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Louisa County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginiamarker. As of the 2000 census, the population was 25,627. The 2008 estimate is 31,000. The county seat is Louisamarker .


Louisa County was established in 1742 from Hanover Countymarker. The county is named for Princess Louise of Great Britain, youngest daughter of King George II, and wife of King Frederick V of Denmark. Patrick Henry lived for some time in Louisa County on Roundabout Creek in 1764. Henry was being mentored at that time by the Louisa County magnate Thomas Johnson the representative of Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. In 1765, Patrick Henry won his first election to represent Louisa County in the House of Burgesses. Additionally, the county is genealogically important to the origins early Melungeon ancestry.

The Virginia Central Railroad was completed through Louisa County in 1838-1840 and during the Civil War was an important supply line for the Confederate armies. As a result Louisa County experienced several significant cavalry actions, particularly one fought at Trevilians in 1864.

The Twin Oaks Communitymarker is one of the country's oldest secular communes and was established by its first eight members in 1967. Lake Annamarker, a 13,000 acre artificial lake, and the associated North Anna Nuclear Generating Stationmarker were built by Virginia Power in the 1970s. In recent years the predominantly rural county has grown because of retirees settling near Lake Anna, and because of its convenient location for commuters, an hour's drive or less from Richmondmarker, Fredericksburgmarker or Charlottesvillemarker.

For a discussion and additional information on Louisa County history, see: Louisa County Historical Notes.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 511 square miles (1,323 km²), of which, 497 square miles (1,288 km²) of it is land and 14 square miles (35 km²) of it (2.67%) is water.

Adjacent Counties


As of the census of 2000, there were 25,627 people, 9,945 households, and 7,259 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 11,855 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.55% White, 21.58% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,945 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,402, and the median income for a family was $44,722. Males had a median income of $31,764 versus $24,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,479. About 7.10% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Although the county's 2008 population is only 31,000, it is one of the fastest-growing in Virginiamarker, as people have moved near Lake Annamarker. At least 15 new housing developments have sprouted in five years.



Other communities:

Historical places and points of interest

Notable residents


  1. Louisa County Historical Notes, Excerpt from Louisa & Louisa County, by Pattie Cooke, published by Arcadia Publishing, Dover, NH, 1997.

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