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A Lockheed Martin building in Bethesda


Lockheed Martin ( ) is a multinational aerospace manufacturer, global security and advanced technology company formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed with Martin Marietta. It is headquartered in Bethesdamarker, Maryland, in the Washington Metropolitan Area. Lockheed Martin employs 146,000 people worldwide. Robert J. Stevens is the current Chair, President, and Chief Executive Officer.

Lockheed Martin is the world's largest defense contractor by revenue as of 2008. In 2005, 95% of Lockheed Martin's revenues came from the United Statesmarker Department of Defensemarker, other U.S. federal government agencies, and foreign military customers.

A team led by prime contractor Lockheed Martin won the 2006 Collier Trophy for the development of the F-22 Raptor fighter jet.

History

Merger talks between Lockheed Corporation and Martin Marietta began in March 1994, with the companies announcing their $10 billion planned merge on August 30, 1994. The deal was finalized on March 15, 1995 when the two companies' shareholders approved the merger. The segments of the two companies not retained by the new company formed the basis for the present L-3 Communications, a mid-size defense contractor in its own right.

Both companies contributed important products to the new portfolio. Lockheed products included the Trident missile, P-3 Orion, F-16 Fighting Falcon, F-22 Raptor, C-130 Hercules, A-4AR Fightinghawk and the DSCS-3 satellite. Martin Marietta products included Titan rockets, Sandia National Laboratoriesmarker (management contract acquired in 1993), Space Shuttle External Tank, Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers, the Transfer Orbit Stage (under subcontract to Orbital Sciences Corporation) and various satellite models.

On April 22, 1996, Lockheed Martin completed the acquisition of Loral Corporation's defense electronics and system integration businesses for $9.1 billion, the deal having been announced in January. The remainder of Loral became Loral Space & Communications.

Lockheed Martin abandoned plans for a $8.3 billion merger with Northrop Grumman on July 16, 1998, due to government concerns over the potential strength of the new group; Lockheed/Northrop would have had control of 25% of the Department of Defense's procurement budget.

Lockheed Martin provided NASA with measurements in imperial force units when metric was required, resulting in the loss of the Mars Climate Orbiter at a cost of $125 million.

In May 2000, Lockheed Martin sold Lockheed Martin Control Systems to BAE Systemsmarker. On November 27, 2000, Lockheed completed the sale of its Aerospace Electronic Systems business to BAE Systems for $1.67 billion, a deal announced in July 2000. This group encompassed Sanders Associates, Fairchild Systems, and Lockheed Martin Space Electronics & Communications.

In 2001, Lockheed Martin won the contract to build the F-35 Lightning II; this was largest fighter aircraft procurement project since the F-16, with an initial order of 3,000 worth $200 billion before export orders.

In 2001, Lockheed Martin settled a nine year investigation conducted by NASA's Office of Inspector General with the assistance of the Defense Contract Audit Agency. The company paid the United States government $7.1 million based on allegations that its predecessor, Lockheed Engineering Science Corporation, submitted false lease costs claims to NASA.

On May 12, 2006, The Washington Post reported that when Robert Stevens took control of Lockheed Martin in 2004, he faced the dilemma that within 10 years 100,000 of the about 130,000 Lockheed Martin employees - more than three-quarters - would be retiring.

On August 31, 2006, Lockheed Martin won a $3.9 billion contract from NASA to design and build the CEV capsule, also known as Orion – the next spacecraft for human flight – for the Ares I rocket in the Constellation Program.

On August 13, 2008, Lockheed Martin acquired the government business unit of Nantero, Inc., a company that had developed methods and processes for incorporating carbon nanotubes in next-generation electronic devices.

Controversy

Since 1995, Lockheed Martin has been forced to pay a total of $577.2 million for 11 instances of contract fraud, out of a total of 50 instances of various kinds of misconduct (including contract fraud, contractor kickbacks, nuclear safety violations, and others).

Since 1997, Lockheed Martin has donated $2,346,300 to both the Republican and Democratic party, and 8 Bush administration policy makers had ties to Lockheed Martin. This has led some to accuse it of being involved in revolving door politics, and of being part of the military-industrial complex.

In 2004, it was revealed that Lockheed Martin had employed civilian interrogators at Abu Ghraibmarker, and the Bagram Theater Internment Facility, which linked it to the Bagram torture and prisoner abuse and the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandals. Joseph Wagovich, company spokesman for Lockheed Martin's information technology division, revealed that Lockheed Martin was also employing "intelligence analysts" at Guantanamo Bay Naval Basemarker.

Organization

Aeronautics

Lockheed Martin/BAE/Northrop Grumman X-35 (F-35 Prototype)
Submarine launch of a Lockheed Trident missile




Electronic Systems



Information Systems and Global Services

  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS-Civil
  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS-Defense
  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS-Intelligence
  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS-Global
  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS Readiness & Stability Operations
  • Lockheed Martin IS&GS Enterprise Integration
    • Lockheed Martin Orincon
    • Lockheed Martin STASYS
  • Lockheed Martin Technology Ventures


Space



Others



Joint ventures



Corporate governance

Current members of the board of directors of Lockheed Martin are: Edward Aldridge, Nolan Archibald, Marcus Bennett, James O. Ellis, Gwendolyn King, James Loy, Douglas McCorkindale, Eugene Murphy, Joseph Ralston, Frank Savage, Anne Stevens, Robert J. Stevens, James Ukropina and Douglas Yearley.

See also



References

External links




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