Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the municipality of the same name, in Region VIII (the Biobío region), in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123.445 inhabitants (census 2002). The municipality ("comuna") of Los Ángeles has the highest absolute rural population of any Chilean municipality.
north of the city is Salto del Laja (Laja Falls), and roughly 100 kilometers to the east is the
2,979 meter high (9,774 ft) Antuco volcano, in
the Andes mountain range. The city is a major
gateway for tourists visiting nearby Laguna del Laja
National Park, home to the mentioned volcano.
Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles in 1739 by
José Antonio Manso de
Velasco, it was originally a Spanish fort as an outpost in the War
It received the title of villa
. The city underwent numerous rebuildings,
due to the Spanish military campaigns against the native Mapuche
in their efforts to colonize the area. Its
geographic location, just to the north of the Biobío river (the
border established by the Spaniards), made it a strategic