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2009

Dust Storm

The east coast of Australia experienced its biggest dust storm to date affecting millions and shutting down transport.

Heat waves



Floods

Wildfires



2008

Heat Waves

Floods

  • Throughout the month of August, Ireland experienced rainfall totaling multiples of the average for the month. Flooding was widespread throughout the island throughout the entire month, causing major disruptions to travel, infrastructure and forcing many events to be canceled. Worst affected were Carlowmarker, where parts of the town were under two meteres of floodwater, and Belfastmarker, where one road (the Westlink) was under six meteres of water at one stage.


Tropical cyclones

Cyclone Nargis near landfall on May 2
  • Cyclone Gene caused severe flooding in Fiji which killed eight people and caused $35 million (USD) in damages.
  • Cyclone Ivan killed 93 people and left 176 others missing in Madagascar after making landfall on February 17 at peak intensity.
  • Cyclone Jokwe, a small but intense cyclone, killed at least 16 people in Mozambique after making landfall with winds of 120 mph (195 km/h).
  • Typhoon Neogrui made landfall in southern Chinamarker on April 19, becoming the earliest typhoon to make landfall in mainland China. The storm killed three people, left 40 fishermen missing, and caused $58 million (USD) in damages.
  • Cyclone Nargis struck the Irrawaddy Delta in southern Myanmarmarker on May 2, killing an estimated 140,000 people and causing $10 billion (USD) in damages.
  • Tropical Storm Halong made landfall in the Philippinesmarker on May 17, killing 66 people and causing $94 million (USD) in damages.
  • Typhoon Fengshen killed nearly 1,400 people in the Philippines, nearly 800 of which were killed after a ferry capsized near the center of the typhoon, and caused $480 million (USD) in damages.
  • Heavy rains from Tropical Storm Kammuri killed at least 140 people in Vietnam.
  • Typhoon Hagupit killed 67 people and left 22 others missing in China and Vietnam. The storm also caused an estimated $3 billion (USD) in damages.
  • Severe flooding triggered by the remnants of Deep Depression ARB 02 killed over 180 people and caused $1 billion in damages in mid-October.
  • In september Hurricane Ike hit Texasmarker making it the most costiest hurricane in Texas.
  • In late-November, Cyclone Nisha produced torrential rains over southern Indiamarker and Sri Lankamarker which killed 204 people and caused $800 million in damages.


Tornadoes



Wildfires

  • Wildfires in California kill eight people and burn over one million acres over a three month span from June to August.
  • An 11,000 acre wildfiremarker destroys nearly 500 homes in southern California after burning for nearly a week during mid-November.


Winter weather



2007

  • A huge storm system, the February-March 2007 tornado outbreak, produced at least 31 tornadoes from Minnesotamarker to the Gulf of Mexicomarker, killing 10 in Alabama, 9 in Georgia and 1 in Missouri.
  • Record high temperatures were logged at 11 monitoring points in five Japanese prefectures on March 4, with three points recording summer-like temperatures of over 25 °C.
  • Ireland experiences its warmest April since records began; with average daytime maximum temperatures two to five degrees (°C) above average. At some stations, it has been the driest and sunniest April since records began there.
  • In mid June, flooding struck parts of the province of Ulster in Irelandmarker. After a long, relatively dry and warm time of weather lasting almost three months (temperatures up to 29 °C / 84 °F on 11 June), extreme thunderstorms caused flooding in Belfastmarker, Omaghmarker and Raphoemarker on 12 June. Some locations received more than the monthly amount in just 30 minutes.
  • The Southeast United States experienced record drought and temperatures during September. The drought was most severe in Alabama, Tennessee, North Carolina and Florida


2006

Flooding

  • In February, a massive mudslide buried the town of Guinsaugon on Leyte Island in the Philippinesmarker. The entire town of 1,400 people was buried by the mudslide, and in total at least 1,119 people were reported dead or missing.
  • In May, heavy flooding in northern Thailandmarker has left over 130 people dead or missing. 51 people have been confirmed dead.
  • In June, heavy, record-setting rainfall in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States caused widespread flooding that led to at least 16 deaths. It was considered the heaviest flooding in the country since Hurricane Katrina.
  • The monsoon has so far left at least 574 people dead in India, as it began early and has remained unusually active.
  • In July, heavy rains caused widespread flooding that has killed at least 549 people in North Koreamarker, while an additional 295 are still missing, forcing North Korea to appeal for help from South Korea. Flooding also killed 25 people in South Koreamarker and 22 in Japan. A South Korean aid group has said that in actuality a phenomenal 58,000 were left dead or missing. There has been no more comment from the North Korean government.
  • In August, heavy flooding hit several portions of the country of Ethiopiamarker, resulting in hundreds of deaths. Flooding devastated the city of Dire Dawamarker, Ethiopiamarker killing 256 people and leaving an additional 300 missing. An additional 190 people have been killed in flooding in the southern part of the country. In total, about 900 people are feared dead in the flooding throughout the country.
  • In August, Monsoon flooding devastated a wide swath of land from western India through northern Pakistanmarker and eastern Afghanistanmarker. At least 417 people have been confirmed dead, and 200,000 people were evacuated in the Suratmarker area. More flooding hit the Thar Desert late in the month, killing at least 135 people.


Tornadoes

  • Forty-four tornadoes touched down across Missouri on March 11-12, killing twelve people and injuring more than a hundred ( Austin, K. (March 31, 2006) "Tornado force scale adjusted," Missourian News, columbiamissourian.com.) The March 2006 tornado outbreak sequence had been, until 2007, the worst tornado storm in March, and was the largest two-day outbreak in history. At least 84 tornadoes touched down.
  • March 31, 2006 - more tornadoes in the U.S. midwest reported 30-60.
  • April 2, 2006 - The April 2, 2006 tornado outbreak killed a total of 28 people, mostly in Tennesseemarker. Tornadoes and hail as big as softballs ripped through eight Midwestern states, killing at least 27 people, injuring scores and destroying hundreds of homes. In Tennessee, tornadoes killed 23 people, including an infant and a family of four. Severe thunderstorms, many producing tornadoes, also struck parts of Iowa, Kentucky, Arkansas, Missouri, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana. Strong wind was blamed or at least three deaths in Missouri. The weather service's Storm Prediction Center in Norman, Okla., said it had preliminary reports of 63 tornadoes. The worst damage occurred throughout the Tennessee Valley.
  • April 6-8, 2006 - The April 6-8, 2006 tornado outbreak killed a total of 13 people. Dozens of tornadoes in the U.S. Mid-central through Eastern states both days. According to The Weather Channel, the number of U.S. tornadoes in the first seven days of April came within 15% of the average number of tornadoes for April. Tennessee was again the area most affected by this outbreak.the worst tornado was in 2008


Heat waves

  • From July–August, a major heat wave in the United States contributed to the deaths of at least 225 people, including 163 in Californiamarker. The heat wave lingered in the Southern states until late in the month, when cooler temperatures finally arrived.


Tropical cyclones

  • In April, Cyclone Mala hit Myanmarmarker (Burma) as a category 4-equivalent tropical cyclone, killing 22 people. It was the most intense named cyclone on record in the North Indian Ocean (although other unnamed storms were stronger).
  • In May, Typhoon Chanchu plowed through the Philippines and wreaked havoc through the South China Seamarker before hitting southeastern China. In total, 294 people were killed or are missing, most from several fishing boats that sunk off the coast of Vietnammarker.
  • In July, Typhoon Ewiniar killed at least 40 people in South Koreamarker and Chinamarker.
  • In July, Tropical Storm Bilis made landfall in China and killed a total of 625 people as it persisted inland for nearly a week after landfall.
  • In July, 92 people were killed or are missing after Typhoon Kaemi made landfall in China in nearly the same area as Bilis just a week earlier.
  • In August, Typhoon Prapiroon killed at least 80 people when it made landfall in southern China, affecting areas already devastated by the landfalls of Bilis and Kaemi just in the previous 3 weeks.
  • In August, Typhoon Saomai made landfall in China as a Category 4-equivalent tropical cyclone in China in the same area affected by Bilis, Kaemi, and Prapiroon just in the previous month. At least 441 people were killed by the storm.
  • In September, Typhoon Xangsane caused extensive damage to Metro Manilamarker in the Philippines as well as Vietnam, leading to at least 279 deaths.
  • In November, Typhoon Durian caused widespread destruction in the central Philippines, killing over 1,200 people. It also impacted Vietnam, causing 81 deaths there.


Winter weather



2005

Flooding



Heatwaves

  • In descending order, the five years with the highest global average annual temperatures were 2005, 1998, 2002, 2003 and 2004, said Drew Shindell of the NASAmarker institute in New York City on January 24, 2006. "I think it's even fair to say that [2005 had] the warmest... temperatures the world has experienced probably in the last million years."


Severe weather

  • In January, storm winds swept across northern Europe. They killed at least 13 people and left millions without electricity.
  • In November, a tornado in northern Kentuckymarker and Evansville, Indianamarker, U.S. killed 26 people.


Tropical cyclones

  • In July, Hurricane Dennis killed 82 people in Haitimarker, Cubamarker, and the United States and destroyed at least 16,000 homes. Total damages amounted to US$3–5 billion.
  • In August, Hurricane Katrina caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf Coast of the United States, forcing the effective abandonment of southeastern Louisianamarker (including New Orleansmarker) for up to 2 months and damaging oil wells that sent gas prices in the U.S. to an all-time record high. Katrina killed at least 1,836 people and caused at least $75 billion US in damages, making it one of the costliest natural disasters of all time.
  • In September, Hurricane Rita left 119 people dead along the U.S. Gulf Coast and caused $9.4 billion US in damage.
  • In September, Typhoon Talim caused extensive flooding and killed at least 145 people in Taiwanmarker and southern China.
  • In September, Typhoon Damrey caused extensive flooding throughout Southeast Asia, killing 94 people in Vietnam, the Philippinesmarker, southern China, and Thailandmarker, with its remnants killing an additional 51 from heavy flooding in Nepalmarker.
  • In October, extensive flooding exacerbated by Hurricane Stan affected nearly the entirety of Central America and southern Mexico. The storm, combined with Stan, killed between 1,080 and 2,100 people in Mexico, Guatemalamarker, Hondurasmarker, El Salvadormarker, Nicaraguamarker, and Costa Ricamarker. Villages along the shores of Lake Atitlanmarker in Guatemalamarker and other areas throughout the country were completely destroyed
  • In October, Hurricane Wilma killed 62 people in Jamaicamarker, Haitimarker, Mexico, Cubamarker, and the United States and at one point became the most intense Atlantic Basin hurricane on record and the second-fastest-intensifying tropical cyclone on record. Wilma caused $25 billion in damage, making it one of the costliest hurricanes on record.
  • In October, Tropical Storm Alpha killed 42 people in Haitimarker, the Dominican Republicmarker, and the Bahamasmarker. It also broke the record for the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record.
  • In October, Tropical Storm 04B killed at least 100 people in eastern India from extensive flooding.
  • In November, Tropical Storm Gamma caused widespread flooding that killed 37 people in Hondurasmarker, Belizemarker, and Saint Vincentmarker.


2000 to 2004

2004




2003


  • August: A heat wave with temperatures as high as 42 degrees Celsius (108 degrees Fahrenheit) strikes Europe. Because summer temperatures in much of northern Europe rarely exceed 30 °C (86 °F), the area was unprepared for the disaster. Residential homes in this part of Europe rarely have Air Conditioning. The death toll of the heat wave has been estimated to exceed 10,000. In relation with the heat wave, wildfires killed 18 people in Portugal. See: European Heat Wave of 2003
  • September: Hurricane Isabel makes landfall on the United States, killing at least 40 people.


2000




1950 to 1999

1998
  • January: An ice storm freezes the south of the Saint Lawrence Rivermarker, knocking down over a thousand electrical pylons and causing over 5 billion dollars in damage.
  • October: Massive flooding hits the south central region of Texasmarker from October 18 - 19, dumping approximately 30 inches of rainfall in that 48 hour time period and causing 32 deaths and US$1.5 billion in damage.


1995


1993
  • March: The "storm of the century" hit the east coast of the United States.
  • Summer: Severe flooding along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, worst flooding since 1927. See also Great Flood of 1993. In the southeast drought and heatwave throughout the summer, also the Carolinas saw the hottest month of July 1993.


1992


1991


1983
  • August: Hurricane Alicia pounded Texas, causing $5.1 billion in damage and killing 21 people.


1985


January 19-22: A severe cold snap broke many records in the Southern U.S. and also forced President Ronald Reagan's inauguration to take place inside the Capitol.

1982




1980
  • Summer: A heatwave hit much of the United States, killing as many as 1,250 people in one of the deadliest heat waves in history.
  • July - August: Hurricane Allen, the most powerful Atlantic hurricane in that year's hurricane season, causes death and devastation throughout the Lesser Antilles, Haitimarker, the northeast coast of Jamaicamarker, and the coasts of Texasmarker and Louisianamarker. It also spawned numerous tornadoes in Texasmarker, with one particularly powerful cyclonic system causing US$100 million in damage in the city of Austinmarker.


1978
  • Winter: one of the worst cold waves to hit America.


1976
  • July: a stationary rainstorm in the Rocky Mountains caused a flash flood of the Big Thompson Canyon that killed 145 people and caused more than $40 million dollars in damage, including the destruction of parts of highway 34.


1974
  • December: Cyclone Tracy, which reached Category 3 levels of strength, hit Darwinmarker on Christmas Day. It was the most compact hurricane or equivalent-strength tropical cyclone on record in the Australian basin, with gale-force winds extending only 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the centre and was the most compact system worldwide until 2008 when Tropical Storm Marco of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season broke the record.Tracy killed 71 people, caused $837 million in damage (1974 AUD) and destroyed more than 70 percent of Darwin's buildings, including 80 percent of houses.[5] Tracy left homeless more than 20,000 out of the 49,000 inhabitants of the city prior to landfall and required the evacuation of over 30,000 people.


1961
  • September: Hurricane Carla, which reached Category 5 levels of strength, hit the Texasmarker coast as a Category 4 hurricane, thus becoming one of the strongest storms in United States history and the strongest hurricane to ever impact Texas. The damages from this hurricane totaled over US$2 billion (adjusted for inflation ca. 2005), but only ended up killing 43, thanks to massive evacuation efforts.


1899 to 1949

1936
  • February-March: Record cold followed by rapid warming causes flooding across several northeastern states, killing 171 and leaving 430,000 homeless
  • April: The Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak of tornadoes kills 436
  • July-August: A heat wave across the Midwest and Northeast U.S. claims 5,000 lives. Record temperatures from this event still stand across fifteen states.


1934
  • April 12, highest wind gust directly measured at the Earth's surface, at 231 mph (372 km/h) were recorded at Mount Washington marker
1927
  • Flooding along the lower Mississippi River claims estimated 250-1,000 lives, leaving 700,000 homeless.


1923
  • Marble Barmarker in Western Australiamarker experiences 160 consecutive days of maxima reaching or exceeding 37.8 °C (100 °F) from 31 October 1923 to 7 April 1924.


1921
  • September 9-10: The Thrallmarker Flood set the national official 24-hour rainfall record for the USmarker- 38.2 inches in the 24 hours ending 7 AM on September 10, 1921. This storm caused the most deadly floods in Texas, with a total of 215 fatalities.


1913


1900


1899


  • February 11-13: The Great Blizzard of 1899 occurred, causing heavy snowfall, which is uncommon to exceedingly rare, to fall in the South. Unusually low temperatures accompanied the blizzard.


1780



1600s to 1850s

Little Ice Age

See also



References

  1. RTÉ News
  2. Yahoo News. Record high temperatures logged at 11 monitoring points in Japan. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  3. RTÉ News: Warm, dry April sets record
  4. RTÉ News: Emergency response to NI flooding
  5. BBC News. Thailand rescue work intensifies. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  6. NOAA Satellite and Information Service. Global Hazards And Significant Events: August 2006. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  7. BBC News. North Korea flooding 'kills 549'. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  8. BBC News. South Korean flood aid for North. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  9. BBC News. In pictures: Ethiopian city after floods. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  10. BBC News. Hundreds dead in Ethiopian floods. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
  11. BBC NEWS | Africa | US joins Ethiopian flood battle
  12. [1]
  13. [2]
  14. Hazards/Climate Extremes
  15. BBC NEWS | World | South Asia | Rains kill scores in India desert
  16. Topic Galleries - chicagotribune.com
  17. Weather Channel
  18. BBC News. Great Russian freeze spreads west Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  19. NASA 2005 Warmest Year in Over a Century Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  20. CNN.com 13 killed as storm lashes Europe Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  21. BBC News. Northern Europe shaken by storms Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  22. NOAA News Online Colorado Remembers Big Thompson Canyon Flash Flood of 1976 Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  23. WGBY. The Great Flood of 1936 Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  24. The Detroit News. Detroit's killer heat wave of 1936 Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  25. ]].
  26. Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Marble Bar heatwave, 1923-24 Retrieved on 2007-07-08.



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