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Lomonosov, Russia: Map


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Lomonosov ( ; before 1948: Oranienbaum, ) is a town under the jurisdiction of St. Petersburgmarker, Russiamarker, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finlandmarker, 40 km west of St. Petersburg itself. Population: 37,776 (2002 Census). It is the site of an 18th century park and palace complex (see Oranienbaummarker). The palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the vicinity of St. Petersburg that was not captured by the Germans during the Second World War.


The original name of the town is Oranienbaum, which means "orange tree" in German (in modern German, the word is Orangenbaum). It was initially applied to the palace complex, which had greenhouses for exotic plants. Its present name honors the scientist, poet and glassblower Mikhail Lomonosov. In 1754, Lomonosov founded a colored-glass factory near Oranienbaum, in the village of Ust-Ruditsa.

Lomonosov can be reached by suburban train from St. Petersburg's Baltic Terminalmarker to Oranienbaum Station.

The Great Palace with the Lower Park is an outstanding artistic complex of the first quarter of the eighteenth century. It was built in 1710-25 opposite Kronstadt, in the neighbourhood of the royal residence Peterhof, by the architects Giovanni Mario Fontana and Gottfried Johann Schadel and was intended for Alexander Menshikov, a close associate of Peter the Great.

People from Oranienbaum

The city was the birthplace of Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971), a composer of modern classical music, and footballer Aleksandr Mostovoi

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Lomonosov is twinned with:


Image:Kamennoe Zalo-001.jpg|Kammenoe pavilion at the palace complex of OranienbaumImage:Coat of Arms of Lomonosov (Oranienbaum St Petersburg) (1780).png|Coat of Arms of Lomonosov (Oranienbaum)-1780Image:Lomonosov's city gate.jpg|City gate of LomonosovImage:Lomonosov Archangel Michael 1.JPG| Cathedral of Archangel MichaelImage:Grand Menshikov Palace-001.jpg|Grand Menshikov Palace

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