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Ludwigsburg is a city in Germanymarker, about north of Stuttgartmarker's city center, near the river Neckarmarker. It is the capital of the Ludwigsburg Districtmarker (its largest city having at present ca 87,000 inhabitants), and belongs to the Stuttgart Region in the Administrative region of Stuttgartmarker.

History

The middle of Neckarland, in which Ludwigsburg lies, was settled in the Stone age and in the Bronze age. Numerous archaeological finds from the city and the surrounding area remain from the time when it was settled by the Celts.

Toward the end of the 1st century, the Romans occupied the region. They pushed the Limes further to the east around 150, and controlled the region until 260, when the Alamanni occupied the Neckarland. Also the Alamanni settlement is proven by grave finds in the city today.
View of the upper grounds of Ludwigsburg Palace




Ludwigsburg originated in the beginning of the 18th century (1718 - 1723) by the building of the largest Baroque castle in Germany, Ludwigsburg Palacemarker, under Duke Eberhard Ludwig von W├╝rttembergmarker. Originally the Duke planned only one pleasure-palace, which he began building in 1704. However, the example of other F├╝rsts (or Princes) woke in him a desire: the establishment of a city through which to project his absolutist power. The Baroque hunting- and pleasure-palaces became Favoritemarker (1713 - 1728), and the Seeschloss Seeschloss Monreposmarker (1764 - 1768) besides. (See Barockerlebnis in external links for further details.)

In the years between 1730 and 1800, the royal place of residence changed back and forth several times between Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg. In 1800, W├╝rttemberg was occupied by Francemarker under Napoleon Bonaparte and was forced into an alliance with France. In 1806 the Kurf├╝rst (Prince-Elector) Friedrich became the king of W├╝rttemberg by Napoleon's grant. In 1812 in Ludwigsburg, the W├╝rttembergish army was raised for Napoleon's Russian campaign. The majority of the soldiers did not survive it.

One famous person to come out of Ludwigsburg during this period was Friedrich Schiller. Karl Eugen, Duke of W├╝rttemberg, enrolled the youth in the Karlsschule Stuttgartmarker (an elite military academy he had founded) in 1773, where Schiller eventually studied medicine. The Duke was very demanding of his students, and Schiller's childhood was a lonely and unhappy one, but he was greatly enriched by the excellent education he received. It was there that he wrote his first play, Die R├Ąuber (The Robbers), about a group of na├»ve revolutionaries and their tragic failure.

In 1921 Ludwigsburg became the largest garrison in southwest Germany. In 1926 in the course of the building of the north south powerline, the large transformer station Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck, which still exists today, was built, which still represents another central junction in electricity mains of Baden-W├╝rttemberg to this day.

In World War II the city suffered moderate destruction (compared with other German cities). The people had 1,500 dead to mourn. It was also the site of the prisoner-of-war camp Stalag V-A from October 1939 till April 1945. After the end of the war there was a large Displaced persons camp which housed several thousand mainly Polishmarker Displaced Persons until about 1948.

For about 45 years after the war the U.S. militarymarker maintained Pattonvillemarker, a large housing area including a high school, east of Ludwigsburg. In 1956 the tradition of the German garrison town was taken up again by the Bundeswehr, Germany's federal armed forces.

On October 5, 1957 the first 380kV-powerline in Germany between the transformer station Ludwigsburg-Hoheneck and Rommerskirchen went into service.

In 1966 the P├Ądagogische Hochschule (Teaching College) and the Staatliche Sportschule Ludwigsburg (State Sports School) were opened.

2004 is the 300th birthday of Residenzschloss Ludwigsburg, celebrated by the opening of the Baroque Gallery and the Ceramic Museum in Residenzschloss.

In 1991 the national film school Filmakademie Baden-W├╝rttembergmarker was established in Ludwigsburg.

Politics

The town coucil has 40 members after the last local election on June 7th 2009. The voter participation was 45,35%. The election had the following results:

 *CDU                10 Seats       (24,80%)
 *SPD              8 Seats      (18,73%)
 *Freie W├Ąhler1   7 Seats  (17,82%)
 *GR├ťNE       7 Seats      (17,48%)
 *FDP              4 Seats       (9,79%)
 *LUBU2            2 Seats      (5,32%)
 *DIE LINKE        1 Seat       (3,66%)
 *REP             1 Seat        (2,41%)

Economy

Local Businesses

  • GdF W├╝stenrotmarker, Bausparkasse
  • Beru AG, automotive supplier
  • Getrag GmbH, automotive supplier
  • Mann+Hummel Gmbh, manufacturer of automotive filtration products


Public institutions

Educational institutions



International relations

Twin towns ÔÇö Sister cities

Ludwigsburg is twinned with:

Districts

The following suburbs are parts of Ludwigsburg. Starting north of Ludwigsburg going clockwise:
  • Marbach am Neckar, Erdmannhausen, Affalterbach, Remseck am Neckar, Kornwestheim, M├Âglingen, Asperg, Tamm, Freiberg am Neckar und Benningen am Neckar.
  • Eglosheim
  • Gr├╝nb├╝hl
  • Hoheneck with a therapeutic and thermal bath, opened in 1907
  • Neckarweihingen
  • O├čweil
  • Pflugfelden
  • Poppenweiler
  • Weststadt


Resident development

Year Habitant
1718 600
1726 2.442
1774 11.607
1803 5.248
3. Dezember 1843 ┬╣ 10.726
1. Dezember 1871 ┬╣ 11.785
1. Dezember 1875 ┬╣ 13.800
1. Dezember 1880 ┬╣ 14.700
1. Dezember 1885 ┬╣ 16.187
1. Dezember 1890 ┬╣ 17.418
2. Dezember 1895 ┬╣ 19.311
1. Dezember 1900 ┬╣ 19.436
Year Habitant
1. Dezember 1905 ┬╣ 22.585
1. Dezember 1910 ┬╣ 24.926
1. Dezember 1916 ┬╣ 19.377
5. Dezember 1917 ┬╣ 19.206
8. Oktober 1919 ┬╣ 23.303
16. Juni 1925 ┬╣ 28.861
16. Juni 1933 ┬╣ 34.135
17. Mai 1939 ┬╣ 43.505
31. Dezember 1945 38.804
29. Oktober 1946 ┬╣ 49.635
13. September 1950 ┬╣ 58.489
25. September 1956 ┬╣ 69.535
Year Habitant
6. Juni 1961 ┬╣ 73.512
31. Dezember 1965 76.555
27. Mai 1970 ┬╣ 78.019
31. Dezember 1975 83.622
31. Dezember 1980 81.589
31. Dezember 1985 76.973
25. Mai 1987 ┬╣ 78.884
31. Dezember 1990 82.343
31. Dezember 1995 86.810
31. Dezember 2000 86.897
31. Dezember 2005 87.673
30. Juni 2006 87.295
┬╣ Population census

People



Sons and daughters of the city



Sports

Ludwigsburg has six teams in the top level of professional sports which are the EnBW Ludwigsburg (Basketball), both formations A and B of the dance team (1. Tanzclub Ludwigsburg),the latin-formation (TSC Ludwigsburg), the Hockey-Club Ludwigsburg 1912 e. V. and the rifraly team of Ludwigsburg.

The are a lot of amateur clubs in Ludwigsburg and every sport is represented.

Print references

  • Andrea Hahn: Ludwigsburg, Stationen einer Stadt, Andreas Hackenberg Verlag, Ludwigsburg 2004, ISBN 3-937280-02-2
  • Gernot von Hahn, Friedhelm Horn: Ludwigsburg, Stadt der Schl├Âsser und G├Ąrten, Medien-Verlag Schubert, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-929229-55-2
  • Bruno Hahnemann: Ludwigsburg. Stadt - Schl├Âsser - Bl├╝hendes Barock, Verlag Ungeheuer + Ulmer, Ludwigsburg 1979
  • on the sidelines, Frederick Forsyth: The Odessa File (ISBN 0-553-27198-9)


External links




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