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Lunik IX


Luník IX is a borough in the city of Košicemarker, Slovakiamarker, in the Košice II district. It is located in the western-central part of the city, surrounded by the boroughs of Pereš, Myslava, Barcamarker, Juhmarker and Západ.

Characteristics

The borough houses the largest Roma community in Slovakiamarker. Although originally built for 2,500 inhabitants, it is estimated that the population is now three times larger. The living standards are low, with services such as gas, water and electricity cut off, as the majority of inhabitants aren't paying rent or utilities. There are commonly health problems, with diseases like hepatitis, head lice, diarrhoea, scabies or meningitis appearing regularly. Unemployment in the borough reaches almost 100 percent. The borough has one elementary school and a kindergarten.

History

The borough was originally built as a neighbourhood for army, police officers and Roma (called "neighbourhood of ABC type"). However, a Roma village close to the borough was demolished in 1979 and the Roma were moved into Luník IX; in addition, there was a landfill nearby. As early as in the 1980s the Roma were making up half of the population, which was around 2,000. Over time, the non-Roma population gradually moved away, with the Roma taking flats after them, and the borough turned into a Roma ghetto. In 1995, the city council of Košice created a conception for the living conditions of dodgers, maladjusted and people from illegally occupied flats around Košice. They were to be moved into Luník IX, with “non-problematic” families being gradually moved out of it, if they would request. The realization of this plan is on-going.

References

  1. Košický Lunik IX čaká veľké sťahovanie - Pravda.sk
  2. Doctor struggles to understand Roma ghetto after 25 years - The Slovak Spectator
  3. Košice :: Kosice Cassovia Kassa Koszyce :: Slovakia - aktuálne, mapy, doprava, história, foto, médiá, služby ::: Cassovia.Sk



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