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In many countries the term local derby, or simply just derby (pronounced in British English as 'dar-bee' /dɑːbɪ/ and as 'der-bee' /dɚbɪ/ in North American English) means a sporting fixture between two, generally local, rivals, particularly in association football. In North America, "crosstown rivalry" is a more common term.

Origin

The phrase most likely originated from The Derby, a horse race in England, founded by the 12th Earl of Derby in 1780, since at least as early as 1840 'derby' has been used as a noun in English to denote any kind of sporting contest. A local derby is just a sporting contest between local rivals.

Another widely reported theory, though not accepted by the Oxford English Dictionary is that the phrase came about from the city of Derbymarker itself. The traditional Shrovetide football match was also common place in the city. It was renowned as a chaotic and exuberant game which involved the whole town and often resulted in fatalities. The goals were at Nuns Mill in the north and the Gallows Balk in the south of the town, and much of the action took place in the Derwent river or Markeaton brook. Nominally the players came from All Saints' and St Peter's parishes, but in practice the game was a free for all with as many as 1,000 players. A Frenchman who observed the match in 1829 wrote in horror, 'if Englishmen call this play, it would be impossible to say what they call fighting'. Though this has been refuted by the Oxford dictionary and hailed as "nothing but local folklore, after all, the phrase isn't "a local Ashbourne.""

Yet another theory is that the 'derby match' saying arose from when Liverpool played Everton. Their two grounds were separated by Stanley Park, owned by the Earl of Derby. This latter suggestion can be discounted, however. The Widnes Weekly News of 9 March 1889 describes a game between the (rugby) football team of that town and the touring Māori as 'the local Derby'. This usage was three years before Liverpool FC came into existence.

Another theory is that the term applies, not to the match itself but to the size of the crowd. In the early years of the twentieth century, the largest sporting crowd in England was at the annual Derby horserace meeting where in excess of half a million people would pack Epsom Downs to watch the race. At that time football matches were attended entirely by 'home' supporters - the concept of the 'away supporter' lay many years into the future as the largely working class crowds could not afford to follow their teams around the country. Supporters watched the first team and reserves who were 'at home' on alternate Saturdays. The only exception came when two teams from the same town played one-another. Then the 'home' supporters of both teams would turn up, producing the largest gate of the season. The term 'local derby' was coined by the press as an analogy to the Derby race crowd. In time the expression came to refer to the match rather than the size of the crowd.

Derbies usually have a much more heated atmosphere between the fans and often the players of the two clubs. For some derbies, an added source of tension between the two clubs can be political or sectarian rivalry.

An example of sectarian rivalry is in the Old Firm derby between the two leading clubs of Glasgowmarker in Scotlandmarker. The Old Firm Derby is arguably the biggest derby match in sport, due to the profile of the clubs and their historic rivalry. It should be noted that the Old Firm normally takes place four times per season in the Scottish Premier League, thereby making it a more common fixture than other major derbies. In the matches between Celtic and Rangers, the two clubs are widely perceived as respectively representing the Catholic and Protestant populations of Glasgow.

A notable derby in recent years has been between the Istanbulmarker rivals Fenerbahçemarker and Galatasaray, which in recent years has become known as the most fearsome footballing derbies in the world, mainly due to the geographical locations, being on separate continents.

Usage

'Derby' is commonly used to signify matches between teams in the same town or region, however historical national rivalries, such as Ajax Amsterdam v Feyenoord are sometimes also considered derbies as well as major football rivalries. Though the term is rarely applied to international matches, matches between any two of the four British national teams (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) are sometimes referred to as a "British derby", the most recent of which took place during the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage when England, Wales and Northern Ireland were all drawn in the same group.

The city of Derbymarker, United Kingdommarker itself does not have a football rivalry within the city as there is only one major club Derby County F.C.. At one point there was a rivalry within the city between Derby County and Derby Midland, however the two clubs merged. Their main football rival is generally seen as Nottingham Forest.

International

Football



Africa

Algeria



Cameroon



Egypt



Libya

Intercity football derbies



Tripoli football derbies



Benghazi football derbies



Morocco

Football



South Africa



Tunisia

Football



Zimbabwe



Asia

China



Georgia

Football



India



Indonesia

Football



Basketball



Iran

Football



Basketball



Volleyball



Futsal



Israel

Football

Local


Regional


Sectorial


Basketball



Handball



Japan



Jordan

Football

Basketball

  • Ammanmarker's Derby - ZAIN basketball team v ORTHODOX basketball team


Korea



Kuwait



Malaysia



Philippines

Local derbies are confined to college rivalries, since teams from the biggest professional league, the Philippine Basketball Association, represent companies, not locales.

The defunct Metropolitan Basketball Association which had teams representing locales, had some notable derbies:

Saudi Arabia



Singapore

Football



Syria



Thailand

Football



Turkey

Football



Men's basketball



Women's basketball



Men's volleyball



Women's volleyball



Swimming



Rowing



United Arab Emirates



Europe

Albania



Austria



Belgium



Bosnia and Herzegovina



Bulgaria



Croatia



Czech Republic



Cyprus



Denmark

Football



Finland

Football



Ice Hockey



France

Football



Rugby union



Basketball



Handball



Germany

Football

See also:Bavarian football derbys


Handball



Ice Hockey



Greece











Hungary

Football

Újpest vs VasasÚjpest vs MTKVasas vs MTKMTK vs Bp. Honvéd







Handball



Hockey



Iceland

Njarðvík - Keflavík (In basketball)

Ireland

Football



Rugby



Gaelic games

Due to the nature of the Provincial structure of Gaelic games, games within a province are considered derbies, counties often border many other counties Offaly for example is connected to eight other counties; matches against these are also considered derbies. Some of the most notable derbies are listed below.

Hurling


Gaelic football


Italy

Football

Traditional city derbies


Regional and other derbies


Basketball



Rugby union



Lithuania

Football



Basketball



Malta

This is by far the deadliest derby on the Maltese Islands. Florianamarker is a suburb city of Vallettamarker and generally Floriana fans are taunted about being the "carpet" to the capital city(Valletta). However, the Floriana supporters ('ta' l-Irish') always taunt Valletta about the fact that a few years back, Valletta was full of British and Allied Militars frequenting the city. The 'Lilywhites'(Valletta) ara also taunted because in the past there was an infamous area with lot of poverty and lack of social awareness(Mandragg). There is also a hot argument over the Mascots chosen. Ironically both clubs hold a lion as their mascot since there is a statue of a lion looking at Valletta in Floriana. However this lion was built by Manoel de Vilhena and Floriana is also known as 'Borgo Vilhena'.

These two club are the most successful on the Maltese Islands. Florianamarker have won 25 championships and Sliemamarker have won 26. This rivalry was more intense in the past due to the fact that lately these clubs weren't confronting each other in decisive matches. Lately, due to Floriana's revival, this derby became more interesting and recent matches have became more interesting and fiercely fought. The last match ended 3-0 for Sliema.

This was not an intense match in the past but suddenly, against all odds, Mr. Victor Zammit became the chairman of Birkirkara FC in the 90s and this side transformed into a deadly team, competing for the major honours in Malta. Valletta was the most feared side in the Premier League but suddenly Birkirkara managed to win 4-1 in one of the best matches ever played under the helm of Victor Zammit and Joe Caruana Curran. The 2 May 1998 was the title decider and Birkirkara FC needed just 1 point to clinch their first ever title. Valletta won this game 2-1.The last match ended 4-1 for valletta.



Moldova



Montenegro



Netherlands

Professional football





Amateur football

  • IJsselmeervogels - SV Spakenburg
  • Quick boys - vv Katwijk
  • Rijnsburgse boys - FC Lisse
  • vv DOVO - GVVV
  • Derby of Breda - vv Baronie v NAC Breda
  • Amstelveense Derby - Sporting Martinus v Roda 23'
  • SSS'18 - R.K.V.V. Volharding


Norway

Football



Poland



Portugal

All sports:

Nationwide derbies (those involving the "Big 3")



The Struggle for who's the 4th Big Club

Any match between Belenenses v Boavista v Vitória de Guimarães v Vitória de Setúbal v Académicamarker v S.C. Braga. Fierce struggles between Boavista v Vitória de Guimarães, Boavista v Belenenses, Vitória de Guimarães v Vitória de Setúbal and Vitória de Guimarães v Braga.Vitória de Guimarães has fierce quarrels against any team from Portomarker/Matosinhos, Lisbonmarker and its own region (Minho). Boavista have since been relegated to the II Division (third tier) for financial problems.

Famous regional derbies by number of times disputed or relative historical importance:



Former 1st Division/League regional famous derbies:



Other famous derbies involving teams that used to be in the 1st tier or used to fight for it.



Romania



Russia



Serbia



Slovakia



Slovenia



Spain



Sweden

Football



Ice hockey



Switzerland

Basketball

  • Ticinomarker derby - Lugano Tigers v SAM Massagno v SAV Vacallo

Football



Ice hockey



Ukraine



United Kingdom

North America

Canada

Costa Rica



El Salvador



Guatemala



Honduras



Mexico

Football



Baseball



American Football



Panama



United States

Oceania

Australia

Australian rules football



Basketball



Football



Rugby league



New Zealand

Football



Rugby

  • Southland vs. Otago
  • Battle of The Bridgemarker - Auckland v North Harbour - Rugby Union
  • Bay of Plenty vs Waikato
  • Manawatu vs Hawke's Bay
  • Taranaki vs Wellington
  • Battle of the Cook Strait - Tasman vs Wellington
  • East Coast vs Poverty Bay
  • West Coast vs Buller


Various sports

  • Auckland vs Canterbury
  • Auckland vs Wellington
  • Canterbury vs Otago


South America

Argentina



Bolivia



Brazil

Chile



Colombia

Classic derbies



Rivalries



Ecuador

Football



Paraguay



Peru



Uruguay

Football



Basketball

  • Superclásico : Aguada - Goes
  • Superclásico : Peñarol - Nacional
  • Palermo zone : Atenas - Welcome
  • Malvín : Club Malvín - Unión Atlética
  • Pocitos : Bohemios - Trouville
  • Villa Dolores : Miramar B.C. vs 25 de Agosto vs Layva
  • Aduana : Waston - Las Bóvedas
  • Metropolitan rivalry : Atenas - Aguada


American Football

  • Barbarians - Emperadores


Futsal



Rugby

  • Old Christians - Old Boys


Venezuela

Football



Baseball



Basketball

Big Rivalries between:



References

External links




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