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Liuzhou ( ) is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern Chinamarker. Population: 1.4 million. Area: 5,250 km².

Geography

Liuzhou is located on the banks of the winding Liu River, approximately 255 km from Nanningmarker, the provincial capital. Liuzhou is 3,535 kilometres from Beijing, 2,033 km from Shanghai and 727 km from Hong Kongmarker. Swimming in the river is a tradition of the city. In summer, floods from the mountain areas upstream bring sediment which colors the water yellow.

History

Liuzhou has a history of more than 2,100 years. The city was founded in 111 B.C. when it was known as Tanzhong. In 742 A.D. it became known as Longcheng (Dragon City), before finally changing to Liuzhou in 1736. The most famous historic figure is Liu Zongyuan (773-819), who was a poet and politician in the Tang Dynasty and who died in Liuzhou. He is commemorated by a park in the city.

Administrative divisions



Economy

Liuzhou is the second largest city in Guangxi and is the region's industrial center. According to statistics issued by the Liuzhou government, in 2004, the city’s GDP was 40.4 billion yuan.

Tourism

As with much of Guangxi, the landscape around Liuzhou is a mix of rolling hills, mountain peaks, caves and karst scenery. It is an ideal base for exploring the minority villages in the area.

Transport

  • Liuzhou Airport provides flights to major cities in China.
  • Liuzhou has extensive rail connections with the rest of China. Hunan-Guangxi Railway (Hengyangmarker - Pingxiang, a.k.a. Xiang-Gui Line), Jiaozuo-Liuzhou (Jiaozuomarker - Zhicheng - Liuzhou, a.k.a. Jiao-Liu Line) Railway and Guizhou-Guangxi Railway (Guiyangmarker - Liuzhou, a.k.a. Qian-Gui Line) make Liuzhou the center of freight transportation in Guangxi.
  • China National Highway 209


Quotes

Liuzhou appears in the Chinese saying
Born in Suzhoumarker, live in Hangzhoumarker, eat in Guangzhoumarker, die in Liuzhou
because, in the past, the city was known for its coffins, made from firwood, camphor wood, and sandalwood , which are said to preserve the body after death. Guangzhoumarker's "Cantonese" cuisine is famous worldwide, and Hangzhoumarker is known for its prosperity and the beauty of its location. Suzhoumarker is reputed to have the most beautiful people in China, so the line is sometimes given as "Marry in Suzhou...".

Today many tourists buy miniature coffins, about 3 to 30 cm long, as souvenirs or good luck charms. The coffins are usually inscribed 升官发财 (shēng guān fā cái) which means 'win promotion and get rich". The second and fourth characters are homophones of 棺材 (guān cái) meaning 'coffin'.

Some miniature coffins are used as caskets to hold the ashes of ancestors.

People

  • Liuzhou was the home of Li Ning (born 1963), gymnast and entrepreneur who lit the Olympic torch in Beijing in 2008.
  • Chinese gymnast, Jiang Yuyuan was also born in Liuzhou.


International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Liuzhou is twinned with:

References

  1. Du Feibao and Du Bai, "Things Chinese", China Travel and Tourism Press, 2008
  2. ibid


External links




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