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The London Borough of Barnet ( ) is a London borough in North Londonmarker and forms part of Outer London. It borders Hertfordshire to the north and five other London boroughs: Harrowmarker and Brentmarker to the west, Camdenmarker and Haringeymarker to the south-east and Enfieldmarker to the east.

Districts

The pattern of settlement is somewhat diverse.

In the north of the borough on the eastern side is Barnetmarker, also known as High Barnet or Chipping Barnet, Totteridgemarker, and Whetstonemarker. In the north on the western side is Edgwaremarker and Mill Hillmarker. The central northern part of the borough is largely countryside. This division is largely because the eastern side grew around what is now the High Barnet Underground branch of the Northern Line. The western side grew around the Midland Railway and what is now the Edgware branch of the Northern Line.

Further south, the development becomes steadily more intensive around the suburbs of Cricklewoodmarker, Colindalemarker, Hendonmarker and Finchleymarker. Golders Greenmarker is renowned for its Jewish minority ethnic population and forms part of the south of the borough, along with Hampstead Garden Suburbmarker and Childs Hillmarker.

History

The borough was formed under the London Government Act 1963 in 1965 from the Municipal Borough of Finchleymarker, Municipal Borough of Hendonmarker and the Friern Barnet Urban Districtmarker of Middlesexmarker and the East Barnet Urban Districtmarker and Barnet Urban Districtmarker of Hertfordshiremarker.

Individual articles describe the history and development of the districts of Church End, East Finchleymarker, Edgwaremarker, Golders Green and North Finchley.

Governance

The borough is divided into 21 wards, each with 3 councillors. Following the Barnet local government election on 4 May 2006 the Conservative party gained a working majority and full control of the council. Mike Freer became leader of the council on 11 May 2006, replacing Brian Salinger as Conservative group leader, having previously been Salinger's deputy. Barnet had £27.4 million invested in Icelandic banks Glitnir and Landsbanki when they collapsed October 2008. A report showed that Barnet Council failed to follow correct procedures when depositing the money.
The current political composition of the Council is:

For administrative purposes, such as planning committees, the borough is divided into three areas. They match the respective parliamentary seats and each contains seven council wards.
  • North (Chipping Barnetmarker) - Brunswick Park, Coppetts, East Barnet, High Barnet, Oakleigh, Totteridge, Underhill
  • South (Finchley and Golders Greenmarker) - Childs Hill, East Finchley, Finchley Church End, Garden Suburb, Golders Green, West Finchley, Woodhouse
  • West (Hendon) - Burnt Oak, Colindale, Edgware, Hale, Hendon, Mill Hill, West Hendon


Barnet Council along with the 31 other London boroughs and the City of London Corporation share local government powers with Greater London Authority. The area covered by London Borough of Barnet and the London Borough of Camdenmarker is jointly represented in the London Assembly by Brian Coleman, a Conservative from Barnet.

The area covered by London Borough contains three Westminstermarker Parliamentary Constituencies, each is represented by an MP in the House of Commonsmarker:

Service delivery

In 2009, the authority started to introduce a new model of local government delivery in the borough, called 'Future Shape', after commissioning a six-month external study. The first stages of 'Future Shape' were agreed by the council's cabinet in July 2009 The mainly public-sector union UNISON commissioned its own report on the issues involved in 'Future Shape'.

Places of interest



Parks and open spaces

The borough has a large number of parks and open spaces. The Borough also has controls five Local Nature Reserves (LNR), and is jointly responsible with the London Borough of Brentmarker for the Welsh Harpmarker reservoir. In addition there are large areas taken over by cemeteries and golf courses; part of Hampstead Heathmarker; as well as smaller recreation grounds.

Sport

The borough is home to a professional football club, Barnet F.C. and Barnet Copthallmarker leisure complex.

Demographics

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 6,404; and the area was characterised by farming and woodland — with settlement principally around the Great North Roadmarker. By 1830, a new turnpike, the Finchley Roadmarker was constructed and horse-drawn omnibuses introduced. The population rose dramatically with the arrival of the trams and railways in the middle of 19th century, and new estates were built to house commuters. As industry relocated away from London during the 1960s, the population entered a decline, that has begun to reverse with new housing developments on brownfield sites.

According to the 2001 census the borough has a population of 314,564 though the most recent ONS projection for 2007 is 338, 600. 67% of householders are owner-occupiers. The borough has the highest percentage (14.8%) of Jewish residents of any local government area in the United Kingdom. Many more people in Barnet have some Jewish ancestry, but don't consider themselves Jewish. Barnet has the largest Chinese population of any London borough population wise, and ranks 5th by percentage of Chinese people.

Education

Transport

Bicycle

Former mayor of London, Ken Livingstone said "Barnet's transport agenda is recklessly anti-public transport, anti-pedestrian and anti-cycling. Barnet has become a laboratory experiment for some very ill-thought out policies". In 2004 cycle lanes were removed and cycling proficiency funding cut by the pro motorist Cllr Brian Coleman.

Bus

The borough is served by a large number of bus routes managed by Transport for London.

Road

The following major roads run through the borough:

London Underground services in Barnet


Tube

The borough is served by the northern-most sections of the London Underground's Northern Line, including all three of the line's northern termini (Edgware, High Barnet, and Mill Hill East):



The Piccadilly Line skirts around the north eastern edge of the Barnet. Four stations are close to the borough border.

Train

Northern Heights plans
National Rail services in Barnet are operated by First Capital Connect on two routes.

Thameslink Route

Great Northern Route

There was a railway joining the two sides of the borough, part of the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway which was going to be part of the Northern Line "Northern Heights" expansion, but steam passenger services beyond Mill Hill East ended in 1939, and the completion of the electrification of this railway was abandoned in the 1950s. The track was removed in the 1960s, and part of the route was used for the M1 motorway in the 1970s.

There have been various proposals to re-establish the rail link between the two sides of the borough. The latest was in early 2008, when the London Group of the Campaign for Better Transport published a plan for a North and West London Light railway, as part of an orbital light railway across north London.

Public services

The primary care trust for the borough is NHS Barnet. The trust runs: Barnet Hospital, Edgware Community Hospital and Finchley Memorial Hospital. The London Ambulance Service responds to medical emergencies in the area. Home Office policing in the borough is provided by the Metropolitan Police Service.

Statutory emergency fire service is provided by the London Fire Brigademarker. There are four fire stations that operate in the Borough of Barnet. These are mobilised to protect around 330,000 people. The main risks identified in the borough include Barnet FC's stadium, Underhill Stadium, Brent Cross shopping centre, Coppetts Wood Hospitals and Barnet General Hospital. There are also several busy roads that run through the borough such as the A1marker and A406marker.Between the four stations; five pumping appliances, two equipment lorries, a bulk foam unit, a breathing apparatus support unit, a damage control support unit and a hazardous materials support unit are operated.

Twinning



References

  1. London Borough of Barnet Future Shape programme
  2. Barnet TUC Response to 'Future Shape' plan
  3. Barnet Local Government Chronicle Walkley appointed Barnet chief (February, 2009)
  4. London Borough of Barnet 'Future Shape' plan agreed, July 2009
  5. London Borough of Barnet 'Future Shape' press release, July 2009
  6. Local Government Chronicle 'Barnet's proposals begin to emerge' article
  7. European Services Strategy Unit 'Future Shape' report, September 2008
  8. Humps Faceoff (from Times Series)
  9. London Campaign for Better Transport Brent Cross Railway plan
  10. London Fire Brigade - Barnet Profile


External links




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