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Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambiamarker. The two main languages spoken in Lusaka are English and Nyanja. It is located in the southern part of the central plateau of the country, at an elevation of 1300 m (4256 ft). It has a population of 3,100,000 (2007 estimate) and is considered one of the fastest growing (in terms of population) cities in Africa. It is a commercial centre as well as centre of government, and the four main highways of Zambia radiate north, south, east and west from it.

Government and administration

Lusaka Central Fire Station
As national capital, Lusaka is the seat of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government, epitomised by the presence there of the National Assembly (parliament), State House (office of the President), and the High Court. Parliament is situated at the Parliament complex, which features a 15-storey eye-catching copper blanketed building. The city is also capital of Lusaka Provincemarker, the smallest and second most populous of the country's nine provinces, and forms an administrative district run by Lusaka City Council. In 2007, the mayor is Steven Chilatu (PF), and the deputy Mayor is Mary Phiri.

List of mayors: List of Governors (decentralisation - one party participatory era) List of Mayors - Multi-Party Era

History

Lusaka was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka, which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the Zambia's National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard. The area was expanded by European (mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.

In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstonemarker as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesiamarker.

After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesiamarker in 1953, it was a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.

In recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector has increased donor confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambia as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreigners, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organizations and some business people.

Education

Lusaka has some of the finest schools in Zambia, including the International School of Lusaka, Rhodes park school, Baobab College and American International School.

Culture

Street in Lusaka (Freedom Way)
foreground: Great East Road background:Manda Hill Shopping Centre


The city centre includes several blocks west of Cairo Road, around which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, a major shopping area, as well as the Zintu Community Museum. Further east lies the government area, including the State House and the various ministries, around the Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway areas. Suburbs around Lusaka include the uptown Sunningdale, Kabulonga, Woodlands, Jesmondine, Northmead, Olympia Park, Roma, Kalundu, Chelston, Avondale, Rhodes Park, Prospect Hill, Longacres, Fairview, Marshlands, Thorn Park, Twinpalm, Villa Elizabetha. Other residential areas are Kabwata (a working class area, home to the Kabwata Cultural Centre), Madras, Matero, Mtendendere, Chaisa, Chawama, Kalingalinga, Chipata Compound, Garden Compound, Bauleni, Helen Kaunda, Kaunda Square (stage one and stage two).One of the main streets and points of interest upon business is the street of Cairo Road named by John Floria Couvaras of the Couvaras family.

According to , Cairo Road was named by a local farmer, Albert Dunbar in about 1923.

Cairo road is home to some of the tallest buildings in Zambia, including the Findeco House, Central Bank Building, Indeco House, ZNBS Headquarters, Standard Chartered Bank Building, Zambia Lotto Head Office, Barclays Bank Zambia Head Office, Stanbic Bank Zambia Headquarters.

Points of interest

Lusaka National Museum
Attractions include Lusaka National Museum, the Political Museum, the Zintu Community Museum, the Freedom Statue, the Zambian National Assembly, the Agricultural Society Showgrounds (known for their annual agricultural show), the Moore Pottery Factory, the Lusaka Playhouse theatre, a cinema, the Cathedral of the Holy Cross in , a cenotaphmarker, a golf club, the Lusaka Central Sports Club, and the zoo and botanical gardens of the Munda Wanga Environmental Park. The city is also home to the University of Zambiamarker. Along Great East Road are the two largest shopping malls in Zambia, Arcades shopping Mall and Manda Hill shopping Mall.

Airport

The city is home to Lusaka International Airportmarker and lies on the railway line from Livingstonemarker to Kitwemarker. This airport is the hub of Zambezi Airlines. Zambezi airlines offers flights to Johannesburg, Ndola and Dar-es-salaam. Lusaka International Airport is used as a public and military airport. There is also an old airport nearer to the center of the city that is no longer used by civilians, but occasionally used by the president.

Sister cities



Climate

See also

References

  1. So this was Lusaakas, 2nd Edition, 1971 Mission Press, Ndola, Richard Sampson
  2. [1]


External links




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