Livermores, Livermore Ranch, and
Nottingham) is a city in Alameda
The population was 73,345 at the 2000 census
, but estimated by city
officials to be presently in 100,000 + . Livermore is located in
the Bay Area. Livermore is a "middle-size city" in the Bay
Traditionally, Livermore is considered the
easternmost city in the Bay
Area before entrance to the Central
It was founded by William Mendenhall and named after Robert Livermore
, his friend and a local
rancher who settled in the area in the 1830s
is the home of the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory.
Livermore's south side, home to local vineyards, has developed
several executive subdivisions near Ruby Hill. The city has also
redeveloped its downtown district.
Watercourses draining the city of Livermore include Arroyo Mocho
, Arroyo del Valle
, Arroyo Seco
and Arroyo Las Positas
. The principal aquifer
underlying the city is the Mocho
. According to the United States Census Bureau
city has a total area of 23.9 square
), all of it land.
local seismic areas of activity lie near the
city including the Greenville Fault and
History and culture
incorporation under the Roman
Catholic Mission San
Jose in 1796 and prior to the arrival of the Spanish in
the 18th century, the Livermore area was home to the Ohlone (or Costanoan) native
Old fire station in downtown
The Livermore-Amador Valley was primarily used as
grazing land for Mission San Jose's thousands of cattle and sheep
until secularization of California missions from 1834 to 1837
opened great amounts of land throughout California for Mexican land
grants. The fourth and second largest of these land
grants were the Rancho Las Positas grant, made to rancher Robert Livermore, a naturalized Mexican
citizen of English birth, and Jose Noriega in 1839.
Livermore was as much interested in viticulture and horticulture as
he was in cattle and horses. In 1846 he was the first in the area
to plant both vineyards as well as orchards of pears and olives.
The first building on his ranch was an adobe on Las Positas Creek.
In 1849 a two-story "Around the Horn" house was added and was
believed to be the first wooden building in the valley.
After the discovery of gold in
, Livermore became a popular 'first day' stopping
point for prospectors headed for the Mother
country. It was usually one day's journey by horse or
stagecoach when starting from San Jose, California.
Robert Livermore died in 1858 before the establishment of the town
that bears his name. His ranch included much of the present-day
city. The city itself was established in 1869
by William Mendenhall, who had met Robert Livermore while marching
through the valley with Fremont's California Battalion. Livermore
was officially incorporated on April 15
. During Livermore's early years, it was
also quite well-known for the many large hotels that graced the
downtown streetcorners, before new buildings replaced them.
Livermore is also notable for the Italian families that played a
role in the formation of its wineries. Since it has a Mediterranean
climate, the Italian families found it a good location to grow wine
grapes, which also helped contribute to the development of the
The Livermore Ranch post office operated from 1851 to 1853. The
Nottingham post office opened in 1869, the name was changed to
Livermore in 1870.
The Livermore Hindu Temple
Livermore's culture retains some vestiges of the farming and
ranching traditions that have existed in the valley since the time
of Robert Livermore, but now largely reflects the values of its
suburban population. Livermore has a strong blue-collar element,
as well as many professionals who work at the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory and various high tech industries within the Bay
The city has recently become much more upscale with
the addition of hundreds of million dollar homes set amongst the
southside's vineyards as well as a multi-million dollar renovation
of the downtown area. The renovations include a new motion picture
theater, a performing arts theater, a parking structure, and office
buildings. The new construction is ongoing, but much was finished
in early to mid 2007.
The city boasts a state-of-the-art library (with a somewhat
controversial front mosaic by Maria
) that opened in 2004
and a busy
growing Livermore Airport.
According to the latest U.S. Census information, Livermore is the
third wealthiest midsize city in the nation. In 2005, the median
household income in Livermore was $96,632, which ranked it the
third highest income midsize city (between 65,000 and 249,999
people) just behind number two Newport Beach, CA ($97,428) and
Livermore's western neighbor, Pleasanton, CA ($101,022).
The city supports organizations like the Livermore-Amador Symphony
Del Valle Fine Arts
, producer of
classical music events, and in the valley at large, the Valley Choral Society
, Livermore Valley Opera
and the Valley
Dance Theatre, a classical ballet company.
Livermore has long harbored a strong independent music scene
hosting national touring acts as well as Bay Area artists. In
addition to the frequent independent one-off youth concerts in the
cities various halls.
Since 1918 Livermore has hosted the Livermore Rodeo
, called the "World's Fastest
Rodeo," that claims it has more riders per hour than any other
event of its type. Many residents and visitors enjoy the rodeo
parade and festivities which take place yearly. People from across
the country come to this event. Children are given the chance to
ride ponies and residents are given free horseback rides across
town and to the local market.
Many of the residents find entertainment or recreation at the local
cinemas, the skate park, bowling alley, lounges, restaurants, shops
or other venues in the downtown area.
The local young dance community can be found performing in front of
the Bankhead Theater every Friday night. These dancers, mostly
high-school students, bring their own cardboard and speakers.
Other projects include extending BART
Livermore, which will officially be complete at the latest in 2020,
due to proposition
passing. Also a new regional theater and a 5 star hotel are
scheduled to be built in the newly reconstructed Downtown, but due
to the near national recession and budget cuts, the project is
Livermore is home to many different denominations of Christian and
non-Christian places of worship, including the First Presbyterian
Church, and the Unitarian Church. Saint Michael and Saint Charles
Borromeo Roman Catholic Churches serve the residents. St. Michael
church is the older of the two parishes, having held its first
services on August 25, 1878.
The first Indian Christian Church in San Francisco Bay Area is
located at Livermore. The Mar Thoma Syrian Church is situated at
418 Junction Avenue. At present the Vicar of the Church is
Rev.K.A.Abraham from India. Mar Thoma Church is believed to be
started by St. Thomas one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ,
has a Hindu temple which is often visited by
the large Hindu population of the Bay Area.
Districts of Livermore
One of the largest districts is Springtown, the northeast area of
the city north of Interstate 580
Originally conceived as a retirement community in the early 1960s,
it is now a bustling and thriving part of the city. Springtown
features many of the city's hotels, new luxury home development, a
public library branch, public schools, an established public golf
course, parks, and restaurants. Under consideration is the possible
development of the golf course into additional housing, retail or
another Livermore Police Dept. Sub Station to help the Police
Department grow with the city and to deter crime.
Another district is the Downtown or Central district.This district
represents the urban lifestyle of the city, mixed with some of the
best tasting wines California has to offer. There are two movie
theaters, a community theater, shopping, restaurants and space for
concerts, with plans for a luxury hotel and a larger, regional
The North Livermore district is North of the Union Pacific Railroad
that cuts through the Downtown. Mainly industrial and residential,
this is the city's oldest district. It is home to many parks, a
library and a community center with gyms and aquatics. There are
also a number of famed taquerias that call the north side their
home. The suburb has seen a recent increase in gang activity.
The South Livermore district currently features over 40 world-class
wineries, offering some of the best wines California has to
The Sunset District, just north east of South Livermore is a
perfect example of suburban lifestyle surrounding the urban
environments of Downtown Livermore, and is known for its quiet,
Livermore Police Department
Serving the City of Livermore is the Livermore Police Department
(LPD). Established in 1876, at that time it was the only Law
Enforcement Agency in the San Francisco Bay Area besides the SFPD.
The current Chief of Police
Sweeney. Mission Statement"The Livermore Police Department, in
partnership with the community will strive to protect and improve
the quality of life in Livermore; providing leadership through open
communication, fair and dignified service, and interactive problem
LPD currently uses the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor as
the primary patrol vehicle. The cars are painted the traditional
Black and White. Along each door is the LPD badge along with the
word POLICE in bold, black, reflective lettering. In late July 2008
LPD opened its first Sub Station in New Downtown Livermore. The
station is becoming commonly known as Central Station or Downtown
Office. Central Station's purpose is to not only strengthen the
departments partnership with the community but to also help expand
the Livermore Police Department to help match the city's rapid
growth over the recent years. Also the department takes pride in
having the best S.W.A.T.
Team in Northern
California, surpassing big city agencies such as San Jose, San
Francisco and Oakland, due to the team winning the Northern
California S.W.A.T Competition.
Agency Population: 166/Police Stations: 2/Airbases: 1
According to 2008 estimates, there are 90,324 people, 29,144
households, and 21,132 families residing in the city. The population density
was 3,947.7 people per
square mile (1,183.9/km²). There were 26,610 housing units at an
average density of 1,112.3/sq mi (429.5/km²). The racial
makeup of the city was 74.30% White
, 2.7% African American
, 0.34% Pacific Islander
, 5.36% from
, and 4.66%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 14.50% of the
There were 26,123 households out of which 40.2% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples
living together, 9.3% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families.
18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.20.
The population ages were spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18,
7.1% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and
7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35
years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $75,322, and the
median income for a family was $82,421. Males had a median income
of $59,703 versus $38,389 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$31,062. About 3.8% of families and 5.3% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 7.0%
of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
In the six years since the census, the population has increased to
87,054. Increases also took place in the number of housing units
(30,612), median household income ($92,300), and median family
income ($102,606). The median home price was reported to be
Livermore has the highest percentage of registered Republicans of
any of the cities in Alameda county. 35.2% of its 45,519 registered
voters are Republicans, while 39.7% are Democrats, and 20.7% are
Decline to State
In the state
Livermore is located in the 9th Senate
district, represented by
Democrat Don Perata
, and in the 15th Assembly
district, represented by
Democrat Joan Buchanan
Livermore is located in California's 10th
district, which was represented by Ellen
. On March 18, 2009, Democratic United States House of
Tauscher announced that she had accepted the position of
Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International
. She was confirmed by the United States Senate
on June 25 and
resigned her seat in the House the following day, necessitating a
to fill her vacancy.
Based on the Morgan Quitno Press "Safest and Most Dangerous Cities
of 2008", Livermore ranked as the 15th safest city in the
World's longest lasting lightbulb
The city is noted for one world record. A 105+ year old 4-watt
lightbulb called the Centennial Light housed by the
Livermore-Pleasanton Fire Department is still burning bright. In
truth, its "brightness" may be a matter of debate; it glows dimly,
but definitely still functions as a lightbulb. The Guinness Book of World
Believe It or Not
, and General
have concluded that the bulb has been burning
continuously since 1901 with the exception of power failures and
three times for moving to another station. The lightbulb was
manufactured by the Shelby
and was hand blown with a carbon
Livermore is the home of two national laboratories. The largest employer
in Livermore is the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) which is operated by a limited liability
consortium named Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS),
a joint venture company of Bechtel National,
the University of
California, BWX Technologies,
International, and Battelle.
the location of the world's most powerful laser, the NIF, and the world's second most powerful supercomputer, Blue
is also the California site of the Sandia National Laboratories, which is operated by Sandia Corporation (a
Lockheed-Martin owned Company) and is the third largest employer in
California’s oldest wine regions, the Livermore Valley played a pivotal role in shaping California’s wine
Spanish missionaries planted the first wine grapes
in the Livermore Valley in the 1760s. In the 1840s, California
pioneers looking for outstanding vineyard sites began planting
grapes in the region. Robert Livermore planted the first commercial
vines in the 1840s. Pioneer winemakers C. H. Wente, James
Concannon, and Charles Wetmore recognized the area’s winegrowing
potential and founded their wineries in the early 1880s.
schools in Livermore are part of the Livermore Valley Joint Unified School
The District has 11 Elementary
(K-5) schools, 4 Middle (6-8) schools, and 3 High schools.
- Altamont Creek
- Arroyo Seco
- Leo Croce
- Jackson Avenue
- Marylin Avenue
- Joe Michell
- Don Gaspar de Portola
- Rancho Las Positas
- Emma C. Smith
- East Avenue Middle School
- Junction Avenue
- William Mendenhall
- Livermore Union High School - established in 1891 and
became the first union high school in the state of California and
is the distinguished school of Livermore.
- Granada High School - the second public high school in
- Vineyard High School an independent study high school.
- Del Valle and Phoenix High Schools continuation high
- Livermore Valley Charter School (LVCS) - a K-8 public
- Our Savior Lutheran School (OSLS)
- St. Michael's Elementary and Middle School
- Valley Montessori
Livermore's general aviation needs are
served by Livermore Municipal Airport. For commercial flights, one must go to
San Francisco International
Airport, Oakland International Airport, or San Jose International
Access to Bay Area Rapid
is available at the Dublin-Pleasanton
also use the WHEELS bus system
to get around Livermore and to the neighboring cities of Pleasanton and Dublin.
Livermore has two stations for the Altamont Commuter Express
commuter train which runs from Stockton to San Jose with four round
trips per workday. One station is at Vasco Road, and the other in
downtown Livermore at its Transit Center, where connections to the
bus system can be
There is a petition drive to bring the BART
system to Livermore.
that started the petition was founded by the former mayor of
Dublin, Linda Jeffery Sailors, who was successful in
bringing BART to Dublin/Pleasanton.
If BART does come to
Livermore, the system would connect to the ACE Train, and from
there with AMTRAK in San Jose to Los Angeles. Possible station
locations are: Vineyard Ave the Downtown ACE station, near the
airport, and the ACE station on Vasco Rd. and Brisa St.
Livermore has three sister cities
designated by Sister Cities
Notable people from Livermore
- Louie Aguiar, an American football punter.
- Max Baer, a boxer and
Breazeal, an Associate Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of
- Mark Davis, a former relief
pitcher in Major League
- James DePaiva, actor
- Gavin Glinton, professional soccer
- Martin Harrison, NFL American Football
- Randy Johnson, an American
starting pitcher for the San
- Tara Kemp, Pop singer.
Markert, contestant on America's Next Top Model, Cycle 13
- Daniel Selby, actor.
- Erick Threets, relief pitcher for
the San Francisco Giants
- Jack Trudeau, an American
professional football player.
- Livermore (2002), a film by Rachel Raney and David
- Owens, Bill (1972). Suburbia. ISBN 1-881270-40-8.
- livermorepolice.org retrieved on June 1
- independantnews.com retrieved on June 24 2008
Erwin Muller, Livermore High Basketball player, played for Detroit
Pistons in 1960's