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List of members of the United Nations Security Council: Map

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Membership of the United Nations Security Council is held by the five permanent members (founder members Francemarker, the United Kingdommarker and the United States of Americamarker; the People's Republic of Chinamarker, which replaced the Republic of Chinamarker in 1971; and the Russian Federationmarker which replaced the Union of Soviet Socialist Republicsmarker in 1991) and ten elected (non-permanent) members, raised in 1966 from six. Elected members hold their place on the council for a two-year term, and half of these places are contested each year. To ensure geographical continuity, a certain number of members is allocated for each of the five unofficial UN regional groupings.

Current membership

Permanent members


Elected members


Regional Groups

[[Image:UN regional groups.svg|thumb|300px|

]]


In addition, one of the non-permanent members of the council is an Arab country, alternately from the African or Asian groups. It should be noted that the allocation of Security Council members is unofficial and therefore subject to change.

Each year the UN General Assembly elects five new members for a two-year term; these elections always begin on 16 October of the year, and continue until the two-thirds majority for the number of countries for each region has been reached. Reelection is allowed, but the term must not be consecutive.

Electoral timetable
Term beginning in years that are: odd even
African Group one member two members *
Asian Group one member one member *
Latin American & Caribbean Groupmarker one member one member
Western European and Others Group two members none
Eastern European Group none one member
*: The representative of Arab nations alternates between these two elected spaces.

Previous and Future Security Council composition

From 1946 to 1965, the security council included six non-permanent members. The regional grouping at that time was: There were some exceptions to this grouping: Liberiamarker took the place of a Western European country in 1961; the Ivory Coastmarker substituted a member of the Commonwealth in 1964-1965; and the Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956.

As part of a proposed expansion of the Security Council, Brazil, Germany, India and Japan, collectively the Group of 4 or G4 nations, are seeking permanent representation on this body.

Elections by year

1946-1965

Year Latin American Seats Commonwealth Seat Eastern European

& Asian Seat
Middle Eastern Seat Western European Seat
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965


1966-2010

Year African Group
* indicates Arab nations' representative
Asian Group
* indicates Arab nations' representative
Latin American & Caribbean Groupmarker Western European and Others Group Eastern European Group
1966 *
1967
1968 *
1969
1970 Syriamarker *
1971
1972 *
1973
1974 *
1975
1976 Libyamarker *
1977
1978 *
1979
1980 *
1981
1982 *
1983
1984 *
1985
1986 *
1987
1988 *
1989
1990 *
1991
1992 *
1993
1994 *
1995
1996 *
1997
1998 *
1999
2000 *
2001
2002 *
2003
2004 *
2005
2006 *
2007
2008 *
2009
2010 *


By number of years as Security Council member

Years on the Security Council, as of 2009, including current year where relevant :

      Indicates permanent member

      Indicates current elected member (2009)

      Indicates former United Nations member

Years Country First Year Most Recent Year Regional Group Notes
64 1946 2009 WEOG Permanent member
64 1946 2009 WEOG Permanent member
64 1946 2009 WEOG Permanent member
45 1946 1991 E. European Former permanent member, replaced by Russiamarker
39 1971 2009 Asian Permanent member
25 1946 1971 Asian Former permanent member, replaced by People's Republic of Chinamarker
19 1958 2009 Asian Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2010
19 1991 2009 E. European Permanent Member
18 1946 2005 GRULAC
16 1959 2006 GRULAC
12 1948 2000 WEOG
12 1947 2002 GRULAC
12 1950 1992 Asian
12 1959 2008 WEOG
12 1952 2004 Asian
10 1947 2008 WEOG
10 1958 2008 GRULAC
9 1946 1997 African (Arabic) Includes 2 years with the seat held in the name of the United Arab Republic, of which for more than 15 months UAR served as the name of modern day Egypt
9 1946 2000 WEOG
9 1946 1997 E. European
8 1946 1986 WEOG
8 1952 2004 GRULAC
8 1953 2006 WEOG
8 1977 2004 WEOG Includes 4 years during which this country occupied a smaller area, and was informally known as West Germany
8 1949 2002 WEOG
8 1955 2007 GRULAC
8 1969 2004 WEOG
8 1962 1993 GRULAC
7 1962 2005 E. European
7 1947 2003 Asian (Arabic) Includes one year (1961) during which the United Arab Republic was a member, for the greater part of which Syria was a member of that union
7 1950 1989 E. European Predecessor of Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker, Croatiamarker, Macedoniamarker, Montenegromarker, Serbiamarker and Sloveniamarker
6 1968 1989 African (Arabic)
6 1966 2003 E. European
6 1974 2009 GRULAC Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2009
6 1956 1991 GRULAC
6 1950 1992 GRULAC
6 1986 2007 African
6 1973 2008 Asian
6 1946 2009 GRULAC Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2010
6 1966 1995 African
6 1957 2004 Asian
6 1957 1998 WEOG
6 1951 2009 WEOG Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2010
6 1980 2003 African (Arabic)
6 1948 2001 E. European Includes 4 years of membership under the name of . Additionally, Ukraine was part of the USSRmarker during its 45 years of Security Council membership
6 1969 1988 African
5 1973 2009 WEOG Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2010
5 1962 2002 WEOG
5 1965 2000 Asian
5 1954 1994 WEOG
4 1979 2001 Asian
4 1976 2005 African
4 1964 1979 GRULAC
4 1984 2009 African Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2009; for first 7 months of membership of the Security council in 1964 was known as Upper Volta.
4 1974 2003 African
4 1964 1991 African
4 1967 1990 African
4 1969 1990 WEOG
4 1978 1999 African
4 1952 2006 WEOG
4 1972 2003 African
4 1975 1983 GRULAC
4 1968 1993 E. European
4 1957 1975 Asian (Arabic)
4 1979 2001 GRULAC
4 1965 1983 Asian (Arabic)
4 1973 1998 African
4 1976 2009 African (Arabic) Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2009
4 1966 2001 African
4 1974 1978 African
4 1963 1993 African (Arabic)
4 1969 1989 Asian
4 1970 1984 GRULAC
4 1979 1998 WEOG
4 1986 2007 African
4 1968 1989 African
4 1975 2006 African
4 1966 2009 African Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2010
4 1982 1991 African Now known as Democratic Republic of the Congomarker
4 1983 1992 African
3 1964 1979 E. European Predecessor of Czech Republicmarker and Slovakiamarker
2 2003 2004 African
2 1998 1999 Asian (Arabic)
2 1974 1975 E. European Now known as Belarusmarker
2 1995 1996 African
2 1970 1971 African
2 1992 1993 African
2 1960 1961 Asian Now known as Sri Lankamarker
2 2008 2009 E. European Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2009. Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership
2 1994 1995 E. European Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership
2 1993 1994 African
2 1998 1999 African
2 1980 1981 E. European Now subsumed into Germanymarker, which has 4 years of Security Council membership since it has included the former territory of East Germany
2 1996 1997 African
2 1995 1996 GRULAC
2 1955 1956 Asian
2 1978 1979 Asian (Arabic)
2 1953 1954 Asian (Arabic)
2 1985 1986 African
2 1983 1984 WEOG
2 2001 2002 African
2 1999 2000 African
2 1980 1981 African
2 1994 1995 Asian (Arabic)
2 1968 1969 GRULAC
2 1996 1997 Asian
2 1994 1995 African
2 1970 1971 African
2 2001 2002 Asian Was also part of Malaysia for several months of 1965 during its membership of the Security Council
2 2006 2007 E. European Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership
2 1998 1998 E. European Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership
2 1971 1972 African
2 2007 2008 African
2 1972 1973 African (Arabic)
2 1985 1986 Asian
2 1982 1983 African
2 1985 1986 GRULAC
2 2006 2007 Asian (Arabic)
2 1986 1987 Asian (Arabic)
2 1961 1962 African (Arabic) Predecessor of Syriamarker and Egyptmarker
2 1965 1966 GRULAC
2 2008 2009 Asian Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2009
2 1990 1991 Asian (Arabic) The entity elected, and which held the Security Council seat for the first five months of membership, was South Yemen: unification with North Yemenmarker occurred during the time of membership.
1 1961 1961 African


Future candidacies

Portugalmarker will run for a seat for the 2011-2012 term as officialy stated in the official United Nations Portuguese website. Portugalmarker has the support of all 10 members of the Community of Portuguese Language Countriesmarker. Kazakhstanmarker will also run for the same seat.Prime Minister Kevin Rudd announced Australia would seek election to the Security Council for 2013-2014Canadamarker has indicated its plans to run for a seat for the 2011-12 term in the Western Europe and Others Group..Guatemalamarker has indicated it will run for the 2012–2013 term.

Non-members

As of 2006, there are currently 192 members of the United Nations and only five permanent members of the Security Council. This means that the other ten seats are assigned amongst the remaining 187 members. As a result, many members have never been on the Security Council. The following list is a summary of all such countries. There are also two historical UN members listed, Tanganyika and Zanzibarmarker, which merged to form Tanzania in 1964. All the other historical members were, at one time or an other, represented in the UNSC. Most countries on the list are post-Soviet, Pacific, or small Caribbeanmarker ones; most of them were Britishmarker or Frenchmarker colonies before WWII.

      Indicates founding member

      Indicates former United Nations member

UN Member state Date of admission Regional Group Number of candidacies Most recent candidacy Notes
Asian
E. European
WEOG
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1632 to 1 November 1980
E. European Was part of the from 29 November 1920 to 25 December1991
E. European Was part of the from 28 April 1920 to 25 December 1991
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1717 to 10 July 1973
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1625 to 30 November 1966
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1862 to 21 September 1981
Asian
E. European Was part of from 29 November 1943 to 2 March 1992
Asian
Asian Was a colony of from 1863 to 9 November 1953
African Was a colony of from 1894 to 13 August 1960
African Was a colony of from 1900 to 11 August 1960
African Was a colony of from 1841 to 6 July 1975
African Was a colony of from 10 March 1893 to 7 August 1960
Asian Was a colony of the from 5 November 1914 to 16 August 1960
Asian
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1783 to 3 November 1978
GRULAC 1 2007
GRULAC
African
African Was under the administration of the from 1941 to 1947, then a Trust Territory from 1947 to 1952, then part of from 1952 to 24 May 1993
E. European Was part of the from 1944 to 20 August 1991
Asian Was a colony of the from 1874 to 10 October 1970
E. European Was part of the from 25 February 1921 to 25 December 1991
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1763 to 7 February 1974
GRULAC 1 2006
GRULAC
WEOG 1 2008
Asian / WEOG Was a League of Nations Mandate under administration from 25 April 1920 to 14 May 1948
Asian Was part of the from 26 April 1920 to 25 December 1991
Asian / None Was a colony of the from 1892 to 12 July 1979
Asian Was part of the from 1 February 1926 to 25 December 1991
Asian Was a colony of from 1893 to 19 July 1949
E. European Was part of the from 5 August 1940 to 6 September 1991
African Was a colony of the from 1884 to 4 October 1966
WEOG
E. European Was part of the from 3 August 1940 to 11 May 1990
WEOG
E. European Was part of from 29 November 1943 to 3 April 1993
African Was a colony of the from 1891 to 6 July 1964
Asian Was a colony of the from 1887 to 26 July 1965
Asian Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under ese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the from 17 July 1947 to 21 October 1986
Asian Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under ese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the from 17 July 1947 to 3 November 1986
E. European Was part of the from 28 June 1940 to 25 December 1991
WEOG
Asian
E. European 0 N/A Was part of from 29 November 1943 to 28 April 1992 and of from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006
African
Asian Was a colony of the from 1824 to 4 January 1948
Asian Was a Trust Territory administered by the , , and from 1 January 1946 to 31 January 1968
Asian Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under ese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the from 17 July 1947 to 1 October 1994
Asian Was a colony of during its time on the UNSC
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1713 to 19 September 1983
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1803 to 22 February 1979
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1783 to 27 October 1979
Asian Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of from 17 December 1920 to 25 January 1947, then a Trust Territory under the administration of from 25 January 1947 to 1 January 1962
WEOG
African
Asian
E. European Was part of from 31 January 1946 to 27 April 1992 and of from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006
African Was a colony of the from 1801 to 29 June 1976
Asian Was a colony of the from 1893 to 7 July 1978
GRULAC Was a colony of the from 1667 to 25 November 1975
African Was a colony of the from 1902 to 6 September 1968
WEOG
Asian Was part of the from 14 October 1924 to 25 December 1991
Commonwealth Seat Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of the from 20 July 1922 to 11 December 1946, then a Trust Territory under the administration of the until 9 December 1962, then independent until federation with on 26 April 1964. Is now part of
Asian Was a colony of from 1769 to 28 November 1975, then briefly independent until 7 December 1975, when it was occupied by . The occupation lasted until the creation of the peacekeeping mission UNTAET in 1999. Formal independence was established 20 May 2002
Asian Was a protectorate of the from 18 May 1900 to 4 June 1970
Asian Was part of the from 13 May 1925 to 8 December 1991
Asian Was a colony of the from 1892 to 1 October 1978
Asian Was part of the from 13 May 1925 to 25 December 1991
Asian Was a colony of both the and from 1906 to 30 July 1980
Commonwealth Seat Was a colony of the from 27 August 1896 to 10 December 1963, then independent until federation with on 26 April 1964. Is now part of


Notes

  1. The United Nations Security Council, The Green Papers Worldwide
  2. The Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956 onwards
  3. Liberia took the place of the Western European country in 1961
  4. Morocco took the place of the Middle Eastern country in 1963-1964
  5. Côte d'Ivoire took the place of a member of the Commonwealth in 1964-1965
  6. At the time of election, and until August 1984, the country was known as Republic of Upper Volta.
  7. The election was secured by South Yemen, and in May 1990, during its membership of the Security Council, it unified with North Yemen to form the single country of Yemen.
  8. Table shows years completed or in progress. Each term on the Council consist of 2 years. Any odd number of years are countries currently serving the first year of a term, countries with terms between 1956 and 1967, when the order of the council changed, or the three countries (Mexico, Egypt and the Netherlands) who had the first terms in 1946 and changed in 1947
  9. Portugal to bid for non-permanent membership of UN Security Council, People's Daily, February 29, 2008
  10. Slovakia supports Kazakhstan's effort to chair OSCE, People's Daily, November 22, 2007
  11. Rudd chasing limelight in UN Bid, ABC News, September 27, 2009
  12. 'Aggressive' Bid to Score Security Council Seat Underway, Embassy Magazine, March 4, 2009
  13. Equatorial Guinea was a colony of until 1968, but Spain's first term on the UNSC was in 1969
  14. Left the Asian regional group in 2000 to join the WEOG
  15. As of May 2006, Kiribati is not a member of any regional group
  16. Mozambique was a colony of from 1498 to 25 June 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was only in 1979
  17. São Tomé and Príncipe was a colony of from 1471 to 12 July 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was only in 1979
  18. Admitted as the , reconstituted as on February 4th 2003, mandate continued by Serbia after the independence of (3 June 2006)



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