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List of political parties in Germany: Map


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This is a list of political parties in Germany.

The Parliament of Germanymarker has a plurality system of parties, with two major parties, the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), with its sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU) in the same parliamentary group, also known as (CDU/CSU). Furthermore, it has three minor parties, the Free Democratic Party (FDP), The Left, and Alliance '90/The Greens. The federal government of Germany usually consists of a coalition of a major and a minor party (CDU/CSU and FDP, or SPD and FDP). From 1966 to 1969, and again from 2005 to 2009, the federal government consisted of a grand coalition (CDU/CSU and SPD).

Coalitions in the Bundestagmarker and state diets are often described by party colors. Party colors are the Social Democratic Party being red, the green Alliance '90/The Greens, the yellow Free Democratic Party, the dark red The Left, and the black Christian Democratic Union. So a coalition of CDU, Alliance '90/The Greens and FDP is called a Jamaica coalition.

Parties in the Bundestag

The following parties currently participate in the Germanmarker parliament, the Bundestagmarker, sorted by the number of seats (refer to the following links for details):

Name (English) Name (German) Abbr. Leader Ideology Position International organizations Votes (2009) Seats in Bundestagmarker Notes
Christian Democratic Union Christlich Demokratische Union CDU Angela Merkel Christian democracy and conservatism centre-right Centrist Democrat International and International Democrat Union 27.3% 194 Is part of the common CDU/CSU faction in the Bundestag
Social Democratic Party Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands SPD Frank-Walter Steinmeier (candidate for Chancellor) and Franz Müntefering (leader) Social democracy centre-left Socialist International 23.0% 146
Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei FDP Guido Westerwelle Liberalism centre Liberal International 14.6% 93
The Left Die Linke (DIE LINKE) Lothar Bisky and
Oskar Lafontaine
Democratic Socialism left-wing Party of the European Left 11.9% 76 merger of the The Left Party.PDS and WASG
Alliance '90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen GRÜNE Claudia Roth and
Cem Özdemir
Green Politics centre-left Global Greens 10.7% 68 merger of Die Grünen and Bündnis 90
Christian Social Union Christlich-Soziale Union CSU Horst Seehofer Christian democracy and conservatism centre-right International Democrat Union 6.5% 45 Is part of the common CDU/CSU faction in the Bundestag

Other parties. In addition to those parties that won representation in the Bundestag in 2009, a variety of minor parties won a cumulative total of approximately 6% of the vote, up from 3% in 2005.

Minor parties

More than 0.1% of the vote at the last federal elections in 2009


Defunct parties

Historical parties

Parties existing before World War II

Defunct parties in (former) West Germany

Parties in (former) East Germany

As a socialist state

During transition

See also


External links

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