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The London Borough of Bromley ( ) is a London borough of south east Londonmarker, Englandmarker and forms part of Outer London. The principal town in the borough is Bromleymarker.

The Prime Meridian passes through Bromley.

Geography

The borough is the largest in London by area and occupies , of which the majority is green belt land. Most of the settlement is in the north and west of the borough, with an outlier at Biggin Hillmarker in the far south. The borough shares borders with Lewishammarker, Greenwichmarker and Bexleymarker to the north, Southwarkmarker and Lambethmarker to the north west, Croydonmarker to the west; and the counties of Surreymarker to the south and Kentmarker to the south and east. Westerham Heightsmarker, the highest point in London at an altitude of 245 metres, is located on the southern boundary.

History

The borough was formed, as were all other London boroughs, on April 1, 1965 by the London Government Act 1963. It comprised the former area of the Municipal Borough of Bromleymarker, the Municipal Borough of Beckenhammarker, Penge Urban Districtmarker, Orpington Urban Districtmarker and the Chislehurstmarker part of Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban Districtmarker, which was transferred from Kentmarker to Greater Londonmarker.

In 1969, after a local campaign, the village of Knockholtmarker was transferred back to Kent to become part of the Sevenoaks Rural District and later Sevenoaks Districtmarker. Before 1965 it had been part of the Orpington Urban District.

The Borough

The borough is the largest in Greater Londonmarker in terms of area at approximately 150 kmsq. As one of the outer London Boroughs it can be shown to be in two parts: urban and rural, the former to the north and very much part of the built-up area which is suburban London.

The principal parts of the northern section, from west to east, are Beckenhammarker, which includes Eden Parkmarker and Elmers Endmarker; Bromleymarker with Bickleymarker, Bromley Park and Bromley Commonmarker, Park Langley, Plaistow, Shortlandsmarker, and Southborough; Chislehurstmarker, with Elmsteadmarker and Sundridgemarker. The built-up area around Orpingtonmarker not only encompasses its direct outskirts of Chelsfieldmarker, Crofton, Derry Downs, Goddingtonmarker, Kevingtown, and Petts Woodmarker; it also includes the erstwhile separate settlements of Farnboroughmarker, Green Street Greenmarker, Pratts Bottommarker, St Mary Craymarker and St Paul's Craymarker. Other smaller suburban areas include Anerleymarker and nearby Crystal Palacemarker; and Pengemarker. In addition, parts of Mottinghammarker, Ruxleymarker and Swanleymarker lie within the Borough boundaries.

There are two main areas in the southern part of the Borough: Hayesmarker and West Wickhammarker. Biggin Hillmarker, Downemarker and Kestonmarker with Leaves Greenmarker and Nash are separate, smaller, rural settlements. Local attractions include Down Housemarker (the home of Charles Darwin), Chislehurst Cavesmarker, Holwood Housemarker (the home of William Pitt the Younger), Crofton Roman Villamarker, and the site of The Crystal Palacemarker.

Governance

The 22 wards of the London Borough of Bromley (orange) and the surrounding London boroughs (yellow) and districts outside Greater London (grey)
Bromley consists of 22 wards made up of 60 council seats. These are currently represented by 49 Conservative, 7 Liberal Democrat and 4 Labour councillors.

Since the Borough’s creation, Bromley had always been under Conservative control until the local elections of 7 May 1998 when a Liberal Democrat/Labour coalition assumed power. Following a number of by-elections and a defection, however, the Conservatives regained control on 5 July 2001.

The 22 wards are shown on the accompanying map. Ward names often straddle the named settlements and suburban areas above: their boundaries are fixed, whereas the latter are not.

Demographics

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 8,944. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 17,192 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1970s, when industry began to relocate from London.

In the 2001 Census, the borough had a population of 295,532 – of whom 141,785 were male, and 153,747 female. All major religions are represented, but of those stating a choice, 72.03% described themselves as Christian, and 16.34% as having no religion. Of the population, 43.47% were in full-time employment and 11.06% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 32.53% owning their house outright, and a further 42.73% owning with a mortgage. Only 1.42% were in local authority housing, with a further 12.74% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.

Education

Transport

Bromley is one of only five London Boroughs not to have at least one London Underground station within its boundaries.

Crime

Crime rates in Bromley are lower than most other London suburbs.

Crime Rates in Bromley (per 1000 population)
Offence Locally Nationally
Robbery 3.01 1.85
Theft of a motor vehicle 5.20 4.04
Theft from a motor vehicle 10.99 9.59
Sexual offences 0.98 1.17
Violence against a person 18.38 19.97
Burglary 7.06 5.67


London Fire Brigade

London Fire Brigade has four fire stations within the London Borough of Bromley. The borough is the largest in the city; at approximately 150 kmsq. With just one pumping appliance, Orpington has one of the largest station grounds in London, measuring 46.7 kmsq. In 2006/2007, Orpington attended 1,308 incidents. There is also a high volume pump at the station. Beckenham, Bromley and Biggin Hill cover the rest of the borough with four pumping appliances and a hose layer.

In 2006/2007 just under four thousand incidents were attended to in the borough. Noticeably, compared to 2005/2006 there was an 11% decrease in special service calls (road traffic collisions, chemical incidents, flooding etc).

London Fire Brigade - Bromley Profile

Twin towns



See also



References

External links




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