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Luna Park is a name shared by dozens of currently operating and defunct amusement parks that have opened on every continent except Antarctica since 1903. The first to use the name was the second major amusement park at Coney Island, designed by Charles I.D. Looff, who subsequently designed Seattle, Washington's Luna Parkmarker, which opened in 1907. The spaceship in the Pan-American Exposition ride "A Trip to the Moon" gave its name to these parks... and to dozens that followed over the next century.

In 1905, Frederick Ingersoll was already making a reputation for his pioneering work in roller coaster construction and design (he also designed scenic railroad rides) when he opened Luna Parks in Pittsburgh and Clevelandmarker, the first two amusement parks to be covered with electric lighting (the former was adorned with 67,000 light bulbs; the Cleveland park had 50,000). Ultimately he opened 44 Luna Parks around the world, the first chain of amusement parks.

Despite the death of Ingersoll in 1927 and the closing of most of his Luna Parks, the name's popularity continued with newer parks with the name opening with regularity. As a result, "Lunapark" now translates into "amusement park" in Dutch, German, Greek, Italian, Turkish and Hebrew.

List of amusement parks named Luna Park

Luna Park is the name of numerous amusement parks, from the Coney Island original, to the over 40 Luna Parks designed and constructed by Frederick Ingersoll, to amusement parks which received their names after Ingersoll's death in 1927. For a short time, Ingersoll renamed his parks Ingersoll's Luna Park to distinguish them from the Luna Parks to which he had no connection.

  • Luna Park, Sydneymarker (1935-present), currently operating amusement park in Australia originally known as Luna Park Milsons Point
  • Luna Park, Sylvan Beach, New Yorkmarker amusement park; absorbed by nearby Carnival Park
  • Luna Park, Tehran (1970s-1980), Iranianmarker park that reopened in 1988 as Shahr-e Bazi; closed 2007 to make room for new highway
  • Luna Park, Tel-Aviv, currently operating amusement park in Israelmarker, also called Tel-Aviv Luna-Park
  • Luna Park, Tokyo (1910-1911), Japan amusement park; burned down in 1911
  • Luna Park, West Hartford (1906-1930), Connecticutmarker amusement park Name changed from White City just before park's grand opening.
  • Luna Park, Wheeling, West Virginia amusement park
  • Luna Park, Yerevan, currently operating amusement park in Armeniamarker




References

  1. Dale Samuelson, AJP Samuelson, and Wendy Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park ISBN 0760309817
  2. Coney Island's success with electronic attractions and rides also inspired a proliferation of parks named Electric Park (Samuelson, Samuelson, Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park).
  3. Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of Pennsylvania (Flagpole Books, 2002) ISBN 0811726711
  4. Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1 September 2008
  5. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  6. Description of Luna Park, Abha from official site
  7. Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1 September 2008
  8. Pictoral History of Arlington, Virginia
  9. Luna Park Arlington entry at NorVAPics
  10. Luna Park-1915 - Arlington Fire Journal
  11. Luna Park Baku site
  12. Terry Carter, Lara Dunston, Andrew Humphreys, and Damien Simonis, Syria & Lebanon (Lonely Planet 2004) ISBN 1864503335
  13. Claudia Puttkammer/ Sacha Szabo: Gruß aus dem Luna-Park. Eine Archäologie des Vergnügens. Freizeit- und Vergnügungsparks Anfang des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts. WVB, Berlin, 2007, ISBN 978-3-86573-248-4 (in German); also see German Wikipedia article, which shows postcards with one word and two word variants of the name
  14. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  15. Budapest tra battelli, canali e locali galleggianti - "Budapest between vessels, channels and local floating" (in Italian), Viaggi24, 1 May 2009
  16. Travelling Women: Budapest - (in Italian)
  17. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  18. "Buffalo Luna Park Damaged by Fire",New York Times 15 July 1909
  19. Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of New York (Stackpole Books 2006) ISBN 0811732622
  20. Magda Baraka, The Egyptian Upper Class Between Revolutions, 1919-1952 (Garnet & Ithaca Press 1998) ISBN 086372230X
  21. Yasser Elsheshtawy, Planning Middle Eastern Cities: An Urban Kaleidoscope in an Urbanizing World (Routledge 2004) ISBN 0415304008
  22. Peter Rees, Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914-1918 (Allen & Unwin 2009) ISBN 1741755492
  23. Casualty Clearance (2) - ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Queensland) Incorporated, 2005
  24. Official site: Luna Park Cap d'Agde (in French)
  25. 20th Century Images: Cooling Off at Luna Park - Charleston Gazette, 8 September 2008
  26. Pictures of Charleston WV Luna Park
  27. Annual Report of the State Health Department of West Virginia 1920/21 (State of West Virginia 1921)
  28. Perry Duis, Challenging Chicago: Coping with Everyday Life, 1837-1920 (University of Illinois Press 1998) ISBN 0252023943
  29. Reports of Cases Determined in the Appellate Courts of Illinois: Edwin C. Day vs. Luna Park Company and James O'Leary, Gen. No. 16,480 - Harvard Press, 1913: Ruling of an appeal of a case involving Luna Park, Chicago, and a concessionaire who declared bankruptcy in 1908. Case was filed in 1909, ruled and appealed in 1910, with the ruling of the appeal in 1912... the year after Luna Park itself was shut down.
  30. Jazz Age Chicago - Urban Leisure from 1893 to 1945
  31. Lauren Rabinovitz, For the Love of Pleasure: Women, Movies, and Culture in Turn-of-the-Century Chicago (Rutgers University Press 1998) ISBN 0813525349
  32. Perry Duis, Challenging Chicago: Coping with Everyday Life, 1837-1920 (University of Illinois Press 1998) ISBN 0252023943
  33. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  34. Regina Dahmen-Ingenhoven and Kristin Feireiss, Animation: Form Follows Fun (Birkhäuser 2004) ISBN 3764366311
  35. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  36. Sloan's Lake Century
  37. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  38. Roland Fuller and Allen Levy, The Bassett-Lowke Story (Taylor & Francis, 1984) ISBN 0904568342
  39. Eaux-Vives (in French), City of Geneva 2007
  40. A Time Line of All You Need to Know in Luna Park Sydney and Everything Else
  41. German Wikipedia article on Luna Park, Hamburg-Altona
  42. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  43. Luna Park (Houston) - Houstonian
  44. Luna Park, Hull entry in "Closed Canadian Parks" - Coaster Enthusiasts of Canada
  45. Randy G. Whittle, Johnstown, Pennsylvania: A History (History Press) 2005, ISBN 159629051X
  46. Lucky Star Park site
  47. Luna Park Leipzig article in German Wikipedia
  48. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  49. Chutes & Luna Park - Venice, California History Site
  50. Wells Drury and Aubrey Drury, California Tourist Guide and Handbook: Authentic Description of Routes of Travel and Points of Interest in California (Western Guidebook 1913)
  51. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  52. Diane DeMali Francis, Ohio's Amusement Parks in Vintage Postcards (Arcadia Publishing 2002), ISBN 0738519979
  53. Timothy Brian McKee, Mansfield in Vintage Postcards (Arcadia Publishing 2003), ISBN 0738531723
  54. Summer Parks - New York Clipper, 5 May 1907
  55. Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1 September 2008
  56. Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of Pennsylvania (Flagpole Books, 2002) ISBN 0811726711
  57. Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1 September 2008
  58. History of Luna Euro Park (in italian)
  59. History of Moscow parks - Carrousel.ru (official site)
  60. Nice Luna Park site
  61. Cameroon:The Centre and East - listing on Columbus World Travel Guide]
  62. Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of New York (Stackpole Books 2006) ISBN 0811732622
  63. Ad in 20 July 1906 edition of New York Times
  64. Avis A. Townsend, Newfane and Olcott (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0738537225
  65. From Kansas to Osaka: The Evolution of the Billiken
  66. History of Shinsekai]
  67. Order - Time 16 February 1931
  68. Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 1 September 2008
  69. Redcliffe Historical Timeline - Moreton Bay Regional Council
  70. Robet Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0879723424
  71. Wells Drury and Aubrey Drury, California Tourist Guide and Handbook: Authentic Description of Routes of Travel and Points of Interest in California (Western Guidebook 1913)
  72. Minor League Park History - Luna Park - Society for American Baseball Research
  73. A Time Line of All You Need to Know in Luna Park Sydney and Everything Else
  74. Some sources refer to it as Luna Park, Clinton Park when not calling it by its longest-used (and most recent) name, Rexford Park
  75. Susan Rosenthal, Schenectady (Arcadia Publishing 1999) ISBN 0738503398
  76. Rexford Ramble page
  77. John L. Scherer, Clifton Park (Arcadia Publishing 1996), ISBN 0738554618
  78. Pictures of Rexford Park (Luna Park) ca. 1906, 1920, 1926 - CDLC Digital Collections
  79. The Way We Were - Town of Clifton Park - Saratoga County (New York) official site
  80. Luna Park, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA - defunctparks.com
  81. Cheryl A. Kashuba, Darlene Miller-Lanning, and Alan Sweeney, Scranton (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0738538590
  82. Alki Beach Park: former site of Seattle Luna Park - official Seattle Parks and Recreation page
  83. Russian Wikipedia article for Luna Park, St. Petersburg (in Russian)
  84. Sam Marshall, Luna Park - Just for fun, 2nd edition. Sydney, Australia: Luna Park Sydney Pty Ltd. (2005) ISBN 0-646-44807-2
  85. Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of New York (Stackpole Books 2006) ISBN 0811732622
  86. Brandy Ann, Around Sylvan Beach (Arcadia Publishing 2008) ISBN 0738556564
  87. Part of Tehran Funfair Will Become Women's Park - Iran-Daily 26 June 2006
  88. Luna Park Tel-Aviv site
  89. Twenty evacuated from stalled roller coaster - rideaccidents.com
  90. Sakutarō Hagiwara and Robert Epp, Rats Nests:The Collected Poetry of Hagiwara Sakutarō (Yakusha, 1993) ISBN 1880276402
  91. Miodrag Mitrasinovic, Total Landscape, Theme Parks, Public Space (Ashgate Publishing 2006) ISBN 0754643336
  92. Connecticut History Online - Luna Park West Hartford
  93. Picture of entrance - Connecticut History Online
  94. As town's 150th nears, residents share memories - Pam Shearer, WestHartfordNews.com, 5 December 2003
  95. French Fun Park Bans the Electric Chair - Der Spiegel Online, 22 August 2008
  96. Lunapark Lódz official site
  97. SCHEDA ANALITICA DEI PARCHI DEL DIVERTIMENTO EUROPEI/DATA ANALYSIS OF THE PARKS ENTERTAINMENT EUROPE - F Erlebnispark (in Italian)
  98. Entry in Roller Coaster Data Base - closed April 2008
  99. Official site - Alanya Lunapark
  100. Esperia Hotel Group official site
  101. Luna Grand Park in Haifa Shuts Down - Dei'ah veDibur, 22 May 2002



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