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List of famines: Map

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This is an incomplete list of known major famines, ordered by date.

5th century BC



2nd century BC

  • Between 108 BC and 1911 AD there were no fewer than 1,828 major famines in Chinamarker, or one nearly every year in one or another province; however, the famines varied greatly in severity.


5th century AD



7th century AD



8th century



9th century

  • 800-1000 AD, severe drought killed millions of Maya people with famine and thirst and initiated a cascade of internal collapses that destroyed their civilization
  • 809 famine in Frankish Empire
  • 875-884 peasant rebellion in China inspired by famine; Huang Chao captured capital


10th century

  • 927 famine in Byzantine Empire
  • 963-964 famine in Ireland
  • 968 famine in Egypt; 500,000 dead


11th century

  • 1005 Famine in Englandmarker. There were 95 famines in the British Isles during the Middle Ages.
  • 1016 Famine throughout Europe
  • 1022,1033,1052 Great famines in India, in which entire provinces were depopulated
  • 1025 famine in Egypt
  • 1030-1032 famine in France
  • 1064-1072 Seven years' famine in Egyptmarker
  • 1051 famine forced the Toltecs to migrate from a stricken region in what is now central Mexico
  • 1066 famine in England
  • 1097 famine in Palestine; 500,000 dead
  • 1097 famine and plague in France; 100,000 dead


12th century

  • 1199-1202 famine in Egypt


13th century



14th century

  • 1315-1317 Great Famine in Europe
  • 1333 famine in Portugal
  • 1333-1334 famine in Spain
  • 1333-1337 famine in Chinamarker
  • 1344-1345 Great famine in India
  • 1387 after Timur the Lame left Asia Minormarker, severe famine ensued
  • 1390 famine in England
  • 1396-1407 The Durga Devi famine in India, lasting twelve years


15th century

  • 1403-1404 famine in Egypt
  • 1441 famine in Mayapanmarker, Mexicomarker
  • 1445 famine in Korea
  • 1450-1454 famine in Aztec Empire
  • 1460 – 1461 Kanshō famine in Japan
  • 1481-1483 famine in France


16th century

  • 1504 famine in Spain
  • 1518 famine in Venicemarker
  • 1528 famine in Languedoc, France
  • 1535 famine in Ethiopia
  • 1540 famine in Spain
  • 1555 famine in England
  • 1567-1570 famine in Hararmarker in Ethiopiamarker, combined with plague. Emir of Harar, died.
  • 1574-1576 famine in Istanbulmarker and Anatoliamarker
  • 1586 famine in England which gave rise to the Poor Law system
  • 1590s famines in Europe


17th century

  • 1599-1600 famine in Spain
  • 1601-1603 one of the worst famines in all of Russian history; famine killed as many as 100,000 in Moscow and up to one-third of Tsar Godunov's subjects; see Russian famine of 1601 - 1603. Same famine killed about half Estonianmarker population.
  • 1611 famine in Anatoliamarker
  • 1618-1648 famines in Europe caused by Thirty Years' War
  • 1619 famine in Japan. During the Tokugawa period, there were 154 famines, of which 21 were widespread and serious.
  • 1623-1624 famine in England
  • 1630-1631 Deccan famine in India kills 2,000,000 (Note: There was a corresponding famine in northwestern China, eventually causing the Ming dynastymarker to collapse in 1644)
  • 1636 famine in Spain
  • 1648-1660 Poland lost an estimated 1/3 of its population due to the wars, famine, and plague
  • 1649 famine in northern England
  • 1650-1652 famine in the east of France
  • 1651-1653 famine throughout much of Irelandmarker during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland
  • 1661 famine in India, when not a drop of rain fell for two years
  • 1661-1662 famine in Moroccomarker
  • 1661-1662 famine in Francemarker
  • 1669 famine in Bengalmarker
  • 1670s and 1680s plague and famines in Spain
  • 1680 famine in Sardinia
  • 1680 famine in Japan
  • 1680s famine in Sahel
  • 1690s famine throughoutScotlandmarker which killed 15% of the population
  • 1693-1694 famine in Francemarker which killed 2 million people
  • 1695-1697 Great Famine of Estonia killed about a fifth of Estonianmarker population (70 000 – 75 000 people). Famine also hit Swedenmarker (80 000 – 100 000 dead)
  • 1696-1697 famine in Finlandmarker wiped out almost a third of the population


18th century



19th century



20th century



21st century



See also



References

  1. China: Land of Famine
  2. "Heaven, Observe!" - TIME
  3. A Brief History of Population
  4. Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages
  5. The Great Maya Droughts: Water, Life, and Death
  6. The Ninth Century
  7. 1005: The People's Chronology
  8. Famines through history.
  9. Poor studies will always be with us
  10. Famine - LoveToKnow 1911
  11. The Facts of Malnutrition and Famine
  12. Portugal > History and Events
  13. Collapse: Chaco Canyon
  14. The Great Famine and the Black Death
  15. Projects and Events: 14th Century
  16. Bidar District Important Historical Events
  17. Welcome to The Human Past
  18. Land and Society in Golden Age Castile
  19. The Dimension of Famine
  20. Boris Feodorovich Godunov
  21. Russia before Peter the Great
  22. A Chronology of Japanese History
  23. BBC - Northern Ireland - A Short History
  24. The 17th Century
  25. Italian States in the Seventeenth Century
  26. Finland timeline
  27. The Dimension of Famine.
  28. The Little Ice Age in Europe
  29. Climatic fluctuation and natural disasters in Arabia between mid-17th and early 20th Centuries
  30. Epidemics and Famine in the Little Ice Age
  31. Len Milich: Anthropogenic Desertification vs ‘Natural’ Climate Trends
  32. [1]
  33. Naples and Sicily -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  34. FAMINE ()
  35. The locust plague
  36. Haze Famine (Icelandic history)
  37. ScienceDaily: Icelandic Volcano Caused Historic Famine In Egypt, Study Shows
  38. Fearfull Famines of the Past
  39. The Great Famine in Ireland, 1845-1849
  40. Ch'ing China: The Taiping Rebellion
  41. The Great Persian Famine of 1870-1871
  42. The St. Lawrence Island Famine and Epidemic, 1878–80, Arctic Anthropology
  43. Famine Hunger stalks Ethiopia once again -- and aid groups fear the worst
  44. El Niño and Drought Early Warning in Ethiopia
  45. The History of International Humanitarian Assistance
  46. Late Victorian Holocausts
  47. Another Famine
  48. Global Connections . Timeline
  49. Famine perspectives from past and present
  50. World's worst natural disasters since 1900
  51. The German Colonies on the Volga River - Famine Years
  52. The NDSU Libraries: Germans From Russia
  53. Famine of 1932, or Ukrainian genocide (Soviet history)
  54. Legacy of famine divides Ukraine
  55. The Kazakh Catastrophe and Stalin’s Order of Priorities, 1929-1933: Evidence from the Soviet Secret Archives
  56. Natural Disasters and Hazards - Historical Events Timeline
  57. 900-Day Siege of Leningrad
  58. Famine and Death in Occupied Greece, 1941-1944
  59. Surviving Hitler and Mussolini: daily life in occupied Europe, by Robert Gildea, Anette Warring, Olivier Wieviorka, Berg Publishers 2007
  60. The 1947 Soviet famine and the entitlement approach to famines, Cambridge Journal of Economics
  61. Nicholas Ganson, The Soviet Famine of 1946-47 in Global and Historical Perspective[2]. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. (ISBN 0-230-61333-0)
  62. The world's worst natural disasters
  63. The Architect of India's Second Liberation
  64. Famine Casts Its Grim Global Shadow, TIME
  65. Pre-modern, Modern and Post-modern Famine in Iraq
  66. Bruce Cumings: We look at it and see ourselves
  67. Famine plagues Zimbabwe
  68. Food crisis looms in Myanmar, International Herald Tribune
  69. North Korea at risk of famine, says U.N., CNN.com
  70. The Next Great North Korean Famine, TIME
  71. Ethiopia facing new famine with 4.5 million children in danger of starvation , Telegraph
  72. Famine Looms as Wars Rend Horn of Africa, NYTimes.com
  73. Food crisis leaves Afghans desperate, msnbc.com
  74. Food Crisis Looms in Bangladesh, International Business Times
  75. In-depth | Food Crisis: Status and Impacts, IRIN
  76. Tajikistan: Almost One-Third of the Population Is in Danger of Going Hungry This Winter, EurasiaNet
  77. National Food Emergency Grips Kenya. 20 Jan 2009.
  78. Starvation and Strife Menace Torn Kenya. The New York Times. February 28, 2009.


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