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Sultan Said Ali bin Said Omar of Grande Comore (1897)
Several Sultanates on the Comorosmarker, an archipelago in the Indian Oceanmarker with an ethnically complex mix, were founded after the introduction of Islam into the area in the 15th century. Other uses depending on the island could also be styled fani, mfaume and ntibe. Unlike sultans in many other Arab nations, these sultans had little real power. At one time alone on the island of Ndzuwani or Nzwani (today Anjouanmarker), 40 fanis and other chiefs shared power of the island; Ngazidjamarker (today Grand Comoremarker) was at many times divided into 11 sultanates. This article addresses the major ones.

The term Shirazis (derived from the former Persian capital Shiraz) is not a Sultanic title, but (in some dynasties?) a reference to Iranian roots.

The historical sultanates based the following five cities have been collectively proposed as a UNESCOmarker World Heritage site: They have not yet been inscribed as

Sultans of and on Ndzuwani (Anjouan)

Reign (start) Reign (end) Name Variations Notes
c. 1676 c. 1711 Alimah III First known ruler and female ruler of Anjouan.
c. 1711 c. 1741 Salim
c. 1741 c.1782 Saidi Ahamd
c. 1782/1792 c. 1788/1796 Abdallah I Alimiah She ruled as a defacto ruler twice.
c.1788 c.1792 Halimah
c.1796 c.1816 Alawi bin Husain Mwinye Fani
c.1816/ 1833 c.1832/1836 Abdallah II bin Alawi
c.1832 c.1833 Ali bin Salim
c.1836 c.1837 Saidi Alawi bin Abdallah
c.1837 c.1852 Salim bin Alawi
c.1852 c.1891 Saidi Abdallah bin Salim
c.1891 c.1891 Salim bin Abdalla
c.1891 c.1892 Saidi Omar bin Saidi Hasan
c.1892 c.1912 Saidi Mohamed bin Saidi Omar


Sultans on Ngazidja (Grande Comore)

Sultans of Bamboa



Reign (start) Reign (end) Name Variations Notes
c. ??? c. ??? Ngoma Mrahafu
c. ??? c. ??? Mwasi Pirusa
c. ??? c. ??? Fum Mbavu Inkwaba
c. ??? c. ??? Mwenye Mji wa Mwenye Mambo
c.??? c.??? Inye wa Mantsi
c.??? c.??? Mwenye Mji wa Mwanze
c.??? c.??? Tambavu mna Muhame wa Saidi
c.??? c.??? Tambavu Inkwaba
c.?? c.??? Fum Nau wa Kori Dozi He was the first ruler of Bamboa to be given the title (Sultan) Tibe, i.e. Paramount ruler of the island.
c.??? c.??? Mwenye Mji wa Mvunza Panga
c.??? c.??? Mla Nau Second ruler with the hegemonic title Sultan tibe.
c.?? c.?? Fozi Wa
c.??? c.??? Suja Oma Inkwaba
c.??? c.??? Nyau wa Faume First remale ruler of Bamboa.
c.??? c.??? Nyau wa Faume First remale ruler of Bamboa.
c.??? c.??? Bamba Oma wa Ju Mamba He ruled a second after Ahmed bin Shekhe Ngome's first ruling period.
c.??? c.??? Ahmed bin Shekhe Ngome The fourth ruler to styled Sultan tibe. He ruled a second time after Mamba's brief second ruling period which was then again interrupted by a brief period of rule under Saidi Bakari followed by his third ruling period. (A possible explanation is a period of anarchy with multiple rulers).
c.??? c.??? Saidi Bakari
c.??? c.??? Mwenye Mambo
c.??? c.??? Ju Mamba
c.???/1874? c.???/??? Mohamed bin Ahmed He ruled twice in the 1800s the second time after Abdallah bin Saidi Hamza's first ruling period.
c.??? c.???
c.??? c.???
c.??? c.???
c.??? c.???
c.??? c.???
c.??? c.???


Sultans of Itsandra

Styled "Mfalme"

Fey Owa Mbaya

Fey Mwenza

Fey Jumbe

Ju Mwamba Pirusa

Zombe Ilingo

Nguzo waInehili

Tibe waKanzu

Mkongo

Mna Musa Hibu

Muhammadi Saidi

Mvunza Panga

Fey Beja waWabeja(f)

Fum Nau waKori Dozi

Fey Fumu

Bwana Fumu

Fey Fumu(2nd time)

Bwana Fumu(2nd time)

Fey Fumu(3rd time)

Fum Mbavu

Musa Fumu waFey Fumu(d.c.1883)

Tibe Bamba

Musa Fumu waFey Fumu(2nd time)(d.c.1883)

Tibe Bamba(2nd time)

Musa Fumu waFey Fumu(3rd time)(d.c.1883)

Tibe Bamba (3rd time)

Musa Fumu waFey Fumu (4th time)(d.c.1883)

Tibe Bamba (4th time)

Kalega



Sultans of Mitsamihuli

Styled "Mfalme"

Mahame Msahi

Fozi waMahame

Mbantsi

Ju Mambu Madi waMusa Fumu

Jumbe Fumu Mfaume waDomba(possibly ruled jointly with Kori Dazi)

Kori Dazi

Jumbe Fumu Mfaume waDomba(as sole Mfalme)

Tambavu waJumbe Fumu

Fozi

Suja Fumu Mbamba(possibly ruled jointly with Mba Fumu wa Jumbe Fumu)

Mba Fumu waJumbe Fumu

Mba Fumu waTambwe(possibly ruled jointly with Jumbe Fumu wa Jumbe Mfumu)

Jumbe Fumu waJumbe Mfumu

Mbandhi waBwana Haji(possibly ruled jointly with Abdallah bin Ahmad)

Abdallah bin Ahmed

Bwana Fumu(reign ended c.1886)



Sultans of Bajini

Styled "Mfalme"

Mwenye Bamba I

Bamba Jumbe

Tambe Mbafu waFum Nau

Ju Mamba Oma waMba Nau

Mwambatsi, co-Ruler with Mfalme Ju Mamba Oma waMba Nau

Mwenye Bamba II

Bamba Oma

Suja Oma waTambwe, co-Ruler with Mfalme Bamba Oma

Shekani, co-Ruler with Mfalme Bamba Oma

Fumu Oma

Oma waDari, co-Ruler with Mfalme Fumu Oma(d1884)

Ja Mhaba(f)

Hashimu bin Ahmed(d1889)

Hadija bint Ahmed(f)

Hashimu bin Ahmed(2nd time)(d1889)

1886-89 uncertain Mfalme or interregnum

Hashimu bin Ahmed(3rd time)(d1889)



Sultans of Hambu

Styled "Mfalme"

Beja Mbuyuni

Nau waMigira

Nau waMoro

Fumu Nau

Yasi Azi

Demani Mtango

Fumu Jimba waIdimani

Mahdi Jimbwa waTangwe

Dari waMba Nau, co-Ruler with Mfalme Mahdi Jimbwa waTangwe

Jumbe Fumu waSuja Oma Inkwaba

Suja Oma waTambwe

Mrunda Mijo

Fey Mwando waTambwe, co-Ruler with Mfalme Mrunda Mijo

Bamba Oma waJumamba

Tambwe waHinye

Abudu bin Mohamed bin Sultani

Bamba Oma waOma, co-Ruler with Mfalme Abudu bin Mohamed bin Sultani



Sultans of Hamahame

Styled "Mfalme"

Nye Hila

Haji waNo Fumu

Suja Oma Mshinda Kodo

Jumbe Fumu Madi

Bwana Haji Musa

Simai

Dari Oma

Fumu Oma waNasiri

Suja Oma waFumu

Mba Fumu waBwana Haji

Suja Oma Bwana



Sultans of Hamamvu

The Sultan was also styled mfalme; no known incumbent (nor dates).

Sultans of Mbaku

The Sultan was also styled mfalme; the only known incumbent (no dates) was: Bwana Fumu.

Sultans of Mbude

Sultans (also styled mfalme) (no dates available):
  • .... - .... Msa Mwinza
  • .... - .... Bamba
  • .... - .... Lwali
  • .... - .... Jumbe Fumu wa Tambwe
  • .... - .... Dari Mbamba
  • .... - .... Mwandhi Oma wa Jumbe Fumu
  • .... - .... Bamba Oma wa Suja Funu
  • .... - .... Jumbe Fumu Mna Mango
  • .... - .... Bamba wa Madi Jimba
  • .... - .... Jumbe Fumu wa Sinai


Sultans of La Dombe

The Sultan was also styled mfalme; the only known incumbent (no dates) was: Febeja Mambwe.

Sultans of Washili

Styled "Mfalme"

Mohama Mdume waBeja

Fey Zinda waMawana

Fey Zinda waMakasara

Tambwe Musa Fumu

Tambwe waHabadi(possibly co-Ruler with Mfalme Tambwe Musa Fumu)

Jumbe Fumu waMbala Bwani

Tambwe No Fumu waMba Nau(b1730's-d1815)

Jumwamba Mwenye Majini

Mba Fumu waSuja Fumu Bamba

Shekhe Salim(possibly co-Ruler with Mfalme Mba Fumu waShuja Fumu Bamba)

Mavunzanga

Tibe Mbe

Abudu



Sultans of and on Mwali (Mohéli)

1830-1842 Ramanetaka (also Abderremane)(d. 1842)

1842-1865 Raketaka Jombe Sudy (f)(1st time)(c.1836-1878) (after 1851, Jumbe Fatima bint Abderremane)

1842-26.5.1849 Regency (Rovao(f),Tsivandini(through 1847))

9.1865-1874 Mohamed bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara (c.1859-1874)

9.1865-1868 Jumbe Fatima bint Abderremane(f), Regent (1st time) (c.1836-1878)

1868-1.1871 Joseph Lambert, Duc d'Imerina, Regent (1824-1873)

1.1871-1874 Jumbe Fatima bint Abderremane(f), Regent(2nd time)(c.1836-1878)



1874-1878 Jumbe Fatima bint Abderremane (f)(2nd time)(c.1836-1878)



1878-1885 Abderremane bin Saidi Hamadi Makadara (c.1860-1885)

1885-1886 Mohammed Shekhe (b. c.1830)

1886-1888 Marjani bin Abudu Shekhe (b. c.1851)

1888-1909 Salima Machamba bint Saidi Hamadi Makadara (f)(never acceeded)(1874-1964)



1888-1889 Regents (Fadeli bin Othman, Balia Juma(f), Abudu Tsivandini)

1889-1897 Mahmudu bin Mohamed Makadara, Regent (1863 - 1898)

1909 French colony of Moheli



Sources

(incomplete?; most material still to be worked in)


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