 – Mafframarker, 1842 – Skull Creek, 1842 – Bruthen Creek – "hundreds killed", 1843 – Warrigal Creek – between 60 and 180 shot, 1844 – Maffra, 1846 – South Gippsland – 14 killed, 1846 – Snowy Rivermarker – 8 killed, 1846–47 – Central Gippsland – 50 or more shot, 1850 – East Gippsland – 15–20 killed, 1850 – Murrindal – 16 poisoned, 1850 – Brodribb River – 15–20 killed.. See also Angus McMillan.
Massacre of Elphinstone's Army 0,016,000 16,000 Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilians.
Ward massacreStaff. Snake River Massacre Account by One of the Survivors, Oregon Historical Society, 2002. 0,000,019 19 Shoshone tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.
Mountain Meadows massacre 0,000,120 120-140 Mormon militia, some dressed as Indians, and Paiute tribesmen killed and plundered unarmed members of the Fancher–Baker emigrant wagon train.
Aiken massacre 0,000,006 6Roger A. Hall. Performing the American Frontier, 1870–1906, Published by Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0521793203. p 93 Six wealthy Californians travelling through the territory, arrested as spies, released, then killed.
Shepherd massacre 0,000,0055 Bannock, Shoshone, and whites dressed as Indians killed and plundered California emigrant wagon train members.
Miltimore massacre 0,000,0088. Bannock, Shoshone, and whites dressed as Indians tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.
Utter massacre 0,000,02828. Bannock, Shoshone, tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members. Of four captured children, one was saved in 1862 by California Volunteers.
Shelton Laurel Massacremarker 0,000,01313 Thirteen boys and men, who were accused of being Union sympathizers, were summarily executed by members of the 64th North Carolina Regiment of the Confederate Army.
Bear River massacremarker 0,000,225 ~225 3rd Regiment California Volunteer Infantry destroyed a village of Shoshone in southeastern Idaho.
Lawrence Massacre 0,000,150 ~150 Pro-Confederate bushwhackers attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansasmarker during the American Civil War.
Sand Creek massacremarker 0,000,200 ~200 Colorado Territory militia destroyed a village of Cheyenne and Arapaho on the eastern plains.
Batak massacremarker 0,003,000 3,000–5,000 Ottoman army irregulars killed Bulgarian civilians barricaded in Batak's church.
Rock Springs massacre 0,000,028 28 Rioting white immigrant miners killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15, and 75 Chinese homes burned.
Washita Massacre
(Battle of Washita Rivermarker)
0,000,029 29–150 Lt.Col. G.A.Custer's 7th cavalry attacked a village of sleeping Cheyenne led by Black Kettle. Custer reported 103 – later revised to 140 – warriors, "some" women and "few" children killed, and 53 women and children taken hostage. Other casualty estimates by cavalry members, scouts and Indians vary widely, with the number of men killed ranging as low as 11 and the numbers of women and children ranging as high as 75. Before returning to their base, the cavalry killed several hundred Indian ponies and burned the village.
Wounded Knee Massacre 0,000,200~200–300 The U.S. 7th Cavalry intercepted a band of Lakota Sioux people on their way to the Pine Ridge Reservation for shelter from the winter; as they were disarming them, a gun was fired, and the soldiers turned their artillery on the Lakota, killing men women and children.
1894–1896 Hamidian massacres 0,100,000100,000–300,000 Sultan Abdul Hamid II ordered Ottoman forces to kill Armenians across the empire.
Leliefontein massacremarker 0,000,035 35 During the Second Boer War, Boer forces under Manie Maritz massacred 35 Khoikhoi for being British sympathisers.
Moro Crater massacre 0,000,800 800–1,000 Forces of the U.S. Army under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, a naval detachment comprising 540 soldiers, along with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a village hidden in the crater of a dormant volcano.
Ludlow massacre 0,000,020 20 Twenty people, 11 of them children, died during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado. The event led to wider conflict quelled only by Federal troops sent in by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.
Amritsar massacre 0,000,379 379Staff. Radio 4: This Sceptred Isle: Empire: Amritsar, Episode 83 – 07/06/06, BBC, Massacre-of-Amritsar, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 15 February 2008 90 British Indian Army soldiers, led by Brigadier Reginald Dyer, opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted for 10 to 15 minutes, till they ran out of ammunition.
Croke Park Massacre 0,000,023 23 British Auxiliary police and Black and Tans fired at Gaelic football spectators at Croke Parkmarker.
Rosewood Massacremarker 0,000,0088 Several days of violence by white mobs, ranging in size up to 400 people, resulted in the deaths of six blacks and two whites and the destruction of the town of Rosewood, which was abandoned after the incident.
Saint Valentine's Day massacremarker 0,000,007 7 Al Capone's gang shot rival gang members and their associates.
1929 Hebron massacre 0,000,069 69, Arabs kill 69 Jews after being incited by religious leaders.
Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre 0,000,225 200 to 250 Soldiers of the British Raj fired on unarmed non-violent protestors of the Khudai Khidmatgar with machine guns during the Indian independence movement
Ponce Massacremarker 0,000,019 19 The Insular Police fired on unarmed Nationalist demonstrators peacefully marching to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico. The Insular Police answered to orders of the U.S.-appointed governor of Puerto Rico, General Blanton Winship. It was the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.
Nanking Massacre
(Rape of Nanking)
0,220,000 42,000–400,000, median: 260,000 The Imperial Japanese Army pillaged Nankingmarker for six weeks
Katyn massacremarker 0,022,000 21,857 to 25,700 Soviet NKVD executed Polishmarker intelligentsia, POWs and reserve officers.
NKVD prisoner massacres 0,100,000 ~100,000 The Soviet People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, or NKVD) executed tens of thousands of political prisoners in the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa.
Babi Yar massacremarker 0,030,001 > 30,000 Germansmarker killed the Jewish population of Kievmarker.Staff. The Holocaust Chronicle: Massacre at Babi Yar, The Holocaust Chronicle web site, Access 17 December 2007
Laha massacre 0,000,300 ~300Saff Fall of Ambon: Massacred at Laha, Australia's War 1939-145 An Australian government website. The Japanese killed surrendered Australian soldiers.
Lari Massacre 0,000,150 ~150 About 150 Kikuyu were killed by fellow tribesmen.
Lidice massacremarker 0,000,340 340 Nazis killed 192 men, and sent the women and children to Nazi concentration camps where many died.Katerina Zachovalova. War Crime To War Game, Time, September 17
Massacre of the Acqui Division 0,005,000 ~5000 Wehrmacht troops executed POWs from the Italian 33 Infantry Division Acqui
Marzabotto massacremarker 0,000,700 ~700–1,800 The SSmarker killed Italian civilians in reprisal for support given to the resistance movement.Staff, Italy convicts Nazis of massacre BBC, 13 January 2007
Oradour-sur-Glane massacre 0,000,642 642 The Waffen-SS killed 642 men, women and children without giving any specific reasons for their actions.

Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacremarker 0,000,560560 Retreating SSmarker-men of the II Battallion of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 35 of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, rounded up 560 villagers and refugees — mostly women, children and older men — shot them and then burned their bodies.
Malmedy massacremarker 0,000,088 88 German soldiers shot American POWs (43 escaped).
Chenogne massacre 0,000,060 60 German prisoners were shot by American forces in retalliation for the Malmedy Massacremarker.
228 Massacre 0,010,000 10,000–30,000
Batang Kali massacre 0,000,02424 Villagers were purportedly shot by British troops before the village was burnt.
Sharpeville massacre 0,000,081 72 to 90 South African police shot down black protesters.
Novocherkassk massacre 0,000,023 23–70, >40 injured The MVD open fire on a crowd of protesters demonstrating against inflation.
University of Texas massacre 0,000,016 16 University of Texasmarker was the site of a massacre by Charles Whitman, who killed his mother and wife at their homes before killing 14 and wounding 32 others at the University atop the university tower before the police killed him.
My Lai Massacremarker 0,000,504 504 US soldiers killed 504 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers ranging in ages from 1 to 81 years, mostly women and children.
Tlatelolco massacre 0,000,025 25 – 350 Government troops massacred between 25 (officially) and 350 (according to human rights activists) students on the eve of the 1968 Summer Olympics taking place in Mexico City, and then tried to wash the blood away, along with evidence of the massacre.
Kent State massacremarker 0,000,004 4 29 members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia on the Kent State University college campus, killing 4 and wounding 9, one of whom was permanently paralyzed.
Bogside Massacre
(Bloody Sunday)
0,000,01414 British paratroopers open fired on unarmed civil rights protesters, killing 14.
Lod Airport massacremarker 0,000,02426 Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Avivmarker's Lodmarker airport (now Ben Gurion International Airportmarker).
Munich Massacremarker 0,000,011 12 Members of the Israelimarker Olympic team were taken hostage and killed by the Palestinian Black September group. Also killed was a West German police officer.
Ma'alot massacre 0,000,029 29 Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrate Israel from Lebanon, shoot and kill a Christian Arab woman and a Jewish couple and their 4 year old son, and then take hostage and kill 22 high school students and three of their adult escorts.
Miami Showband massacremarker 0,000,005 5 Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) killed three members of pop group the Miami Showband in a gun and bomb attack. Two UVF members also died when the bomb exploded prematurely.
Kingsmill massacre 0,000,010 10 Irish republicans shot ten Irish Protestant workers dead outside the village of Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Irelandmarker.Staff. 1976: Ten dead in Northern Ireland ambush, BBC, On this days series (5 January) (Accessed 23 December 2007)
Damour massacre 0,000,582 582 Palestinian militia aligned with the Lebanese National Movement kill 582 civilians in the village of Damourmarker during the Lebanese Civil War.Staff. (Accessed 17 May 2009)
Coastal Road massacremarker 0,000,035 35 Palestinian Fatah members based in Lebanon land on a beach north of Tel Avivmarker, kill an American photographer, and hijack an inter-city bus driving along Israelmarker's Coastal Highway. 35 civilians are killed and 80 wounded.
Tula Massacre 0,000,013 13 13 tortured bodies were found at Tula,Hidalgo,Mexico at the time of Arturo Durazo Moreno Administration
El Mozote Massacremarker 0,001,000 1,000+ The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozotemarker, in Morazán department, El Salvadormarker, on December 11, 1981, when Salvadoran armed forces trained by the United States military killed at least 1000 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign.
Hama massacre 0,007,000 7,000–35,000 The Syrian Army kills an estimated 30,000 people in the city of Hamamarker. Instances of mass execution and torture by the Syrian military were documented during the attacks.
Sabra and Shatila massacre 0,000,700 700–3,500 Refugees are killed by the Christian Lebanese Forces militia in refugee camps surrounded by Israel Defense Forces. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the massacre and declared it to be an act of genocide.
Dujail Massacre 0,000,148 148 Dujail was the site of an unsuccessful assassination attempt against then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, on July 8, 1982. Saddam Hussein ordered his special security and military forces to carry out a reprisal attack against the town, imprisoning hundreds of men, women and children. In March 1985, 148 of the town's men were executed.Rory Carroll. Saddam trial to open with village massacre, the Guardian, June 7, 2005
Accomarca massacre 0,000,047 47, 69 or 74 An army massacre of campesinos (including six children) in Accomarca, Ayacucho.
Hungerford massacre 0,000,016 16 A gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun killed 16 people before committing suicide.
Remembrance Day bombingmarker
(Poppy Day Massacre)
0,000,012 12 Provisional IRA bombing at the town's cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday.
Milltown massacre 0,000,003 3 Ulster Freedom Fighters member Michael Stone kills three people and injures 60 others in a gun and grenade attack at the funeral of three IRA members being held in Milltown Cemeterymarker, Belfastmarker.
Tiananmen Square Massacremarker 0,000,400 400–3,000 Student pro-democracy protestors were killed by the Chinese military.
École Polytechnique massacremarker 0,000,014 14 Marc Lépine, claiming to fight feminism, shot and killed 14 female students of the École Polytechnique de Montréal and wounded 14 other people before turning his gun on himself. The event led to stricter gun control laws and changes in police tactical response to shootings in Canada.
Eastern University massacre, 0,000,158 158 Eastern University massacre is the massacre of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa Districtmarker, Sri Lankamarker.
Sathurukondan massacre 0,000,184 184 Sathurukondan massacre, also known as the 1990 Batticaloa massacre is the massacre of 184 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa Districtmarker, Sri Lankamarker.
Aramoana massacremarker 0,000,013 13 The Aramoana massacremarker occurred on 13 November 1990 in the small seaside township of Aramoana in New Zealand. Lone gunman David Malcolm Gray began shooting indiscriminately at people, killing 13 people before being killed by police himself, allegedly after a dispute with his next door neighbor. It remains New Zealands deadliest criminal shooting.
Luby's massacremarker 0,000,022 22 George Jo Hennard drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot and killed 22 people, wounded another 20 and then committed suicide by shooting himself.
Vukovar massacremarker 0,000,264 264 Members of the Serb militias, aided by the Yugoslav People's Army, killed Croat civilians and POWs.
Khojaly Massacremarker 0,000,613 613 Armenianmarker armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russianmarker 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, captured the town of Khojalymarker. The death toll according to the Government of Azerbaijan was 613 civilians, of whom 106 were women and 83 were children.
Maraghar Massacre 0,000,045 45 Azerbaijani forces attacked the ethnic Armenian town of Maraghar. According to Caroline Cox, who observed the damage and interviewed eyewitnesses, the Azerbaijani forces decapitated about forty five villagers, burned and looted much of the town, and kidnapped about one hundred women and children. The inhabitants of Maraghar who were driven out after the attack were unable to return to their village after the ceasefire of 1994, as the area was still under Azeri control.
Boipatong massacre 0,000,045 45 45 African National Congress (ANC) supporters were killed by members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).
Bisho massacre 0,000,029 29 28 African National Congress (ANC) supporters and one soldier were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force during a protest march.
Brown's Chicken massacremarker 0,000,007 7 Seven people were murdered at the Brown's Chicken and Pasta in Palatine
Sivas massacre 0,000,033 33 33 Alevi intellectuals were killed when a mob of radical Islamists set fire to the hotel where the group had assembled.
St James Church massacremarker 0,000,011 11 11 People were killed during a church service by Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) armed with assault rifles and grenades.
Greysteel massacre 0,000,008 8 Ulster Freedom Fighters opened fire in a crowded bar using an AK-47 and automatic pistol.
Yanomami Massacre 0,000,016 ~16–73 Garimpeiros (illegal gold miners) killed Yanomami people.
Cave of the Patriarchs massacre
(Ibrahimi Mosque massacre)
0,000,029 29 Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle killing 29 Muslims and wounding 150 at prayer in the Ibrahimi Mosque before being subdued and beaten to death.
et seq. Algerian Village Massacres of the 1990s 0,000,10000>10,000 During the 1990s, Islamist militants in Algeria perpetrated many large-scale massacres of villagers, attacking villages at night and cutting the throats of the inhabitants. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994), and were particularly concentrated in the areas between Algiers and Oran, with very few occurring in the east or in the Sahara.
Shell House massacre 0,000,019 19 Security guards of the African National Congress (ANC) fired on 20,000 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) marchers.
Beit Lid massacre 0,000,021 22 First suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad, killing 22 and wounding 69. Carried out by two bombers; the second waited until emergency crews arrived to assist the wounded and dying before detonating his bomb.
Srebrenica massacre 0,008,000 ~8,000 Units of the Army of the Republika Srpska killed male Bosniaks; the largest mass killing in Europe since World War II.Udo Ludwig and Ansgar Mertin, Srebrenica Massacre Survivors Sue Netherlands, United Nations Der Spiegel, June 5, 2007.
Dunblane massacre 0,000,018 17 A gunman opened fire in a primary school, killing sixteen children and one teacher before killing himself.
Port Arthur massacremarker 0,000,035 35. The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 35 people and wounded 21 others mainly at the historic tourist site Port Arthurmarker in south-eastern Tasmaniamarker, Australia. The massacre remains Australia's deadliest mass killing spree and remains one of the deadliest such incidents worldwide in recent times.
Qana Massacre 0,000,106 106 Israeli artillery struck the Unifil Headquarters in Qanamarker which was providing shelter to approximately two hundred Lebanese civilians.
Ghulja Massacre 0,000,009 > 9 After two days of protests during which the protesters had marched shouting "God is great" and "independence for Xinjiang" the demonstrations were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Official reports put the death toll at 9 while dissident reports estimated the number killed at more than 100.
Acteal Massacre 0,000,045 45 Massacre carried out by paramilitary forces of 45 people attending a prayer meeting of indigenous townspeople, who were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas ("The Bees"), in the village of Acteal, municipality of Chenalhó, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.
Columbine High School massacremarker 0,000,013 13 Two teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold open fire on their classmates on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High Schoolmarker, killing 12 students and one teacher before committing suicide.
Nanoor massacre 0,000,011 11 Killing of 11 landless labourers allegedly by activists of Communist Party of India , a political party in India, in Suchpur, near Nanoormarker and under Nanoor police station, in Birbhum districtmarker in the Indianmarker state of West Bengalmarker.
Passover massacremarker 0,000,030 30 Killing of 30 guests at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel, sitting down to the traditional Passover Seder meal. Another 143 were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.
Beslan School Massacre 0,000,334 334 Armed Chechen separatists took more than 1,200 people hostage at a school. 334 civilians were killed, including 186 school children, and hundreds wounded.
Virginia Tech Massacremarker 0,000,032 32 Gunman Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many others before committing suicide. The massacre is the deadliest peacetime shooting incident by a single gunman in United States history, on or off a school campus.
28 September Massacre 0,000,157 157 Guinean uniformed security forces opened fire on a political rally trapped in the 28 September Stadium.
Fort Hood Massacre
(Fort Hood shootingmarker)
0,000,012 13 Gunman Malik Nadal Hasan, a Major in the US Army, allegedly killed 12 soldiers and one civilian, and wounded at least 30 on the base at Ft. Hood. Initial reports indicate Hassan was upset at being deployed to Iraq.
Maguindanao massacre

0,000,057 57 A group of 100 armed men, alleged to include police and private militia led by Andal Ampatuan, Jr., stopped a convoy of five cars transporting Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu, the wife of Esmael Mangudadatu, who is running for provincial governor in the 2010 Philippine elections. She was en-route to the town of Shariff Aguakmarker to file a certificate of candidacy for her husband, accompanied by his sisters, other supporters, and members of the press. The attackers kidnapped and later killed all members of the Mangudadatu group; reports state that women in the group were raped before being killed. Five other people not part of the group, in a car behind the convoy, were also kidnapped and killed.

See also

Notes and references

  1. , "…and 7,000 were dead by morning..." (Page 139)
  2. "It is usually assumed that this story relates to the St Brice's Day massacre …" (Page 55)
  3. "1002 St Brice's Day massacre; Danes in England were killed on order of King Ethelred." (Page 340)
  4. Staff. Saint Brices Day massacre, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 26 December 2007
  5. " It should be noted though that the Granada massacre of 1066 was the first instance of persecution of Jews in Muslim Spain, which had enjoyed an almost unblemished record of tolerance for the preceding 350 years." (Page 80)
  6. " Assuming that he was at least ten years old, however, it is again surprising that no more personal recollection of the Granada massacre is found in his writing…" (Page 110)
  7. "More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, Ṭebet 9 (= Dec. 30), 1066."
  8. He was proud to his own hurt, and the Berber princes were jealous of him, with the result that on the Sabbath, on the 9th of Tebet in the year 4827 [Saturday, December 30, 1066], he and the Community of Granada were murdered.
  9. Staff, Crow Creek Massacre, University of South Dakota
  10. Lauritz Weibull. "Nordisk historia. Forskningar och undersökningar. Del III. Från Erik den helige till Karl XII", Stockholm 1949, p. 160–163
  11. González, Justo K., The Story of Christianity: Volume Two – The Reformation to the Present Day, HarperCollins Publishers, 1984, p. 92, ISBN 0-06-063316-6
  12. Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People, Volume 2 MacMillan Co., 1915, pp. 111–114, ISBN 978-0404028183
  13. Riis, Jacob A., Hero Tales of the Far North, Project Gutenberg, 2004
  14. Change and Development in the Middle East: essays in honour of W.B. Fisher, John Innes Clarke, Howard Bowen-Jones, 1981, p.290
  15. The Heritage of Armenian Literature, A. J. (Agop Jack) Hacikyan, Nourhan Ouzounian, Gabriel Basmajian, Edward S. Franchuk, 2000, p.777
  16. "Turkey" by Edward Shepherd Creasy, Page 195
  17. Eric Solsten, ed. Cyprus: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.
  18. Staff, Massacre of Saint Bartholomews Day (French history), Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 23 December 2007
  19. Janell Broyles, A Timeline of the Jamestown Colony, p. 22, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004
  20. Alfred Abioseh Jarrett, The Impact of Macro Social Systems on Ethnic Minorities in the United States, Page 29, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000
  21. Bolton history
  22. Lonely Planet
  23. John Tincey, Marston Moor 1644: The Beginning Of The End: Osprey Publishing (March 11, 2003) ISBN 1841763349 p 33 "the `massacre at Bolton' became a staple of Parliamentarian propaganda"
  24. [Mícheál Ó Siochrú/RTÉ ONE, Cromwell in Ireland Part 1. Broadcast 9/9/2008]
  25. Oxford English Dictionary Cites "a1715 BP. G. BURNET Hist. Own Time (1734) II. 156 The Massacre in Glencoe, made still a great noise." and "1957 ‘H. MACDIARMID’ Battle Continues 1 Franco has made no more horrible shambles Than this poem of Campbell's, The foulest outrage his breed has to show Since the massacre of Glencoe!"
  26. St. George's Field Riot
  27. Zobel, The Boston Massacre, W.W.Norton and Co.(1970), 199–200.
  28. Boston Massacre – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  29. Boston Massacre
  30. Kenn Harper A Day in Arctic History: July 17, 1771 — Slaughter at Bloody Falls, Nunatsiaq News, 29 July 2005
  31. Robin McGrath. Samuel Hearne And The Inuit Oral Tradition, University of New Brunswick, libraries Accessed 23 December, 2007
  32. Staff, Samuel Hearne and David Thompson, trekking in the footsteps, HighBeam Research, (From: Manitoba History Society| Date: 6/1/2005| Author: Binning, Alexander)
  33. Bloody Falls, The Canadian Encyclopedia
  34. Buford's Massacre
  36. Gnadenhutten Massacre (United States history) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  38. David Andress, The Terror: The Merciless War for Freedom in Revolutionary France, Chapter 4, Macmillan, 2006
  39. "New plaque for massacre memorial", BBC, 17 August 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  40. McCarthy, Justin (1996). Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821–1922. Darwin Press, Incorporated. ISBN 0878500944.
  41. National Centre for History Education (Australia)
  42. "Frontier Conflict: The Australian Experience", Bruce Elder, Sydney Morning Herald, March 29, 2003
  43. "Myall Creek Massacre", Parliament of New South Wales Hansard, June 8, 2000
  44. FAQ "What was the Haun's Mill Massacre?" – Brigham Young University website (abstracted from "Haun's Mill Massacre," in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. Daniel H. Ludlow, New York: Macmillan, 1992)
  45. Historical Record, Jenson, Vol. 7 & 8, p 671.
  46. History of the Church, Vol. III, pp 182–186.
  47. Gardner, P.D. (2001), Gippsland massacres: the destruction of the Kurnai tribes, 1800-1860, Ngarak Press, Essay, Victoria ISBN 1-875254-31-5
  48. Gippsland Settlers and the Kurnai Dead - Patrick Morgan – Quadrant Magazine
  49. Afghan and Northwest Border Wars 1834 to 1897
  50. Summary: the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1838–42
  51. Massacre of Elphinstone's army
  52. Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 73–102. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
  53. .
  54. .
  55. * . * . * .
  56. (Chapter XX. pp 562–563) ( Internet Archive versions).
  57. Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 177–196. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
  58. Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 197–222. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
  59. Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Utter Distaster. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-2-8
  60. Paludan, Philip S. 1981. Victims: A True Story of the Civil War. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press. 144 p.
  61. Pages 190 to 192, The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, by Brigham D. Madsen, forward by Charles S. Peterson, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
  62. Pages 183 to 194, The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, by Brigham D. Madsen, forward by Charles S. Peterson, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
  63. William Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre
  64. Lawrence (Kansas, United States)
  65. The Bloodiest Man In American History
  66. Erastus D. Ladd's Description of the Lawrence Massacre, by Russell E. Bidlack, Summer 1963
  67. Chapter 14: American Military History, Volume I
  68. "Inquiry into the Sand Creek Massacre, November, 1864." The Wynkoop Family Research Library. Freepages. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  69. Hoig, Stan. (1977). The Sand Creek Massacre. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-1147-6
  70. Greenway, Paul. (2002). Bulgaria: Centuries of History Ripe for Discovery. P141. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1864501480
  71. Bousfield, Jonathan. (2002). The Rough Guide to Bulgaria. P352. Rough Guides. ISBN 1858288827
  72. Crampton, R.J. (2007). Bulgaria. P92. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198205147
  73. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica: Bulgaria, History
  74. Camp Pilot Butte, National Register of Historic Places.
  75. Larson, History of Wyoming, pp. 141–44.
  76. Daniels, Asian America, pp. 61–63.
  77. ABC-CLIO Schools | Washita Massacre
  78. Andrist, Ralph K., The Long Death: The Last Days of the Plains Indians, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001, 371 pages, pp 157–162, ISBN 978-0806133089
  79. Brown, Dee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Henry Holt and Co., 2007, 487 pages, pp 167–169, ISBN 978-0-8050-8684-3
  80. Churchill, Ward, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas, 1492 to the Present, City Lights, 1997, 381 pages, p 236, ISBN 978-0-87286-323-1
  81. Colorado Humanities | Sand Creek Memorial and Washita Sites
  82. - Washita Battlefield, Oklahoma
  83. Giago, Tim - Honoring Those Who Died at Washita
  84. Native American Netroots | The 140th Anniversary of the Washita Massacre of Nov. 27, 1868
  85. PBS - THE WEST - Washita
  86. The Saint Francis Herald, "Cherry Creek Massacre recognized in magazine", St. Francis, KS, November 17, 2005
  87. Zeman, Scott C., Chronology of the American West from 23,000 B.C.E. through the Twentieth Century, ABC-CLIO, 2002, 381 pages, p 155, ISBN 978-1-57607-207-3
  88. Ostler, Jeffrey, Conquest and the State, 65 Pacific Hist. Rev. 217, 248 n.52 (1996)(collecting estimates)
  89. National Historic Landmarks Program: Wounded Knee National Park Service. Retrieved on 19 February 2008.
  90. The Wounded Knee Massacre
  91. "also known as the Hamidian Massacres, after the sultan", distinguishing the current name from what the events were previously known as: the Armenian Massacres.
  92. "They are now known as the Hamidian Massacres"
  93. "they are now often called the Hamidian massacres to distinguish them from the greater attrocities associated with the 1915 Armenian Genocide"
  94. Mark Twain, Weapons of Satire, pp. 168–178, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY 1992
  95. American Troops Killing Muslims: A Massacre to Remember, by Christine Gibson,, March 8, 2006
  96. Byler, Charles A. Pacifying the Moros; Military Review, May–June, 2005
  97. American Experience | The Rockefellers | Special Features | The Ludlow Massacre (PBS)
  98. The Ludlow Massacre | United Mine Workers of America
  99. Zinn, H. "The Ludlow Massacre", Excerpt from A People's History of the United States. pgs 346–349.
  100. T. Ryle Dwyer, The Squad and the intelligence operations of Michael Collins, Dublin, 2005
  101. David Leeson, "Death in the Afternoon: The Croke Park Massacre, 21 November 1920," Canadian Journal of History, vol. 38, no. 1 (April 2003)
  102. Florida Department of State, State Library & Archives of Florida, Rosewood Bibliography
  103. Federal Bureau of Investigation – Freedom of Information Privacy Act
  104. Al Capone: Chicago's Most Infamous Mob Boss – The Crime library
  105. ‘The Hebron Massacre of 1929,’ Jewish Virtual Library
  106. 19 Were killed including 2 policemen caught in the cross-fire The Washington Post. Tuesday, December 28, 1999; Page A03. Apology Isn't Enough for Puerto Rico Spy Victims. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  107. Biggest Massacre in Puerto Rican History Retrieved July 14, 2009.
  108. Honda Katsuichi, The Nanjing Massacre, M.E. Sharp 1998
  109. Fordham University webpage: Modern History Sourcebook
  110. Matthew White Nanking Massacre, Accessed 17 December 2007. Cites eight sources directly and another ten indirectly. Lowest estimate Spence, The Search for Modern China: 42,000. Highest estimate Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking (1997), citing James Yin & Shi Young: 400,000
  111. Justin Harmon Student-Run Conference to Examine Nanking Massacre, Princeton University, November 12, 1997
  112. John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr. In Denial: Historians, Communism, and Espionage. Encounter Books, 2003. ISBN 1-893554-72-4 p. 22
  113. Aleksandr Shelepin's March 3, 1959 note to Khrushchev, with information about the execution of 21,857 Poles and with the proposal to destroy their personal files. Online
  114. Beria's March 1940 proposal to shoot 25,700 Poles from Kozelsk, Ostashkov, and Starobels camps, and from certain prisons of Western Ukraine and Belarus bearing Stalin's signature (among others). proposal online
  115. Fischer, Benjamin B., " The Katyn Controversy: Stalin's Killing Field", Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1999–2000
  116. Staff, Katyn Massacre, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 23 December 2007
  117. Robert Gellately. Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe. Knopf, 2007 ISBN 1400040051 p. 391
  118. Peter Stanley The defence of the 'Malay barrier': Rabaul and Ambon, January 1942 principal historian to Australian War Memorial
  119. David Vaughan. The Lidice massacre – atrocity and courage website of Czech Radio, 11 June 2002
  120. Lidice memorial
  121. Richard Owen. Ten convicted for 1944 massacre, The Times, 15 January 2007
  122. Oradour Info – Oradour-sur-Glane 10th June 1944
  123. The Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre
  124. The Second World War – The massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane
  125. – Robin Mackness's book, 'Oradour Massacre and Aftermath'
  126. Amazon – Massacre at Oradour – by Robin Mackness – ISBN 978-0394570020
  127. Oxford Journals – Massacre at Oradour, France, 1944 by Stephanie Hare-Cuming
  128. Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Sarah Farmer, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. xvii + 300 pp. ISBN 978-0-520-21186-5.
  129. The Malmedy Massacre Revisited – Henri Rogister, Joseph Dejardin et Emile Jamar – Website du C.R.I.B.A. (Centre de Recherches et d'Informations sur la Bataille des Ardennes) [1]
  130. Malay massacre evidence to be reviewed by the UK government
  131. BBC Malaysia Correspondent's account
  132. Only one reference names this as "the Batang Massacre" rather then just a massacre at Batang
  133. The Sharpeville Massacre – TIME
  134. The Sharpeville Massacre – A watershed in South Africa
  135. Alessandra Stanley, Russian General Campaigns On Old-Time Soviet Values The New York Times, 13 October 1995
  136. Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0300087608 p. 228
  137. Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0300087608 p. 226
  138. Staff. Murder in the name of war – My Lai, BBC, 20 July 1998
  139. Staff. The My Lai Massacre, PBS Online, 29 March 2005
  140. Former Mexican president sheds light on 1968 massacre, CNN, 4 February 1998
  141. Mexican Court Issues Warrant for Former President
  142. Mexico Digs at Last for Truth About 1968 Massacre
  143. "These would be the first of many probes into what soon became known as the Kent State Massacre. Like the Boston Massacre almost exactly two hundred years before (March 5, 1770), which it resembled, it was called a massacre not for the number of its victims but for the wanton manner in which they were shot down."
  144. "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard an Air France flight from Paris. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Accessed June 2, 2008.
  145. "The short-term impact of the Lod Airport massacre as a precursor to Munich..." Stephen Sloan, John C. Bersia, J. B. Hill. Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context, Berg Publisher, 2006, p. 50. ISBN 1845203445
  146. "Two years later, just before the Lod Airport massacre, authorities uncovered the bodies of 14 young men and women on remote Mount Haruna, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo." "Again the Red Army", TIME, August 18, 1975.
  147. "Those named by Lebanese officials as having been arrested included at least three Red Army members who have been wanted for years by Japanese authorities, most notably Kozo Okamoto, 49, the only member of the attacking group who survived the Lod Airport massacre." "Lebanon Seizes Japanese Radicals Sought in Terror Attacks", The New York Times, February 19, 1997.
  148. "They were responsible for the Lod Airport massacre in Israel in 1972, which was committed on behalf of the PFLP." Jeffrey D. Simon, The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism, Indiana University Press, p. 324. ISBN 0253214777
  149. .
  150. .
  151. Sources describing the event as a "massacre": *"The day after the Ma'alot massacre, condemned by Pope Paul VI and most Western leaders as "an evil outrage," ..." Frank Gervasi. Thunder Over the Mediterranean, McKay, 1975, p. 443. *"The previous day Israel had been traumatized by the Ma'alot massacre, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous schoolchildren." William B. Quandt. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, p. 432. *"Faced with a public outcry over the Ma'alot massacre, they demanded of Syria a pledge to forbid terrorist to cross the Golan into Israel." Milton Viorst. Sands of Sorrow: Israel's Journey from Independence, I.B.Tauris, 1987, p. 192. *"...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6. *"The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639. *"On 22 November 1974, six months after the Ma'alot massacre, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accept the Palestine Liberation Organisation as an..." Martin Gilbert. The Jews in the Twentieth Century: An Illustrated History, Schocken Books, 2001, p. 327.
  152. Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, March 07, 2007.
  153. Sam Knight and agencies, Ulster lukewarm about unsolved murders probe, The Times, 20 January 2006
  154. Friedman, New York Times, Sep 20, 21, 26, 27, 1982
  155. "Among the most notorious attacks was the coastal road massacre in Israel in March 1978. The attack left 35 civilians dead and 80 wounded." Ben Gad, Yitschak. Politics, Lies, and Videotape, Shapolsky Publishers, 1991, ISBN 1561710156, p. 94.
  156. "1978, March 11. The Coastal Road Massacre" Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 B.C. to the Present, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 0061812358, p. 1362.
  157. "Operation Litani is launched in retaliation for that month's Coastal Road massacre." Gregory S. Mahler. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, ISBN 0742516113, p. 259.
  158. "So did the Coastal Road massacre of 1978, in which a POLO hijacking of an intercity bus ended with the deaths of thirty-five Israeli hostages." Binyamin Netanyahu. A Durable Peace: Israel and Its Place Among the Nations, Warner Books, 2000, ISBN 0446523062, p. 218.
  159. El Salvador death squads
  160. The New York Times > International > Americas > O.A.S. to Reopen Inquiry Into Massacre in El Salvador in 1981
  161. Yemeni father's school slaughter, The Independent (March 31, 1997)
  162. Friedman, Thomas L., From Beirut to Jerusalem, (Macmillan, 1991), 76–105.
  163. Robert Fisk Another war on terror. Another proxy army. Another mysterious massacre. And now, after 19 years, perhaps the truth at last..., The Independent 28 November, 2001
  164. Cilina Nasser. Sharon role in massacre remembered, Al Jazeera, 5 March 2006
  165. Amal Hamdan Remembering Sabra and Shatila, Al Jazeera, 16 September, 2003
  166. Staff. Documents Link Saddam To Massacre, Al Jazeera, March 3, 2006 cites source as Reuters
  167. Unofficial biography of Alan Garcia. Alan Garcia life and work. Alan Garcia contributions
  168. Notorious Peruvian School of the Americas Graduates
  169. RIGHTS-PERU: Time Is of the Essence in Extradition of War Criminal
  170. Staff. On this day August 19: 1987: Gunman kills 14 in Hungerford rampage, BBC,
  171. , "The most dreadful of all the IRA errors came first with the Remembrance Day bombing in Enniskillen in November 1987: the Poppy Day Massacre" (Page 591)
  172. CSN warns Americans about the AP's "climb down" on Tiananmen numbers, CSN, 18 May 2004
  173. p.378–397
  174. p.40
  175. p.121
  176. Aramoana Massacre –
  177. Aramoana movie will bring back the tears - Local News – Wairarapa Times-Age
  178. Return to Aramoana – page 1 – National – NZ Herald News
  179. A Texas Massacre
  180. Memories of Luby's massacre in wake of Fort Hood shooting
  181. Killeen's Other Massacre – The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan
  182. Luby’s Massacre Remains Among Nation’s Worst Mass Shootings
  183. Croatia massacre trial under way", BBC News, 11 October 2005
  184. Vukovar massacre: What happened", BBC News, 13 June 2003
  185. ICTY Indictment
  186. New York Times: Serbian Court Finds 14 Guilty in '91 Massacre of Croatians
  187. Letter from the Charge d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office
  188. Human Rights Watch / Helsinki. Azerbaijan: Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. New York. 1994.
  189. Thomas De Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War, NYU Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8147-1945-7. Chapter 11. August 1991 – May 1992: War Breaks Out.
  190. TIME Magazine – Tragedy Massacre in Khojaly
  191. Ethnic Cleansing in Progress, War in Nagorno Karabakh, by Caroline Cox and John Eibner, Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World, Zurich, London, Washington, 1993
  192. Christianity Today Article
  195. Victims of Sivas Massacre Commemorated – Bianet
  196. Turkey commemorates 15th anniversary of Sivas massacre
  197. Article page – Centre for Islamic Pluralism
  198. The Tablet – Inside the mind of terrorists
  199. Tom Hennigan, Tribe flees to escape contact with world, The Times, May 18, 2005
  200. James Brooke, Brazil's Outrage Intensifies As Toll in Massacre Hits 73, The New York Times, August 23, 1993
  201. May 14, 2002
  202. United Nations Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories, 23 September 2002
  203. February 15, 2005
  204. "An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.
  205. "Wanton and Senseless? The Logic of Massacres in Algeria", Stathis N. Kalyvas, Rationality and Society, Vol. 11, No. 3, 243–285 (1999)
  209. "Members of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Arrested, Charged with Racketeering and Conspiracy to Provide Support to Terrorists", United States Department of Justice, February 20, 2003. "...1995 murder of 22 people in a double suicide bombing at Beit Lid, Israel...".\
  210. "But after the Beit Lid massacre, the government approved the construction and sale of 4000 units in occupied land around Jerusalem." Beyer, Lisa. "Can Peace Survive", Time, February 06, 1995.
  211. "When Arafat called Rabin to express his condolences on the Beit Lid massacre, the prime minister was understandably furious." Karsh, Efraim, Arafat's War: The Man and His Battle for Israeli Conquest, Grove Press, 2003, p. 116. ISBN 0802117589
  212. "The reaction of peace processors in Jerusalem and Washington to the Beit Lid massacre, in which Islamic suicide bombers wiped out a score of Israelis, has been shock, anger, sorrow – but a determination that terrorist attacks not be allowed to stop the peace process." Safire, William. "Essay; Responding to Terror", The New York Times, January 26, 1995.
  213. "President Ezer Weizman, a super-dove who initially supported the agreement wholeheartedly, called for a temporary suspension of talks following the Beit Lid massacre on January 22 and again after the February 6 killing in Gaza." Bar-Ilan, David. "Rain of terror – Israeli politics", National Review, March 6, 1995, p. 2.
  214. Marlise Simons, Court Declares Bosnia Killings Were Genocide The New York Times, February 26, 2007. A copy of the ICJ judgement can be found here
  215. Aftermath of horror death toll climbs to 35, New York Daily News (April 30, 1996)
  216. BBC News 31 July, 2006
  217. The Massacre at Qana, report by Omar Barghouti, Counterpunch, 1 August, 2006
  218. The growing political ties with Israel Lebanon Daily Mirror
  219. Dignitaries, officials mark 12th anniversary of Qana massacre Sri Lanka Daily Star
  220. Gaza media: It's Palestine's Qana massacre
  221. "Middle East History of Israel's role in Lebanon" BBC, April 1, 1998
  222. Human Rights Watch "Operation Grapes of Wrath" The Civilian Victims
  223. Rebiya Kadeer – Not the Torch of Liberty –
  224. Remembering the Ghulja Massacre
  225. World Uyghur Congress | The Ghulja Massacre “We refuse to forget” (2006.02.05)
  226. The Acteal Massacre – Chiapas Mexico – December 22, 1997
  227. Mexico Court Frees Nine Accused in Massacre – Christian World News – CBN News – Christian News 24-7 –
  228. Document – Mexico: The Acteal massacre—one year on and still no justice | Amnesty International
  229. 10 years later, the real story behind Columbine, 2009.
  230. "Alleged Passover massacre plotter arrested", CNN, March 26, 2008.
  231. Ohad Gozani, "Hotel blast survivors relive the Passover massacre", The Daily Telegraph, 29/03/2002.
  232. "This reached a peak following the Passover massacre in the seaside resort of Netanya..." David Newman, "The consequence or the cause? Impact on the Israel-Palestine Peace Process", in Mary E. A. Buckley, Mary Buckley, Rick Fawn. Global Responses to Terrorism: 9/11, the War in Afghanistan, and Beyond, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 0415314291, p. 158.
  233. "They faced stiff resistance from Palestinian gunmen who began preparing the camp's defenses as early as the Passover massacre in Netanya..." Todd C. Helmus, Russell W. Glenn. Steeling the Mind: Combat Stress Reactions and Their Implications for Urban Warfare Rand Corporation, 2005, ISBN 0833037021, p. 58.
  234. "It can therefore be asked whether the 'human bomb' offensive starting with the Passover massacre on 27 March 2002..." Brigitte L. Nacos, "The Terrorist Calculus Behind 9-11: A Model for Future Terrorism?" in Gus Martin. The New Era of Terrorism: Selected Readings, Sage Publications Inc, 2004, ISBN0761988734, p. 176.
  235. A DESPERATE Beslan mum pleaded in the name of Islam for her children's lives – SAM Magazine
  236. BBC NEWS | Europe | Beslan mothers' futile quest for relief
  237. Cho shot and wounded a further 17 people and caused injury to 6 others as they tried to flee.
  238. Note: there have been several deadlier shootings in U.S. history, but not by a single gunman, and not on a school campus.
  239. After the Fort Hood Massacre –
  240. Was Fort Hood Massacre a Terrorist Act or a Man Who Snapped? – Bill O'Reilly | The O'Reilly Factor –
  241. Fort Hood Shooter Tried to Contact al Qaeda Terrorists, Officials Say – ABC News
  242. Sen. Joe Lieberman calls Fort Hood massacre a 'terrorist' act
  243. Fort Hood massacre: Barack Obama would have to sign death warrant – Telegraph
  244. Massacre shocks those who knew the shooter
  245. Maguindanao massacre, The Philippine Star, November 24, 2009
  246. Death toll in Maguindanao massacre now 57, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009
  247. Toll Rising in Philippines Massacre,, November 25, 2009
  248. Clan allied to Philippine president suspected of being behind massacre,, November 25, 2009
  249. Innocent motorists among Ampatuan massacre victims, GMANews.TV, November 25, 2009

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