Lubomír Štrougal (born
October 19, 1924 in Veselí nad Lužnicí) is a former Czech
politician and communist Czechoslovakia prime minister.
After serving in Germany’s industry during the World War II (the
total appointment order for Czech people – ) he finished the law
studies at the Charles
University in Prague
. He entered the Communist Party of
and since the late 1950s was a member of its
leadership (member of its Central Committee).
Between 1959 and 1961 Štrougal was agriculture minister, then till
1965 he was interior minister.
In 1968 he became deputy prime minister to Oldřich Černík
. At first he
refused the 1968 Occupation
of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact
forces, but later became one of the prominent representatives of
Štrougal was the Czechoslovakia’s prime minister from January 28,
1970 to October 12, 1988.
Because of the conflicts with the communist party chairman Milouš Jakeš
, he resigned as the
prime minister. He criticized the state of the party, the executive
and the society. During the 1989 Velvet Revolution
Štrougal was one of
candidates for the communist party chairmanship, but later left
political stage and in February 1990 he was expelled from the
Office for the Documentation and the Investigation of the Crimes of
Communism Police of the Czech Republic
( ) accused Štrougal,
that in his function in 1965, he prevented investigation of crimes
conducted by the communist State
in 1948 and 1949. However, the Prague city court
discharged him in 2002 due to lack of evidence.