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List of tallest freestanding structures in the world: Map

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This is a list of tallest freestanding structures in the world past and present. It does not include supported structures like guyed masts, partially guyed towers and drilling platforms. This list consists mostly of towers, skyscrapers (pinnacle height) and chimneys.

Notes

  • Structures no longer standing are in italics.
  • For all structures the pinnacle height is given, so the height of skyscrapers may be different from the values at List of tallest buildings in the world.
  • Structures under construction are included in main list if its current height is over .


Freestanding structures (past or present) over

Name Pinnacle height Year Structural type Main use Country City Remarks Coordinates
Burj Dubaimarker 2,684 feet 818 m
|| 2009 || Skyscraper || Office, hotel, residential ||   || Dubaimarker || Topped-out on 17 January 2009, still under construction ||
Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Towermarker 2,001 feet 610 m 2009 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Guangzhoumarker Topped-out in early-2009, still under construction
CN Towermarker 1,815 feet 553 m 1976 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Torontomarker, Ontariomarker Tallest freestanding structure in the World 1975-2007.

Tallest in Western Hemispheremarker.

Tallest completed structure
Ostankino Towermarker 1,772 feet 540.1 m 1967 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Moscowmarker Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1967-1975, Tallest freestanding structure in Europe, 2000 Fire led to renovation
Willis Towermarker (formerly Sears Tower) 1,729 feet 527 m 1974 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Chicagomarker, Illinoismarker Second tallest freestanding structure in USA, tallest skyscraper in the world 1973-1998 (by structural height)
One World Trade Centermarker 1,727 feet 526.3 m 1973 Skyscraper Office, UHF/VHF-transmission New York Citymarker Destroyed on September 11, 2001, tallest freestanding structure in the world that no longer exists
Taipei 101marker 1,671 feet 509.2 m 2004 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Taipeimarker Tallest skyscraper in the world 2004–2009, first skyscraper to exceed 500 m/1,640 ft in structural height.
Shanghai World Financial Centermarker 1,614 feet 492 m 2008 Skyscraper Office, hotels, residential Shanghai Tallest building in China (including Hong Kongmarker), world's tallest observation deck
International Commerce Centermarker 1590 feet 484 m 2009 Skyscraper Office Hong Kongmarker As of 17 October 2008, under construction
Oriental Pearl Towermarker 1,535 feet 467.9 m 1994 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Shanghai Tallest structure in China (including Hong Kongmarker), 1994-2007.
John Hancock Centermarker 1,500 feet 457.2 m 1969 Skyscraper Office, residential, UHF/VHF-transmission Chicago, Illinois World's tallest mixed-use building 1969-2008
Petronas Tower 1marker 1,483 feet 452 m 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation Kuala Lumpurmarker Tallest twin towers in the world
Petronas Tower 2marker 1,483 feet 452 m 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation Kuala Lumpurmarker
Greenland Square Zifeng Towermarker 1,476 feet 450 m 2009 Skyscraper Mixed-use Nanjingmarker Topped-out in 2008, expected completion in 2009
Empire State Buildingmarker 1,454 feet 443.2 m 1931 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission New York, City World's tallest structure 1931–1954.

Tallest freestanding structure 1931–1967.

Tallest skyscraper 1931–1973.

First Skyscraper with 100+ stories
Milad Towermarker 1,427 feet 435 m 2003 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Tehran
Menara Kuala Lumpurmarker 1,381 feet 421 m 1995 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Kuala Lumpur
Jin Mao Towermarker 1,380 feet 420.5 m 1998 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation Shanghai Tallest skyscraper in People's Republic of Chinamarker, 1998-2007.
GRES-2 Power Station Chimneymarker 1,377 feet 419.7 m 1987 Chimney Power station Ekibastusz Tallest chimney in the world
Two International Finance Centremarker 1,348 feet 415.8 m 2003 Skyscraper Office Hong Kong
Two World Trade Centermarker 1,362 feet 415.3 m 1973 Skyscraper Office, observation New York City Destroyed on September 11, 2001
Tianjin Radio and Television Towermarker 1,362 feet 415.2 m 1991 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Tianjin
Central Radio and TV Towermarker 1,329 feet 405 m 1992 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Beijing
CITIC Plazamarker 1,283 feet 391.1 m 1997 Skyscraper Office Guangzhoumarker
Kiev TV Towermarker 1,263 feet 385 m 1973 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission Kiev Tallest lattice tower of the world
Shun Hing Squaremarker 1,259 feet 384 m 1996 Skyscraper Office Shenzhen
Inco Superstackmarker 1,246 feet 380 m 1971 Chimney Nickel smelter Copper Cliff
Tuntex Sky Towermarker 1,240 feet 378 m 1997 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Kaohsiung
Tashkent Towermarker 1,230 feet 374.9 m 1985 Tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation Tashkentmarker
Central Plazamarker 1,227 feet 374 m 1992 Skyscraper Office Hong Kong
Liberation Towermarker 1,220 feet 372 m 1993 Concrete tower UHF/VHF-transmission , observation Kuwait City
Alma-Ata Towermarker 1,219 feet 371.5 m 1983 Tower UHF/VHF-transmission , observation Alma-Ata
Chimney of Homer City Generating Stationmarker 1,217 feet 371 m 1977 Chimney Power station Homer City, Pennsylvania
Kennecott Smokestackmarker 1,215 feet 370.4 m 1974 Chimney Copper smelter Magna, Utah
Chimney of Berezovskaya GRESmarker 1,214 feet 370 m 1985 Chimney Power station Sharypovomarker, Krasnoyarsk Kraimarker
Riga Radio and TV Towermarker 1,209 feet 368.5 m 1987 Steel tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation Riga Tallest structure in the European Union
Berliner Fernsehturmmarker 1,207 feet 368 m 1969 Concrete tower UHF/VHF-transmission , observation Berlin Tallest structure in Germanymarker
Chimney of Mitchell Power Plantmarker 1,206 feet 367.6 m 1971 Chimney Power station Moundsville, West Virginia
Bank of China Tower 1,205 feet 367.4 m 1990 Skyscraper Office Hong Kong First skyscraper outside the United States to exceed 1,000 ft (305 metres) in height
Bank of America Tower, New York Citymarker 1,200 feet 366 m 2008 Skyscraper Office New York City Under construction, topped out
Almas Towermarker 1,181 feet 360 m 2008 Skyscraper Office Dubai under construction, topped out
Trbovlje Chimneymarker 1,183 feet 360 m 1976 Chimney Power station Trbovlje Tallest chimney in Europe
Endesa Termicmarker 1,168 feet 356 m 1974 Chimney Power station As Pontes, Galicia
SEG Plazamarker 1,167 feet 355.8 m 2000 Skyscraper Office Shenzhenmarker
First Canadian Placemarker 1,165 feet 355 m 1975 Skyscraper Office, UHF/VHF-transmission Toronto Tallest skyscraper in Canadamarker
Emirates Office Towermarker 1,163 feet 354.6 m 2000 Skyscraper Office Dubai
Chimney of Phoenix Copper Smelter 1,153 feet 351.5 m ? Chimney Copper smelter Baia Mare
Stratosphere Towermarker 1,149 feet 350.2 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, ride Las Vegas Tallest Observation Tower in the United Statesmarker
Chimney of Syrdarya Power Plant 1,148 feet 350 m 1975 Chimney Power station Syrdarya


Other Freestanding structures (past or present): between and

Name Pinnacle height Year Structural type Main use Country Town Remarks
Conde Nast Buildingmarker 1,140 ft 348 m 2000 Skyscraper New Yorkmarker
Yangtze River Crossing 1,138 ft 347 m 2003 Lattice tower Electricity pylon Jiangyinmarker Tallest electricity pylon in the world, second tallest lattice tower in the world (only Kiev TV Towermarker is taller)
Aon Centermarker 1,136 ft 346 m 1973 Skyscraper Chicago
The Centermarker 1,135 ft 346 m 1998 Skyscraper Hong Kong
Chimney of Teruel Power Plantmarker 1125 ft 343 m Chimney Power station Teruelmarker
Chimney of Plomin Power Stationmarker 1115 ft 340 m Chimney Power station Plominmarker
West Pearl Towermarker 1109 ft 339 m 2004 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Chengdu
Macau Towermarker 1109 ft 338 m 2001 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Macau
Europaturmmarker 1107 ft 337.5 m 1979 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Frankfurt/Main
Chimney of Power Station Westerholtmarker 1106 ft 337 m 1997 Chimney Power station Gelsenkirchenmarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker Demolished on December 3, 2006 by explosives. Tallest free-standing structure ever demolished by explosives in a controlled manner
Chimney of Mountaineer Power Plantmarker 1102 ft 336 m 1980 Chimney Power station New Haven, West Virginiamarker
Dragon Towermarker 1102 ft 336 m 2000 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Harbin
Rose Towermarker 1,093 ft 333 m 2007 Skyscraper Dubai
Shimao International Plazamarker 1,093 ft 333 m 2006 Skyscraper Shanghai
Tokyo Towermarker 1091 ft 332.6 m 1958 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Tokyo Tallest self-supporting steel structure in the world, Tallest structure in Japanmarker.
Minsheng Bank Buildingmarker 1,087 ft 331 m 2007 Skyscraper Wuhanmarker
Emley Moor TV Towermarker 1084 ft 330.4 m 1970 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Emley Moor, Yorkshire
Ryugyong Hotelmarker 1,083 ft 330 m 1992 Skyscraper Pyongyangmarker Construction restarted estimated completion 2012
Chimney of Ekibastuz GRES-1marker 1083 ft 330 m Chimney Power station Ekibastuzmarker
2 Сhimneys of Permskaya GRES 1083 ft 330 m 1987 Chimney Power station Dobryankamarker
2 Сhimneys of Reftinskaya GRES 1083 ft 330 m 1980 Chimney Power station Reftinskiy
Chimney of TETs5marker 1083 ft 330 m 1981 Chimney Power station Kharkivmarker
Chimney of Zuevskaya GRES 1083 ft 330 m Chimney Power station Zuhresmarker, Donetsk Oblast
WITI TV Towermarker 1078 ft 329 m 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Shorewood (Milwaukeemarker), Wisconsinmarker
Baiyoke Tower IImarker 1076 ft 328 m 1997 Skyscraper Bangkokmarker
Sky Towermarker 1076 ft 328 m 1997 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Aucklandmarker Tallest freestanding structure in the Southern Hemispheremarker
WSB TV Towermarker 1075 ft 327.6 m 1957 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Atlanta
Vilnius TV Towermarker 1073 ft 327 m 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Vilnius
Chimney of Maritza East Power Station 1066 ft 325 m 1977/1980 Chimney Power station Stara Zagoramarker
Eiffel Towermarker 1062 ft 325 m 1889 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Paris Tallest structure in the world from 1889-1930, First structure to exceed 300 metres in height.
WHDH-TV Towermarker 1066 ft 323.8 m 1994 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission Newton, Massachusetts
Q1marker 1058 ft 323 m 2005 Skyscraper Gold Coast Tallest residential skyscraper in the world. Tallest building in Australia.
Burj Al Arabmarker 1053 ft 321 m 1999 Skyscraper Dubai
2 Сhimneys of Kirishskya GRES-1marker 1050 ft 320 m 1984/1986 Chimney Power station Kirishimarker
Chimney of Ryazanskaya GRES 1050 ft 320 m 1973 Chimney Power station Novomichurinskmarker
2 Сhimneys of Tobolsk TEC 1050 ft 320 m 1983 Chimney Power station Tobolskmarker
Chimney of Kostromskaya GRES 1050 ft 320 m ? Chimney Power station Volgorechenskmarker
Chimney of Zaporozhskaya GRES 1050 ft 320 m 1972 Chimney Power station Enerhodarmarker
Chimney of Mironovskaya GRES 1050 ft 320 m Chimney Power station Debaltsevemarker
Chimney of Uglegorskaya GRES 1050 ft 320 m 197? Chimney Power station Solncedar
Chrysler Buildingmarker 1046 ft 319 m 1930 Skyscraper New York Citymarker Tallest structure in the world 1930-1931
Nina Tower Imarker 1046 ft 319 m 2006 Skyscraper Hong Kong
New York Times Buildingmarker 1046 ft 319 m 2007 Skyscraper New York Citymarker
Jiangsu Nanjing TV Towermarker 1045 ft 318.5 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Nanjing
Aspire Towermarker 1043 ft 318 m 2007 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Doha
KCTV-Towermarker 1042 ft 317.6 m 1956 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Kansas City, Missouri
Chimney of Rockport Power Plantmarker 1038 ft 316.4 m Chimney Power station Rockport, Indianamarker
Atlanta Turner Broadcasting Towermarker 1031 ft 314.3 m 1980 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Atlanta, Georgia
Tallinn TV Towermarker 1025 ft 312.3 m 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Tallinn
Bank of America Plazamarker 1023 ft 312 m 1992 Skyscraper Atlantamarker
TV Tower Yerevanmarker 1023 ft 311.7 m 1977 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Yerevan
Tortoise Mountain TV Towermarker 1022 ft 311.4 m ? Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Wuhan
St. Petersburg TV Towermarker 1021 ft 311.2 m 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission St. Petersburg
U.S.marker Bank Tower marker 1018 ft 311 m 1990 Skyscraper Los Angelesmarker Tallest skyscraper in North America located west of the Mississippi River.
Menara Telekommarker 1017 ft 310 m 2001 Skyscraper Kuala Lumpur
Azeri TV Towermarker 1017 ft 310 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Baku
Chimney of Ugljevik Power Plantmarker 1017 ft 310 m 1985 Chimney Power station Ugljevikmarker
Kingdom Centremarker 1015 ft 309 m 2002 Skyscraper Riyadhmarker
Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotelmarker 1014 ft 309 m 2000 Skyscraper Dubai
Sydney Towermarker 1014 ft 309 m 1981 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Sydney
AT&T Corporate Centermarker 1007 ft 307 m 1989 Skyscraper Chicago
Chimney of Buschhaus Power Stationmarker 1007 ft 307 m 1984 Chimney Power station Helmstedtmarker, Lower Saxonymarker
Liaoning Broadcast and TV Tower 1002 ft 305.5 m 1989 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Shenyang
JPMorgan Chase Towermarker 1002 ft 305 m 1982 Skyscraper Houstonmarker Tallest five-sided skyscraper in the world.
Chimney of Harrison Power Station Scrubbermarker 1001 ft 305 m 1994 Chimney Power station Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Robert W Scherer Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1983/1985 Chimney Power station Macon, Georgiamarker
Chimney of Independence Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1983 Chimney Power station Newark, Arkansasmarker
Chimney of Kyger Creek Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1980 Chimney Power station Gallipolis, Ohiomarker
Chimney of White Bluff Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1980 Chimney Power station Pine Bluff, Arkansasmarker
Chimney of Harllee Branch Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1978 Chimney Power station Milledgeville, Georgiamarker
Chimney of Widows Creek Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1977 Chimney Power station Stevenson, Alabamamarker
Chimney of Hal B.marker Wansley Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1976 Chimney Power station Carrollton, Georgiamarker
Chimney of Kingston Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1976 Chimney Power station Kingston, Tennesseemarker
Chimney of Harrison Power Stationmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1972/1973 Chimney Power station Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Cumberland Power Plantmarker 1001 ft 305 m 1970 Chimney Power station Cumberland City, Tennesseemarker
Chimney of W.marker H.marker Sammis Power Plantmarker, Unit 7 1001 ft 305 m 1970 Chimney Power station Stratton, Ohiomarker
Chimney of Conemaugh Generating Stationmarker 1001 ft 305 m Chimney Power station Seward, Pennsylvaniamarker
Chimney of Hayden Smelter 1001 ft 305 m Chimney Power station Hayden, Arizonamarker
Chimney of Plant Bowen Coalmarker 1001 ft 305 m Chimney Power station Taylorsville, Georgiamarker
Chimney of Chvaletice Power Station 1001 ft 305 m 1977 Chimney Power station Chvaleticemarker
Two Prudential Plazamarker 995 ft 303 m 1990 Skyscraper Chicago
Wells Fargo Plazamarker 992 ft 302 m 1983 Skyscraper Houston
Chimney of Power Plant Scholvenmarker 991 ft 302 m Chimney Power station Gelsenkirchenmarker
Chimney of Power Plant Chemnitzmarker 991 ft 302 m Chimney Power station Chemnitzmarker
Chimney of SASOL III Synthetic Fuel Production Plant 988 ft 301 m 1979 Chimney Synthetic fuel plant Secundamarker Tallest freestanding structure in Africa
Commerzbank Towermarker 984 ft 300.1 m 1997 Skyscraper Frankfurt/Mainmarker Tallest skyscraper in Europe, 1997-2005
Eureka Towermarker 984 ft 300 m 2006 Skyscraper Residential Melbournemarker
Chimney of Prunéřov Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station Prunéřov
Chimney of Tušimice Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1974 Chimney Power station Tušimice
Chimney of Lippendorf Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1967 Chimney Power station Lippendorf, Saxonymarker Demolished in 2005
Chimney of Power Plant Jänschwaldemarker 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station Jänschwaldemarker
Chimney of Walsum Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1988 Chimney Power station Walsum, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker
Chimney of Herne Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1989 Chimney Power station Hernemarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker
Chimney of Thierbach Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Espenhainmarker, Saxonymarker Demolished
Chimneys of Boxberg Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Boxbergmarker, Saxonymarker
Chimneys of Marl-Chemiepark Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Marlmarker, North Rhine-Westphaliamarker Dismantled
Chimney of Provence Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1984 Chimney Power station Gardannemarker
Chimney of Orot Rabinmarker 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station Haderamarker
Chimney of Bishkek TEC 984 ft 300 m 1989 Chimney Power station Bishkekmarker
Chimney of Rybnik Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1974 Chimney Power station Rybnikmarker
Chimney of Jaworzno Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1977 Chimney Power station Jaworznomarker
Chimney of Bełchatów Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Bełchatówmarker
Chimney of Kozienice Power Station 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Kozienicemarker
Chimney of Warszawa-Kawęczyn Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m Chimney Power station Warsawmarker-Kawcyn
Chimney of Novaky Power Plant 984 ft 300 m 1976 Chimney Power station Novákymarker
Chimney of Duvha Power Stationmarker 984 ft 300 m 1982 Chimney Power station Witbankmarker
Chimney of Clifty Creek Power Plantmarker 984 ft 300 m 1978 Chimney Power station Madison, Indianamarker
BRTN Torenmarker 984 ft 300 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Sint-Pieters-Leeuwmarker
Mumbai Television Towermarker 984 ft 300 m ? Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission Mumbaimarker


Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures

Name Country Town Height
metres / ft
Structural type Held record Notes
Great Pyramid of Gizamarker Egyptmarker Gizamarker 146 / 480 Mausoleum 2570 BCE–1311 Due to erosion today it stands at the height of .
Lincoln Cathedralmarker Englandmarker Lincolnmarker 159.7 / 524 Church 1311–1549 Spire collapsed in 1549; today, stands at a height of .
St. Olaf's church, Tallinnmarker Estoniamarker Tallinnmarker 158.4 / 525 Church 1549–1625 Spire destroyed by lightning in 1625; today stands at a height of .
St. Mary's churchmarker Germanymarker Stralsundmarker 151 / 500 Church 1625–1647 Spire destroyed by lightning in 1647; today stands at a height of .
Strasbourg Cathedralmarker Germanymarker and Francemarker (today France) Strasbourgmarker 142 / 470 Church 1647–1874
St Nikolaimarker Germany Hamburgmarker 147.3 / 483 Church 1874–1876
Notre-Dame Cathedralmarker France Rouenmarker 151 / 500 Church 1876–1880
Cologne Cathedralmarker Germany Cologne 157.4 / 516 Church 1880–1884
Washington Monument United Statesmarker Washington, D.C.marker 169.3 / 555 Monument 1884–1889
Eiffel Towermarker France Parismarker 312 / 1,020 Tower 1889–1930 Currently stands at a height of .
Chrysler Buildingmarker United States New Yorkmarker 319 / 1,046 Skyscraper 1930–1931
Empire State Buildingmarker United States New York 448 / 1,472 Skyscraper 1931–1967
Ostankino Towermarker Russiamarker Moscowmarker 540 / 1,772 Tower 1967–1976
CN Towermarker Canadamarker Torontomarker 553 / 1,815 Tower 1976–2007
Burj Dubaimarker United Arab Emiratesmarker Dubaimarker 818 / 2,684 Skyscraper 2007–present Topped-out on 17 January 2009


See also



References

  1. See Tallest freestanding structures by skyscraperpage.com



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