Lower Rhine ( , , kilometers 660 to 1,033 of the
Rhine River) flows from Bonn, Germany, to the
Sea at Hoek van Holland, Netherlands.
Almost immediately after entering the Netherlands, the Rhine splits
into many branches. The main branch is called the Waal which flows from Nijmegen to meet the
river Meuse; after which
it is called Merwede.
Rotterdam the river is known as Nieuwe Maas, and becomes the Nieuwe Waterweg flowing into the Northsea at Hoek van
Nederrijn refers to the more northern
former main branch of the Rhine, which flows past Arnhem; splits of
the IJssel which flows into the IJsselmeer and splits into the Lek River and the Kromme Rijn at
The Lek flows into the Merwede.
Rijn continues past Utrecht, becomes the
Leidse Rijn, then Oude Rijn and flows into the Northsea at Katwijk.
other minor branches such as the Vecht, Hollandse
IJssel and the Noord
"Niederrhein" is applied both to the German section of the Lower
Rhine river as well as to parts of the surrounding Lower Rhine