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See also: Harringaymarker for the neighbourhood in the London Borough of Haringey

The London Borough of Haringey ( ) is a London borough, in North Londonmarker, classified by some definitions as part of Inner London, and by others as part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 by the amalgamation of three former boroughs. It shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfieldmarker, Waltham Forestmarker, Hackneymarker, Islingtonmarker, Camdenmarker, and Barnetmarker.

Haringey covers an area of more than . Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palacemarker, Bruce Castlemarker and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.

The borough is very ethnically diverse. It has extreme contrasts: areas in the west, such as Highgatemarker, Muswell Hillmarker and Crouch Endmarker are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.

Haringey is also a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgatemarker and Muswell Hillmarker, at , the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. The borough includes large areas of green space, which make up more than 25% of its total area.

In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbie and the death of Baby P.

In March 2009, Haringey Council's performance was placed by the Audit Commission in the bottom four of the country and the worst in London.

History



In the Ice Age, Haringey was at the edge of a huge glacial mass that reached as far south as Muswell Hillmarker. There is evidence of both Stone Age and Bronze Age activity.

Prior to the Romans' arrival, Haringey was part of a large area covering Essex and Middlesexmarker which was home to a celtic tribe called Trinobantes.

The Roman' presence is evidenced chiefly by the roads they built through the area. Tottenham High Roadmarker was part of the main Roman thoroughfare of Ermine Streetmarker. There have also been Roman finds in the borough which suggests possible Roman settlement.

In the 5th and 6th centuries the Saxon invasions brought Haering, the chieftain whose name still lives on today in local placenames.

At the time of Domesday, the western part of modern Haringey was within the Manor of Harengheie and part of the Bishop of London's principal Manor of Stepneymarker. The eastern part was within the Manor of Tottenham held by Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria, the last of the great Anglo-Saxon Earls.

Haringey remained a rural area until the 18th century when large country houses close to London became increasingly common. The coming of the railways from the mid-nineteenth century onwards led to rapid urbanisation. So that by the turn of the century much of Haringey had been transformed from a rural to an urbanised environment.

The borough in its modern form was founded in 1965, from the former Municipal Borough of Hornseymarker, the Municipal Borough of Wood Greenmarker and the Municipal Borough of Tottenhammarker which had all previously been part of Middlesexmarker. The new borough became part of the new Greater London Council. However, some legacy of the historic municipal divisions survives to the present day, with the relative prosperity of the different parts of the borough still split broadly along the old boundary lines.

See also: :Category: History of Haringey.


Etymology

The names Haringey, Harringaymarker and Hornseymarker in use today are all different variations of the same Old English - Haeringes-hege. Haering was a Saxon chief who lived probably in the area around Hornseymarker. Haering's Hege, meant Haering's enclosure and evolved into Haringey, Harringaymarker and Hornseymarker.

See also: Etymology Section: Harringay Town's History


The Haringey coat of arms and logo

The official explanation of the coat of arms is given as:

The modern logo is fashioned on the coat of arms.

Geography

Haringey is a borough of contrasts geographically. From the wooded high ground around Highgatemarker and Muswell Hillmarker, at , the land falls sharply away to the flat, open low lying land beside the River Lea in the east. The borough includes large areas of green space, which make up more than 25% of its total area.

Haringey shares borders with six other London boroughs. Clockwise from the north, they are: Enfieldmarker, Waltham Forestmarker, Hackneymarker, Islingtonmarker, Camdenmarker, and Barnetmarker. It covers an area of more than . Some of the more familiar local landmarks include Alexandra Palacemarker, Bruce Castlemarker and Tottenham Hotspur Football Club.

Haringey has of parks, recreation grounds and open spaces which make up more than 25% of its total area. They include both smaller local areas and large green areas which provide an amenity for Londoners beyond the borough's boundaries. Local Nature Reserves and a number of conservation areas can also be found in the borough. The borough is also home to five distinct ancient woods. These are Highgate Woodsmarker, Queen's Woodmarker, Coldfall Woodmarker, Bluebell Woodmarker and North Wood.

The borough has achieved Green Flag status for eight of its parks which is the highest awarded to any London borough. Highgate Woodsmarker in Haringey is one of only eight Green Heritage sites in London.

Amongst the larger open spaces are: Finsbury Parkmarker, Alexandra Parkmarker, Highgate Woodsmarker, Coldfall Woodmarker and the Lee Valley Parkmarker.

There are three rivers of note still flowing above ground in the borough. These are:

See also: :Category: Parks and open spaces in Haringey


Demographics

The borough is very ethnically diverse. It has extreme contrasts: areas in the west, such as Highgatemarker, Muswell Hillmarker and Crouch Endmarker are among the most prosperous in the country; in the east of the borough, some wards are classified as being among the most deprived 10% in the country.

The population grew by 8.6% between 1991 and 2006 and is projected to grow by a further 5.4% by 2016 to 233,125. The male to female ratio is 50:50 and the age structure is similar to that of London as a whole although younger than the national average.

Haringey has a high proportion of young adults in the 20-39 age range and a low proportion of residents aged 45 and over. The borough has a high proportion of lone parent households.

The ethnic composition of Haringey's residents is 65.5% White, 20.1% Black, 6.7% Asian, 4.6% Mixed, 1.1% Chinese and 2% Other. An estimated 193 languages are spoken in the borough.

Housing

There are about 97,101 dwellings in Haringey. Of those: 46% are owner occupied; 17.4% are council rented; 10.8% are rented from a registered social landlord; and 24% are rented from a private landlord. Just over 55% of residents in Haringey live in flats, apartments or maisonettes.

The local council and housing associations provide about 27,463 affordable homes and in 2006 over 19,000 households were waiting to be housed by the borough. There are almost 5,500 households living in temporary accommodation. In 2002/03 over 1,300 households were accepted as homeless by the council.

Wards

There are 19 wards in Haringey. Although they bear the names of long-established local areas, many have boundaries which do not exactly match the locally-understood boundaries of those areas.

Note: Each ward name shown below is linked to the London Borough of Haringey's ward microsites. Each provides information on the ward via the navigation pane on the left of the screen.


The wards are:

  • Alexandra
  • Bounds Green
  • Bruce Grove
  • Crouch End
  • Fortis Green
  • Harringay
  • Highgate


  • Hornsey
  • Muswell Hill
  • Noel Park
  • Northumberland Park
  • Seven Sisters
  • St Anns


  • Stroud Green
  • Tottenham Green
  • Tottenham Hale
  • West Green
  • White Hart Lane
  • Woodside


Politics

The borough has been Labour-run since 1971. No Conservative candidate has won a local government election in Haringey since 1998. In May 2006 Labour retained control of the Council with a majority of just three seats over the Liberal Democrats.

Late in 2007 Liberal Democrat councillors Catherine Harris and Ali Demirci crossed the floor to join the Labour Party, the first such occasion in the history of the borough. The Labour majority thus increased to 7 (32 Labour, 25 Liberal Democrat). In July 2009, councillor and former mayor Alan Dobbie left the Labour Party to join the Conservatives, becoming the first Conservative in the council for 11 years.

Seats on Haringey Council, by party:

Year Conservative Labour Liberal Democrats
1994 2 57 0
1998 2 54 3
2002 0 42 15
2006 0 30 27
2007 0 32 25
2009 1 31 25
(Boundary changes in 2002 reduced the number of councillors by 2)

In recent years, Haringey Council has become the subject of nationwide criticism over its handling of the welfare of young children, in connection with the murder of Victoria Climbie and the death of Baby P. George Meehan, Council leader at the time of both the Victoria Climbie inquiry and the death of Baby P, resigned after a "damning" examination of Social Services caused by Baby P. He and Liz Santry, cabinet member for Children's Services initially refused to resign at a Full Council meeting. All Labour Councillors voted for them to remain in their posts. Sharon Shoesmith, who was sacked on 8 December 2008 without any compensation package over the Baby P affair, is suing for lack of notice.

In March 2009, the council's overall performance was assessed in an Audit Commission review as among the fourth worst in the whole country, and the worst in London. Its previous three stars were reduced to one.

Economy

In 2006, there were 8,200 businesses in Haringey employing a total of 64,700 people. This accounted for 1.6% of all employment in London.

Haringey's economy is dominated by small businesses with 94.2% of businesses employing less than 24 people. These small businesses account for 39.3% of total employment in the borough.

The main sectors of employment in Haringey are:

  • Retail and wholesale distribution - 19.9%
  • Health and social work - 19.0%
  • Real estate, renting and business activities - 15.3%
  • Education - 12.8%
  • Manufacturing - 8.3%
  • Public administration - 6.8%
  • Hotels and catering - 6.8%
  • Transport and communications - 6.6%
  • Construction - 3.5% (Source:Annual Business Inquiry)


Source


The principal shopping areas in the borough are Wood Greenmarker and Turnpike Lanemarker, Muswell Hillmarker, Crouch Endmarker, and Harringaymarker.

Haringey is situated within the growth corridor connecting Londonmarker with Stanstedmarker, Cambridgemarker and Peterboroughmarker.

Culture

The borough has a number of facilities offering a wide range of cultural activity

Performing arts

Haringey's theatres include:
  • Haringey Shed - an outreach theatre group of Chicken Shed Theatre.
  • Jacksons Lanemarker.
  • Mountview Conservatoire
  • North London Performing Arts Centre
  • In 2007, the new £14 million Bernie Grant Arts Centre opened, as part of the borough's regeneration strategy.
  • Downstairs at the King's Head
  • A wide range of small live music venues together with the bigger venues of Finsbury Parkmarker and Alexandra Palacemarker.


Visual arts

  • The Chocolate Factory


Education

Haringey has 63 primary (including infant and junior) schools, 10 secondary schools, a City Academy, 4 special schools and a pupil support centre. In addition there is off site provision and study support centres for children and young people with additional needs. Ten Children’s Centres were opened in 2006 and a further eight are planned for 2008.

The number of pupils in Haringey Schools as at January 2006 was 34,990 (Including nursery age children). This total was made up as follows:
  • Primary Total 16,705 (pupils of compulsory school age).
  • Secondary Total 12,431 (including sixth form students).
  • Special School pupils and students 299 (including post 16 children).
  • Pupil support centre 77.


Source


Sport

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, currently in the FA Premier League, is located in the borough in Tottenham High Road.

London Skolars are a rugby league team that compete in National League 2, they play at New River Stadiummarker in Wood Greenmarker, Haringey. The annual Middlesex 9s rugby league tournament also takes place at the New River Stadium.

The Borough's ice hockey team, the Haringey Greyhounds currently play at Alexandra Palacemarker. Alexandra Palace has also hosted other events including the PDC World Darts Championship and a number of Boxing events.

See also: :Category: Sport in Haringey


Twin towns

Haringey has been Town twinning with Koblenzmarker, Germanymarker since 1969. It has also twinned with the towns of Arimamarker in Trinidad and Tobagomarker, Clarendonmarker in Jamaicamarker, Larnacamarker in Cyprusmarker, Livry-Gargan in the suburbs of Parismarker, Francemarker, Sundbybergmarker in Swedenmarker and Jalasjarvimarker in Finlandmarker

Notable current and former residents

There are a large number well-known people who have lived or are living in the borough, particularly in the areas of Highgatemarker, Muswell Hillmarker and Crouch Endmarker. The group includes Bill Nicholson, Ho Chi Minh, David Gray, Mike Leigh, Oliver Tambo, The Kinks, Chipmunk and David Tennant from Doctor Who.

See also: For comprehensive information on notable residents see: :Category: People from Haringey by district.


References & notes

External links




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