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The Ludogorie ( , usually used with a definite article, Лудогорието, Ludogorieto) or Deliorman (Делиорман,  , all meaning "region of wild forests") is a region in northeastern Bulgariamarker stretching over the plateau of the same name. Major cities in the region are Razgradmarker, Novi Pazarmarker, Pliska and Isperihmarker. Part of the Danubian Plainmarker, the region is hilly in the east, reaching up to   in height near the village of Samuilmarker, but merges with the plains of Dobruja and the Danube to the north, with the lowest point near Yuper ( ). The region is bordered to the west by the Provadiya River and the Beli Lom; to the east it transitions into the Dobruja plateau.


The plateau was formed of Karst limestone from the Lower Cretaceous covered by loess material. Among the region's geological resources are kaolinite, fireclay and mica. The climate is temperate continental, with up to of precipitation yearly. Although the Ludogorie is poor in overground water resources, with only a few low rivers such as the Krapinets and the Kulak, it is rich in underground waters.

In ancient times, the Ludogorie was inhabited by the Thracian tribes of the Getae who left behind local architectural landmarks such as the Thracian Tomb of Sveshtarimarker, a richly-decorated 3rd-century BC tomb that is a UNESCOmarker World Heritage Site. Until the end of the 18th century, the Ludogorie was largely dominated by forests that merged with the ones of the Balkan Mountainsmarker (Stara Planina) to the south, giving the name of the region both in Bulgarian and Turkish, literally translated as "region of wild forests" in English. In recent times, the forests have been nearly completely replaced by arable land and only the woods in the Voden Reserve remind of the former situation.

Ludogorie is a relatively new name, a Slavic calque of the older Turkish name Deliorman; it was officially introduced in 1950. In 1942, the name had been changed to Polesie, a Slavic toponym meaning "place by the woods", but this name never entered common use. The Turkish name is etymologically and semantically akin to the name of Teleorman Countymarker in southern Romaniamarker.

The Ludogorie mostly belongs to Razgrad Provincemarker, with a western part in Ruse Provincemarker, and has a mixed population of Bulgarians, Roma and Turks. The Ludogorie has attained fame for its oil wrestlers throughout the time, including Koca Yusuf, Hergeleci Ibrahim and Kurtdereli Mehmet.

Ludogorie Peak on Livingston Islandmarker in the South Shetland Islandsmarker, Antarcticamarker is named after Ludogorie.

References



External links

  • Ludogorie.org, website of the Native Ludogorie Cultural and Educational Association
  • Razgrad and the Ludogorie, online news portal also offering online publications of the Ludogorski Vestnik newspaper



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