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List of Lucasian Professors
1664 Isaac Barrow
1669 Isaac Newton
1702 William Whiston
1711 Nicholas Saunderson
1739 John Colson
1760 Edward Waring
1798 Isaac Milner
1820 Robert Woodhouse
1822 Thomas Turton
1826 George Biddell Airy
1828 Charles Babbage
1839 Joshua King
1849 George Gabriel Stokes
1903 Joseph Larmor
1932 Paul Dirac
1969 James Lighthill
1979 Stephen Hawking
2009 Michael Green
The incumbent of the Lucasian Chair of Mathematics, the Lucasian Professor is the holder of a mathematics professorship at the University of Cambridgemarker, Englandmarker. It is widely regarded as one of the world's most prestigious academic posts. The post was founded in 1663 by Henry Lucas, who was Cambridge University's Member of Parliament from 1639–1640, and was officially established by King Charles II on January 18, 1664.

Lucas, in his will, bequeathed his library of 4,000 volumes to the university and left instruction for the purchase of land whose yielding should provide £100 a year for the founding of a professorship. One of the stipulations in Lucas' will was that the holder of the professorship should not be active in the church. Isaac Newton later appealed to King Charles II that this requirement excused him from taking holy orders, which was compulsory for most fellows of the university at that time (some fellowships were exempt). The King supported Newton, and excused all holders of the professorship, in perpetuity, from the requirement to take holy orders.

The current holder of the post is the theoretical physicist Michael Green. He was appointed in October 2009, succeeding Stephen Hawking who retired in September 2009 and now holds the position of Emeritus Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.

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