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Long Island is an island located in southeastern New Yorkmarker, United States, just east of Manhattanmarker. Stretching northeast into the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island contains four counties, two of which are borough (Queensmarker and Brooklynmarker) of New York Citymarker, and two of which (Nassaumarker and Suffolkmarker) are mainly suburban. Numerous bridges and tunnels through Brooklyn and Queens connect Long Island to the three other boroughs of New York City. Ferries connect Suffolk County northward across Long Island Soundmarker to the state of Connecticutmarker.

Both the longest and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends from New York Harbor, and has a maximum width of between the northern (Long Island Sound) coast and the southern Atlanticmarker coast. With an area of 1,401 square miles (3,629 km2), Long Island is the 11th largest in the United States, and the 148th largest island in the world.The land area of Long Island is larger than that of the state of Rhode Islandmarker and larger than any U.S. territory except Puerto Rico.

Long Island had a population of 7,448,618 as of the 2000 census, with the population estimated at 7.7 million as of July 1, 2008, making it the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory. It is also the 17th most populous island in the world, ahead of Irelandmarker, Jamaicamarker and the Japanese island of Hokkaidōmarker. Its population density is .If it were a state, Long Island would rank 12th in population.

Overview

The westernmost end of Long Island contains the New York City boroughs of Brooklynmarker (Kings County) and Queensmarker (Queens County). The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassaumarker and Suffolkmarker counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" refers only to Nassau and Suffolk counties; the more dense and urban Brooklyn and Queens are not usually referred to as "Long Island," since they are politically part of New York City.

Nassau County is more developed than Suffolk County, with pockets of rural affluence in the cliffs of the Gold Coast of the North Shore overlooking Long Island Soundmarker and the equally affluent 5 Towns community on the South Shore hugging the Atlantic Oceanmarker. South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands and white sand beaches fronting on the Atlantic Ocean and Outer Barrier Islandsmarker. Old money from the time of the Revolutionary War populated the island and still does to this day. American aristocrats and European nobility in the Roaring Twenties established large estates on the North Shore and in the 5 Towns area in the South Shore. Today, many exist in their original state, while others have been donated to the public as parks, arboretums, universities and museums.

Owing to economic growth and the suburbanization of the metropolitan region after World War II, Nassau was the fastest growing county in the United States from the 1950s to the 1970s. Suffolk County remains less congested despite substantial growth in high technology and light manufacturing sectors since 1990. In its far east sections, Suffolk remains small-town rural, as in Greenportmarker on the North Fork and some of the outward areas of The Hamptonsmarker, although summer tourism swells the population in those areas.

Long Island is known for its affluence and high quality of life. According to the 2000 Census, Nassau County is the third richest county per capita in New York State, and the 30th richest in the nation. Long Island's Nassau County has the second highest property taxes in the United States.Suffolk County has redeveloped North Fork potato fields into a burgeoning wine region. The South Fork is known for beach towns, including the world-renowned Hamptons, and for Montauk Point, home of Montauk Point Lighthousemarker at the eastern tip of the island.

Geography

Geology



Long Island, as part of the Outer Lands region, is formed largely of two spines of glacial moraine, with a large, sandy outwash plain beyond. These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the Ice Ages some 21,000 years ago (19,000 BC). The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hillmarker moraine. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkomamarker moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway.

The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier. Known as the Hempstead Plains, this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains.

The glaciers melted and receded to the north, resulting in the difference between the North Shore beaches and the South Shore beaches. The North Shore beaches are rocky from the remaining glacial debris, while the South Shore's are crisp, clear, outwash sand. Running along the center of the island like a spine is the moraine left by the glaciers. Jayne's Hillmarker, at 401 feet, is the highest hill along either moraine; another well-known summit is Bald Hillmarker. The glaciers also formed Lake Ronkonkomamarker, a kettle lake.

Climate

Long Island has a climate similar to other coastal areas of the Northeastern United States; it has warm, humid summers and cold winters. The Atlantic Ocean helps bring afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms. Severe thunderstorms are not uncommon, especially when they approach the island from the mainland areas of the Bronxmarker, Westchester Countymarker and Connecticutmarker in the northwest.

Average yearly snowfall totals range from approximately , with the north shore and western parts averaging more than the south shore and the east end. In any given winter, however, some parts of the island could see up to or more. There are also some very quiet winters, in which most parts of the island could see less than .
An Animated Map of a Nor'easter's Movement.


Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to hurricanes. Its northern location and relatively cool waters tend to weaken storms to below hurricane strength by the time they reach Long Island, although despite this, some storms have made landfall at Category 1 or greater strength, including two unnamed Category 3 storms in 1938 (New England Hurricane of 1938) and 1944, Hurricane Donna in 1960, Hurricane Belle in 1976, Hurricane Gloria in 1985, Hurricane Bob in 1991 (brushed the eastern tip) and Hurricane Floyd in 1999. (There is debate among climatologists as to whether Hurricane Floyd made landfall as a Category 1 or as a very strong "almost hurricane strength" tropical storm. The official records note it as the latter.)

Demographics

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the total population of all four counties of Long Island was 7,448,618. New York City's portion of the census was 4,694,705, with Brooklyn's population at 2,465,326 and Queens having 2,229,379 residents.

The combined population of Nassau and Suffolk counties was 2,753,913 people; Suffolk County's share at 1,419,369 and Nassau County's at 1,334,544. Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the 1990 census as growth and development continued to spread eastward. As Suffolk County has over twice the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density. Combining all four counties, Long Island's population is greater than 38 of the 50 United States. If it were an independent nation, it would rank as the 96th most populated nation, falling between Switzerland and Israelmarker.

Population figures from the U.S. Census Bureau Census 2000 show that non-whites are in the majority in the two urban counties of New York City, while whites are in the majority in the two suburban counties of Nassau and Suffolk. Catholics are the largest religious group, with non-affiliated in second place.

Long Island has a substantial Italian-American population. There are roughly 800,000 residents of Italian-American ancestry residing on Long Island.

Racial groups, ethnicity, and religious groups on Long IslandSource for Race and Ethnicity: 2000 Census
American Indian, Native Alaskan, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander make up just 0.4% of the population of Long Island, and have been included with "Other".Source for religious groups: ARDA
County

Population
2000
census



%
white


%
black
or
African
American





%
Asian


%
Other


%
mixed
race



%
Hispanic/
Latino
of any
race





%
Catholic


% not
affiliated


%
Jewish


%
Protestant


Estimate
of % not
reporting



Race Ethnicity Religious groups
Kings 2,465,326 41.2% 36.4% 7.5% 10.6% 4.3% 19.8% 37% 4% 15% 8% 33%
Queens 2,229,379 44.1% 20.0% 17.6% 12.3% 6.1% 25.0% 29% 37% 11% 5% 15%
Nassau 1,334,544 79.3% 10.1% 4.7% 3.8% 2.1% 10.0% 52% 9% 16% 7% 15%
Suffolk 1,419,369 84.6% 6.9% 2.4% 4.0% 2.1% 10.5% 52% 21% 7% 8% 11%
Totals 7,448,618 57.2% 21.2% 9.0% 8.6% 4.0% 17.8% 40% 18% 12% 7% 20%


History



At the time of European contact, the Lenape people (named the Delaware by Europeans) inhabited the western end of the Island, and spoke the Munsee dialect of the Algonquian language family. Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to record an encounter with these people when he entered what is now New York Bay in 1524. The eastern portion of the island was inhabited by speakers of the Mohegan-Montauk-Narragansett language group of the same language family, indicative of their ties to the aboriginal peoples inhabiting what is now Connecticutmarker and Rhode Islandmarker.

The western portion of Long Island was later settled by the Dutch, while the eastern region was settled by English Puritans from New Havenmarker, Connecticutmarker, settling in Southoldmarker on October 21, 1640. The entirety of Long Island came under English dominion in 1664 when the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was taken over by the English and renamed New Yorkmarker. In 1683, the English established the three original counties on Long Island: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk.

During the American Revolutionary War, the island was captured from General George Washington early by the British in the Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the entire war. The island remained a British stronghold until the end of the war, and was the center of much of General Washington's espionage activities due to the proximity to the British North American military headquarters in New York City. After the British victory on Long Island many Patriots fled, leaving mostly Loyalists behind.

In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and agricultural. The predecessor to the Long Island Rail Road began service in 1836 from the ferry terminal (to Manhattan) through Brooklyn to Jamaica in Queens, and completed the line to the east end of Long Island in 1844. From 1830 until 1930, population roughly doubled every twenty years, and several cities were incorporated, such as the City of Brooklyn in Kings County, and Long Island City in Queens.

Until the 1883 completion of the Brooklyn Bridgemarker, the only connection between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat. Other bridges and tunnels followed, and a suburban character spread as population increased. On January 1, 1898, Kings County and portions of Queens were consolidated into The City of Greater New York, abolishing all cities and towns within them. The easternmost of Queens County, which were not part of the consolidation plan,separated from Queens in 1899 to form Nassau Countymarker.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms to the paradigm of the American suburb. Railroads made possible commuting suburbs before construction of the Long Island Expressway and other major roadways. Robert Moses created various parkway projects to span the island, along with state parks for the enjoyment of many. Gradually development started to follow the parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes.

After World War II, Long Island's population skyrocketed, mostly in Nassau Countymarker and western Suffolk Countymarker. People who worked and lived in New York City moved out to Long Island in new developments built during the post-war boom. The most famous post-war development was the town of Levittownmarker: the area became the first place to massively reproduce houses on a grand scale- providing opportunities for GIs returning home to start a family. The immigration waves of southern and eastern Europe, followed by more recent ones from Latin America, have been pivotal in creating the diversity on Long Island that many other American regions lack. These immigrations are reflected in the large Italian American, Irish American and Jewish American populations.

Economy

The counties of Nassaumarker and Suffolkmarker have been long renowned for their affluence.

From about 1930 to about 1990, Long Island was considered one of the aviation centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft having their headquarters and factories in the Bethpagemarker area.

Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratorymarker in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research. In recent decades companies such as Sperry Rand, Computer Associates (headquartered in Islandiamarker), Motorola Enterprise Mobility (now occupying the former headquarters of Symbol Technologies, previously a Grumman plant in Holtsvillemarker), and OpenLink Financial (headquartered in Uniondalemarker), have made Long Island a center for the computer industry. Gentiva Health Services, a national provider of home health and pharmacy services, also is headquartered on Long Island. Stony Brook Universitymarker of the State University of New York conducts far-ranging medical and technology research. Long Island is also home to the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratorymarker, which was directed for 35 years by James D. Watson (who, along with Francis Crick, discovered the double helix structure of DNA).

Long Island is home to the East Coast's largest industrial park, the Hauppauge Industrial Park. The park has over 1,300 companies employing more than 55,000 Long Islanders. Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association.As many as 20 percent of Long Islanders commute to New York City jobs.The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural. In the last 25 years, development of vineyards on the North Fork became a major new industry, replacing potato fields. Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year. Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Northportmarker and Montaukmarker.

Government and politics

Map of Long Island showing county and municipal boundaries.


Nassau Countymarker and Suffolk Countymarker each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each. Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, such as district attorney, county clerk and county comptroller. The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council. Within Nassau, there are two small incorporated cities (Glen Covemarker and Long Beachmarker) with a combined population of about 65,000.

Brooklynmarker and Queensmarker, on the other hand, do not have independent county governments. As borough of New York City, both have Borough Presidents, largely ceremonial offices with little political power. The shutdown of the city's Board of Estimate due to a Supreme Court decision declaring it unconstitutional, led to a reorganization of the city government.

Two Indian reservations - Poospatuck Reservationmarker and Shinnecock Reservationmarker located in Suffolk Countymarker are the home of Native Americans. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin.

Law enforcement and crime

In 2005, Forbes magazine listed Long Island (Nassau & Suffolk counties) as having 2,042 crimes per 100,000 residents, less than half the US average.

Queens and Brooklyn are patrolled by the New York City Police Department; Nassau has its own police department, as does Suffolk. New York State Police patrol state parks and parkways; several dozen villages and the two cities in Nassau have their own police departments.

Both Nassau and Suffolk have a sheriff's office that handles civil process, evictions, warrant service and enforcement, prisoner transport and detention, and operation of the county jail. The Nassau County Sheriff's Department employs about 1,000 correction officers and 100 deputy sheriffs and performs the above duties although deputy sheriffs have full police officer powers and can make arrests for any crime they come across.

The Suffolk County Sheriff's Officemarker has approximately 900 correction officers and 260 deputy sheriffs and operates the two jail facilities in Suffolk County. The deputy sheriffs in Suffolk County have a full service patrol unit, including K9, Aviation, SWAT, and Marine divisions as well as a Criminal Investigation Division and various other special details and assignments. N.Y.S Court Officers secure court houses for Long Island courts. Additionally, the Suffolk County Sheriff's Department now maintains patrols along the Long Island Expressway as well as Sunrise Highway. State parkways are still patrolled by the New York State Police.

Secession proposals

On March 28, 2008 Suffolk County, New York Comptroller Joseph Sawicki and Keith Durgan proposed a plan that would make Long Island (specifically, Nassau and Suffolk counties) the 51st state of the United States of America. Sawicki says that all the Long Island taxpayers' money would stay on Long Island, rather than the funds being dispersed all over the entire state of New York. The state of Long Island would include over 2.7 million people. So far Nassau County executives have not expressed interest in joining in the secession proposal, which would need to be approved by the NY State Legislature.

Transportation



Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including John F. Kennedy International Airportmarker, LaGuardia Airportmarker, and Long Island MacArthur Airportmarker, multiple smaller airports, railroads, subways, and several major highways. There are historic and modern bridges, recreational and commuter trails, and ferries as well.The Long Island Expressway, Northern State Parkway, and Southern State Parkway, all products of the automobile-centered planning of Robert Moses, make east-west travel on the island straightforward, if not always quick.

There are currently ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island. Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties have been discussed for decades, but there are currently no firm plans to construct such a crossing.

Major roads of Long Island
West-East Roads

Montauk Highway

Sunrise Highway*

Belt Parkway / Southern State Parkway

Hempstead Turnpike

Grand Central Parkway / Northern State Parkway

Long Island Expressway

Jericho Turnpike/Middle Country Road

Northern Boulevard
South-North Roads

Brooklyn-Queens Expressway

Van Wyck Expressway

Cross Island Parkway

Meadowbrook State Parkwaymarker

Wantagh State Parkway

Newbridge Road

Cedar Swamp Road/Broadway

Seaford-Oyster Bay Expressway

Broad Hollow Road

Deer Park Avenue

Robert Moses Causeway

Sagtikos State Parkway

Sunken Meadow State Parkway

Islip Avenue

Nicolls Road

William Floyd Parkway
Roads in boldface are limited access roads. *Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk county eastwards.


Rail

The Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad system in North America, carrying an average of 282,400 customers each weekday on 728 daily trains.

Chartered on April 24, 1834, it is also the oldest railroad still operating under its original name.




Education

Primary and secondary education

Long Island's Nassau and Suffolk counties are home to 125 public school districts containing a total of 656 public schools. In contrast, all of Brooklyn and Queens are served by the New York City Department of Education, the largest school district in the United States. Long Island is also home to a number of private and parochial schools.


Colleges and universities

Nassau and Suffolk counties are home to numerous colleges and universities, including:
Public
Private


For colleges in Brooklyn and Queens, see List of colleges and universities in New York City.

Leisure and recreation

Resort areas

Food

Both Nassau and Suffolk County are home to thousands of restaurants, many of them top quality. As New York is known as a melting pot, every kind of restaurant from Mexican to Hungarian to Indian to Bengali can be found. These specialty restaurants are often family owned.

Small family-owned pizzerias are ubiquitous. It is not uncommon for a town on Long Island to have several different pizzerias, each with its own distinct flavor. The Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off is an annual competition in which "mom and pop" pizzerias compete to be named best on Long Island.

Bagel stores and delis are common. Some bagel stores are Jewish-owned and approved as kosher. Long Island bagels are considered some of the best in the world. Often more than one deli can be found in a town.

Diners also abound on Long Island; many are Greek- and German-owned, and many, depending on the business of the town, are open all night, for late-night patrons.

Almost all major fast food and casual dining chains have a presence on Long Island as well.

Athletics

Long Island is home to numerous famous athletes, including hall of famers Jim Brown, Julius Erving, John Mackey and Carl Yastrzemski. Others include Gold Medalist Sarah Hughes, D'Brickashaw Ferguson, Billy Donovan, Jumbo Elliott, Mick Foley, Matt Serra, Boomer Esiason, Vinny Testaverde, Craig Biggio, Frank Catalanotto, Greg Sacks, Rob Burnett, Steve Park, Frank Viola, Marques Colston and Speedy Claxton. Several current NHL Players such as New York Rangers Christopher Higgins and Matt Gilroy as well as Toronto Maple Leaf Mike Komisarek and Los Angeles King Rob Scuderi were all raised on Long Island.























Club Sport Founded League Venue
Long Island Rough Riders Soccer 1994 United Soccer Leagues Mitchel Athletic Complexmarker
New York Islanders Ice hockey 1972 National Hockey League Nassau Coliseummarker
Long Island Lizards Lacrosse 2001 Major League Lacrosse Mitchel Athletic Complexmarker
New York Titans Indoor lacrosse 2007 National Lacrosse League Nassau Coliseummarker/MSGmarker
New York Dragons Arena Football 1995 Arena Football League Nassau Coliseummarker
Long Island Ducks Baseball 2000 Atlantic League Citibank Parkmarker
Strong Island Sound Basketball 2005 American Basketball Association Suffolk County Community College
New York Mets Baseball 1962 Major League Baseball Citi Fieldmarker
Brooklyn Cyclones Baseball 2001 New York-Penn League KeySpan Parkmarker


Ebbets Fieldmarker, which stood in Brooklyn from 1913 to 1957, was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, who decamped to Californiamarker after the 1957 season to become the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Dodgers won several National League penants in the 1940s and 1950s, losing several times in the World Series—often called Subway Series—to their Bronxmarker rivals, the New York Yankees. The Dodgers won their lone championship in Brooklyn in the 1955 World Series versus the Yankees. The Barclays Centermarker is a proposed sports arena, business and residential complex to be built partly on a platform over the Atlantic Yardsmarker at Atlantic Avenue, and is intended to serve as a new home for the New Jersey Nets.

The New York Mets baseball team now plays at the new Citi Fieldmarker in Flushing, Queens. Their former stadium, Shea Stadiummarker was also home for (The New York Jets football team from 1964 until 1983. The new stadium is designed with an exterior facade and main entry rotunda inspired by Ebbets Field. The Brooklyn Cyclones are a minor league baseball team, affiliated with the New York Mets. The Cyclones play at KeySpan Parkmarker just off the boardwalk on Coney Islandmarker in Brooklyn.

Nassau County is home to the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League and the New York Dragons of the Arena Football League, who both play at the Nassau Coliseummarker in Uniondalemarker. Long Island has been a hot spot for outdoor lacrosse at the youth and college level, which made way for a Major League Lacrosse team in 2001, the Long Island Lizards. The Lizards play at Mitchel Athletic Complexmarker in Uniondalemarker. The longest dirt Thoroughbred racecourse in the world is located in the Nassau County community of Elmontmarker at Belmont Parkmarker.

Long Island is also home to the Long Island Ducks minor league baseball team of the Atlantic League. Their stadium, Citibank Parkmarker, is located in Central Islipmarker. The American Basketball Association's Strong Island Sound play home games at Suffolk County Community College. The two main rugby teams are the Long Island RFC in East Meadowmarker and the Suffolk Bull Moose in Stony Brookmarker. It also has a professional soccer club, the Long Island Rough Riders, who play at Mitchel Athletic Complexmarker in Uniondale. The Rough Riders have won two national championships, in 1995 and 2002.

Another category of sporting events popular in this region are Firematic Racing events, involving many local Volunteer fire departments.

Long Island also hosts one of the four tennis grand slams, the US Openmarker. Every August (September, in olympic years) the best tennis players in the world travel to Long Island to play the championships, which is held in the USTA National Tennis Centermarker, in Corona Parkmarker, near the La Guardia Airportmarker. The complex also contains the biggest tennis stadium in the world, the Arthur Ashe Stadiummarker.

Music

Music on Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk) is influenced by the proximity to New York City and by the youth culture of the suburbs. Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the 1960s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time. R & B also has a history on Long Island, especially in Nassau County, where population is denser and more closely influenced by New York City.

Nikon at Jones Beach Theater
Nikon at Jones Beach Theatermarker is an outdoor amphitheatre, located at Jones Beach State Parkmarker. Jones Beach State Park is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months at its outdoor venue. It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year, and the stands are filled. People park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches.

Long Island is also known for its schools' music programs. Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the state-wide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups. Both the Suffolk County and Nassau County Music Educator's Associations are recognized by The National Association of Music Education (MENC), and host numerous events, competitions, and other music-related activities.

Notable musicians of the Long Island (Nassau and Suffolk County) music scene include; Billy Joel, Pat Benatar, godfather of punk rock Lou Reed, Acestar, Paul Simon,Johnny Ramone, Dream Theater, Debbie Gibson, Eddie Money, new-age musician John Tesh, Public Enemy, Mariah Carey, Busta Rhymes, Shaggy, folk singer Oscar Brand, Harry Chapin, De La Soul, Brooklyn Bridgemarker, Ashanti, Dee Snider, LL Cool J, Lindsay Lohan, death metal band Suffocation, Chuck D, Flavor Flav, EPMD, Rakim, Blue Öyster Cult, Stray Cats, Nine Days, Vanilla Fudge, Marty Beller and Danny Weinkauf, Glassjaw, Taking Back Sunday, Sam "Bluzman" Taylor, Straylight Run, Patent Pending, Nightmare of You, Latterman, From Autumn to Ashes, Brand New, Bayside, The Sleeping, The Rookie Lot, The Movielife, virtuoso guitarists Steve Vai, Stereo Skyline, Joe Satriani, and Lee Ranaldo, and underground MCs Aesop Rock and MF Doom.

Artists from the counties of Kings and Queens have been numerous. Notable hip-hop artists from these counties have included Jay Z, Nas, 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Mobb Deep, LL Cool J, Q-Tip, Fugees, Mos Def, Foxy Brown, Fabolous, Notorious B.I.G., Wu-Tang Clan, the Beastie Boys, They Might Be Giants, FolkArtist Art Garfunkel, Run-D.M.C., and A Tribe Called Quest.

Long Island gallery

Image:Mascot in winter.JPG|
Mascot Dock- Village of Patchogue
Image:Long Island New York.JPG|
Swan River Long Island


Image:Portjeffersonferry.JPG|
Port Jefferson ferry
Image:Watch_Hill_Boardwalk.jpg‎|
Barrier Islands boardwalk
Image:OLD FIELD LIGHTHOUSE 1 150 500.jpg‎|
Old Field lighthouse
Image:Look_out_from_top_LH.JPG|
Looking out from - Montauk Lighthousemarker.
Image:5466b.jpg‎|
Nissequogue River State Park
Image:Marathon2007.jpg|
Verrazano-Narrows Bridgemarker - Brooklyn to Staten Island
Image:FIRE ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE 1 150 500.jpg|
Fire Island Lightmarker


Image:North_Fork_-_Vineyards_03.jpg|
Long Island Vineyards
Image:Citi Field Panorama.jpg|
Citi Fieldmarker Queens, NYC
Image:Flushing Meadows Globe.jpg|
Corona Parkmarker Queens, NYC
Image:Stony Brook Harbor.jpg|
Stony Brook, New York
Image:2009 Jones Beach Airshow.jpg|
2009 Jones Beach Airshow
Image:Pano Robert Moses bridge.jpg|
The Fire Island Bridgemarker
Image:STA JONES BEACH Crest.svg|New York/Long Island Coast GuardImage:La2-brooklynbridge.jpg|
The Brooklyn Bridgemarker
Image:Fire Island arial photograph (window).jpg|
Patchogue Baymarker
Image:Aerial view of Orient, Long Island, 2009-03-04.jpg|
Orient Pointmarker


See also



References

  1. U.S. Census Bureau Census 2000
  2. The Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), Year 2000 Report Churches were asked for their membership numbers. ARDA estimates that most of the churches not reporting were black Protestant congregations.
  3. Forbes.com
  4. MTA
  5. Main campus is in Queens, branch campus in Suffolk County St. John's University: Oakdale Campus


External links




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