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This is a list of rulers of Bohemia. Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia are territories which are or have been considered Czech lands or Lands of the Bohemian Crown ( ; ). These lands were ruled by dukes (c. 870–1085, 1092–1158, and 1172–1198) and kings (1085–1092, 1158–1172, and 1198–1918).

Legendary rulers



Dukes

Dukes of Bohemia
Přemyslid dynasty
Image Name Date Notes
Bořivoj I. c.870–888/9
Spytihněv I. 894–915 Son of Bořivoj I.
Vratislav I. (Vratislaus) 915–921 Brother of Spytihněv I.
Václav I. Svatý (Wenceslaus) 921–935 Son of Vratislav I; known as St. Wenceslaus ("Good King Wenceslas" for English speaking people), the patron saint of the Czech lands.
Boleslav I. Ukrutný (Boleslaus I the Cruel) 935–972 Brother of Václav I.
Boleslav II. Pobožný (Boleslaus II the Pious) 972–999 Son of Boleslav I.
Boleslav III. Ryšavý (Boleslaus III the Red-haired) 999–1002 Son of Boleslav II.
Vladivoj 1002–1003 Of the Piast dynasty (?). Said to be first cousin of Boleslav III. Polish name Władywoj.
Boleslav III. 1003 Second time
Boleslav Chrabrý (Boleslaus the Brave) 1003–1004 Of the Piast dynasty; brother of Vladivoj (?). Duke – later king – of Poland (as Bolesław I Chrobry). The fourth Bohemian ruler with name Boleslav but noted under his original name (without ordinal number).
Jaromír 1004–1012 Brother of Boleslav III.
Oldřich 1012–1033 Brother of Jaromír. Also known as Odalrich, Udalrich, Ulrich.
Jaromír 1033–1034 Second time
Oldřich 1034 Second time
Břetislav I. (Bretislaus) 1034–1055 Son of Oldřich.
Spytihněv II. 1055–1061 Son of Břetislav I.
Vratislav II. 1061–1092 Brother of Spytihněv II. King 1085–1092 as Vratislav I.
Konrád I. Brněnský (Conrad of Brnomarker) 1092 Brother of Vratislav II.
Břetislav II. 1092–1100 Nephew of Konrád I, son of Vratislav II.
Bořivoj II. 1101–1107 Brother of Břetislav II.
Svatopluk Olomoucký (Sventopluk of Olomoucmarker) 1107–1109 First cousin of Bořivoj II.
Vladislav I. (Vladislaus) 1109–1117 Brother of Bořivoj II.
Bořivoj II. 1117–1120 Second time
Vladislav I. 1120–1125 Second time
Soběslav I. (Sobeslaus) 1125–1140 Brother of Vladislav I.
Vladislav II. 1140–1172 Nephew of Soběslav I, son of Duke Vladislav I. King 1158–1172 as Vladislav I.
Bedřich (Frederick) 1172–1173 Son of Vladislav II.
Soběslav II. 1173–1178 First cousin once removed of Bedřich, Son of Soběslav I.
Bedřich 1178–1189 Second time
Konrád II. Ota (Conrad-Otto) 1189–1191 Descendant of Konrád I.
Václav II. 1191–1192 Brother of Soběslav II.
Přemysl I. Otakar (Ottokar I) 1192–1193 Son of Vladislav II.
Jindřich Břetislav (Henry Bretislaus) 1193–1197 First cousin of Přemysl I. Otakar.
Vladislav Jindřich (Vladislaus III Henry) 1197 Brother of Přemysl I. Otakar.
Přemysl I. Otakar 1197–1198 Second time. Became King in 1198, and his descendants retained the title.


Kings

Kings of Bohemia
Přemyslid Dynasty
Image Name Date Notes
Přemysl I. Otakar 1198–1230
Václav I. (Wenceslaus I Premyslid) 1230–1253 Son of Přemysl I. Otakar.
Přemysl II. Otakar (Ottokar II) 1253–1278 Son of Václav I. Also Duke of Austriamarker, Duke of Styria, Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Carniola.
Václav II. 1278–1305 Son of Přemysl II Otakar. Also King of Polandmarker (1300-1305).
Václav III. 1305–1306 Son of Václav II. Non-crowned (as Bohemian king). Also King of Hungarymarker and King of Poland.
Non-dynastic
Jindřich Korutanský
(Henry the Carinthian)
1306 Meinhardinian. Son-in-law of Václav II. Non-crowned.
Rudolf Habsburský
(Rudolph of Habsburg)
1306–1307 Habsburg. Second husband of Eliška Rejčka, widow of Václav II. Non-crowned.
Jindřich Korutanský 1307–1310 Second time
Luxemburg Dynasty
Jan Lucemburský
(John the Blind)
1310–1346 Son-in-law of Václav II.
Karel IV.
(Charles IV.)
1346–1378 Son of Jan. Also Holy Roman Emperor. In fact, the first Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Holy Roman Empire.
Václav IV.
(Wenceslaus IV.)
1378–1419 Son of Karel IV. Also King of the Romans until 1400.
Zikmund
(Sigismund)
1419–1437 Brother of Václav IV. Rule only effective 1436–1437. Also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary.
Habsburg Dynasty
Albrecht Habsburský
(Albert of Habsburg)
1437–1439 Son-in-law of Zikmund. Also King of the Romans (as Albert II) and of Hungary (as Albert).
interregnum 1440–1453 The succession of Albrecht's son was not recognized by the Czech nobility for the most of this era; the land was administered by the landfriedens (provincial & territorial).
Ladislav Pohrobek
(Ladislaus the Posthumous)
1453–1457 Son of Albrecht born after his father's death. Also King of Hungary.
Non-dynastic
Jiří z Poděbrad
(George of Podiebrad)
1457–1471 Elected king from the Czech noble family z Kunštátu. Although he had descendants, devolved succession to the prince from Polish kingdom.
Matyáš Korvín
(Matthias Corvinus)
1469–1490 King of Hungary as Mátyás I (Hunyadi), was elected by the insurgent Czech Catholic aristocrats as rival "King of Bohemia" (antiking) in 1469, but never crowned. In 1479 he agreed to limit his rule to Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia, while retaining his title.
Jagiellonian Dynasty
Vladislav II. Jagellonský
(Vladislaus II the Jagiellonian)
1471–1516 Nephew of Ladislav Pohrobek; elected on request of his predecessor Jiří z Poděbrad. Also King of Hungary (as Ulászló II) after 1490. Son of the Polish king Kazimierz IV. Called Władysław in Polish.
Ludvík Jagellonský
(Louis the Jagiellonian)
1516–1526 Son of Vladislav II. Also King of Hungary.
Habsburg Dynasty
Ferdinand I. 1526–1564 Brother-in-law of Ludvík; elected king. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd I) and Holy Roman Emperor-Elect from 1558.
Maximilián
(Maximilian)
1564–1576 Son of Ferdinand I, grandson of Vladislav II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Rudolf II.
(Rudolph II.)
1576–1611 Son of Maximilián I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Matyáš
(Matthias)
1611–1619 Brother of Rudolf II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Ferdinand II. 1619–1637 Nephew of Matthias. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Fridrich Falcký
(Frederick of the Palatinate)
1619–1620 Of the House of Wittelsbach. Antiking, elected by the Bohemian Estates at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War but quickly overthrown.
Ferdinand III. 1627–1657 Son of Ferdinand II. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd III) and Holy Roman Emperor.
Ferdinand IV. 1646–1654 Son of Ferdinand III. Nominal king during his father's reign. Also King of Hungary (as Ferdinánd IV) and King of the Romans.
Leopold I. 1657–1705 Brother of Ferdinand IV. Also King of Hungary (as Lipót I) and Holy Roman Emperor.
Josef I.
(Joseph I)
1705–1711 Son of Leopold I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Karel VI.
(Charles VI)
1711–1740 Brother of Josef I. Also King of Hungary (as Károly III) and Holy Roman Emperor. In fact, the second Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Holy Roman Empire.
Karel Albrecht Bavorský
(Charles Albert of Bavaria)
1741–1743 Of the House of Wittelsbach. Son-in-law of Josef I. Antiking to Maria Theresa during the War of the Austrian Succession and therefore traditionally titled without an ordinal number. Also Holy Roman Emperor.
Marie Terezie
(Maria Theresa)
1740–1780 Daughter of Charles VI. Also Queen of Hungary (Mária Terézia). Rival to Charles Albert's claim.
Habsburg-Lorraine Dynasty
Josef II.
(Joseph II)
1780–1790 Son of Marie Terezie. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Leopold II. 1790–1792 Brother of Josef II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
František II.
(Francis II)
1792–1835 Son of Leopold II. Also King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor to 1806, Austrian Emperor (as Franz I) from 1804.
Ferdinand V.
(Ferdinand I of Austria)
1835–1848 Son of František. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Last crowned King of Bohemia. Lost power in the 1848 Revolution.
František Josef I. (Franz Joseph I of Austria) 1848–1916 Nephew of Ferdinand V. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Ceded Austrian dominance in German affairs to Prussia in the 1866 Austro-Prussian Warmarker; allied with Prussia-dominated Germany in the First World War.
Karel I. (Charles I of Austria) 1916–1918 Grandnephew of František Josef I. Also Austrian Emperor and King of Hungary. Ruled briefly during First World War and abdicated. In fact, the fourth Bohemian king with this name but traditionally titled identically as in Austro-Hungarian Empire.


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