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The London Borough of Sutton ( ) is a London borough in South Londonmarker, Englandmarker and forms part of Outer London. It covers an area of and is the 80th largest local authority in England by population. It is one of the southernmost boroughs of Londonmarker. It is south of the London Borough of Mertonmarker, west of the London Borough of Croydonmarker and east of the Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thamesmarker.

History

The borough was formed in 1965 by the merger of the Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheammarker with the Municipal Borough of Beddington and Wallingtonmarker and Carshalton Urban Districtmarker which had previously been part of Surreymarker.

Districts

The borough includes the areas:

see also Sutton parks and open spaces


Cultural attractions and institutions

  • The Secombe Theatre, Suttonmarker.
  • The Charles Cryer Theatre, Carshaltonmarker.
  • Sutton Library.


Governance

Current seat distribution as of November 2008:





Party Seats
31
21
2
Total 54


The governance of the borough is by Sutton Council, which is responsible for the administration of Sutton. The borough shares its London Assembly member with neighboring Croydonmarker. It is a safe Conservative seat with the south of Croydon and parts of Sutton traditionally voting towards the Conservatives. The current Assembly Member is Steve O'Connell a local councillor from Croydon who was elected with an increased majority of 43% from Andrew Pelling's time in the seat. Sutton is represented in the European Parliamentmarker by the London constituency.

The London Borough of Sutton Council has had a Liberal Democrat administration since 1986. Prior to that it was a Conservatives council. Lord Tope was the Leader of the Council from 1986 to 1999. Councillor Sean Brennan has been the Leader since October 2002. There are two Deputy Leaders on the Council, they are Councillors Ruth Dombey and Colin Hall. The current Conservative Leader of the Opposition is Councillor Paul Scully. The Deputy Leader of the Opposition is Councillor Tony Shields.

Following the London local elections, 2006, the Liberal Democrats returned 32 Councillors and the Conservatives 22. The Labour Party lost all of its seats on the council. In 2007 councillors from each of two parties defected to other political parties; one to the United Kingdom Independence Party from the Conservatives, and one to sit as an Independent from the Liberal Democrats.

Sutton is divided into two parliamentary constituencies, Sutton and Cheam and Carshalton and Wallingtonmarker.

Paul Burstow is the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Sutton and Cheam, replacing Conservative Lady Olga Maitland in the 1997 General Election. He was previously a Liberal Democrat Councillor.

Tom Brake is the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Carshalton and Wallington, replacing Conservative Nigel Forman in the 1997 General Election.

Notable individuals

Notable individuals associated with the borough, are (or have been):

Education

Education is to an extremely high standard in Sutton and the Sutton LEA is regularly in the top 5 of the whole country . There are several primary schools in and around the borough.

List of primary schools



List of secondary schools

There are also a number of private schools including Sutton High Schoolmarker for Girls and Collingwood School

Further education colleges



Climate

Sutton has a temperate climate in common with most areas of Great Britainmarker, it is similar to that of Greenwichmarker in Inner London: its Koppen climate classification is Cfb. WorldClimate( Temperature data)  Its mean annual temperature of 9.6 °C is similar to that experienced throughout the Weald, and slightly cooler than nearby areas such as the Sussex coast and Central London. Rainfall is considerably below England's average (1971–2000) level of 838 mm, and every month is drier overall than the England average.

The nearest weather station is at Gatwick Airport. (Rainfall data)  (Pressure data) 
Temperature and rainfall: 1961–1990 averages. Pressure averages: 1971–1988 averages.
Derived from the Global Historical Climatology Network (version 1).



Transport

Sutton is one of only five London Boroughs not to have at least one London Underground station within its boundaries. The main public transport used in the borough are local rail from its various regional stations and local buses. The Sutton Rail Users forum was formed to campaign for the introduction of higher-frequency, regular interval services from Sutton to central London.

National and international travel

Sutton is linked into the national motorway network via the A217 and M25marker orbital motorway at Junction 8. The M25 skirts the south of the borough, linking Sutton with other parts Londonmarker and the surrounding counties. The A24 passes through the north western part of the borough, through North Cheam and onto Epsom, Dorking, Horsham, Worthing, Bognor Regis and Chichester. This follows, in part, the course of Stane Street, an old Roman road linking London and Chichester. The A232marker links Sutton with other towns in the borough, also the boroughs of Kingston, Croydon and Bromley.



The Sutton and Mole Valley Lines railway route south from Sutton links the borough to Sussex and Surrey to the south, and to Central London to the north: providing direct services to Dorking, Epsom, Horsham, Leatherhead, Wimbledon, Croydon and Wandsworth. Also running through Sutton is the Sutton Loop Thameslink line which links Luton and St Pancras International directly with the stations on the loop. The main station for all these services is Sutton railway stationmarker to the south of the town. The station is the largest and busiest in Sutton. Passenger rail services through Croydon are provided by Southern, First Capital Connect and South West Trains. A pilot scheme launched by the Strategic Rail Authority, Transport for London and three train operators is designed to encourage more passengers to travel off-peak. In full partnership with the South London Boroughsmarker which includes Sutton, SWELTRAC, SELTRANS and the transport users group, the scheme promotes the advantages of off-peak travel following improvements to safety, travel connections and upgrading of station facilities. The Thameslink Programme (formerly known as Thameslink 2000), is a £3.5 billion major project to expand the Thameslink network from 51 to 172 stations spreading northwards to Bedfordmarker, Peterboroughmarker, Cambridgemarker and King's Lynnmarker and southwards to Guildfordmarker, Eastbournemarker, Horshammarker, Hovemarker to Littlehamptonmarker, East Grinsteadmarker, Ashford and Dartfordmarker. The project includes the lengthening of platforms, station remodelling, new railway infrastructure (e.g. viaduct) and additional rolling stock.

Sutton is located about from both London Heathrow Airportmarker and London Gatwick Airportmarker although neither airport has major direct public transport connections with the borough. Luton Airport, about to the north, is connected to Sutton by a direct train. Croydon Airportmarker which was partly in the borough of Sutton served as London's main airport in the years prior to the second world war but closed in the 1950s.

Local travel

The hilly topography of Sutton and the lack of underground services in South London is a reason for the extensive suburban and inter-urban railway network. Sutton is in the commuter belt to London as part of suburbia. There are several busy local rail routes running along the borough's towns, connecting it with London Bridgemarker, St. Pancras Internationalmarker and London Victoriamarker. These local routes mainly run on the Sutton Loop and Sutton & Mole Valley Lines. As well as the main station of Sutton, there are several suburban stations at Hackbridgemarker, West Sutton, Carshaltonmarker and Cheammarker and more.

A sizeable bus infrastructure which is part of the London Buses network operates from a main hub on the Sutton one-way system. Arriva London, part of Arriva, is one of the largest bus operators to serve Sutton along with Metrobus, London General, Transdev London, Quality Line, and National Express London. Unlike other places in the country, London's transport infrastructure is regulated and therefore is not subject to price wars between different companies with TfL setting a standard price for bus services which is currently 90p with an Oyster card and free for all under 16's. Services include buses to Central London, Croydon, Wimbledon, Kingston and a number of other civic centres in the south. London Buses route X26, the longest route in London, provides services between Heathrow airportmarker and Croydon via Kingstonmarker.

Although hilly, Sutton is compact and has few major trunk roads running through it. It is on one of the National Cycle Network route running around South Londonmarker. The North Downsmarker, an area of outstanding natural beauty popular with both on and off-road cyclists, is so close to Sutton that part of the park lies within the borough boundary, and there are routes into the park almost from the civic centre.

Construction of the first phase of the East London Line Extension to West Croydon is now under way north of the Thames. There were plans to extend the service to Sutton but it was decided that trains would become too busy by the time it reached Croydon, that it was abandoned. Although there are still hopes that Sutton will be connected to the London Overground scheme through Orbirail and TfL's interest in bidding for the South London Lines operated by Southern until 2009 when a new South Central franchise will be awarded. Parliamentary approval to construct a railway line from Wimbledonmarker to Suttonmarker through what were then undeveloped rural areas had been obtained by the Wimbledon and Sutton Railway (W&SR) in 1910. The main supporters of the scheme were the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) and the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now London Underground's District Line). All held shares in the company and had rights to run trains over the line when built. World War I prevented any work taking place and by the early 1920s continuing financial support from the MDR meant that it had effectively taken control of the company. Through its ownership of the MDR, the London Electric Railway (LER, precursor of London Underground) was able to obtain approval to use part of the route for an extension of the City and South London Railway (C&SLR, now the Northern Line) from Clapham Commonmarker through Mordenmarker to Sutton. The route would have seen Underground Northern Line trains running on surface tracks from Morden past the nearby Underground depot and on to the Network Rail alignment close to Morden Southmarker. The Southern Railway (SR, successor of the L&SWR and the LB&SCR after the 1923 Grouping of railways) objected to this encroachment into its area of operation and the loss of its passenger traffic to a more direct route. The two companies reached an agreement that enabled the C&SLR to extend as far as Morden in exchange for the LER giving up its rights over the W&SR route. The SR subsequently built the line, one of the last to be built in the London area. It opened on 5 January 1930.

Sports facilities and clubs

Football club Sutton United F.C. are based in Sutton, who play in the Isthmian League Premier Division.

Sutton Cricket Club is based in Cheam Road, Sutton, (entrance in Gander Green Lane.) The Club’s 1st XI plays at the highest level of the sport available to it, the England & Wales Cricket Board’s, ‘Surrey Championship Premier Division.’ The club’s 2nd and 3rd teams also play at the highest level available to them, the, ‘Surrey Championship 2nd XI and 3rd XI Premier Divisions.’ Sutton Cricket Club also provide league cricket for 4th and 5th XIs on Saturdays and for three XI’s on Sundays, two of which are dedicated to youth development. The club has a colts section with over 150 participants, and owns a second ground in Holmwood Close, Cheam. A cricket week is held at the Cheam Road ground every season, in addition to the club playing at least one mid-week friendly fixture every week.

Rosehill boasts an ETTA premier level Table Tennis Club, Rosehil TTC play in the Sutton & District League and the Thames Valley League. The Croydon Pirates despite their name play just inside the borough of Sutton, at Waddonmarker and are one of the most successful teams in the British Baseball Federation.

Carshalton has two football clubs: Carshalton Athletic F.C.marker (home ground at The War Memorial Sports Ground, Colston Avenue) and Carshalton FC (at Beddington Park).At the Westcroft Leisure Centre, in Carshaltonmarker there are health and fitness facilities including two swimming pools, sports hall, squash court and fitness centre. Westcroft is also home to Sutton Pumas basketball club.There are also two public basketball courts in the Rosehill section of Sutton

References

  1. Next Stop South London - The Londonder, 08/03/08


External links

Official

News and travel

Culture

Community

Maps

  • Geo Links for London Borough of Sutton
  • Geo Links


Sutton LEA


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