(born 1942) is currently the
, first taking that post on 27 May 1992 in
succession to Raymond Lévy
and he was also CEO
1992 to 2005. He is in addition Chairman of AstraZeneca
where he was appointed as a Director
11 March 2004. He is a non-executive director of BNP Paribas
, Electricité de France
, Veolia Environnement
AB and L'Oréal
Vice-Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Philips Electronics
Schweitzer is the son of Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, Managing
Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) from 1963 to 1973.
He is the
grandnephew of Albert Schweitzer
and so related to Jean-Paul
Geneva, Switzerland, in July 1942, Louis Schweitzer has a
degree in law and is a graduate of France's elite Institut
d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po) and Ecole Nationale
He was appointed Inspector of Finance at the French Treasury
in 1970. In 1981 he became Chief of Staff
to Laurent Fabius
in his various
government posts (Budget Minister, Minister for Industry and
Research and Prime Minister).
He joined Renault
in 1986 and became Chief
Financial Officer and Head of Strategic Planning in 1988.
He was appointed Executive Vice President and COO
in 1989, and President and COO
in 1990. He was Renault's Chairman and CEO from May 1992 to April
2005, and president of the Renault-Nissan
Alliance Board from 2001 to 2005. On April 29, 2005 he became
Chairman of the Renault Board of Directors.
Louis is a Commander of the French Légion d'honneur
Order of Merit, and director of several French and foreign
companies. He is also member of governing boards of various general
organisations, particularly in the cultural field.
Since March 6, 2005, Louis Schweitzer has been President of the
Haute Authorité de Lutte Contre les Discriminations et Pour
. This role was entrusted to him by the French
Schweitzer is a Protestant.
Renault Highlights in the Schweitzer years (1992-2005)
- May 27, 1992 – Louis Schweitzer takes over from Raymond Lévy as head of Renault
- December 1992 – Renault wins the Formula
One Constructors' and drivers' championships.
- September 6, 1993 – Renault and Volvo sign
a merger agreement
- December 2, 1993 – Volvo pulls out of the merger
- July 18, 1994 – The Renault privatization bill becomes law. The
Régie Nationale des Usines Renault is renamed
- September 13, 1994 – The French government opens Renault to
- End-1994 – Renault shares are floated at FRF 180,90. Renault
joins the CAC40 index
- June 1, 1995 – Renault decides to open a plant in Brazil
- July 3, 1996 – Renault is fully privatized, with the French
government reducing its stake from 52% to 46%
- November 19, 1996 – Renault Scénic is named European Car of the
- December 1996 – Carlos Ghosn is
appointed Executive Vice President.
- February 27, 1997 – The closure of the
Belgian Vilvoorde plant is announced.
- December 1997 – Williams Renault wins
the Formula One Constructors' Championship for the sixth time.
- February 1998 – Renault starts its New Distribution (Nouvelle
- May 28, 1998 – The Technocentre in Guyancourt, France is opened.
- July 2, 1998 – Renault and the City of Moscow set up OAO
- November 1998 – Renault starts development work on a car
retailing at €5.000,00.
- December 4, 1998 – Inauguration of the
Ayrton Senna Plant in Curitiba
- March 27, 1999 – Renault acquires 36,8% of the Japanese
carmaker Nissan. Carlos Ghosn becomes head of
- July 2, 1999 – Renault takes control of Romanian carmaker
- October 18, 1999 – Carlos Ghosn announces the Nissan Revival
- April 21, 2000 – Renault acquires South Korean carmaker
- April 25, 2000 – Renault sells its trucks business to AB Volvo in exchange for a 20% stake in the Swedish
group. The future of Renault Trucks
- March 12, 2001 – Renault and Nissan draw up plans to set up a
global joint purchasing unit, called Renault Nissan Purchasing
- March 27, 2001 – Laguna II
becomes the first car ever to be awarded five starts in the
EuroNCAP crash tests
- October 30, 2001 – Renault increases its equity stake in Nissan
to 44,4%, and Nissan takes a 15% stake in Renault. The Renault-Nissan Alliance Board is
- December 20, 2001 – Renault and Nissan
inaugurate their first joint plant, used to assemble LCVs in
- June 28, 2002 – Renault and Nissan set up Renault Nissan
Information Services, the second joint venture under the
- October 22, 2002 – Production of the Trafic panel van starts at Nissan's plant in
Barcelona, making Renault and Nissan's first joint production
project in Europe.
- November 19, 2002 – Renault
Mégane is named Car of the year 2003.
- January 23, 2003 – The Renault Production Way (SPR) is launched
with the aim of ensuring that the Group's industrial system
performs in line with the best in the world.
- February 24, 2003 – Claas becomes the
majority partner in Renault Agriculture by acquiring a 51%
- February 26, 2003 – Renault invests €230 million in the
production and marketing of its future X90 vehicle in Russia.
28, 2003 – Renault takes control of its SOMACA subsidiary,
previously controlled by the Moroccan government, to make the X90
16, 2004 – Renault lays the foundations for expansion in Iran by setting
up Renault Pars.
- September 2004 – Dacia Logan - the
€5.000,00 car goes on sale.
- February 2005 – Renault announces record sales and financial
- February 22, 2005 – Renault signs an agreement with Mahindra & Mahindra to
produce Logan in India.
- April 6, 2005 – The Avtoframos plant in Moscow is
- April 29, 2005 – Carlos Ghosn takes
over from Louis Schweitzer as president of Renault.
Notes & References