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The London Borough of Wandsworth ( ) is a London borough in south west Londonmarker, Englandmarker and forms part of Inner London.

History

The borough was formed in 1965 from the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Batterseamarker and much of the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworthmarker, but excluding Claphammarker and most of Streathammarker, both of which were transferred to the London Borough of Lambethmarker.

Geography

The borough borders the London Borough of Lambethmarker to the east, the London Borough of Mertonmarker and the Royal Borough of Kingston Upon Thamesmarker to the south, the London Borough of Richmond upon Thamesmarker to the west and to the north (across the River Thames) three boroughs, namely the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulhammarker, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelseamarker and the City of Westminstermarker.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census Wandsworth has a population of 260,380. 78% of the population is White, 9.6% Afro-Caribbean and 6.9% South Asian.

Landmarks

Oddly, Clapham Junction station is in Battersea, rather than Clapham. There are many new or refurbished buildings along the borough's prosperous riverside including the large Chelsea Bridge Wharf. The Peace Pagoda in Battersea Park stands out looking into the borough from across the Thames.

Civic affairs

Mayor

The first Mayor of Wandsworth was Sir Luke Brown of Demster Road (former opium baron), who was elected to the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworthmarker in 1900. Sir Luke Brown's initials are highlighted in the diamonds in the centre of the Mayor's chain of office.

The current Mayor is Cllr Prof. Brian N.C. Prichard C.B.E.. He follows his father, grandfather and uncle in holding the office in the area. His predecessors held the office as Mayor of Battersea. His mayoral charities for the year are the Boys' Brigade, Girls Brigade, Scouts and Guides.

Executive

The Executive has nine Conservative members and is presided over by Cllr Edward Lister who has been Leader of the Council since 1992.

Coat of arms

The Arms retain many of the features of the arms of the former Metropolitan Borough of Batterseamarker and Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworthmarker.

The fess, or crossing, of the shield is chequered blue and gold representing the arms of William de Warren, created first Earl of Surrey by William Rufus. Each gold square bears a teardrop representing the tears of the French Huguenots, many of whom settled in Wandsworth in 1685.

The ship at the top may refer to the Wendels, a tribe of sea-raiders from the continent who supposedly gave their name to the district, for Wendelsworth was an early variation of Wandsworth. The four shields and oars on the ship represent the four parishes of Battersea, Putney, Tooting and Wandsworth.

The dove to the left is taken from the former Battersea coat of arms and the black dragon to the right was taken from the former Wandsworth arms and also refers to London, being similar to the City of Londonmarker coat of arms.

Politics

Wandsworth London Borough Council

Wandsworth is administered by 60 councillors, 3 apiece from 20 wards. Since the 2006 election, 51 of these councillors are Conservative and 9 are Labour. The Conservatives have had an overall majority on the council since 1978, despite demographics that would suggest a higher level of support for Labour; the fact that it has always held the lowest, or second-lowest, council tax rates in the country, currently half the national average has led to great success at local level, with no Conservative MPs in the borough between 1997 and 2005 (where Putney, mostly in the borough, was captured by Justine Greening), but solid control of the council.

Summary results of elections

Overall control Conservative Labour Lib Dem
2006 Conservative 51 9 -
2002 Conservative 50 10 -
1998 Conservative 50 11 -
1994 Conservative 45 16 -
1990 Conservative 48 13 -
1986 Conservative 31 30 -
1982 Conservative 33 27 1
1978 Conservative 36 25 -
1974 Labour 12 48 -
1971 Labour 7 53 -
1968 Conservative 48 12 -
1964 Labour 13 47 -


Westminster Parliament

The borough contains three parliamentary constituencies:

Transport

Bridges

Five bridges join Wandsworth to the three London Boroughs on the north side of the Thames (from downstream following the river up):



There are also a number of bridges crossing the River Wandlemarker which runs through the centre of Wandsworth town and divides the borough in two.

Stations

National Rail services are operated from London Waterloomarker by South West Trains to Earlsfieldmarker, Putneymarker, Queenstown Road marker, Wandsworth Townmarker and the borough's most major station, Clapham Junctionmarker. This last station is also served from London Victoriamarker by Southern as are Balhammarker, Battersea Parkmarker and Wandsworth Commonmarker.

London Underground services are provided on the District Line to East Putneymarker and Southfieldsmarker and on the Northern Line to Balhammarker, Clapham Southmarker, Tooting Becmarker and Tooting Broadwaymarker.

Education

Wandsworth has the notable Elliott Schoolmarker, a specialist Language College, and former school of Pierce Brosnan. In 1842 Whitelands College was founded in Chelsea by the Church of England, and heavily under the influence of John Ruskin. In 1930/1931 the college relocated to West Hill (Wandsworth Borough) and occupied an enormous purpose-built site, with buildings designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. These buildings, now listed, were one of the Borough's largest educational sites until 2005 when the College again moved, this time to a site in Roehamptonmarker. The borough has other schools such as Southfields Community Collegemarker, St. John Paul II and the very low achieving Ashcroft Technology Academymarker.

Places

Parks and open spaces

Wandsworth has responsibility for three Metropolitan Open Spaces: These three large green spaces together with a range of smaller parks and playgrounds are patrolled by a Wandsworth Council's own parks police known as Wandsworth Parks Police

  • Clapham Commonmarker - the west side is within Wandsworth but the whole common is managed by the London Borough of Lambeth.


Theatres



Localities



Postcode areas

SW4marker (part), SW8marker (part), SW11marker (all), SW12marker (part), SW15marker (part), SW16marker (part), SW17marker (part), SW18marker (all), SW19marker (part)

See also



References

External links




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