The 1938 Tube Stock
is a London Underground
tube stock design. The
trains were built by Metro-Cammell
, and were used on the London Underground until 1988.
During their long lives they worked on the Bakerloo
examples are still at work on the Isle Of Wight as Class 483,
making them the oldest passenger rolling stock operating timetabled
services on the National Rail
London Transport Museum runs occasional trips on
the 1938 Stock. Dates and times can be found at their website and
people can sign up to receive the Museum's e-newsletter.
Inside 1938 tube train trailer.
As built, the 1938 Stock was numbered as follows:
|10012 - 10323
90324 - 90333
|11012 - 11323
91324 - 91333
|12000 - 12028
12059 - 12157
12409 - 12411
12422 - 12446
92029 - 92058
|92447 - 92466
||012158 - 012388
012412 - 012421
012467 - 012476
092389 - 092408
Use on different lines
The 1938 Stock was built as part of the London Passenger Transport
's New Works Programme
1935-1940. The trains were primarily intended for use the Northern
and Bakerloo Lines, with an additional seven trains also being used
on the Piccadilly Line.
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s the Northern Line was worked
exclusively by 1938/1949 Stock trains. They were starting to show
their age by the late 1960s; the first withdrawals from the
Northern Line took place in the early 1970s with the introduction
of the 1972 Stock
In the mid-1970s the Bakerloo Line started to use 1972 Stock (Mark
II) cars in addition to 1938 Stock. The 1972 Stock cars were
intended for eventual use on the Jubilee Line (which opened in
1979), thereafter the remaining section of the Bakerloo Line
continued to be served exclusively by 1938 Stock cars until the
1980s. The Bakerloo Line trains received an "Extra Heavy Overhaul"
(EHO) to keep them in service long after their intended withdrawal
date. The Bakerloo Line was thus the last line to be operated
solely by 1938 Stock trains.
The Piccadilly Line's few 1938 Stock trains operated alongside
for much of
their lives. They were replaced by London Underground 1973 Stock
with the 1959 Stock being transferred to the Northern Line,
replacing other 1938 Stock trains.
During the 1970s the East London
was worked by 1938 Stock trains, replacing trains of
. Single 1938
Stock trailer carriages were also inserted into 1960 Stock
trains in the mid
80's; these were used on the Woodford–Hainault and Epping–Ongar
sections of the Central Line
addition, unit 10177 (laterly shipped to Alderny) worked the Epping
Onger shuttle between 11/57 and 6/60.
With the 1959 Stock approaching life-expiry, five ex-Bakerloo Line
trains of 1938 Stock were given a further overhaul in the mid
1980s. These were then used on the Northern Line for
a further two years, being finally withdrawn in 1988 and sold for
further use on the Isle of
Wight (see below).
As part of the New Works Programme
, there were plans to operate nine-car trains of
1938 stock on the Northern Line
cars were originally numbered differently from the other cars, the
first digit '1' being replaced by a '9'.
The formation for a nine-car train was DM + NDM + SNDM + T + NDM +
T + SNDM + NDM + DM.
With the scaling back of the planned extensions for the Northern
and Bakerloo Lines, and the need to order further stock to balance
the fleet(the 1949 stock), cars were renumbered in the early
1950s.The DMs and trailers had the '9' replaced by a '1', the DMs
becoming 10324-10333, 11324-11333 and the trailers
012389-012408.Twenty-eight of the thirty NDMs were likewise
renumbered, the exception being 92055 and 92058 which were rebuilt
into UNDMs along with all twenty SNDMs. The twenty two cars rebuilt
into UNDMs were renumbered 30000-30021.
So successful was the 1938 Stock that, when in 1948 additional cars
were needed, 91 almost identical cars were built, 70
non-driving-motor (NDM) cars and 21 trailer cars. These were known
as 1949 stock
operated with the 1938 stock. They were numbered in the same
scheme; the UNDMs were numbered 30022-30045, 31000-31045 and the
After World War II
, the former 1935 stock
were rebuilt into trailers, and included with the 1938 stock, being
renumbered 012477-012494.Before the war, three trailers were built
for use with the streamlined DMs. These three cars differed from
the 1938 trailers in that they were not equipped with compressors.
However the cars were not delivered until after the war and with
the DMs rebuilt the three cars became part of the 1938 stock fleet,
being numbered 012412-012414, and fitted with compressors.
In 1938 fifty-eight 'Standard Stock'
originally built in 1927, were converted to operate with the 1938
Stock. These cars were renumbered 70513–70570. The first car
withdrawn was 70550, as a result of damage sustained in an accident
at Watford in 1962, and
the last car, 70534, was withdrawn in 1973.
Isle of Wight
examples still in daily use are the six units that survive
operating the Island Line
service on the Isle of
Wight, and allocated TOPS Class 483.
Ten sets (nine
serviceable; a total of twenty cars) were bought by Network SouthEast
from London Underground
According to an article in the October 2005 issue of Rail
, Island Line were paying "an eye-watering
£140,000 a year" to lease the trains, meaning that "[s]ince
has pocketed over £1m for
leasing these relics that are effectively worthless."
After running many years in NSE colours, the trains were repainted
into 'dinosaur' livery. However, as of mid-2008, all trains had
been returned to an approximation of their original LT train red
livery; albeit with yellow fronts as per mainline
accident involving 1938 stock occurred at Moorgate on the 28
A train crashed into the dead end wall of the
station, killing 43 people including the driver.
addition, some other units survive in preservation, including cars
from the first-built unit, which are preserved at the London Transport
Museum Depot in Acton.
A 1938 tube stock train preserved at
Acton passes eastbound through North Ealing station on September
preserved sets have been restored into their original red liveries,
one with an orange roof (Bakerloo line) and one with a grey roof
(other lines). The four-car preserved set regularly ventures onto
the LU system for railtours and occasional filming work.