Lower Egypt is the
northern-most section of Egypt.
to the fertile Nile Delta region, which stretches from the area between
El-Aiyat and Zawyet Dahshur, south of modern-day Cairo, and the
there are two principal channels that the Nile takes through the
river's delta: one in the west at Rashid and one in the east at Damietta.
Map of Lower and Upper Egypt
ancient times,Pliny the Elder
that upon reaching the delta the Nile split into seven branches
(from east to west): the Pelusiac, the
Mendesian, the Phatnitic, the Sebennytic, the Bolbitine, and the Canopic.
Today the delta region is well watered, crisscrossed by channels
Lower Egypt was known as Ta-Mehu
which means "land of
." It was divided into twenty districts
called nome, the first of which was at
Because Lower Egypt was mostly undeveloped
, undeveloped for human life and
filled with all types of plant life such as grasses and herbs, the
organization of the nomes underwent several changes.
The climate in Lower Egypt is milder than that of Upper Egypt
owing primarily to its proximity to
the Mediterranean Sea. Temperatures are less extreme and rainfall
is more abundant.
capital of Lower Egypt was Memphis.
patron Goddess was the cobra goddess Wadjet
Lower Egypt was represented by the Low Red Crown Deshret
, and its symbol was the papyrus.