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This is a list of notable tropical cyclones, subdivided by basin and reason for notability.

North Atlantic basin

These records are held by Atlantic hurricanes.







South Atlantic basin

Tropical cyclones rarely form in the South Atlanticmarker Basin. Only three South Atlantic tropical cyclones in the area have been confirmed.

Eastern Pacific basin

These records are held by Pacific hurricanes.







Western Pacific basin

These records are held by: Pacific typhoon

Retired names

Names retired before 2000 were done so by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Names during and after that year were retired by the Japan Meteorological Agency.

Name Year Location Deaths Damage (in million $US as of the year of damage)
Lucille 1960 Philippinesmarker 300 Unknown
Ophelia 1960 Caroline Islandsmarker 2 Unknown
Karen 1962 Pacific Islands, Japanmarker 11 250
Bess 1974 Philippinesmarker 26-29 7.2
Bess 1982 Japanmarker 59 Unknown
Ike 1984 Philippinesmarker, southern Chinamarker 1363-3000 75.4
Mike 1990 Philippinesmarker, Vietnammarker, southern Chinamarker 250+ 14
Mireille 1991 Ryukyu Islandsmarker, southern Japanmarker 52 3000
Thelma 1991 Philippinesmarker 6000 19
Omar 1992 Guammarker, Taiwanmarker 2 457
Vamei 2001 Singaporemarker, Malaysiamarker, and Sumatramarker 0 None
Chataan 2002 Chuukmarker, Japanmarker 31 59.8
Rusa 2002 Koreamarker 113 6000
Pongsona 2002 Guammarker, Marianas Islandsmarker 3 700
Imbudo 2003 Philippinesmarker 21 37
Maemi 2003 Ryukyu Islandsmarker and South Koreamarker 115 4100
Sudal 2004 Yapmarker 1 Unknown
Rananim 2004 Eastern China 115 4000
Matsa 2005 Taiwanmarker, Okinawamarker, Northeastern China 25 2230
Nabi 2005 Mariana Islandsmarker, Japanmarker, South Koreamarker 75 Unknown
Longwang 2005 Taiwanmarker, southeast Chinamarker 148 150+
Chanchu 2006 The Philippinesmarker, Taiwanmarker, southeast Chinamarker and Japanmarker 104 1200
Bilis 2006 The Philippinesmarker, Taiwanmarker, southeast Chinamarker 672 4400
Saomai 2006 Mariana Islandsmarker, The Philippinesmarker, Taiwanmarker, southeast Chinamarker 458 2500
Xangsane 2006 Philippinesmarker, Hainanmarker, Vietnammarker, Cambodiamarker, Thailandmarker 279 747
Durian 2006 Philippinesmarker, Vietnammarker, Thailandmarker 819+ 508+


Two names, Yanyan and Tingting, were replaced as requested by Hong Kong. Another two names, Kodo and Hanuman, were replaced before using.

PAGASA also retires names for typhoons and tropical storms that affect the Philippines.

Significant typhoons with special names

Eight especially significant typhoons were named by Japan Meteorological Agency according to the area where they caused most damage.

Other notable named storms

  • Wanda, 1962, Hong Kongmarker - Often cited by Hong Kong residents as an example of a deadly storm. Although it ranked only as Category 2 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, the deficient warning system at the time led to many deaths in the villages of the New Territories unaware of the storm surge.
  • Typhoon Ruby, 1964 - the strongest and worst named typhoon to hit Hong Kong in recorded history. killed over 700 and caused widespread damage.
  • Nina, 1975 - Dropped rain over eastern Chinamarker, contributing to the collapse of the Banqiao Dammarker which killed at least 170,000
  • Tip, 1979, Japanmarker - Most intense and largest tropical cyclone on record
  • Typhoon Gay, 1989 - Rare typhoon that crossed Thailand as a cat 3 typhoon; crossed into North Indian Ocean Basin and hit India as a cat. 5, killing 39.
  • Herb, 1996, Taiwanmarker and Chinamarker - The strongest and the largest storm of this year, dropped heavy rain over Taiwan and China, killing hundreds.
  • Ivan and Joan, 1997 - two of the most intense cyclones ever recorded at 872 mb; reached extreme intensities at close distance to each other.
  • Typhoon Zeb, 1998 cat. 5 with 872 milibars of pressure; caused severe damage in the Philippines, killing nearly 100.
  • Maggie, Sam, York and Cam 1999, Hong Kongmarker - Four storms to directly strike the vicinity of Hong Kong within one typhoon season
  • Man-yi, 2007, the strongest typhoon to affect Japanmarker in the month of July in recorded history.
  • Typhoon Fengshen - is a typhoon that struck the Philippinesmarker with an unusual path hence was poorly forecasted throughout its lifetime. 800 of the 856 people on board the MV Princess of the Stars were killed when the ship capsized at the height of the typhoon. Testimonies from survivors of the maritime tragedy suggest that the ferry have actually passed the typhoon's eye directly. There is a total of 1371 direct fatalities and 87 people missing during the storm's lifetime.
  • Tropical Storm Nangka - while not a strong storm, it managed to spawn a tornado and a hail with the latter being extremely rare in the Philippinesmarker.
  • Typhoon Parma - is another unusual typhoon to strike Philippines. It made an unprecedented three consecutive landfalls in the same area in Northern Luzonmarker, Philippinesmarker alone and had moved very slowly and at times, almost stationary in its second and third landfalls which resulted in heavy flooding and constant wind damage. Ilocos provinces and Abra marker reportedly experienced typhoon-force winds and heavy rains for 15 hours straight.


Notable unnamed storms

  • The Kamikaze, 1281, destroyed a Mongol invasion fleet attacking Japanmarker.
  • A system of unknown intensity that hit Haiphongmarker in 1881, killing 300,000 people.
  • The 1922 Swatow Typhoon, a system of unknown intensity that struck Swatowmarker, Chinamarker late on August 2, 1922, killing more than 50,000 people.
  • 1934 Muroto Typhoon - killing at least 3,036, another 15,361 are injured, with 92,323 houses are lost.
  • The Great Hong Kong Typhoon of 1937 - killed 11,000
  • Typhoon Cobra (Typhoon of 1944), 17-18 December, three US destroyers lost
  • 1945 Makurazaki Typhoon - killing at least 3,756, another 2,452 are injured, with 116,491 houses are lost.
  • Typhoon of July 1949 - killed 1,600 in Shanghai, making it the deadliest typhoon in the city's history.


Most active West Pacific seasons

The following are the most active Western Pacific seasons, according to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center best track. Only seasons with at least 30 storms are included.
Total

Storms
Year Tropical

Storms
Typhoons Super

Typhoons
39 1964 13 19 7
35 1965

1967

1971
14

15

11
10

16

16
11

4

4
34 1994 14 14 6
33 1996 12 15 6
32 1974 16 16 0
31 1989

1992
10

9
15

17
6

5
30 1962

1966

1972

1990

2004
7

10

8

9

10
17

17

20

17

13
6

3

2

4

7


Northern Indian Ocean

This region has had some of the world's deadliest cyclones, but there is a shortage of organized information about them. Only cyclones which caused fatalities over 3000 people have been included.



Most active seasons

Total Storms Year Tropical Depressions Tropical Storms Tropical Cyclones (>64kt)
13 1992 2 8 3
8 1987 0 8 0
8 1996 0 4 4
8 1998 0 3 5
8 2005 1 6 1


Australian tropical cyclones

SeeSee also Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Severe Weather Events

Most intense storms on record

This list includes Western Pacific storms with pressures of less than 885 mb and Atlantic, Eastern Pacific and South Pacific storms with pressure of less than 915 mb. Additional Western Pacific storms with pressures between 885 and 915 mb have been recorded, but these storms are neither exceptional for that basin nor all reliably measured. As for Indian Ocean storms, pressure readings are too scarce or too inaccurate to make a list reliable.

As a result of the omissions of many Western Pacific storms, many storms near the bottom of the list are not numerically ranked.



Rank Name Pressure Location Year
1 Typhoon Tip 870 mbar Western Pacific 1979
2 Typhoon Gay 872 mbar Western Pacific 1992*
2 Typhoon Ivan 872 mbar Western Pacific 1997*
2 Typhoon Joan 872 mbar Western Pacific 1997*
2 Typhoon Keith 872 mbar Western Pacific 1997*
2 Typhoon Zeb 872 mbar Western Pacific 1998*

2 Typhoon Angela 872 mbar Western Pacific 1995*
8 Typhoon Mike 875 mbar Western Pacific 1990
9 Typhoon June 876 mbar Western Pacific 1975
10 Typhoon Ida 877 mbar Western Pacific 1958
10 Typhoon Nora 877 mbar Western Pacific 1973
12 Typhoon Rita 878 mbar Western Pacific 1978
12 Typhoon Yvette 878 mbar Western Pacific 1992*
12 Typhoon Damrey 878 mbar Western Pacific 2000*
15 Typhoon Vanessa 879 mbar Western Pacific 1984
15 Typhoon Faxai 879 mbar Western Pacific 2001*
15 Typhoon Dianmu 879 mbar Western Pacific 2004*
15 Typhoon Chaba 879 mbar Western Pacific 2004*
19 Typhoon Violet 882 mbar Western Pacific 1961
19 Hurricane Wilma 882 mbar Atlantic 2005
21 Typhoon Forrest 883 mbar Western Pacific 1983
22 Typhoon Irma 884 mbar Western Pacific 1971
23 Super Typhoon Nina 885 mbar Western Pacific 1953
23 Cyclone Daryl-Agnielle 885 mbar South Indian 1995*
25 Typhoon Nancy 888 mbar West Pacific 1961
25 Hurricane Gilbert 888 mbar Atlantic 1988
27 Super Typhoon Ida 890 mbar Western Pacific 1954
27 Super Typhoon Elsie 890 mbar Western Pacific 1969
27 Cyclone Zoe 890 mbar South Pacific 2002**
30 Typhoon Joan 891 mbar Western Pacific 1959
31 Labor Day Hurricane 892 mbar Atlantic 1935
32 Super Typhoon Patsy 893 mbar Western Pacific 1973
33 Super Typhoon Sally 894 mbar Western Pacific 1964
34 Super Typhoon Hope 895 mbar Western Pacific 1970
34 Super Typhoon Amy 895 mbar Western Pacific 1971
34 Super Typhoon Louise 895 mbar Western Pacific 1976
34 Cyclone Gafilo 895 mbar South Indian 2004*
34 Hurricane Rita 895 mbar Atlantic 2005
39 Typhoon Vera 896 mbar West Pacific 1959
40 Typhoon Karen 897 mbar West Pacific 1962
41 Super Typhoon Nadine 898 mbar Western Pacific 1971
41 Cyclone Hary 898 mbar South Indian 2003
42 Hurricane Allen 899 mbar Atlantic 1980
43 Super Typhoon Tess 900 mbar Western Pacific 1953
43 Super Typhoon Pamela 900 mbar Western Pacific 1954
43 Typhoon Virginia 900 mbar Western Pacific 1957
43 Typhoon Lola 900 mbar Western Pacific 1957
43 Typhoon Elsie 900 mbar West Pacific 1975
43 Cyclone Ron 900 mbar South Pacific 1998*
43 Cyclone Gwenda 900 mbar South Indian 1999*
43 Cyclone Susan 900 mbar South Pacific 1998*
43 Cyclone Inigo 900 mbar South Indian 2003*
43 Cyclone Percy 900 mbar South Pacific 2005*
52 Super Typhoon Carla 901 mbar Western Pacific 1967
52 Typhoon Joan 901 mbar Western Pacific 1970
54 Super Typhoon Bess 902 mbar Western Pacific 1965
54 Hurricane Linda 902 mbar Eastern Pacific 1997*
54 Hurricane Katrina 902 mbar Atlantic 2005
54 Cyclone George 902 mbar South Indian 2007
57 Super Typhoon Opal 903 mbar Western Pacific 1964
57 Super Typhoon Emma 903 mbar Western Pacific 1962
59 Super Typhoon Agnes 904 mbar Western Pacific 1968
59 Super Typhoon Olga 904 mbar Western Pacific 1970
59 Super Typhoon Georgia 904 mbar Western Pacific 1970
62 Super Typhoon Grace 905 mbar Western Pacific 1958
62 Typhoon Sarah 905 mbar Western Pacific 1959
62 Typhoon Charlotte 905 mbar Western Pacific 1959
62 Hurricane Camille 905 mbar Atlantic 1969
62 Cyclone Orson 905 mbar South Indian 1989
62 Cyclone Geralda 905 mbar South Indian 1994
62 Hurricane Mitch 905 mbar Atlantic 1998
62 Cyclone Hudah 905 mbar South Indian 2000*
62 Cyclone Kalunde 905 mbar South Indian 2003*
62 Cyclone Bento 905 mbar South Indian 2004*
62 Cyclone Adeline-Juliet 905 mbar South Indian 2005*
62 Cyclone Monica 905 mbar South Pacific 2006***
62 Hurricane Dean 905 mbar Atlantic 2007
62 Typhoon Jangmi 905 mbar West Pacific 2008
75 Cyclone Hondo 906 mbar South Indian 2008
76 Super Typhoon Agnes 908 mbar Western Pacific 1968
76 Super Typhoon Elaine 908 mbar Western Pacific 1968
78 Super Typhoon Iris 909 mbar Western Pacific 1951
79 Super Typhoon Hester 910 mbar Western Pacific 1952
79 Super Typhoon Kit 910 mbar Western Pacific 1953
79 Super Typhoon Ruby 910 mbar Western Pacific 1954
79 Super Typhoon Kit 910 mbar Western Pacific 1957
79 Super Typhoon Opal 910 mbar Western Pacific 1962
79 Cyclone Dina 910 mbar South Indian 2002*
79 Cyclone Fay 910 mbar South Indian 2004*
79 Hurricane Ivan 910 mbar Atlantic 2004
79 Cyclone Carina 910 mbar South Indian 2006*
79 Cyclone Glenda 910 mbar South Indian 2006****
79 Typhoon Melor 910 mbar Western Pacific 2009
90 Super Typhoon Faye 911 mbar Western Pacific 1968
90 Super Typhoon Bess 911 mbar Western Pacific 1971
90 Super Typhoon Rita 911 mbar Western Pacific 1972
93 Super Typhoon Anita 912 mbar Western Pacific 1970
94 Typhoon Dinah 913 mbar Western Pacific 1959
94 Hurricane Kenna 913 mbar Eastern Pacific 2002
96 Hurricane Janet 914 mbar Atlantic 1955
96 Typhoon Gilda 914 mbar Western Pacific 1959
96 Super Typhoon Pamela 914 mbar Western Pacific 1961
99 Super Typhoon Wanda 915 mbar Western Pacific 1956
99 Super Typhoon Wendy 915 mbar Western Pacific 1971
99 Super Typhoon Vera 915 mbar Western Pacific 1979
99 Cyclone Graham 915 mbar South Indian 1991*
99 Cyclone Jane-Irna 915 mbar South Indian 1992*
99 Cyclone Pancho-Helinda 915 mbar South Indian 1997*
99 Cyclone Vance 915 mbar South Indian 1999*
99 Cyclone Frederic-Evrina 915 mbar South Indian 1999*
99 Cyclone John 915 mbar South Indian 1999*
99 Cyclone Chris 915 mbar South Indian 2002*
99 Cyclone Erica 915 mbar South Pacific 2003*
99 Hurricane Isabel 915 mbar Atlantic 2003
99 Cyclone Heta 915 mbar South Pacific 2004*
99 Cyclone Meena 915 mbar South Pacific 2005*
99 Cyclone Olaf 915 mbar South Pacific 2005*
99 Cyclone Larry 915 mbar South Pacific 2006*
99 Cyclone Floyd 915 mbar South Indian 2006*
99 Hurricane Ioke 915 mbar Central Pacific 2006
99 Hurricane Ava 915 mbar Eastern Pacific 1973
99 Typhoon Rammasun 915 mbar Western Pacific 2008
Notes:
  • *Minimum central pressure of these storms was estimated based on satellite data rather than directly measured.
  • **Official estimate. JTWC estimated 879 mbar.
  • ***Official estimate. JTWC estimated 879 mbar and unofficial estimates were 869 mbar (which would make it the most intense recorded tropical cyclone).
  • ****Official estimate. JTWC estimated 898 mbar.


Size extremes

The relative sizes of Typhoon Tip, Tropical Cyclone Tracy, and the United States.
  • Typhoon Tip is the largest tropical cyclone on record at 1350 miles (2170 km) wide, October (1979)
  • Tropical Storm Marco is the smallest significant tropical cyclone on record at 10 miles (20 km) wide, October (2008)
These sizes indicate the distance from the center at which gale-force winds could be found.

Highest storm surge

The three powerful hurricanes listed below caused very high storm surge. Hurricane Katrina had the highest recorded storm surge of any Atlantic hurricane and Hurricane Camille had the second-highest. Worldwide storm surge data is sparse. Cyclone Mahina is generally regarded as having had the highest storm surge ever recorded, although measurements from before modern times must be viewed with some skepticism.

Storm surge is enhanced by high winds and greater storm size. The shape of the coastline and the contour of the bottom near the coast are also significant factors. Hurricane Katrina was the largest Category 5 hurricane recorded in the Atlantic, and Hurricane Camille tied for the highest recorded windspeed; both struck an area vulnerable to high storm surge because of the shallow coastal waters.



Unusual landfalls

For unusual landfalls in the Atlantic basin, see List of notable Atlantic hurricanes.

Morocco



Arabian Peninsula

  • October, 1948 - Tropical Cyclone struck Salalahmarker in Omanmarker.
  • May, 1959 - Tropical Cyclone struck Salalah in Oman
  • June, 1977 - Tropical Storm struck Oman
  • 1983 - Tropical Storm Aurora struck Oman.
  • May, 1984 - Tropical Storm 01-A transited the Gulf of Aden and made landfall in northwest Somalia, the first tropical cyclone on record to do so.
  • October, 1992 - Tropical Storm 06-A struck Oman.
  • June, 1996 - Tropical Storm 02-A struck Oman.
  • May, 2002 - Tropical Storm struck Salalah in Oman.
  • June, 2007 - Cyclone Gonu struck parts of Oman, causing catastrophic damage.
October, 2008 - Cyclone 03B struck southeast of Yemen, killing 184 people.

Brazil



California



Greenland



New Zealand

  • April, 1968 - Cyclone Giselle struck New Zealand causing the Wahine disaster.
  • 5-10 March, 1988 - Cyclone Bola killed 3 people in New Zealandmarker receiving up to 1m of rain causing vast numbers of slips on the eastern side of the country.


Somalia

  • 1984 - A tropical storm struck Somaliamarker,
  • 1984 - A late season cyclone slammed Somaliamarker.
  • 1994 - Somalia was hit by a tropical storm that brought winds and heavy rains.
  • 1997 - A weak November storm made landfall in Eastern Somaliamarker.


Spain

  • 2005 - Hurricane Vince Made landfall in southwestern Spain as a tropical depression. Vince is the only recorded tropical system to make landfall on Spain.


Southern Western Australia

  • 1956 - A cyclone made a close track along the whole Western Australianmarker coast, and made a near landfall near Perthmarker.
  • 1978 - Cyclone Alby made a close encounter to the south-west of Western Australiamarker as a strong extratropical system in the vicinity of Perthmarker and Albanymarker, causing extensive damage and five deaths. Albany recorded one of its highest wind gusts on record from Cyclone Alby.
  • 1989 - Cyclone Ned passed almost directly over Perthmarker.


Extreme latitudes

This list contains tropical cyclones that formed or moved to an extraordinary latitude. It can be extreme north (or south) latitude, or very equatorial cyclones.

  • 1966 - Hurricane Faith reached an unprecedented northerly latitude of 62.5 degrees, just north of the Faroe Islands in the Norwegian Sea. Faith degenerated over Scandinavia, and the remnant low pressure area eventually reached Franz Josef Landmarker, only from the North Pole.
  • 1975 - A central Pacific unnamed hurricane formed at a record north latitude for the Central and East Pacific (tropical storm at 32N and hurricane at 40N)
  • 2000 - Hurricane Alberto persisted north while tropical until a latitude of about 53°N.
  • 2001 - Typhoon Vamei formed from the equator, the closest recorded formation location of a storm of hurricane strength.
  • 2004 - Cyclone Agni reached a location of only from the equator, the closest to the equator any tropical cyclone has been recorded to have reached. However, Vamei retained the record for the most equatorial formation as Agni formed farther from the equator than Vamei and moved towards it.


Year-crossing Northern Hemisphere storms

This is a list of Northern Hemispheremarker storms that have crossed two calendar years. Because the Southern Hemispheremarker cyclone season runs across the New Year, Southern Hemisphere storms that cross calendar years are not unusual, so they are not included here.

Storm Duration Basin
Tropical Storm Zeta December 30, 2005-January 6, 2006 Atlanticmarker
Typhoon Vamei December 26, 2001-January 1, 2002 North Indian\West Pacificmarker
Typhoon Soulik December 29, 2000-January 4, 2001 West Pacificmarker
Typhoon Mary December 20, 1977-January 3, 1978 West Pacificmarker
Typhoon Harriet December 24, 1959-January 2, 1960 West Pacificmarker
Hurricane Alice December 30, 1954-January 6, 1955 Atlanticmarker
Typhoon Hester December 27, 1952-January 4, 1953 West Pacificmarker


Different storms with same name in same year

  • 1954 - There were two Hurricane Alices in 1954. One formed in June and struck Mexico. The other one formed on December 30 and lasted though January,1955. They were thought to have been in two separate years, but post-storm analysis showed the second was to have formed in December 1954, so they were both named Alice.


  • 1970 - There were two tropical storms named Ione, one of which hit the Mexican coastline with winds.




  • 1986 - There were two storms named Vera. One was a typhoon while another was a weak tropical storm. Operationally, Vera was treated as one storm until post storm analysis found that it was actually two separate storms.


  • 1997 - In north Pacific, two storms were named Linda, one typhoon and one hurricane


  • 2003 - In the Southern Hemisphere, two storms were named Beni, one in the South Pacific in February, one in the South Indian in November.




See also



References

  1. BBC NEWS | Asia-Pacific | Japan typhoon Man-yi kills three
  2. http://abs-cbnnews.com/nation/07/05/08/probers-say-princess-may-have-sailed-franks-eye
  3. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/regions/06/23/09/hailstorm-tornado-hit-batangas-towns
  4. http://abs-cbnnews.com/nation/regions/10/04/09/typhoon-‘pepeng’-continues-pummel-northern-luzon
  5. http://abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/10/09/09/long-staying-typhoon-leaves-trail-ruin
  6. http://abs-cbnnews.com/nation/regions/10/04/09/pepeng-pummels-ilocos-provinces-abra-strong-winds-rains
  7. Monthly Weather Review. Particulars About the Typhoon From July 31-August 3, 1922. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  8. http://www.disaster-management.net/cyclone.htm
  9. https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/atcr_archive.html
  10. http://www.imd.ernet.in/section/nhac/static/cyclone-history-bb.htm
  11. http://www.wunderground.com/hurricane/deadlyworld.asp
  12. http://www.epicdisasters.com/index.php/site/comments/the_ten_deadliest_hurricanes_world_wide/
  13. Queensland Government State Disaster Management Group History - Australia's worst cyclone disasters. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  14. Weather Watchers. Hurricane Mitch. Retrieved on 2007-09-28.
  15. NOAA [1] Retrieved 2007-12-18
  16. JetStream. Tropical Cyclone Structure. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  17. National Hurricane Center. Hurricane Katrina. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  18. Unisys. Soulik Track (2000). Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  19. Unisys. Soulik Track (2001). Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  20. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Typhoon Mary. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.
  21. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Typhoon Harriet. Retrieved on 2007-03-17.



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