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Lewisham, an important transport hub
The London Borough of Lewisham ( ) is a London borough in south-east Londonmarker, Englandmarker and forms part of Inner London. The principal settlement of the borough is Lewishammarker and its council is based at Catfordmarker.

The Prime Meridian passes through Lewisham.

History

The borough was formed in 1965, by the London Government Act 1963, as an amalgamation of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Lewishammarker and the Metropolitan Borough of Deptfordmarker, which had been created in 1900 as divisions of the County of London.

Minor boundary changes have occurred since its creation. The most significant amendments were made in 1996, when the former area of the Royal Docks in Deptfordmarker was transferred from the London Borough of Greenwichmarker.

Geography and landmarks

The borough is surrounded by the London Borough of Greenwichmarker to the east, the London Borough of Bromleymarker to the south and the London Borough of Southwarkmarker to the west. The River Thames forms a short section of northern boundary with the Isle of Dogsmarker in the London Borough of Tower Hamletsmarker. Deptford Creekmarker, Pool River, River Quaggymarker and River Ravensbournemarker pass through the borough.Major landmarks include All Saints Church in Blackheathmarker, the Citibank Tower in Lewishammarker, Dietrich Bonhoeffer Church (Sydenham's German Church, technically located in Forest Hill) and the Horniman Museummarker in Forest Hillmarker.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, Lewisham has a population of 248,922. Its population is 66% White, 12% Black Caribbean, and 9% Black African. Fifty percent of households are owner-occupiers.

Civic affairs

Motto

The motto of the borough is "Salus Populi Suprema Lex", which means (roughly translated) "The Welfare of the People is the Highest Law".

Administration

The current Chief Executive is Barry Quirk. The borough is administered by the five directorates of the council: Children and Young People, Community Services, Customer Services, Resources, and Regeneration.

Twinning

The borough is twinned with the following towns:

The borough has also signed a "friendship link" with Ekurhulenimarker, near Johannesburgmarker, South Africa.

Freedom of the Borough

The honour of Freedom of the Borough has been awarded to:



Politics

Wards

The London Borough of Lewisham is divided into 18 wards, first used in the 2002 elections, they are:

Previous wards

Previously the borough was divided into 26 wards and 6 areas, used for elections from 1978 to 1998. Some of these former wards had the same names as the present ones, but their borders were different. When the wards were revised for 2002, some became larger, absorbing others. The previous wards and areas were:

Lewisham central Lewisham North East Lewisham North West
  • Drake
  • Evelynmarker
  • Grinling Gibbons
  • Marlowe
Lewisham South Lewisham South East Lewisham South West


Lewisham London Borough Council

Summary of council election results:

Overall control Labour Lib Dem Green Conservative Others
2006 No overall control 26 17 6 3 2
2002 Labour 45 4 1 2 2
1998 Labour 61 4 - 2 -
1994 Labour 63 3 - 1 -
1990 Labour 58 3 - 6 -
1986 Labour 50 - - 17 -
1982 Labour 43 - - 24 -
1978 Labour 44 - - 23 -
1974 Labour 51 - - 9 -
1971 Labour 55 - - 5 -
1968 Conservative 19 - - 41 -
1964 Labour 45 - - 15 -


Unlike in most English districts, Lewisham's council is led by a directly-elected mayor. The system was established at the 2002 council elections, and has now run for two mayoral elections, both of which Steve Bullock has won for the Labour party.

Westminster Parliament

The borough includes the constituencies of Lewisham Deptfordmarker, Lewisham Westmarker and Lewisham East.

These are the MPs who have represented constituencies covered by the borough since its formation in 1964. Note that constituencies change their boundaries over time, even where names remain the same.

MP Party Represented Dates
Christopher Chataway Conservative Lewisham North 1964-66
James Dickens Labour Lewisham West 1966-70
Jim Dowd Labour Lewisham West 1992-present
John Selwyn Gummer Conservative Lewisham West 1970-74 (Feb)
Carol Johnson Labour Lewisham South 1964-74 (Feb)
Patrick McNair-Wilson Conservative Lewisham West 1964-66
John Maples Conservative Lewisham West 1983-92
Roland Moyle Labour Lewisham North

Lewisham East
1966-74 (Feb)

1974 (Feb)-79
Colin Moynihan Conservative Lewisham East 1983-92
Bridget Prentice Labour Lewisham East 1992-present
Christopher Price Labour Lewisham West 1974 (Feb)-79
Joan Ruddock Labour Lewisham, Deptford 1987-present
John Silkin Labour Deptford

Lewisham, Deptford
1964-74 (Feb)

1974 (Feb)-87


Transport and places

Transport

Lewisham stationmarker, once known as Lewisham Junction, is located at the junction of the lines to Dartfordmarker and Hayesmarker, and is also the terminus of the southern branch of the Docklands Light Railway. The East London Line (on the London Underground network) did terminate at New Crossmarker and New Cross Gatemarker until December 2007. An extension, currently under construction, and to be known as the East London Railway when complete, will serve Brockleymarker, Honor Oak Parkmarker, Forest Hillmarker, and Sydenhammarker. It will form part of the London Overground which is part of National Rail.

Railway stations

DLR stations

There are no Tube stations in the borough, as the East London Line is now becoming part of London Overground.

Main roadsThe South Circular Road passes through the centre of the borough from the border with Dulwichmarker in the west to Elthammarker in the east. Except for a short section in Leemarker as it approaches Eltham, it is purely a one-lane-each-way road.

List of settlements

It includes the areas:



Postcode areas within the borough

Completely within the London Borough of Lewisham:

SE4marker,SE6marker, andSE14marker

Partly within the London Borough of Lewisham:

SE3marker,SE8marker,SE9marker,SE10marker,SE12marker,SE13marker,SE15marker,SE16,SE23,SE26,Bromley, BR1marker,Bromley, BR2marker, andBeckenham, BR3marker

Famous current and former residents



References



External links




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